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Transcript
PEACEKEEPING
A selection of recent material available at
the UNOG Library
Books and journal articles
Against the odds : successful UN Peace Operations - a theoretical argument and
two cases / Elisabeth Schöndorf. Baden Baden, Germany : Nomos, 2011.
Call Number: 341.2758 S371 - RA
The applicability of human rights standards to international policing / Boris
Kondoch. In: Journal of international peacekeeping. 15(1/2) 2011 : 72-91
Call number: Pp 795a
Courrier d'un soldat de la paix et de l'humanitaire / Dupuits. Paris : Publibook,
2011.
Call Number: 341.2758:92 D944 - RA
La délégation à l'épreuve du terrain : les difficiles interventions militaires et
civiles des organisations internationales dans les conflits et les crises / Anessa
Kimball et Irving Lewis. In: Conflits dans le monde = Conflicts around the world. 2011
: 73-97
Call number: 327 C74865
Democratic peacebuilding : aiding Afghanistan and other fragile states /
Richard J. Ponzio. Oxford, England ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2011.
Call Number: 341.2758 P819 - RA
The economics of UN peacekeeping / by Nadège Sheehan. London ; New York :
Routledge, 2011.
Call Number: 341.2758 S541 - ES
From promise to practice? : the legal significance of the responsibility to
protect concept / Anne Orford. In: Global responsibility to protect. Vol. 3, no. 4 2011
: 400-424
Call number: Ps 632
Global politics and the responsibility to protect : from words to deeds / Alex J.
Bellamy. London ; New York : Routledge, 2011.
Call Number: 341.2 B435g - RA
Humanitarian intervention and the United Nations / Norrie MacQueen.
Edinburgh, Scotland : Edinburgh University Press, 2011.
Call Number: 341.2758 M173h - RA
International authority and the responsibility to protect / Anne Orford.
Cambridge, England ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Call Number: 341.2 O671i - LP
The militarisation of peacekeeping in the twenty-first century / James Sloan.
Oxford, England ; Portland, Or. : Hart Publishing, 2011.
Call Number: 341.2758 S634 - RA
The new world of UN peace operations : learning to build peace? / by Thorsten
Benner, Stephan Mergenthaler, Philipp Rotmann. Oxford, England ; New York :
Oxford University Press, 2011.
Call Number: 341.2758 B469 - UNC
Supplying peace : participation in and troop contribution to peacekeeping
missions / Vincenzo Bove, Leandro Elia. In: Journal of peace research. 48(6) Nov.
2011 : 699-714
Call number: Pp 56
UN intervention and the duration of international crisis / Kyle Beardsley. In:
Journal of peace research. 49(2) Mar. 2012 : 335-349.
Call number: Pp 56
Women, peace and security : translating policy into practice / edited by 'Funmi
Olonisakin, Karen Barnes and Eka Ikpe. London ; New York : Routledge, 2011.
Call Number: 396 W872662 - RA
Electronic journal articles
Accountability for Intervention: Negotiating Civilian Protection Dilemmas with
Respect to Economic Community of West African States and African Union
Interventions. By: Aning, Kwesi; Salihu, Naila. In: African Security, Apr2011, Vol. 4
Issue 2, p81-99, 19p. Full text
Abstract: African states have been confronted with myriad challenges, especially in the
areas of peace and security. As a result of the perceived reluctance or inability of the
international community, specifically the United Nations, to intervene in a timely fashion
in Africa's conflicts, regional and subregional organizations in Africa have assumed a
greater role in conflict prevention, management, resolution, and peacekeeping in Africa.
Notably, the Economic Community of West African States and the African Union have
intervened in various African conflicts with either retrospective or prior endorsement by
the UN Security Council to protect civilians from the adverse effects of conflicts.
However, interventions by these African institutions have sometimes had unintended
consequences. In this paper we discuss some of the dilemmas and challenges that arise
during the use of force as a last resort for civilian protection in Africa. We argue that the
use of force as a last resort for humanitarian intervention by African regional and
subregional organizations for protecting civilians from mass atrocities often results in
positive as well as negative unintended consequences for both interveners and civilians.
However, for multiple reasons, such as the lack of political will, loopholes in the judicial
systems of troop contributing countries, and resource constraints, interveners are rarely
held accountable for their actions that constitute violations against the very civilians
whose protection provided the basis and rationale for such interventions in the first
place.
A Critique of Robust Peacekeeping in Contemporary Peace Operations. By:
Tardy, Thierry. In: International Peacekeeping , Apr2011, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p152-167,
16p. Full text
Abstract: The concept of robust peacekeeping emerged in response to the failures of the
UN in Rwanda and Bosnia and Herzegovina, where peacekeepers were passive witnesses
of massive violations to human rights, allegedly because they were not 'robust enough'.
