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Transcript
S P INE
R. T. Floyd
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March 29, 1998
Across
1. Paralysis of the lower extremities.
3. Network of nerves found within the shoulder and axilla that innervate the lower part of the shoulder and all the arm.
5. Fusion of the fifth lumbar vertebra to the first segment of the sacrum.
7. Increase of intrathoracic and the intra-abdominal pressure by forcible exhalation against the closed glottis
10. The cause of most spinal cord injuries
11. Defect in the bony spinal canal without involvement of the spinal cord or meninges
14. Part of the bony cage that encloses the heart, the aorta, the lungs, and other vital structures
17. The cessation of function of a nerve without degenerative changes occurring
18. These are strong ligaments that link the skill with the axis
20. Inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord
21. A large wedge-shaped structure formed by the fusion of five vertebrae
22. Defect in the pars interarticularis or that part of the vertebra between the superior and inferior articular processes
Down
1. An abnormal sensation such as burning, itching, or prickling
2. Paralysis of all four extremities
4. The second cervical vertebra, under the atlas.
6. Network of nerves found deep in the neck and innervating the muscle and the skin of the neck, upper shoulder, and part of the head.
8. Nerve network formed by intermingling of fibers from both the lumbar and sacral plexuses
9. Forms the bony tip of the spine
12. Inflammation of vertebrae
13. Lateral curvature of deviation of the spine
14. Another name for wryneck; contracted state of cervical muscles
15. The smallest vertebrae of the spinal column. They are oblong, and broader from side to side than from front to back.
16. Segment or strip of skin supplied by a given spinal nerve
18. The first cervical vertebra
19. Muscle or group of muscles supplied by the ventral or motor root fibers from a specific spinal nerve