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Template No. (12)
Course Specification
University/Academy: Suez Canal University
Faculty/Institute: Science
Department: Zoology
1-Course data
Course Title: Embryology of
Code: ZL 315
Vertebrates
Credit/ Taught Hours: 3
2- Course aim
Theoretical: 2
Academic year/ Level: 3rd
level Zoology Student
Department/program:
Practical: 2
Zoology / Zoology
1.1. Acquire the theoretical background and experience in the field of embryology that
will prepare them for future career.
1.2. Be familiar with applications and principles of experimental design, laboratory safety,
data collection and interpretation in embryology.
3- Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):
A1- Illustrate basic scientific facts, concepts, principles, and applications related to
embryology.
3.A- Knowledge
and
understandings:
3.B- Intellectual
Skills:
3.C- Professional
Skills:
3.D- General
Skills:
4- Course
content:
(theoretical and
then practical)
A3. Represent examples for types of interrelationships between different organisms and
their embryonic development.
A4. List theories and methods applied for interpreting and analyzing data related to
embryology.
A5. Illustrate developmental progress of the embryology -related knowledge.
B2. Assess interrelationships between the major developmental stages and processes with
an emphasis on vertebrate embryos
B4. Interpret experimental data and relevant literature for enhancing the ability of students
to deal with different developmental processes of major body systems of chordates.
C1. Implement appropriate biological techniques in embryology following ethical and
safety considerations.
C3. Utilize different scientific approaches and recent technology for understanding the
differences in embryonic events of different chordates.
D1- Employ recent communication and information technologies, models and tools
effectively in different tasks related to Embryology.
D2- Lead team work effectively for appreciating the values of independent thinking,
continuous learning and ethics in the field of Embryology.
Theoretical part content
Topic
No. of
No. of
Lecture
hours
week(s)
(s)
1- General introduction to the science of
embryology. .
2- Common scientific terms used for studying
direction, orientation and development of
2
week (1)
1
embryos.
3- Origin of primordial germ cells and
gametogenesis.
2
week (2)
1
A- Spermatogenesis
- Sperm types, structure and viability.
B- Oogenosis
- Egg types, structure and viability.
Fertilization
- Types and mechanisms of fertilization
Parthenogenesis
- Natural and artificial parthenogenesis.
Cleavage and blastulation
- Mechanics, planes, patterns, and results of
cleavage
- Peculiarities of cell division involved in
cleavage.
Gastrulation
- General processes involved in gastrulation
(morphogenetic movements)
- Significance of gastrulation.
- Fate of germinal layers (ectoderm, endoderm,
and mesoderm).
Development of Amphioxus
1- Gonads and gametes
2- Cleavage, blastulation, and gastrulation.
3- Differentiation of the primary germ layers.
4- Formation of the neural tube, notochord,
mesoderm, mesodermal somites and coelom..
Quiz
5-Development of the anterior gut diverticula and
gut.
6- Development of the club-shaped gland,
endostyle, the mouth, the first gill slit, the
anus, and the liver diverticulum.
7- Hatching, larval development, formation of the
atrium and metamorphosis.
8- A comparison between the embryonic and the
larval periods of amphioxus.
Quiz (Computer Lab.).
Development of frog
1- Maturation division of frog ovum and
fertilization.
2- Cleavage and blastulation of frog embryo.
3- Fate maps of frog blastula.
4- Gastrulation, neurulation and early
organogenesis.
5-Formation of the neural tube and the central
nervous system.
6- Formation of the notochord.
7- Development of mesoderm and its derivatives.
8- Development of the eye.
9- Formation of the primitive tubular heart.
10- 2.5 mm frog embryo (tail bud stage 17, Rugh,
1948).
11- 4 mm frog embryo, stage 19 (Rugh, 1948).
12- 10 mm frog embryo, stage 23 (Rugh, 1948).
