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EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT IN TURKEY Gözde TEKTEMUR POLITICAL SYSTEM • Turkey has a structure based on the principle of separation of powers. "Legislature", "executive" and "judicial" powers of the principle of separation is based on a triple force. • Republican regime in the country governed by the President of the Republic is the head of the State. In this capacity he represents the Republic of Turkey and the unity of the Turkish nation; implementation of the Constitution, the State shall ensure regular and harmonious functioning organs. GEOGRAPHICAL ENVIRONMENT • Turkey acts as a bridge between Asia and Europe. • Turkey is surrounded by seas on 3 sides. • Generally, the temperature gradually decreases from south to north. SOME OF THE NATURAL BEAUTY DEMOGRAPHIC ENVIRONMENT • The census is done every 5 years. • According to the latest census, the population of turkey 75,627,384 (year 2012) • Population 37,964,947 thirds were male and 37,662,437 'is constituted are women. ETHNIC GROUPS Turks Kurds Arabs Zazas Lazs Circassians Georgians Bosnians Albanians Novels 61.000.000 ETHNIC GROUPS 7.500.000 550.000 520.000 220.000 350.000 70.000 70.000 300.000 300.000 ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT • The economy of Turkey is defined as an emerging market economy by the IMF and is largely developed, making Turkey one of the world's newly industrialized countries. • The country is among the world's leading producers of agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, ships and other transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances. • In recent years, Turkey had a rapidly growing private sector, yet the state still plays a major role in industry, banking, transport, and communications. • Turkey is the world's largest Muslim economy, ie, the richest country in the Muslim world.