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815 x 815mm Life in layers Like a city, a forest is made up of many small communities. The plants are the homes and offices and they are filled with their own noisy, confident characters like fantails and shy recluses like weta. The forest has its own dramas, disasters and surprising nightlife like glowworms. Emergent trees like rimu, Each creature and each plant has its own place and purpose and they fit miro, pukatea and rata stick out above together like pieces of a jigsaw. But it’s a complex jigsaw that works on the forest canopy like chimneys over several levels or layers as you can see when you walk in the forest. a roof. Rimu and miro belong to an ancient group of conifers called podocarps. They can grow up to 60 metres tall and live for more than 1000 years! Female trees have small juicy fruit and male trees have tiny cones. All these layers provide ladders for climbing plants like supplejack and kiekie The canopy layer to reach the sunlight. makes the forest roof, about 20 to 25 metres high. Flowering trees like tawa, puriri and kohekohe grow here, and a Epiphytes like orchids and astelias podocarp called tanekaha. perch high on branches to get sunlight too. Sub-canopy trees like pigeon wood, māhoe, tree coprosmas and tree ferns make a layer 10 and 15 metres high. In the understory grows smaller shrubs like hangehange, karapapa and coprosmas. Down on the forest floor in dim light grows a carpet of ferns, mosses, fungi and seedlings of the Ph oto : Sh irle yK err shrubs and trees above.