Download air mass A huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity

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air mass
A huge body of air that has similar
temperature,
humidity,
and
air
pressure at any given height.
maritime
tropical
A warm air mass that forms in the
tropics and has low air pressure.
continental
polar
A cold air mass that forms north of 50°
north latitude or south of 50° south
latitude and has high air pressure.
front
A humid air mass that forms over
oceans.
occluded
Cut off, as in a front where a warm air
mass is caught between 2 cooler air
masses.
A dry air mass that forms over land.
cyclone
A swirling center of low air pressure.
anticyclone
A high-pressure center of dry air.
The boundary where unlike
masses meet but do not mix.
air
storm
A
violent
atmosphere.
disturbance
in
the
tornado
thunderstorm
A small storm often accompanied by
heavy precipitation ad frequent
thunder and lightning.
hurricane
lightning
A sudden spark, or energy discharge,
caused when electrical charges jump
between parts of a cloud, between
nearby clouds, or between a cloud
and the ground.
storm surge
A rapidly whirling, funnel-shaped
cloud that reaches down to touch
Earth’s surface.
meteorologist
Scientist who studies the causes of
weather and tries to predict it.
A tropical storm that has winds of
about 119 kilometers per hour or
higher.
isobar
A line on a weather map that joins
places that have the same air
pressure.
A “dome” of water that sweeps across
the coast where a hurricane lands.
isotherm
A line on a weather map that joins
places
that
have
the
same
temperature.
WEATHER AND CLIMATE
CHAPTER 3
SECTIONS 3.1 – 3.3
FLASHCARDS