Although robust peacekeeping is not a new concept and has been partially implemented
in some operations (Sierra Leone, Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Lebanon), it
attracted renewed attention in 2008-10 with developments in its conceptualization. While
it recognizes the necessity and virtue of a robust approach as a protection mechanism
for peacekeepers, this article questions the extent to which robust peacekeeping is
politically acceptable and operationally viable. Beyond the doctrinal difficulty of ensuring
compatibility of robustness with the principles of peace operations, robust peacekeeping
is directly challenged by the perennial constraints of contemporary peace operations,
such as weak political support, the erratic availability and quality of troops, and the
reticence of troop contributors to embrace a robust approach. Overall, while robustness
is presented as a solution to the 'credibility gap' that the UN faces, its relevance in the
light of these problems is dubious.
DAG HAMMARSKJÖLD and UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING. By: BILDT, CARL.
In: UN Chronicle, 2011, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p4-7, 4p. Full text
Abstract: The article discusses the role of Dag Hammarskjöld, Secretary-General of the
United Nations, to its peacekeeping operations. It says that Hammarskjöld had a firm
belief in the UN's role as an international peacekeeping body and protector of the
interests and integrity of less powerful nations. It also examines the Brahimi Report and
the New Horizon non-paper which offered an encouraging direction, while honouring the
basic principles of UN peacekeeping.
Floating Down the River of History: Ban Ki-moon and Peacekeeping, 20072011. By: Gowan, Richard. In: Global Governance, Oct-Dec2011, Vol. 17 Issue 4,
p399-416, 18p. Full text
Abstract: The article presents a case study on the role of diplomacy and peacekeeping
efforts by United Nations secretary-general Ban Ki-moon surrounding Kosovo's
declaration of independence in 2008. The article reviews the author's thoughts on the
issues concerning peacekeeping that faced Ban upon taking office in January 2007. The
author also considers Ban's responses to peacekeeping efforts in Darfur, the Democratic
Republic of Congo (DRC), and Côte d'Ivoire.
The John Holmes Memorial Lecture: What Price Security? By: Anstee, Margaret
Joan. In: Global Governance, Jan-Mar2011, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p1-16, 16p. Full text
Abstract: This article presents a lecture given by former under-secretary-general of the
United Nations (UN) Margaret Joan Anstee, given at the UN Office at Vienna in 2011. In
the lecture, Anstee discusses international security in terms of global peace-building and
peacekeeping. The speech also includes information on economic and social
development, narcotics, and the role of women.
Mainstreaming the Responsibility to Protect in Peace Operations. By: Hunt,
Charles T.; Bellamy, Alex J.. In: Civil Wars, Mar2011, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1-20, 20p. Full
text
Abstract: The 'Responsibility to Protect' (RtoP) principle represents a commitment to
prevent and halt mass atrocity crimes. However, in his 2009 report on implementing the
RtoP, the UN Secretary-General noted that more work was needed to understand the
measures that states might take to exercise their RtoP. Given that UN peace operations
are now customarily mandated to 'protect civilians under imminent threat of physical
violence', it would seem prudent to ask how peace operations can contribute to
operationalising the RtoP and how the RtoP might support peacekeeping. This article
explores the potential for implementing the RtoP through peace operations. It argues
that the RtoP and peace operations are mutually reinforcing. Notwithstanding systemic
challenges, peace operations offer a legitimate vehicle for implementing RtoP, whereas
RtoP provides a facilitating norm for harnessing political will and buttressing the
legitimacy and credibility of contemporary peace operations.
Managing Consent in Contemporary Peacekeeping Operations. By: Johnstone,
Ian. In: International Peacekeeping , Apr2011, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p168-182, 15p. Full text
Abstract: Consent to UN peacekeeping has faced powerful challenges. Host governments
have either called for premature withdrawal of missions or so obstructed operations that
fulfilling mandates became almost impossible. This article argues that strategies for
managing deteriorating consent can be devised from relational contract theory. That
theory envisages peace agreements as embodying a dynamic set of relationships among
multiple actors, not only the signatories to the agreement but all stakeholders in a peace
process. Original consent to the agreement - and to a peace operation deployed to
support its implementation - matters, but the terms of the agreement should be
understood as also encompassing the shared expectations that emerge from the ongoing
relationship and the normative context in which it is embedded. The effective
management of consent must account for that as well as the peacekeeping operation's
own evolving relationship with the relevant actors, both internal and external.
