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NAME: _______________ Military Alliances During the Cold War 11.9.2 Specific Objective: Understand the role of military alliances, including NATO and SEATO, in deterring communist aggression and maintaining security during the Cold War. • • • • • Military Threats during the Cold War The USSR was dedicated to expanding communism to other countries around the world after World War II. It supported communists in civil wars or internal conflicts in other countries. Countries in Eastern Europe were dominated by the USSR, which stationed troops and stockpiled weapons in countries bordering the democracies of Western Europe. The USSR attempted to take over West Berlin with a blockade in 1948. Western Europe became more concerned about Soviet aggression. NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION (__________________) • Established in 1949 as a Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (_________________) • Established in 1954 as a • Included ten European • First military alliance by United States • It was intended to prevent the spread of • Greece and Turkey joined in 1952, West • Used for containment of • NATO and the United States did not provide military support • Involved • Different from NATO because members did not • European countries during 1950s • Combined forces of 500,000 in Europe by • In response, Eastern European nations formed the • SEATO approved United States involvement in Vietnam and some members provided troops, • Germany was • It provided for mutual • The alliance was. • NATO is still strong today and includes some formerly communist countries (___________________________________).