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Chapter 16 Section 3
The Fall of the Aztec and Inca Empires
Page 593-600
1. How did Christopher Columbus
convince Spanish rulers to pay for a second
trip?
• His success from the 1st trip pleased the rulers and
convinced them to finance a second voyage.
2. Why did Cortés sail from Cuba to
Mexico in search of the Aztec?
• He had heard there was large amount of Gold in
Mexico.
3. Draw a time line
February
1519
Cortés sets
sail for
Mexico
1517
Spanish Ship
brings back
gold from the
Yucatán
November
1519
Cortés
marches into
Tenochtitlán
and takes
control of it.
April
1519
Cortés lands
in Mexico
June
1521
Tenochtitlán
4. How might the history of the Aztec
people be different without the legend
of the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl?
• The Aztecs might have immediately attacked and
defeated Cortes.
5. Why were the Aztec and the Inca so
easily defeated by smaller Spanish forces?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
→Aztecs
The Spanish had guns, cannons, & horses
European diseases killed many
→Incas
The Spanish had guns, cannons, & horses
European diseases killed many
Pizarro’s Trickery