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NAME: _______________
Military Alliances During the Cold War
11.9.2 Specific Objective: Understand the role of military alliances, including NATO and
SEATO, in deterring communist aggression and maintaining security during the Cold War.
Military Threats during the Cold War
The USSR was dedicated to expanding communism to other countries around
the world after World War II.
It supported communists in civil wars or internal conflicts in other countries.
Countries in Eastern Europe were dominated by the USSR, which stationed
troops and stockpiled weapons in countries bordering the democracies of
Western Europe.
The USSR attempted to take over West Berlin with a blockade in 1948.
Western Europe became more concerned about Soviet aggression.
• Established in 1949 as a
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
• Established in 1954 as a
• Included ten European
• First military alliance by United States
• It was intended to prevent the
spread of
• Greece and Turkey joined in 1952,
• Used for containment of
• NATO and the United States did not
provide military support
• Involved
• Different from NATO because
members did not
• European countries during 1950s
• Combined forces of 500,000 in Europe
• In response, Eastern European nations
formed the
• SEATO approved United States
involvement in Vietnam and some
members provided troops,
• Germany was
• It provided for mutual
• The alliance was.
• NATO is still strong today and includes
some formerly communist countries