What are Greek and Latin roots? “Puzzle pieces” of longer words that we use in the English language; they combine to make full words. They came from the Greeks, and then from the Romans, who adopted a lot of the Greek language. They have “morphed” over time into some of our English words. When you combine them, they create two things: …a correctly spelled word in the English language. …a word that has meaning built into it …you don’t need a dictionary to guess at its meaning if you know the roots! Body Parts! & Suffixes The Head: cep / ceph = head cereb = brain psych = mind consc = thinking / awareness vis = eye/vision vid = eye/vision audio = ears/hearing Heart and Lungs: cardio = heart circ = around vasc = vessel / tube pneumono = lungs aero = air/breathing respir = air/breathing Hands, Skin, and Feet: man / mani = hand derm = skin thermo = heat hyper = above, too much hypo = under, too little pod / ped = foot / feet Word Endings (Suffixes): -ology = the study of… (noun; thing) -ist = a person who… (noun; person) - ac / -ic / -ical = related to… (adjective) -al / -ual = related to… (adjective) -ar = related to… (adjective) -ation = the action of… (verb) -itis = sickness (noun; thing) -osis = condition; sickness (noun; thing) -ia = condition; sickness (noun; thing) PRACTICES: PRACTICE #1: Combining roots into correctly spelled words. PRACTICE #2: Making inferences about the meanings of words, based on their roots’ definitions. (Do NOT use a dictionary for this. ) You must correctly complete Practice #1 before you can get Practice #2. If you complete both Practices completely and correctly, you will get a ticket! If you finish both Practices and have received a ticket, you can begin to create a Study Guide, either on Quizlet, on Notecards, or by drawing a crazy creature!