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Chapter 15: Plant Structures and Taxomony
Self Evaluation
A. Multiple Choice
1.
A.
B.
C.
D.
The primary function of the root is to
Make sure that the plant will grow
Anchor the plant and supply water and nutrients
Ensure that the plant can be propagated
Hold up the stem of the plant and provide propagating material
2. The portion fo the root that takes in the water and plant nutrients is the
A. Root cap
C. Root hair
B. Area of root division
D. Area of cell maturation
3. The major types of root systems are
A. Area of cell division and fibrous
B. Fibrous and root cap
C. Cuttings and root hairs
D. Fibrous and taproot
4.
A.
B.
C.
D.
The area of cell division is
Responsible for the production of new cells on the tip fo the root
Where the cells will start to specialize
Located in the area where the root hairs start to erupt from th wall of the epidermal cell
Where the roots drop off on special plants like the dodder
5.
A.
B.
C.
D.
The phloem
Is the pipeline that carries the water and nutrients from the soil to the leaves
Is the part of the stem that gives support to the node
Is the part of the leaf that holds it to the roots
Carries the manufactured food from the leaves to the roots
6.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Herbaceous stems
Are tough and have bark around them
Come from herbs
Are green and are not winter hardy
Are part of the bulb
7.
A.
B.
C.
D.
The node
Is the part of the stem that supports the flower
Is the part of the stem where the leaf is attached
Is the part of the stem that carries the nutrients
Will become detached when dry weather sets in
B. Matching
C
1. Root cap
a. Located on the tip of the stem
A
2. Terminal bud
b. The wide portion of the leaf
D
3. Leaves
c. Protects the root tip as it moves in the soil
E
4. Cuticle
d. Manufactures food for the plant
B
5. Blade
e. The topmost layer on the leaf
F
6. Guard cell
f. Surround the stoma
C. Completion
1.
The roots are responsible for anchoring
the plant.
2.
An ornamental plant is a plant used to improve the appearance of an area.
3.
The are of cell
elongation is where the cells start to become specialized.
4.
Rhizomes are thick stems that run below ground.
5.
Lenticels are pores in the stem that allow the gases to pass through the stem.
6.
Palisade
cells are cells that give the leaf strength.
7.
The stamen is the male part of the flower.
8.
When a flower contains the stamen, pistil, petals, and sepals, it is considered a perfect
flower .
9.
The fruit is an enlargement that results after fertilization.
10.
A vegetable can be any part of a plant that is grown for its edible parts.