Development of the Chick
1- Egg Membranes, fertilization and cleavage,
blastulation,
gastrulation and cellular
movement during gastrulation
2
week (3)
1
2
week (4)
1
2
week (5)
1
2
week (6)
1
2
week (7)
2
week (8)
2
week (9)
2
week (10)
1
2
week (11)
1
2
week (12)
1
1
2- Formation and function of the primitive streak
3- Regression of the Primitive Streak and
Formation of the Organ Rudiments.
4- Formation of the neural tube, foregut,
mesodermal somites
5- Development of the Heart
6- 24-hour embryo
- Divisions of the brain and their neuromeric
structure
- Formation of extra-embryonic blood vessels
- Formation of intra-embryonic blood vessels.
7- Structure of chick embryo between thirty-three
and thirty–eight hours of incubation
8- Structure of chick embryo between thirty–
eight and fifty hours of
9- 72 hours chick embryo.
2
10- 96 hours chick embryo.
Development of Mammals
- Extraembryonic Membranes.
- The placenta.
Practical Exam
2
Practical part content
No. of
No. of
Topic
hours
week(s)
1- Slides of 11- day old chick
embryo to show the primordial
germ cells and their migration
to the primordia of gametes.
2
week (1)
2- Dissection of male and females
gonads of mature rat or mice
3- T.s in the ovary and testis of
toad, mice and cats.
A- Spermatogenesis
Ts. of the trunk regions of
amphioxus, petromyzon and
dog fish to show gonads
structure.
Dissection of male rat testis to
2
week (2)
show the sperm types,
structure and viability.
B- Oogenosis
- Egg types, structure of
Chicken egg.
Development of Amphioxus
- Cleavage, blastulation, and
gastrulation.
-Differentiation of the primary
germ layers.
2
week(3)
- Formation of the neural tube,
notochord, mesoderm,
mesodermal somites and
coelom.
- Development of the anterior
gut diverticula and gut.
- Development of the club2
week (4)
shaped gland, endostyle, the
mouth, the first gill slit, the
week (13)
1
week (14)
Practical
(s)
Tutorial
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
anus,
and
the
liver
diverticulum.
Larval
development,
formation of the atrium and
metamorphosis 14 somite
stage.
- The larval periods of
Amphioxus 16 somite stage.
Development of frog
1- Cleavage and blastulation of
frog embryo.
2- Fate maps of frog blastula.
3- Gastrulation, neurulation and
early organogenesis.
5-Formation of the neural tube
and the central nervous
system.
6-Formation of the notochord.
7-Development of mesoderm
and its derivatives.
8- Development of the eye.
9- 2.5 mm frog embryo (tail
bud stage 17, Rugh,1948).
10- 4 mm frog embryo, stage
19(Rugh, 1948).
11- 10 mm frog embryo, stage
23 (Rugh, 1948).
Development of the Chick
- Egg structure and cleavage,
blastulation, gastrulation
- Formation of the primitive
streak


2
week (5)
1
1
2
week (6)
1
1
2
week (7)
1
1
2
week (8)
1
1
2
week (9)
1
1
2
week (10)
1
1
2
week (11)
1
1
2
week (12)
1
1
2
2
week (13)
week (14)
1
1
1
1
18 hr chick embryo
24 hrs chick embryo
Early embryonic
development
of Chick
 28 hrs chick embryo
 33 hrs chick embryo
 48 hrs chick embryo
- Structure of chick embryo
between fifty hours and fifty
six hours of incubation.
- 72 hours chick embryo.
- 96 hours chick embryo.
Development of Mammals
-Extraembryonic Membranes of
mice or rat.
- The placenta of mice or rat.
