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Earth Science 6th Grade: Quiz: Fresh Water Name: _________________________ Directions: Select from the numbered definitions or descriptions the best answer for each of the given terms. Put the number in the proper space in the magic square box. The sum of the numbers will be the same horizontally, vertically, and diagonally. Magic Number: ________ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Terms: A. Water Cycle B. Precipitation C. Groundwater D. Tributary E. Watershed F. Divide G. Habitat H. Reservoir I. Wetland J. Permeable K. Impermeable L. Saturated zone M. Water table N. Unsaturated zone O. Spring P. Aquifer Q. Artesian well R. Geyser S. Irrigation T. Conservation U. Water pollution V. Pollutant W. Point source X. Nonpoint source Y. Transpiration Definitions or Descriptions: 1. A specific source of pollution that can be identified. 2. An underground layer of rock or sediment that holds water. 3. A layer of rocks and soil above the water table in which the pores contain air as well as water. 4. The place where an organism lives and where it obtains all the things it needs to survive. 5. The land area that supplies water to a river system. 6. The continual movement of water among Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surface through evaporation, condensation, and precipitation. 7. A widely spread source of pollution that is difficult to link to a specific point of origin. 8. A well in which water rises because of pressure within the aquifer. 9. A place where groundwater flows to the surface. 10. A lake that stores water from human use. 11. A land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year. 12. Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth’s surface. 13. The process in which plants loses their water through the leaves. 14. A fountain of water and steam that builds up pressure underground and erupts at regular intervals. 15. A characteristic of materials, such as clay and granite, through which water does not easily pass. 16. A layer of permeable rock or soil in which the cracks and pores are totally filled with water. 17. Characteristics of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through. 18. Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers. 19. The addition of any substance that has a negative effect on water or the living things that depends on the water. 20. The process of supplying water to areas of land to make them suitable for growing crops. 21. The practice of using less of a resource so that it will not be used up. 22. The top of the saturated zone, or depth to the groundwater under Earth’s surface. 23. A ridge of land that separates one watershed from another. 24. A stream or smaller river that feeds into a main river. 25. A harmful substance in the air, water, or soil.