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Bellwork Wednesday, 9/18
1. Name three states through which the 30
degrees N line of latitude passes.
2. How many independent countries are in
South America? This is a trick question.
Be careful.
3. In what two hemispheres would you be
living if you were a resident of Tanzania?
4. What is the capital of the country whose
southeastern border is the Persian Gulf?
Bellwork Wednesday, 9/18
1. Name three states through which the 30 degrees
N line of latitude passes.
Texas, Louisiana, Florida
2. How many independent countries are in South
America? This is a question. Be careful.
Twelve (French Guiana is a colony of France)
3. In what two hemispheres would you be living if
you were a resident of Tanzania?
Southern, Eastern
4. What is the capital of the country whose
southeastern border is the Persian Gulf?
Baghdad (Iraq)
Standards and EQs
• Standard: SSWG6 The student will
describe the interaction of physical and
human systems that have shaped
contemporary Europe.
• Lesson Focus:
– Location/impact of physical features
– Major climates & their effects
– Analyze location and climate’s influence on
population, economic development & the world
• EQ: How have the location, physical
features, and climate influenced Europe’s
population, economic development, and the
world?
Agenda
• Bell Work
• Notes and Activities
• Work on Physical Features of Europe
Map
• Windows on Europe Activity
HW: Complete window pane for Windows
on Europe Activity.
Chapter 12
The Peninsula of Peninsulas
Section 1: Landforms and
Resources
Peninsulas
• Europe is a peninsula of peninsulas. It
has a longer coastline than that of
Africa.
– Scandinavian Peninsula-- Norway and
Sweden
– Jutland Peninsula --Denmark and a
small part of Germany.
– Iberian Peninsula --Spain and Portugal.
The Pyrenees Mountains block off
this peninsula from the rest of
Europe.
– Italian Peninsula --Italy. It is shaped
like a boot and has 4,700 miles of
coastline.
– Balkan Peninsula— northernmost
country is Slovenia to the
easternmost country of Romania, and
the southernmost country of Greece
Islands
• Larger Islands : Great Britain, Ireland,
Iceland and Greenland
• Smaller Islands : Corsica, Sardinia,
Sicily, and Crete
Mountains and Uplands
• The mountains and uplands of Europe may be
viewed as walls because they separate groups
of people.
• This separation has isolated the peninsula’s
various ethnic groups from each other and
contributed to the development of ethnic
differences in Europe.
Rivers: Europe’s Links
• Rivers are used to transport goods
• Tagus, Ebro, Loire, Seine, Rhine, Tiber,
Danube, Rhone, Po, Vistula, Thames,
Elbe, Oder
Please
turn to
page 275
in your
textbook.
Fertile Plains: Europe’s Bounty
• One of the most fertile agricultural
regions of the world is the Northern
European Plain
– Relatively flat, this plain is has produced
vast quantities of food over the centuries
– has also allowed armies and groups of
invaders to use it as an open route into
Europe.
Determining Causes
Abundant
Supplies of Coal
and Iron Ore
Industrialized
Economy
Moderate Climate
and
Adequate Rainfall
Varied Crops
Ireland Lacks
Other
Energy Resources
Peat Burned
for Fuel
Resources Shape Europe’s
Economy
• Has abundant supplies of coal and iron
Ruhr Valley in Germany, Alsace-Lorraine
region of France, and parts of the
United Kingdom
Please turn to your page 276 in your textbook.
Energy
• Because oil and natural gas in the North Sea
the United Kingdom exports oil to other
nations
Agricultural Land
• 33% of Europe’s land is suitable for
agriculture (world average is 11%)
Resources Shape Life
• Resources in Europe help
shape the lives of its people.
• Resources directly affect
the foods people eat, the
jobs they hold, the houses
in which they live, and even
their culture.
– Italy has few natural
resources so it industrialized
later than surrounding
countries
Section 2: Climate and
Vegetation
Westerly Winds Warm Europe
• Much of Europe has a marine west coast
climate
– Warm summers and cool winters
– Adequate rainfall
– Milder than most regions at such a
northern latitude
– Nearby oceans and the dominant winds
create milder climate than expected
• North Atlantic Drift - a current of
warm water from the tropics, flows
near Europe’s west coast
Harsher Conditions Inland
• Inland areas have a humid continental
climate
• Cold, snowy winters and either warm or
hot summers
• Adequate rainfall
Sunny Mediterranean
• Mild, Mediterranean climate
– Hot, dry summers and moderate, wet
winters
• Winds
– Mistral – a cold dry winds from the
north
– Sirocco – hot steady south wind
Land of the Midnight Sun
• In lands north of the Arctic Circle
– the sun doesn’t set during the middle
of the summer
– The sun does not rise during the
middle of the winter
Polders: Land from the Sea
• Because more land was needed for the
growing population of the Netherlands,
the Dutch reclaimed land from the sea.
• Land that is reclaimed by diking and
draining is called a polder.
Please turn to page 282 in your textbook.
• Seaworks, structures that are used to
control the sea’s destructive impact on
human life
– include dikes (hold back the sea) and
– terpen (high earthen platforms for
safety during floods and high tides
• Created the Zuider Zee a fresh water
lake that was once part of the North
Sea (It is now called Ijsselmeer)
Waterways for Commerce:
Venice’s Canals
• Venice is made of about 120 islands and
part of mainland Italy
– Use canals for transportation
– Located at the north end of the
Adriatic Sea – a good site for a port
Please turn to page 284 in your textbook.
Venice’s Problems Today
• Severe water pollution
• Erosion
• Algae
A Centuries Old Problem:
Deforestation
• Deforestation is the clearing of forests
from an area
– Forests provided wood to burn for
fuel and building material for ships
and houses
• Acid Rain
– Pollution in the air combine with water
vapor to create acid rain or snow