*Revision
Term Exam
1- Board
2-Photographs
5- Teaching and
3- Data show
4-Vidio movies
learning methods: 5- CD & Internet
7- Students assessment:
7.A- Assessment
Methods:
7.B- Assessment
schedule
7.1- Oral examination to assess Knowledge and understandings
7.2- Practical examination to assess Professional Skills
7.3- Midterm examination to assess the overall skills
7.4- Final examination to assess the overall skills
Assessment 1 Mid-term examination
Week 7
Assessment 2 Oral examination
according to faculty's exam schedule
Assessment 3 Practical examination
week 14
Assessment 4 Final-term examination Week according to faculty's exam schedule
Mid-term examination %
Final-term examination %
Oral examination %
Practical examination %
100% Total
10%
60%
10%
20%
7.C- Assessments
Weights
8- List of Books and references
8.A- Notes:
8.B- Essential
books:
8.CRecommended
books:
Handout
1. Peter, H. Raven; George B. Johnson; Jonathan B. Losos; Susan R. Singer (2005).
"Biology" seventh edition. McGraw-Hill companies, New York USA.
2. Khanna, D.R. (2005). "Text book of embryology". Discovery Publishing House. New
Delhi, India.
1. Peter, H. Raven; George B. Johnson; Jonathan B. Losos; Susan R. Singer (2005).
"Biology" seventh edition. McGraw-Hill companies, New York USA.
2. Carlson, Bruce M. (1996). Foundations of Embryology, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill
Publishing Company. New York USA.
- 4. Balinsky, B.I. (1996): "An introduction to embryology" seventh edition.
CBS Collegue Publishing. The Dryden press. Japan.
8.D- Scientific
periodicals,
websites ….etc
http://www.eulc.edu.eg/eulc/libraries/index.aspx
http://www.eul.edu.eg/eulc/libraries/index.aspx
Course coordinator:
Yomn Mobarak
Head of Department
Prof. Yomn Mohamed Shahat Mobarak
Prof. Maha Soliman
Suez Canal University:
Faculty of Science:
Course code: ZL315
Course title: Embryology of Vertebrates
Matrix of intended knowledge and skills of the course
1- Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):
A- Knowledge and understandings:
A1- Illustrate basic scientific facts, concepts, principles, and applications related to embryology.
A3. Represent examples for types of interrelationships between different organisms and their embryonic development.
A4. List theories and methods applied for interpreting and analyzing data related to embryology.
A5. Illustrate developmental progress of the embryology -related knowledge.
B- Intellectual Skills:
B2. Assess interrelationships between the major developmental stages and processes with an emphasis on vertebrate embryos
B4. Interpret experimental data and relevant literature for enhancing the ability of students to deal with different developmental processes of major body
systems of chordates.
C- Professional Skills:
C1. Implement appropriate biological techniques in embryology following ethical and safety considerations.
C3. Utilize different scientific approaches and recent technology for understanding the differences in embryonic events of different chordates.
D- General Skills:
D1- Employ recent communication and information technologies, models and tools effectively in different tasks related to Embryology.
D2- Lead team work effectively for appreciating the values of independent thinking, continuous learning and ethics in the field of Embryology.
Suez Canal University:
Faculty of Science:
Course content of the
Theoretical part
Course code: ZL315
Course title: Embryology of Vertebrates
Week (s)
No.
A knowledge and
Understanding Skills
A1
1- General introduction to the science of embryology.
.
2- Common scientific terms used for studying
direction, orientation and development of
embryos.
3- Origin of primordial germ cells and
gametogenesis.
A- Spermatogenesis
- Sperm types, structure and viability.
B- Oogenosis
- Egg types, structure and viability.
Fertilization
- Types and mechanisms of fertilization
Parthenogenesis
- Natural and artificial parthenogenesis.
Cleavage and blastulation
- Mechanics, planes, patterns, and results of cleavage
- Peculiarities of cell division involved in cleavage
Gastrulation
- General processes involved in gastrulation
(morphogenetic movements)
- Significance of gastrulation.
Fate of germinal layers (ectoderm, endoderm, and
mesoderm).
A2
A3
A4
A5
Professional
and Practical
Skills
Intellectual Skills
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
C1
C2
C3
General
skills
D1
D2
1,2
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
3,4
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
5,6
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
Development of Amphioxus
1- Gonads and gametes
2- Cleavage, blastulation, and gastrulation.
