Download Year 8 RE Knowledge Organiser: Unit 4

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Transcript
Year 8 RE Knowledge Organiser: Unit 4- Evil and Suffering
Lesson 1- What is evil?
Good act- A positive act e.g. helping someone to wash up
Bad act- Unethical/immoral act e.g. truanting from school
Evil act- Something which causes suffering e.g. killing someone
Lesson 2- Types of suffering
Natural Evil- Suffering caused by nature e.g. hurricane, volcano
Moral Evil- Suffering caused by humans e.g. assault, murder
Lesson 3- Christian responses to suffering
Lesson 4- Buddhist responses to suffering
The Buddha realised the key to suffering from he achieved enlightenment
whilst meditating underneath the Bodhi tree. He call these the Four Noble
Truths:
1. The truth of suffering (Dukkha)- life is full of many types of suffering and
often leaves us unfulfilled
2. The truth of the origin of suffering (Samudāya)- the root of all suffering
is desire, this can be separated into the three roots of evil, these are the
tree ultimate causes of suffering:
•Greed and desire, represented in art by a rooster
•Ignorance or delusion, represented by a pig
•Hatred and destructive urges, represented by a snake
3. The truth of the cessation of suffering (Nirodha)- To overcome suffering,
we must achieve Nirvana. Attaining nirvana - reaching enlightenment means extinguishing the three fires of greed, delusion and hatred
4. The truth of the path to the cessation of suffering (Magga)- The way to
achieve Nirvana is to following the Eightfold Path:
 Right Understanding - Accepting Buddhist teachings
 Right Intention - A commitment to cultivate the right attitudes
 Right Speech - Speaking truthfully
 Right Action - Behaving peacefully and harmoniously
 Right Livelihood - Avoiding making a living in ways that cause harm
 Right Effort - Cultivating positive states of mind
 Right Mindfulness - Developing awareness of the body, sensations,
feelings and states of mind
 Right Concentration - Developing the mental focus necessary for this
awareness