Chapter 15: Plant Structures and Taxomony Self Evaluation A. Multiple Choice 1. A. B. C. D. The primary function of the root is to Make sure that the plant will grow Anchor the plant and supply water and nutrients Ensure that the plant can be propagated Hold up the stem of the plant and provide propagating material 2. The portion fo the root that takes in the water and plant nutrients is the A. Root cap C. Root hair B. Area of root division D. Area of cell maturation 3. The major types of root systems are A. Area of cell division and fibrous B. Fibrous and root cap C. Cuttings and root hairs D. Fibrous and taproot 4. A. B. C. D. The area of cell division is Responsible for the production of new cells on the tip fo the root Where the cells will start to specialize Located in the area where the root hairs start to erupt from th wall of the epidermal cell Where the roots drop off on special plants like the dodder 5. A. B. C. D. The phloem Is the pipeline that carries the water and nutrients from the soil to the leaves Is the part of the stem that gives support to the node Is the part of the leaf that holds it to the roots Carries the manufactured food from the leaves to the roots 6. A. B. C. D. Herbaceous stems Are tough and have bark around them Come from herbs Are green and are not winter hardy Are part of the bulb 7. A. B. C. D. The node Is the part of the stem that supports the flower Is the part of the stem where the leaf is attached Is the part of the stem that carries the nutrients Will become detached when dry weather sets in B. Matching C 1. Root cap a. Located on the tip of the stem A 2. Terminal bud b. The wide portion of the leaf D 3. Leaves c. Protects the root tip as it moves in the soil E 4. Cuticle d. Manufactures food for the plant B 5. Blade e. The topmost layer on the leaf F 6. Guard cell f. Surround the stoma C. Completion 1. The roots are responsible for anchoring the plant. 2. An ornamental plant is a plant used to improve the appearance of an area. 3. The are of cell elongation is where the cells start to become specialized. 4. Rhizomes are thick stems that run below ground. 5. Lenticels are pores in the stem that allow the gases to pass through the stem. 6. Palisade cells are cells that give the leaf strength. 7. The stamen is the male part of the flower. 8. When a flower contains the stamen, pistil, petals, and sepals, it is considered a perfect flower . 9. The fruit is an enlargement that results after fertilization. 10. A vegetable can be any part of a plant that is grown for its edible parts.