3- Differentiation of the primary germ layers.4Formation of the neural tube, notochord, mesoderm,
mesodermal somites and coelom..
5-Development of the anterior gut diverticula and
gut.
6- Development of the club-shaped gland, endostyle,
the mouth, the first gill slit, the anus, and the liver
diverticulum.
7- Hatching, larval development, formation of the
atrium and metamorphosis.
8- A comparison between the embryonic and the
larval periods of amphioxus.
Development of frog
1- Maturation division of frog ovum and fertilization.
2- Cleavage and blastulation of frog embryo.
3- Fate maps of frog blastula.
4- Gastrulation, neurulation and early
organogenesis.
5-Formation of the neural tube and the central
nervous system.
6- Formation of the notochord.
7- Development of mesoderm and its derivatives.
8- Development of the eye.
9- Formation of the primitive tubular heart.
10- 2.5 mm frog embryo (tail bud stage 17, Rugh,
1948).
11- 4 mm frog embryo, stage 19 (Rugh, 1948).
12- 10 mm frog embryo, stage 23 (Rugh, 1948).
Development of the Chick
Development of Mammals
- Extraembryonic Membranes.
- The placenta
8,9
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
10,11
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
12,13
X
X X X
X
X
X
X
Course content of the Practical part
Week (s)
No.
A knowledge and
Understanding Skills
A1
- Slides of 11- day old chick embryo to show the
primordial germ cells and their migration to the
primordia of gametes.
2- Dissection of male and females gonads of mature rat
or mice
3- T.s in the ovary and testis of toad, mice and cats.
A- Spermatogenesis
Ts. of the trunk regions of amphioxus, petromyzon
and dog fish to show gonads structure.
Dissection of male rat testis to show the sperm types,
structure and viability.
B- Oogenosis
- Egg types, structure of Chicken egg.
Development of Amphioxus
- Cleavage, blastulation, and gastrulation.
-Differentiation of the primary germ layers.
- Formation of the neural tube, notochord,
mesoderm, mesodermal somites and coelom.
- Development of the anterior gut diverticula and gut.
- Development of the club-shaped gland, endostyle,
the mouth, the first gill slit, the anus, and the liver
diverticulum.
- larval development, formation of the atrium and
metamorphosis 14 somite stage.
- the larval periods of Amphioxus 16 somite stage.
Development of frog
1- Cleavage and blastulation of frog embryo.
2- Fate maps of frog blastula.
 3- Gastrulation, neurulation and early
organogenesis.
A2
A3
A4
Professional and
Practical Skills
Intellectual Skills
A5
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
C1
C2
C3
1
X
X
2
X
X
3
X
X
4
X
X
5,6
X
X
General skills
D1
D2
4-Formation of the neural tube and the central
nervous system.
5-Formation of the notochord.
6-Development of mesoderm and its derivatives.
7- Development of the eye.
9- Formation of the primitive tubular heart.
10- 2.5 mm frog embryo (tail bud stage 17,
Rugh,1948).
11- 4 mm frog embryo, stage 19(Rugh, 1948).
12- 10 mm frog embryo, stage 23 (Rugh, 1948).

7
X
X
8
X
X
9,10
X
X
11
X
X
12
X
X
Development of Chick
Egg structure and cleavage, blastulation,
gastrulation
 Formation of primitive streak
 18 hr chick embryo
 24 hrs chick embryo
Early embryonic development of Chick
 28 hrs chick embryo
 33 hrs chick embryo
 48 hrs chick embryo
Early embryonic
development
of Chick
 50 hrs chick embryo
 56 hrs chick embryo
 72 hrs chick embryo
 96 hrs chick embryo.
Development of Mammals
-Extraembryonic Membranes of mice or rat.
- The placenta of mice or rat.
Course coordinator:
Yomn Mobarak
Head of Department
Prof. Yomn Mohamed Shahat Mobarak
Prof. Maha Soliman