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SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Mr. Hauger – 7th Grade Social Studies Where is this region? Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Sub means “below” Sahara is a desert Why should we care? • Africa is an interesting region to study. It’s a tale of two halves, one of a rich heritage and the other of a struggle to develop. • The origins of the struggle largely center on Africa being on the wrong end of guns, germs, and steel. • Part of the Cradle of Civilization Sub-Saharan Africa Strengths • Resources • Rich heritage Sub-Saharan Africa Weaknesses • Lack of development (Ex..?) • Turmoil/conflict • Climate change • HIV Sub-Saharan Africa • United States can learn from Africa…. Apartheid • United States can help Africa by…. Development Education Global opportunity HYV Seeds Why does Africa not have a developed country? Vocabulary On each of the following slides there is a picture and a vocabulary word. When called upon your job is to guess what the word or phrase means based upon the picture. Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa • the region below the Sahara Desert that is considered African rather than Arab. Natural Resources = Natural Resources A supply of materials produced by the Earth that are valuable to human society. Colonize Colonize • to settle in an area and take control of its government. • What are some effects of colonization? Apartheid Apartheid • the legal system of South Africa in which the rights of nonwhites were greatly restricted. Cultural Diffusion Cultural Diffusion • the spread of customs and ideas from one culture to another Nationalism Nationalism • a feeling of pride in one’s homeland; a group’s identity as members of a nation. Slave Trade Slave Trade • The transporting of humans as slaves. Primary Source Ooooh!!!! Primary Resource • a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. Secondary Source Oanh!!!! Secondary Resource • a document or physical object which was written or after the time under study. Culture Culture • A group of people’s way of life, who share customs and beliefs.