http://www.fs.fed.us/research/ Indiana Forest Service Research and Development (FS R&D) delivers research to Indiana through the Northern Research Station (NRS) and its field office in West Lafayette, which employs five people. The Forest Service’s Hardwood Tree Improvement and Regeneration Center on the Purdue University campus develops technologies and forest and nursery management guidelines for improvement of central hardwood forest productivity. Long-term research in Indiana is conducted on the Paoli Experimental Forest. Indiana Funding History West Lafayette-NRS-14 Hardwood Tree Improvement and Regeneration Center (HTIRC) INDIANA TOTAL Enhanced opportunities for these northwest Indiana paddlers resulted from the Urban Waters Federal Partnership. Photo by Nwipa.org, used with permission. Northern Research Station Overview Headquartered at Newtown Square, PA, NRS develops and delivers leading-edge science and technology that helps people ensure the longterm health and productivity of rural and urban landscapes. NRS maintains 24 field locations and 24 experimental forests across 20 states in the Midwest and Northeast: Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The FY 2015 President’s Budget is $50,495,000 of which $15,718,000 is for annualized Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA). In addition, $2,944,000 is provided for the National Fire Plan Research. NRS will also receive a competitive share of the national amount of $9,614,000 for the Joint Fire Science Program. FY 2015 Program Changes The President’s Budget includes a station decrease of $4,126,000 from the FY 2014 Enacted level. At this level, the NRS will continue to provide cutting edge research in FY 2013 Enacted ($) FY 2014 Enacted ($) FY 2015 Budget ($) $896,000 $959,000 $959,000 $896,000 $959,000 $959,000 urban forestry and forest disturbance processes as well as develop practical tools to enhance forest productivity and increase production of clean air and water. The FIA program will continue to monitor and inventory the nation’s forests to better inform forest policy development and provide valuable data to enhance accelerated forest restoration. NRS will focus on the highest priority research by eliminating the Northeastern States Research Cooperative; research on mycology, long term soil productivity, and riparian research critical to water quality; and the invasive species program in MI and CT. FY 2013 Key Accomplishments Worked with Federal partners in the Urban Waters Federal Partnership to reconnect urban areas with their waterways in Northwest Indiana. Worked as part of an interdisciplinary team developing Emerald Ash Borer (EAB)-resistant ash trees for the restoration of ash in urban and natural landscapes. Identified insects and pathogens attacking stressed walnut trees in Indiana to maintain the health of this valuable species. Supported land managers with development of the Climate Change Response Framework, an integrated set of tools, partnerships, and actions for climate-smart conservation and forest management. Priority Research in Indiana Forest Service R&D priority research areas build on existing local and regional research to solve issues important to the American people. Priority research activities in Indiana include: Forest Disturbance: As climate changes so will our forests. We need to understand how to manage forests to adapt to climate change, including providing opportunities for new and changing species mixes, restoring forests and wetlands as temperatures and rainfall change, controlling invasive insects and diseases, and reducing the risk of wildfire. Indiana forest managers can access current tree and bird distribution maps and habitat projections under different climate change scenarios. Urban Natural Resources Stewardship: With most people living in urban areas, an emphasis on science and technology transfer is paramount to ensure the proper care of natural resources and the advancement of ecosystem services in urban and urbanizing landscapes. Communities in Indiana have improved tools for assessing, protecting, and managing urban natural resources through i-Tree software. Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA): The NRS FIA program conducts an updated annual inventory of Indiana’s forest resources in cooperation with the State Forester and other state organizations. FIA provides the science-based information needed by the nation’s leaders to make sound forest policy decisions and to better understand forest processes and associated threats to ecosystem health. Bioenergy and Biobased Products: America’s forest resources contribute significantly to energy security, environmental quality, and economic opportunity. Indiana forest owners have benefited from land management decision- support tools developed by NRS scientists for assessing biomass inventory and distribution. Watershed Management and Restoration: The availability of clean water is becoming limited in many parts of the United States, a trend likely to continue as the population grows. It is important to understand where water shortages will occur, to identify how future climate will affect rainfall and snowfall, and to find ways to reduce water pollution and to effectively manage and protect water sources. Conservation practices that promote Indiana’s water quality can now be effectively adopted more widely due to research insights into the factors that influence landowners’ decisions to implement such measures. Localized Needs Research in Indiana Focusing on critical regional and local research issues, NRS provides research results and tools and technologies including: Invasive Species: NRS researchers are developing basic gene insertion techniques to help in the fight to save the five ash species being killed by the emerald ash borer throughout the Midwest. Butternut Restoration: NRS researchers are propagating and preserving germplasm from individual butternut trees that are resistant to the fungal blight that is killing this species throughout the Northeast and Midwest. In addition, they have developed genetic tools to evaluate and understand the genetic diversity and purity of the remaining native butternuts from forests and in managed collections. FOREST SERVICE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (FS R&D) is a world leader in innovative science for sustaining global forest resources for future generations. Research findings and products benefit forest and rangeland managers, and everyone who uses goods or services from forests. We operate five research stations that encompass all 50 states, the Forest Products Laboratory located in Madison, Wisconsin, and the International Institute of Tropical Forestry located in Puerto Rico. Our researchers and support personnel are located at 67 field sites throughout the United States. We also maintain 80 experimental forests and ranges across the Nation. Our unique ability to integrate science and decision making and to work across boundaries between public, private, and tribal lands through strong partnerships advances the Agency’s three core themes of restoration, communities, and fire. The FS R&D program has two components: Priority Research Areas and Strategic Program Areas. The Priority Research Areas address urgent needs in seven areas: Forest Disturbance, Forest Inventory and Analysis, Watershed Management and Restoration, Bioenergy and Biobased Products, Urban Natural Resources Stewardship, Nanotechnology, and Localized Needs Research (region-specific needs). The Strategic Program Areas (SPAs) are the long-term programs from which Priority Research Areas are funded. The seven SPAs are: Wildland Fire and Fuels; Invasive Species; Recreation; Resource Management and Use; Water, Air, and Soil; Wildlife and Fish; and Inventory and Monitoring. The FY 2015 President’s Budget includes $275,315,000 for Forest and Rangeland Research, $19,795,000 for the FS R&D National Fire Plan, and $6,914,000 for the Joint Fire Science Program.