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Period 7, Part 2 – 1920 to 1945 Roaring 20’s Questions Politics in the 1920s “Election of 1920”. (Pg. 707) (1) Why was Harding elected? (3) How did Harding’s Supreme Court feel about progressive reform? How do you know? The Teapot Dome Scandal (Pg. 717, 722) (4) What is “teapot dome”? (5) What was the scandal and who was involved? (6) Which other scandals erupted during Harding’s presidency? Changes in Foreign Policy (1) What was the agenda of the Washington Conference? a. b. (2) Identify the following: a. Five-Power naval treaty b. four power treaty c. nine-power treaty (3) What was the Kellog-Briand Pact? What did it do and how successful was it? Tariffs, Again (Pg. 718) (9) What is the Hawley-Smoot Tariff? How did the high tariffs affect the rest of the world? Red Scare & Labor Strife – Now turn to page 732. 1. What were Americans afraid of in the early 1920s? Why? 2. What happened in Seattle in 1919? What was the result? 3. Who was A. Mitchell Palmer? What did he do? 4. Who were Sacco and Vanzetti? What were they accused of doing? (Pg. 733) KKK Resurges 5. When did the KKK resurface? 6. What was their new agenda? How was the Klan of 1920 different from the Klan of 1860? Immigration & Reaction – Turn to page 732 Quota System (define): 1921: 1924: Prohibition & Gangsters – Turn to page 749. 14. How did American feel about prohibition? Midwest & South Returning Soldiers Feelings Immigrants Working Class Why? 17. How did prohibition lead to an increase in crime? 18. Briefly describe Al Capone & his connection to prohibition. Religious Fundamentalism vs Modernism – Turn to page 733 19. What was John Dewey’s “revolutionary contribution” to American education? 20. What are Fundamentalists? How did they try to stop the “moral breakdown” of youth? 21. Identify the main figures in “The Monkey Trial”. a. John T. Scopes b. Clarence Darrow c. William Jennings Bryan The Lost Generation: Literature of Alienation 22. How was the New Generation of writers different from the previous generation of American authors? 23. Important American authors to know – identify their works. a. F. Scott Fitzgerald b. Ernest Hemingway c. William Faulkner d. Eugene O’Neill Economy 24. How were people in the 1920s riding high on the “economic joyride”? (Give examples of ways to make money) 25. What was the job of the Bureau of the Budget? 26. Who is Mellon? What did he believe about taxes and what happened as result? Great Depression Homework 1. Who was Alfred Smith? And what was his “fatal political handicap”? Why? (738) 2. How did the radio affect the campaign of 1928? 3. How did Hoover respond to the farmers’ problems? (a) Agricultural Marketing Act- (b) Federal Farm Board- (c) Hawley – Smoot Tariff- 1. How did the H-S Tariff affect foreigners? 4. October of 1929 -- Trace the sequence of events leading up to the “crash”. (744) 5. List the causes of the Great Depression. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 6. How did the Federal Reserve Board attempt to help the impending economic crisis? 7. How did the Depression affect the average people? 8. What was Hoover’s response to the Depression 9. Explain the role of the RFC? 10. What was the Bonus Army? What did they do in the summer of 1932? 11. How did the government react? 12. What, in a word, was the mood of the voters during the campaign of 1932? 13. What was the Democratic platform for the election of 1932? Foreign Policy of the 1930’s Before we start, let us review foreign policy under Herbert Hoover. 1. What happened to Manchuria in 1931? What was the world reaction to that turn of events? 2. Describe the Stimson Doctrine 3. How did Herbert Hoover deal with Latin America? Now continue with FDR’s foreign policy. 4. Explain Roosevelt’s “Good Neighbor” policy and give examples of how it worked. 5. Why did the Nye Committee decide that America had gotten involved in World War I? What lessons did the US decide to learn from its involvement in World War I? How did the US try to stay out of a future World War? 6. In August of 1937, Roosevelt delivered the so-called “Quarantine Speech”. What was he trying to do? 7. What agreement was made at the Munich Conference in 1938? What happened to the agreement? 8. Explain the Neutrality Act of 1939 and how it helped the United States, both morally and economically. 