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2. Currently available evidence has shown the first humans in the Americas
a. arrived at least 15,000 years ago.
b. came at least 725,000 years ago.
c. arrived, according to genetic evidence, from Antarctica in 7219 B.C.E.
d. came from the island of Honshu during the Egyptian Middle Kingdom.
3. The Olmec peoples
a. did not do any stone carving, preferring to work in copper and ivory.
b. spoke the Quechuan language.
c. developed their capital at the mountain fortress of Cuzco.
d. developed a system of hieroglyphics.
6. The first major metropolis in Mesoamerica was
a. Tikal.
b. Tenochtitlan.
c. Teotihuacán.
d. Texcoco.
10. The civilization of the Maya developed in the
a. Valley of Mexico.
b. Pacific coastal region of northern Mexico.
c. mountainous areas of Nicaragua and Honduras.
d. Yucatan Peninsula.
12. The sacred ball court
a. had life or death implications for those who played upon it.
b. could only be played on by Mayan priests.
c. was a large, open, circular playing area that employed the use of straw baskets into
which large, soft, balls had to be tossed.
d. was found only among the Incas and Iroquois.
13. In which areas were the Mayan and Aztec civilizations similar?
a. They both practiced human sacrifice.
b. Both had religious practices and beliefs brought from Asia in the eleventh century.
c. Both used sophisticated alphabets with thirty-nine letters.
d. They were both seafaring societies.
e. Volcanic eruptions destroyed both civilizations.
17. Aztec society was
a. an egalitarian democracy.
b. a hierarchical dictatorship, with a privileged upper class and a commoner majority.
c. primarily involved in the trading of slaves.
d. unique in giving women major political power.
18. Most of the Aztec population belonged to large kinship groups called
a. texcocos.
b. chinampas.
c. calpulli.
d. quipu.
21. Which of the following gods retained a higher level of cognizance in the Aztec psyche than
most of their other gods, due primarily to its tenth-century departure from the Valley of
Mexico and promised future victorious return?
a. Siva
b. Tlaloc
c. Quetzalcoatl
d. Huitzilopochtli
23. Aztec religion
a. preached the ideas of sexual equality and Social Apathy.
b. was monotheistic after the departure of Isoldia.
c. influenced Spanish Christianity.
d. employed human ritual sacrifices, often involving large numbers of victims.
25. What was the purpose of the human sacrifices practiced by the Aztecs?
a. To obtain the atman of the victim.
b. To appease Huitzilopochtli, and thus delay the ultimate destruction of their world.
c. To insure an abundant harvest.
d. To insure long life for the emperor.
27. The massive Pyramid of the Sun, dating from around 400 C.E., was erected in
a. Cuzco.
b. Teotihuacan.
c. Tenochtitlan.
d. Tikal.
28. The Spaniard responsible for the demise of the Aztec civilization was
a. Pedro Cabral.
b. Francisco Pizarro.
c. Hernán Cortés.
d. Vasco da Gama.
32. If one were to compare the societies of the Aztec and the Maya, the best characterization of
that comparison would be that
a. Mayan society was warlike, unlike that of the Aztecs, which was peaceful.
b. Mayan society was predominantly urban and the Aztec society was rural.
c. Aztec society was predominantly rural and the Mayan society was urban.
d. both were agricultural societies that had substantial urban populations.
33. All of the following statements are true about Mayan religion except
a. its views about reincarnation resembled those of Buddhism.
b. its usual method of human sacrifice differed from that of the Aztecs.
c. its deities shared traits with the gods of neighboring peoples.
d. some of its gods had negative, rather than positive, aspects.
34. South America
a. was the original home of the Maya.
b. contained societies practicing irrigated farming approximately eleven thousand years
c. has had human inhabitants for more than twelve thousand years.
d. was populated only as recently as 500 C.E.
e. was colonized from Africa rather than Asia.
36. Who was the Inca king who began the conquests that led to the creation of their empire?
a. Pachakuti
b. Pizarro
c. Topa Inca
d. Montezuma
37. The civilization of the Inca
a. constructed an impressive system of roads and bridges throughout its extensive
b. employed a force of highly-paid workers to construct the structures that it produced.
c. offered all women nothing but a life of domestic service restricted to the home.
d. developed an abundant lowland valley community at Machu Picchu.
38. The population of the Inca civilization
a. never mastered the techniques of stone fitting, which limited their growth potential.
b. was theoretically divided into provinces containing about 10,000 people.
c. had a large temple, dedicated to the moon, in each major population center.
d. developed a highway system able to move all of its people at the same time.
42. The Aztec and Inca were alike in
a. the geographic settings in which they were located.
b. their methods of writing and record keeping.
c. the relative speed with which they were taken over by Spanish invaders.
d. their advanced naval strength and traditions.
44. An extensive urban community was created at Chaco Canyon by the
a. Apache.
b. Arawak.
c. Anasazi.
d. Navajo.
45. The archaeological evidence of the presence of ball courts in Amerindian civilization centers is
an indication that these societies
a. had had contact with the Norsemen in the ninth century.
b. had a strong interest in recreational activities.
c. were deeply involved in agriculture.
d. probably had contacts with Mesoamerican civilizations.
46. The Arawak developed their society
a. in modern-day Nova Scotia.
b. in modern-day Venezuela.
c. on the islands of the Caribbean Sea.
d. both b and c.
47. The tuber cultivated by the Arawak, that is used today to manufacture tapioca, is
a. millet.
b. maize.
c. manioc.
d. cacao.
48. Amerindians of North America who inhabited the present states of Pennsylvania and New York
as well as parts of southern Canada
a. established the League of Iroquois.
b. all practiced cannibalism.
c. farmed maize, peanuts, and pineapples in the Caribbean during the winter.
d. began to cultivate manioc, in what is now northern Canada.
50. A striking difference between the civilizations of the New and Old Worlds was that
a. New World peoples had no large domesticated mammals before 1492.
b. New World technology was much more advanced than that of the Old World.
c. there were more virulent diseases in the Americas than in the Old World.
d. warfare was more significant in Old World behavior patterns.