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Slide 1
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Organizing the
Globe
Jaywalking Geography
Introduction to the globe
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Slide 2
What is Geography?
• Geography is the science that deals with the
living and non-living things on earth and how
they affect each other.
– Physical –the study of the natural features and
phenomena of the earth
– Human –the study
of the patterns and
processes that
shape human
society
Slide 3
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Mapping the Globe
• The globe is a scale model of the earth.
• Grid: Pattern of lines circling the globe eastwest and north-south.
• Lines of Latitude are drawn in east-west
direction.
• Lines of Longitude are drawn in north-south
direction.
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Slide 4
Latitude Lines
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• Lines measure distance north and south of the
equator.
• Equator: The imaginary line that circles the globe
halfway between Earth’s North Pole and South
Pole.
– Tropics
– 23 ½ Latitude (Torrid Zone=area between the tropics)
• Tropic of Cancer
• Tropic of Capricorn
• Lines of latitude are
• called Parallels
Slide 5
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Latitude
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Longitude & Latitude
Slide 6
Longitude Lines
• Lines measured east and west of the prime
meridian.
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• Prime Meridian: Imaginary line drawn from
the North Pole through Greenwich, England to
the South Pole.
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• Lines of Longitude are
called meridians.
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Slide 7
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Get ready to sing!!
• Latitude and Longitude Song
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Slide 8
Hemisphere = half of world
• The equator divides the globe into two halves or
hemispheres.
• The Prime Meridian & the 180 degree meridian divide
the world into the Eastern and Western Hemisphere.
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• Northern, Southern, Eastern, & Western Hemisphere
• USA in the North-Western quadrant
Slide 9
Hemispheres
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Which Hemisphere is the United States located?
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Slide 10
Continents and Oceans
• There are seven continents:
– Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North
America, and South America
– Asia is the largest and five time the size of Australia,
which is the smallest
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Slide 11
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Continents
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Can you Name and locate all seven continents?
Slide 12
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Answers:
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Slide 13
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Ocean Areas
• There are four ocean areas:
– Atlantic, Arctic, Indian and Pacific Oceans
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• A possible fifth called the Southern Ocean
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Can you locate the 5 major Oceans?
Slide 14
Answers:
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Slide 15
Learning Log Question
-You Respond
• Globes and maps are very different.
• What are the advantages and disadvantages
of each?
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Slide 16
What is a map?
I’m the map
• A generalized view of an area, usually some portion
of Earth’s surface, as seen from above at a greatly
reduced size
– Any geographical image of the environment
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• A two-dimensional representation of the spatial
distribution of selected phenomena
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• Cartographers or mapmakers develop many
ways of drawing the Earth on a flat surface.
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Slide 17
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Why make maps?
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• To represent a larger area than we can see
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• To show a phenomenon or process we can’t
see with our eyes
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• To present information concisely
• To show spatial relationships
Slide 18
Types of World Maps
• Robinson Projection
– Semi round –distortion on ends
• Mercator Projection
– Square -major distortion on ends
• Thematic Maps = maps with a theme
–
–
–
–
–
Population -Resources
Climates
-Highways
Political
-Precipitation/Rain
Topography = Landforms & Elevation
Region = an area that shares similar properties
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Slide 19
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Represent a larger area
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Slide 20
Shows Spatial Relationships
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Slide 21
Regional Map
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Slide 22
Topographic Map
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Slide 23
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Vocabulary
• ology = “the study of”
– Psychology = the study of the “mind”
– Sociology = the study of “society”
– Anthropology= the study of human advancement
• human evolution and ancient cultures (i.e. bones)
– Chronology = the study of “events in time”
– Archaeology = the study of “artifacts”
• man made items
• What other “ology” words are there and
their meaning?
Slide 24
Prehistory vs. History
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• History: the study of written records
• Prehistory: the study of events before
written records were kept
• Bias: a mental leaning or inclination
• Primary Sources
– first hand information about people or events
• Secondary Sources
– an account given by people who did NOT
witness or participate in the event
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