PEACEKEEPERS' MAIN TASK REMAINS UNCHANGED. By: Churkin, Vitaly. In:
Security Index: A Russian Journal on International Security, Mar2011, Vol. 17 Issue 1,
p13-16, 4p. Full text
Abstract: The issue of making the UN Security Council, specifically its peacekeeping
efforts, more effective has become particularly topical in recent years. What is Russia's
position on the issue of UN reform? What are the main forms of peacekeeping that are
currently dominating in the United Nations? How much of a priority is peacekeeping for
Russia? How actively does Russia present in UN peacekeeping operations? We have
addressed these questions to the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to
the United Nations, Representative of the Russian Federation at the UN Security Council
Vitaly Churkin.
PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY AT THE UNITED NATIONS. By: RAMCHARAN,
BERTRAND G.. In: UN Chronicle, 2011, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p18-20, 3p. Full text
Abstract: The article focuses on preventive diplomacy which captivated the United
Nations (UN) since it was first articulated by Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld.
According to Article 99 of the UN Charter, preventive diplomacy allows the SecretaryGeneral to bring to the Security Council's attention the threats to international peace and
security and to do whatever he could to head off crises of international concern.
Moreover, the success of utilizing preventive diplomacy is also discussed.
The Rise of Policing in Peace Operations. By: Greener, Bethan K.. In:
International Peacekeeping , Apr2011, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p183-195, 13p. Full text
Abstract: Civilian police have become such a sought-after commodity for use in peace
support operations that the phrase 'international police peacekeeping' is now in common
usage in the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations. The nomenclature is, however,
rather misleading, as police personnel may now be tasked with peace enforcement and
peacebuilding tasks in addition to more traditional peacekeeping roles. Police personnel
bring new capabilities and skill sets to bear in peace operations, and operational
difficulties regarding quantity, quality and standardization are beginning to be addressed.
However, concerns over the relevance of current policing models to post-conflict settings
suggest that future international policing efforts would benefit from a closer
consideration of how to balance the demands of international and local policing norms.
Strategic Trends, Dilemmas, and Developments in Global Peace Operations. In:
Journal of International Peace Operations, Jul/Aug2011, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p7-8, 2p. Full
text
Abstract: The article focuses on the uncertainties and developments in global peace
operations described on the book The Annual Review of Global Peace Operations 2011,
by New York University's Center on International Cooperation. It says that peacemaking
transitions differ in various missions but share in terms of coping with national ownership
of governance and security transition from a peacekeeping presence. It adds the
increase of deployment levels amidst the talk of peacekeeping transitions.
UN Peacekeeping and the International Private Military and Security Industry.
By: Spearin, Christopher. In: International Peacekeeping , Apr2011, Vol. 18 Issue 2,
p196-209, 14p. Full text
Abstract: UN peacekeeping continues to confront qualitative and quantitative difficulties.
Arguments in favour of using private military and security companies (PMSCs),
particularly those referring to the 1990s-era when Executive Outcomes was operating,
have been aired. The article examines earlier operational arguments for PMSC
participation in UN peacekeeping, which at times have been reintroduced in more recent
assertions: (1) PMSCs have better organization, training, and equipment; (2) they have
a heightened willingness to apply force to serve UN mandates; and (3) they enjoy
enhanced readiness to respond. The article argues, however, that it would be difficult for
contemporary PMSCs to respond effectively, quickly, and robustly should the UN turn to
them for enforcement operations. State and market pressures have conditioned PMSCs
to operate in a manner dissimilar to that in the 1990s.
UN Peacekeeping in Africa. By: Cohen, Herman J.. In: Journal of International
Peace Operations, Sep/Oct2011, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p40-41, 2p. Full text
Abstract: The article focuses on the stability operations of the United Nations (U.N.) in
Africa. It notes that the budget of the U.N. peacekeeping and stabilization support on
Africa reached to 4.7 billion dollars which are intended for internal conflict management.
It mentions that the U.N. missions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in
Darfur, Sudan are moving against active fighting which are permitted to utilize lethal
force to protect U.N. personnel and civilians.
UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS. In: UN Chronicle, 2011, Vol. 48
Issue 2, p34-35, 2p. Full text
Abstract: The article offers information on the figures of peacekeeping operations of
United Nations (UN) such as its personnel and financial aspects.
For more information, contact the UNOG Library: [email protected]
Electronic articles are accessible at the UNOG Library and in the Palais des Nations
UNOG Library
Palais des Nations
CH-1211 Geneva 10
http://www.unog.ch/library
May 2012