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Year 8 RE Knowledge Organiser: Unit 4- Evil and Suffering
Lesson 1- What is evil?
Good act- A positive act e.g. helping someone to wash up
Bad act- Unethical/immoral act e.g. truanting from school
Evil act- Something which causes suffering e.g. killing someone
Lesson 2- Types of suffering
Natural Evil- Suffering caused by nature e.g. hurricane, volcano
Moral Evil- Suffering caused by humans e.g. assault, murder
Lesson 3- Christian responses to suffering
Lesson 4- Buddhist responses to suffering
The Buddha realised the key to suffering from he achieved enlightenment
whilst meditating underneath the Bodhi tree. He call these the Four Noble
1. The truth of suffering (Dukkha)- life is full of many types of suffering and
often leaves us unfulfilled
2. The truth of the origin of suffering (Samudāya)- the root of all suffering
is desire, this can be separated into the three roots of evil, these are the
tree ultimate causes of suffering:
•Greed and desire, represented in art by a rooster
•Ignorance or delusion, represented by a pig
•Hatred and destructive urges, represented by a snake
3. The truth of the cessation of suffering (Nirodha)- To overcome suffering,
we must achieve Nirvana. Attaining nirvana - reaching enlightenment means extinguishing the three fires of greed, delusion and hatred
4. The truth of the path to the cessation of suffering (Magga)- The way to
achieve Nirvana is to following the Eightfold Path:
 Right Understanding - Accepting Buddhist teachings
 Right Intention - A commitment to cultivate the right attitudes
 Right Speech - Speaking truthfully
 Right Action - Behaving peacefully and harmoniously
 Right Livelihood - Avoiding making a living in ways that cause harm
 Right Effort - Cultivating positive states of mind
 Right Mindfulness - Developing awareness of the body, sensations,
feelings and states of mind
 Right Concentration - Developing the mental focus necessary for this