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Review for MUN global politics development exam. Different definitions of development • • • • • • • • Economic growth Fairer income distribution Reduction in poverty Meeting basic needs Improved capabilities Achievement of political and social freedom Well functioning institutions Lifestyles that respect the ecological constraints of the environment. Measuring development (Be prepared to compare 2) • • • • • • • • • GNP GINI index Human development index Human poverty index Gender-related development index Happy planet index Inclusive wealth index Corruption indices Trust indices Factors that may promote or inhibit development Be prepared to explain 2 factors and successes and failures for each. • • • • • Political factors Economic factors Social factors Institutional factors Environmental factors Pathways of development Be able to compare 2 theories of development • Models of development – Modernization theory--argues that every state can modernize in a series of stages similar to those experienced by western countries. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HritTdFbP-s Stages of develop 1. Traditional society—traditional, agriculture, myth (not science), no tech, little savings, 2. Preconditions for Take off—pressure for change, rise of new virtues and aims, rise of capable entrepreneurship, rise of investments. 3. Take Off—political power to promote economic growth, industrial base, urbanization, commercialization of agriculture, birth rate declines – Dependency theory—argues that third world countries are doomed to remain poor because they are trapped in an exploitive global economy in which rich countries collaborate with the elites of poor countries and exploit the developing country. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JN6LlMY2ApQ&ebc=ANyPxKrD8r-Z5iwNhVF5d-uW3StbWehQ4LqlSFBPVDpro2PwvOA1jXrdWaj8v7Bol-GOH4yw3IF6S_9mKWfZ3Mzn2DPa84d1g – Neoliberalism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dzLv3rfnOVw&index=1&list=PLE8RsfrnTEpAnJGTdMs-L8eRSNv5L8pQU Pro-market, ant-government intervention. – State capitalism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Fn33n4Csi0&index=2&list=PLE8RsfrnTEpAnJGTdMs-L8eRSNv5L8pQU – • Capability theories—focus on what individuals are able (capable) to do. Capabilities in health, education and income. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AoD-cjduM40 • Human development index Approaches for developing the economy (pick 2 and explain) • • • • • • • • Trade liberalization Export orientation Commodity-led growth Tourism Entrepreneurship Knowledge economy Circular economy Complementary currencies Approaches for developing society (pick 2 and explain) • • • • • Concern over citizenship and engagement Education for women Healthcare More ecological living Indigenous revitalization movements Debates surrounding development (be able to explain key arguments for and against) • Debate surrounding globalization and sustainable development. • You may bring one 3x5 card on the day of the exam.