Download read the text carefully then answer the questions. The Egyptians Part

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Transcript
Time: 2 hours
Classes : 2°ALLE
READING: read the text carefully then answer the questions.
The Egyptians
The civilization of Ancient Egypt dates back to around 3000 BC when the first
pharaoh was established as ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt. Many different
dynasties ruled the country over almost 3000 years, but in 332 BC it was
conquered by Alexander the great and so became part of the Greek world.
Ancient Egypt developed one of the earliest forms of writing hieroglyphics,
but very few people could read and write. Only a certain group of people were
allowed to train to be scribes.
Egyptian burial practices reveal information about religious beliefs, including
the belief of an afterlife. This required the body to be preserved in a process of
mummification.
Although Egypt was well-resourced with raw materials and could produce
crops in the fertile soil of the Nile valley, it still needed trade with neighbouring
countries to acquire things it needed, such as wood and metal.
The ancient Egyptians are well-known for the large stone structures. Perhaps
the most famous symbols of ancient Egypt are the pyramids, built as tombs for
pharaohs over four thousand years ago. Pyramids are some of the most wellknown structures which survive from the ancient world. They have been subject
to fascination, exploration and study for hundreds of years, yet we are still not
sure how they were built. The design, labour and construction involved with a
project of size has baffled people trying to understand the pyramids.
Part One :
A. Reading Comprehension.
1. Are the following sentences true or false? Write “T” for true and “F” for false
next to sentence letters: (2.5pts)
a. Egypt had been ruled by the same dynasty for over 3000 years.
b. The Egyptians developed their own system of writing.
c. Anyone could train to be a scribe.
d. the Egyptians used to believe in life after death.
e. Little is known about how the pyramids were built.
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2. Answer the following questions according to the text: (2pts)
a. What did Egypt import?
b. How did the Egyptians preserve the body of a dead person?
3. Find in the text words in meaning to following: (2.5pts)
a. governed ( §1)
b. permitted ( §2)
d. despite the fact that ( §4)
B.
c. famous ( §4)
e. attraction ( §5)
Mastery of language.
1. Derive nouns from the following verbs; Choose the right answers below:
(..pts)
a. to die
1. dying
2. death
3. died
b. to produce
1. produces
2. producing
3. production
c. to acquire
1. acquisitive
2. acquirer
3. acquisition
d. to build
1. building
2. built
3. builder
2. Combine the following statements using the connectors between brackets:
(..pts)
a. Egyptian rulers had pyramids built. They wanted to prevent thieves
from disturbing their remains.(in order to )
b. Tomb chambers were very well protected. Many tombs were robbed
of their treasures.(although)
3. Ask questions on the underlined words: (3pts)
One of the most well-known images of ancient Egypt is the pyramid.
a. Ancient Egyptians used to pray in temples.
b. Pyramid had been built many centuries ago ?
4. Classify these words according to the pronunciation of their final “ed”.
a. established
b. needed
c. preserved
d. fascinated
Part two: written expression
Compare the ancient Algerian life style with the modern one in: foodclothes and cultural habits.
Good Luck
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