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Transcript
What are Greek and Latin roots?
 “Puzzle pieces” of longer words that we use in the English
language; they combine to make full words.
 They came from the Greeks, and then from the Romans, who
adopted a lot of the Greek language. They have “morphed”
over time into some of our English words.
When you combine them, they create two things:
…a correctly spelled word in the English language.
…a word that has meaning built into it …you don’t
need a dictionary to guess at its meaning if you
know the roots!
Body Parts!
&
Suffixes
The Head:
cep / ceph
=
head
cereb
=
brain
psych
=
mind
consc
=
thinking / awareness
vis
=
eye/vision
vid
=
eye/vision
audio
=
ears/hearing
Heart and Lungs:
cardio
=
heart
circ
=
around
vasc
=
vessel / tube
pneumono
=
lungs
aero
=
air/breathing
respir
=
air/breathing
Hands, Skin, and Feet:
man / mani
=
hand
derm
=
skin
thermo
=
heat
hyper
=
above, too much
hypo
=
under, too little
pod / ped
=
foot / feet
Word Endings (Suffixes):
-ology
=
the study of… (noun; thing)
-ist
=
a person who… (noun; person)
- ac / -ic / -ical
=
related to… (adjective)
-al / -ual
=
related to… (adjective)
-ar
=
related to… (adjective)
-ation
=
the action of… (verb)
-itis
=
sickness (noun; thing)
-osis
=
condition; sickness (noun; thing)
-ia
=
condition; sickness (noun; thing)
PRACTICES:
 PRACTICE #1: Combining roots into correctly spelled
words.
 PRACTICE #2: Making inferences about the meanings of
words, based on their roots’ definitions. (Do NOT use a
dictionary for this.  )
 You must correctly complete Practice #1 before you can get
Practice #2.
 If you complete both Practices completely and correctly,
you will get a ticket!
 If you finish both Practices and have received a ticket, you can
begin to create a Study Guide, either on Quizlet, on Notecards,
or by drawing a crazy creature!