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Transcript
Psychology of Criminal
Behavior
Dr. Lainey Richardson
Licensed Psychologist
Clinical Director
Metro RYDC/ Gwinnett RYDC
Introduction to Criminal Behavior

The Conformity Perspective
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The Nonconformist Perspective
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The Strain Theory
Social Control Theory
The Learning Perspective
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Social Learning Theory
Differential Association Theory
Perspectives in Criminology

Sociology Criminology

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Situational/environmental factors
Unequal power balance
Psychological Criminology
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Forensic psychology
Developmental approach
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Cognitions; dispositions; traits
Perspectives in Criminology
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Psychiatric Criminology
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Biochemical & Neurological Approach
Psychoanalytic Tradition
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Explains behavior in terms of motives and
drives
Developmental Risk Factors
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Social Risk Factors
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Poverty
Peer rejection and Antisocial peers
How early does it start?
Parental & Family Risk Factors
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Single-Parent Households
Parental styles and practices
Developmental Risk Factors
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Psychological Risk Factors
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Cognitive and language deficiencies
IQ and ethnicity
ADHD
Conduct Disorder
Gender Differences
Developmental Risk Factors
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Developmental Theories of Delinquency
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Moffitt’s Developmental Theory
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Life-course-persistent (LCP) offenders
Adolescent-limited (AL) offenders
Coercion Developmental Theory
Origins of Criminal Behavior: Biological
Factors

Genetics and Antisocial Behavior
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Twin Studies
Twin Studies and criminal behavior: recent
research
Adoption Studies
Biological Factors
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Environmental Risk Factors
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Birth complications
Nicotine, alcohol & drug exposure
Brain development
Neuropsychological factors
Biological Factors

Eysenck’s Theory of Personality & Crime

Extraversion
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Reticular Activating System
Neuroticism

Limbic System
Biological Factors
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Crime & Conditionability
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Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Social learning
Learning & Situational Factors
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Behaviorism
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John B. Watson
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Based on Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning
B.F. Skinner
Operant Conditioning
 Reinforcement
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Positive
Negative
Positive Punishment
Negative Punishment
Learning & Situational Factors
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Operant Learning and Crime
Social Learning Theory

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Expectancy Theory: Julian Rotter
Imitation: Albert Bandura
Learning & Situational Factors
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Frustration-Induced Criminality
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Socialized & Individual Offender: Berkowitz
Situational Instigators and Regulators of
Criminal Behavior


In the wrong place at the wrong time?
Fundamental Attribution error

Them vs. us?
Learning & Situational Factors

Authority as an Instigator to Criminal Behavior
 Crimes of Obedience

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Deindividuation

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Stanley Milgram’s “shock” research
Philip Zimbardo: Car/Prison experiments
Moral Disengagement

Albert Bandura
Human Aggression and Violence

Definition:

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
Hostile and Instrumental Aggression
Interpretation by the victim
Theoretical Perspectives on Aggression:

Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic View
Human Aggression and Violence

Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis

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John Dollard
Leonard Berkowitz

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Weapons effect
Displaced Aggression theory

The “trickle down” theory
Human Aggression and Violence

Social Learning Factors in Aggression & Violence
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Bandura: Modeling or observational learning
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Reinforcement of aggressive behavior?
Types of models?
Cognitive Models of Aggression
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Cognitive Scripts Model
Hostile Attribution Bias
Aggressive Behavior: simple & easy to use!

Do you want a hug or a fight?
Human Aggression and Violence

Zillman: Fight or flight = arousal

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Moderate arousal + social skills = verbal
Moderate arousal + poor social skills= aggression
High arousal, even + social skills can still =
aggression.
Perceptions/cognitions determine fight or flight
Gender differences in Aggression:

Physical versus verbal aggression
Human Aggression and Violence
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Effects of Media Violence:

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Covert vs. Overt aggression
Big boys don’t cry
Mean girls
Television
Video Games
Contagion Effect
Psychology of Criminal Behavior
The End