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Biomedical Technology
Cell Biology and Cancer Unit Study Guide
1. Cancer develops over time and can result from different causes.
2. Cancer can occur in any age and in any location.
3. Cigarette smoking and exposure to the sun increase a person’s risk for developing
cancer.
4. Heredity contributes to the development of cancer.
5. Survival rate indicates a person’s likelihood of surviving a diagnosis of cancer.
6. Mortality rate is the chance of not surviving.
7. Benign means the tumor is not cancerous.
8. Old men are most likely to develop cancer
9. Cancer cells multiply rapidly, taking up space and nutrients from the normal cells.
10. Substance that is known to damage genes that regulate the growth of normal cells
and tissues is cigarette smoke.
11. Cancer results from the breakdown of normal cell division and growth.
12. In normal cell growth, genes regulate the cell growth cycle.
13. Damaged genes cause cancer cells to divide more rapidly than they normally
should.
14. A malignant cancer is the invasive stage of tumor development.
15. A mass of cancer cells is a tumor.
16. The first stage of tumor development is mutation.
17. Cancer can develop decades after exposure to carcinogens.
18. Cancer cells look different from normal cells by the shape and appearance
compared to normal cells.
19. Cell mutation means there is a change in the way the cell functions or develops.
20. Aging increases a person’s chance of developing cancer.
21. People with an inherited disposition to develop cancer are more likely to develop
cancer that the general population.
22. Cancer results from genetic damage to cells over time.
23. Severe sunburn as a child is a risk factor increasing the chance of developing skin
cancer later in life.
24. The development of cancer most likely occurs due to multiple exposures over
time.
25. Fair skinned people have a greater risk of developing skin cancer than people who
do not have fair skin.
26. Most skin cancer would be prevented if children were to wear a hat and clothing
designed to protect their skin when outside during peak hours of UV exposure.
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27. As a result of cancer research many risk factors for developing cancer have been
identified. Laws or public policies could be mandated to force people to avoid the
risk factors but many people are against this because it would take away
individual freedom and autonomy.
28. One example of a government regulation to reduce exposure to a risk factor has
been implemented – it is banning cigarette smoking in public places.
29. The best way for individuals to decrease their risk factor of developing cancer is
develop healthy behavior habits.
30. Healthcare providers participate in cancer prevention by routinely performing
cancer screenings.
31. Ultraviolet radiation damages skin cells and exposure to it increases the chance of
developing skin cancer.
32. Coal tar and radium are both examples of known carcinogens.
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