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Policy Tools
for Integrated Coastal Zone
Management
Dahlia Lotayef
Senior Environmental Specialist & METAP Coordinator
MNSSD, World Bank
Partnership between EC/SMAP,
UNEP/MAP and the World Bank/METAP
PROMOTING AWARENESS AND ENABLING A
POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR ENVIRONMENT
AND DEVELOPMENT INTEGRATION IN THE
MEDITERRANEAN WITH FOCUS ON
INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT
Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)
Tools and Technical Assistance Packages
• Enhancing countries environmental and social
assessment capabilities
• Tools and methodologies for developing a
national policy framework (Process versus final
product)
• Legal framework
• Economic instruments and financial mechanisms
• Pre-feasibility studies and investments
Cost of Environmental Degradation COED:
What’s the objective???
• Help optimize the trade-offs between economic
development and growth; well being; and the
preservation of the commons
• Help decision-makers make informed and
efficient choices to maintain the integrity of the
environment and promote conservation based
on a common denominator: monetizing or
valuing environmental degradation, averted and
remedial costs
Integration of Economic and Environmental aspects
The Cost of Environmental Degradation
An Indicator for Environment Sustainability
Environmental Category: Percentage of GDP
6
Percentage of GDP
5
Water
Soil
Air
Coastal Zone
Waste
4
3
4.8%
3.41%
3.49%
3.67%
3.7%
2.74%
2.1%
2
1
0
Tunisia
Jordan Lebanon
Syria
Algeria Morocco
Egypt
% of GDP of the Area
Annual Damage Costs of
Environmental Degradation in Coastal
10
Areas
8.8
9
8
7.9
Average Annual CCZED (%of GDP)
7
6
5.2
5
4
3
Low end estimate
4.7
3.8
3.5
High end estimate
2.3
2
1
1.3
0
Algeria
Egypt
Morocco
Tunisia
Source: World Bank, 2006, estimates based on data from selected pilot coastal areas
Analysis of Results and Data
• Variations in COED estimates seem to be
larger within (e.g., Coastal Zones) than
across countries (implications for regional
environmental management)
• Data constraints most serious for natural
resource related issues
• COED results need to be complemented
by setting up a forum for stakeholder
dialogue that will help reach a consensual
arbitrage for environmental preservation
and conservation
Promotion and Enabling Environment
in the Mediterranean countries
• In terms of institutional set up: partial vertical
(across line ministries and agencies), and
horizontal integration (local level, private sector,
and public participation) which require efficient
flow and communication structures between
various relevant stakeholders
• Stakeholder pressures identified but appropriate
instruments either experimental or missing
(discussion forum, sustainable strategies, etc …)
• End users receiving poor quality information
Promotion and Enabling Environment
in the Mediterranean countries
• Most aspects of ICZM approach to planning and
managing either sought or tentatively being
implemented: statutory coastal management
plan; Strategic Environmental Assessments;
stakeholders pursuing dialogues; etc.
• Efficient adaptive and integrative processes not
embedded at all levels of governance,
• No financial commitments made
• Monitoring and evaluation poorly integrated in
the process
And thank you …..