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LOCATION
• The Kingdom of Nepal covers an area
of 147,181 square kilometers, and
stretches 145-241 kilometers north to
south and 850 kilometers west to east.
The country is located between India
in the south and China in the north. At
latitudes 26 and 30 degrees north and
longitudes 80 and 88 degrees east,
Nepal is topographically divided into
three regions: the Himalaya to the
north, the hills consisting of the
Mahabharat range and the Churia
Hills, and the Terai to the south.
Elevations are varied in the kingdom.
The highest point is Mt. Everest (8848
m) in the north and the lowest point
(70 meters above sea level) is located
at Kechana Kalan of Jhapa District
HISTORY OF NEPAL
Nepal is home to eight out of the fourteen highest peaks in the
world. From these breathtaking heights, rivers crash down through
the foothills, fed by monsoon rains and melting snow, on their way
to the Great Plains of the Ganges. On these rivers you will find the
free beaches and warm water. All this makes a wealth of unlimited
opportunities for great rafting and kayaking adventures in this
Himalayan kingdom.
Nepalese people are mainly divided into two
distinct groups, the Indo-Aryans and the Mongoloids.
Kathmandu Valley is the spiritual and cultural meeting
point of all these groups.
Religious practices are an important part of the lives of
the Nepalese people. Mythologies of various Hindu
gods and goddesses abound in this country and cultural
values are based on the philosophies of holy books like
the Swasthani Gita, Ramayana etc.
Nepali is the national language of
Nepal. Though many languages are
used throughout the country, most
people understand and speak
Nepali. Educated people, and those
involved in the tourist industry also
understand and speak English.
TIME:
Nepal Time is 5 hours 45 minutes
ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead
of Indian standard time
Money:
Nearly all money in Nepal is in the form of notes.
The Nepalese rupee is linked to the Indian
Climate
A few parts of Nepal are governed by the same monsoon pattern,
with temperatures varying according to elevation (see chart). Five
seasons prevail in Nepal, but these are not mere meteorological
divisions
CULTURE
. A variety of cultural activities can be
witnessed being performed along the river.
The adjoining slopes of the river often
harbor dense vegetation and interesting
wildlife. Several varieties of fishes also
abound the Nepalese rivers.
Nepalese people are mainly divided
into two distinct groups, the IndoAryans and the Mongoloids.
Kathmandu Valley is the spiritual and
cultural meeting point of all these
groups
RELIGION
Religious practices are an important part of
the lives of the Nepalese people. Mythologies
of various Hindu gods and goddesses
abound in this country and cultural values
are based on the philosophies of holy books
like the Swasthani Gita, Ramayana etc.
Women and children visit neighborhood
shrines at dawn to offer worship to the gods.
Holding plates of rice, flowers, and vermilion
powder, they perform puja by lighting
incense, ringing the temple bell, and applying
tika, a red paste, on their foreheads. Passers
by stop at temples and show their reverence
to the gods by spending a few minutes
praying. Occasionally, groups of men sit near
temples playing music and singing hyms until
late night.
HINDUISM AND BUDDISUM
Hinduism :
Thousands of gods and goddesses make up the
Hindu pantheon. Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva
are he three major Hindu gods who have
heir own characteristics and incarnations.
BUDDISUM
Sakyamuni Buddha is the founder of Buddhism who lived
and taught in this part of the world during the sixth
century BC. The great stupas of Swayambhunath and
Bouddhanath are among the oldest and most beautiful
worship sites in the Kathmandu Valley.
around the Valley.
ROUTE MAP OF NEPAL
TOURIST PLACES
•
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KATHMANDU
EAST NEPAL
WEST NEPAL
KANGCHENJUNGA
EVEREST FROM GOYKO
EVEREST FROM THE EAST
KATHMANDU
Kathmandu Valley (1311m) having three fabled cities –
Kathmandu, Patan & Bhaktapur. The valley is great historical,
cultural and political interest. The valley is open-air museum of
artistic temples, monuments, stupas having seven UNESCO
World Heritage sites. 2000 years before Kathmandu valley
was a big lake
EAST NEPAL
• Janakpur - is the birth place of
Sita, the consort of lord Ram.
Ram was a great noble &
democratic King at the period
of Treta Yuga (Ramayana), is
situated 375 km. south of
Kathmandu in the Tarai plans.
It is also a historical capital of
Mithila Padesh. The King of
Mithila Pradesh was King
Janak, a father of Sita. Sight
seeing places are – Janaki
Mandir, Ram Mandir, Dulha
Dulhi Mandir, Vivaaha
Mandap, Hanuman Temple,
Sankata Mochan, Matihani
Temple, Jaleshwore Temple,
Dhanusha Dham, The holy
Ponds & Maithili art Gallery
WEST NEPAL
•
Pokhara Valley (885m) - is one
of the much picturesque sports of
Nepal, situated 210 km. West of
Kathmandu. Its natural
surrounding, lovely lakes and
close view of Dhaulagiri,
Annapurna range with
Machhapuchhre and Lamjung
Himal range, enhance the Valley.
Tourist places are – Phewa Lake,
Begnas Lake, David's fall,
Mahendra Cave, Barahi Temple,
Vindawashini Temple, Seti George
and Natural Museum. The area is
famous for 1 to 3 days hiking
KANGCHENJUNGA
27days, 22 days of rugged trekking up to
16,500 feet in very remote regions. Views
of Everest, Makalu, and Kangchenjunga;
untouched villages.
For those who want to get to the base
camp of one of the 8,000 metre
peaks without the crowds, this is an
ideal trek. In addition to spectacular
mountain scenery, this area of-fers
Buddhist monasteries, great cultural
variety, and very few other trekkers
27
EVERESTNFROM GOYGO
16 days, 11 days of moderate trekking at
high elevations beneath the tallest
mountains on earth. Fantastic views of
Everest.
As the trail to Everest Base Camp became
more and more crowded, a need arose to
find an alternative route that would be
equally spectacular in terms of the
mountain experience and views of the
world's tallest peak. The route up to Dudh
Pokhari and Gokyo Ri surpasses the
traditional route. As we follow the Dudh
Kosi River toward its source, we pass
majestic Cho-Oyu (26,750'), the sixth
highest peak in the world
EVEREST FROM THE EAST
25 days, 20 days of strenuous trekking,
full range of cultures and elevations
(2,900ft. to 18,200ft. ), one week off-thebeaten-path.
This trip combines the best of both
worlds: seeing the popular Khumbu
area around Mt. Everest without the
crowds, and spending a full week on a
remote trail that rarely sees trekkers.
This is the route used by the famous
British explorer, H.W. Tilman, on the first
ever Everest trek back in 1950.
We begin with a flight to Tumlingtar, one
of the most spectacular flights in the
Himalayas
NEPAL FLAG
• The Nepalese are naturally a friendly,
welcoming people. We enjoy meeting
people from around the world, and are
proud to share our wonderful country
with you. Visitors to Nepal often return
time and time again, drawn by the
stunning scenery, the warm and
smiling people, the outdoor adventure
and the special atmosphere that
pervades the clear mountain air.
•