9. What did the fall of France mean for Britain? The United States? What was Roosevelt’s reaction to this new threat? 10. Briefly describe the arguments for and against US intervention in World War II. 11. What was the “bases for destroyers” deal? What was the reaction to it? 12. What did the Lend-Lease Act do? What did Roosevelt say that the US would become as a result? 13. What did Hitler do on June 22, 1941? Why did he do that? What did he hope to achieve? 14. Describe the Atlantic Charter. What did it say? Who signed it? 15. What happened on December 7, 1941? December 8? December 11? The New Deal Directions: Complete the chart below. Identify the major purpose of each of the agencies created. Categorize New Deal reforms by checking each as Relief, Recovery or Reform. Program Date Emergency Banking Relief Act March 9, 1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) March 31, 1933 Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) May 12, 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) May 12, 1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) May 18, 1933 Home Owner’s Refinancing Act (HOLC) June 13, 1933 National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) June 16, 1933 Public Works Administration (PWA) June 16, 1933 Purpose Relief Recovery Reform Program Date Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, FDIC) June 16, 1933 Civil Works Administration (CWA) November 9, 1933 National Housing Act (Federal Housing Agency, FHA) June 28, 1934 Authorization for Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) June 6, 1934 Works Progress Administration (WPA) May 6, 1935 Wagner Act (NLRB - National Labor Relations Board) July 5, 1935 Social Security Act August 14, 1935 Soil Conservation Act August 14, 1935 Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) June 25, 1938 Purpose Relief Recovery Reform WWII Questions Using your text, please answer the following questions. For some, you may have to do some outside research. Section 1: Origins of World War II 1. What were the major provisions of the Neutrality Acts of 1934, 1936, and 1937? What did these three acts reveal about America’s attitude toward what was happening internationally during the 1930s? What FACTORS can you attribute this attitude to? 2. Why did Britain and France initially want to appease Germany? 3. What would have been the probable outcome of World War II in Europe and Asia had the US truly been neutral? Would the results of this alternate outcome be in the best interests of the US? Section 2: 1939 to 1942 4. Why did the U.S. become the “arsenal of democracy”? 5. Lend-Lease was designed to defend the US by helping others fight America’s potential enemies using American weapons and equipment. Was there an element of immorality in this policy? Would the US have kept out of the war if the Lend-Lease Act had not been passed? 6. Explain why the US “needed Pearl Harbor.” 7. Who were the Big Three? Outline the basic strategy that these men agreed to concerning the War. 8. Why did the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and the US believe that Germany posed a greater threat than Japan? Section 3: The Home Front 9. What role did propaganda play in motivating the civilian and military population of the US from 1941 to 1945? 10. What role did the federal government play in the mobilization for the following categories? a. Allocation of resources (both civilian and industrial) b. The question of labor c. Information dissemination d. Raising money 11. How did the war change the work patterns of women? 12. Discuss the impact of the war on both the civilian and military situation for each of the minority groups below. a. Women b. African-Americans c. Hispanic-Americans d. Native Americans e. Japanese-Americans Section 4: 1943-1946 13. What issues led to division with the Allied Powers? 14. What effect did the “carpet bombing” of Germany have on the German war effort? What were the targets of this “carpet bombing”? 15. Why did the Allies ignore rumors of the Holocaust at the beginning of the war? What steps could have been taken if they did not ignore the rumors? 16. Discuss why the following represented turning points in World War II. a. Stalingrad- b. El Alamein- c. Midway- d. D-Day- e. Battle of the Bulge- 17. What were the four main principles discussed at Yalta? 18. What happened at the Nuremberg Trials?