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Transcript
Finding real roots of Eisenstein series of weight
one by Painlevé VI equations
Chang-Shou Lin
Taida Institute for Mathematical Sciences
National Taiwan University
Taipei 10617, Taiwan
October 22, 2015
Abstract
For any (r, s) ∈ C2 \ 21 Z2 , we define pr,s (τ ) ∈ C by
℘(pr,s (τ )|τ ) = ℘(r +sτ |τ )+
℘0 (r + sτ |τ )
,
2(ζ(r + sτ |τ ) − rη1 (τ ) − sη2 (τ ))
τ ∈H
The Hitchin theorem says that pr,s (τ ) is a solution of a Painlevé VI
equation. Remarkably, the denominator ζ(r + sτ |τ ) − rη1 (τ ) − sη2 (τ )
is the Eisenstein series of weight one if (r, s) is an N -torsion point.
Set Zr,s (τ ) = ζ(r + sτ |τ ) − rη1 (τ ) − sη2 (τ ). Then Zr,s (τ ) has
another link with geometric and PDE aspects. Any zero τ of Zr,s (τ )
for some real pair (r, s) ∈ R2 \ 12 Z2 , the PDE (mean field equation)
∆u + eu = 8πδ(0) in Eτ ,
has a solution, where Eτ is the torus C/∧τ , ∧τ is the lattice generated
by 1 and τ , and δ(0) is the Dirac measure at lattice points. In this talk,
I will give a survey about the story about the connection among such
subjects: mean field equations, Painlevé VI, and modular forms. The
center of these connections are Green functions and Lame equations.
1