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Force Sedimentology Stratigraphy Group Seminar – Geological evolution of Eastern Greenland: Implications for Hydrocarbon Prospectivity on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. 14 - 15 March 2006 at NPD, Stavanger, Norway Palaeozoic Core Workshop: Shallow stratigraphic cores from the Norwegian Sea off Helgeland Upper Permian and Lower Triassic reservoir rocks Upper Permian hydrocarbon source rocks Upper Permian evaporites Hermann M. Weiss1, Jan Einar Ringås2, Atle Mørk3 1 SINTEF Petroleumsforskning AS, 7465 Trondheim, Norway ([email protected]) Statoil Forskningssenter, 7005 Trondheim, Norway ([email protected]); formerly IKU/SINTEF Petroleumsforskning AS 3 SINTEF Petroleumsforskning AS, 7465 Trondheim and NTNU, 7491 Trondheim, Norway ([email protected]) 2 Abstract Stratigraphic drilling in the Norwegian Sea off the Helgeland coast penetrated a 750 m thick, fully marine succession of Upper Permian to Lower Triassic sedimentary rocks which can be compared with rocks exposed onshore in East Greenland. The succession consists of sandstones, turbidites, shales and reworked sabkha sediments. Observations made on these cores contributed to a new, Palaeozoic play model for the mid-Norwegian continental shelf. Twelve 1-m sections typical of the individual units will be presented and discussed during the workshop. Information on the characteristics of potential source-rocks (a Ravnefjeld Fm. equivalent) and oil staining found in these cores will also be given. The nearly seven kilometres of core material collected by IKU/SINTEF in 1982 – 1993 are since 2000 in care of the Museum of Natural History and Archaeology (Vitenskapsmuseet) at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim. The NTNU use the material in education and own research, and make it accessible to external academic researchers. SINTEF Petroleum Research continue using the material in their own research and consultant work, and keep cores and results accessible to the oil industry. Paleo-landscapes of East Greenland: Pathways and barriers for sediment transport. Ebbe H. Hartz, Niels Hovius, PGP, Oslo Cambridge University Sediment transport is guided by the topography of the Earth’s surface. Understanding the paleo-landscape therefore is the key to unraveling how, where and when sediment was supplied to depositional basins. We have studied the paleo-landscape of East Greenland which has supplied sediment to one of the deepest local depositional basins (the Jameson Land basin) during the Devonian to Cretaceous, and as well as the North Atlantic continental shelf. In this study, we have reached beyond the areas with thick sedimentary cover that have been the subject of many previous investigations, and traced paleo-surfaces into adjacent areas with thin or discontinuous cover. There we have found that present and past landscapes share common surfaces. The nature of these surfaces appears to be controlled strongly by the properties of the substrate. For example, in heterogeneous, folded gneisses, resistant rock units constitute topographic highs. In Milne Land, we have found that highs in gneisses first formed at sea level, due to wave cutting of a Jurassic skerry coast. Paleo-islands have been preserved, complete with distinct fossil faunas and sedimentary deposits on the wave and lee side. Where sediments or granites were transgressed, wave beveling was more planar, but locally erosional channels formed. The field data are complemented with regional geologic and topographic data, including new LIDAR data, and satellite imagery. Using these resources, paleo-surfaces were traced up to a hundred km away from the sedimentary successions in which they were first recognized. Some paleo-surfaces are not offset by the faults that are supposed to control the Jameson Land basin. This brings into question the supposed rift origin of the basin. Generally, the Devono-Carboniferous paleo-surfaces are mountainous, whereas the Late Permian and Mesozoic surfaces appear regionally planar and parallel with the exception of channels and faultscarps. The ca. 55 Ma pre-basalt surfaces generally follow the Mesozoic surfaces, but they have more relief. The most distinct surface is a mid Cenozoic sub-horizontal plane, which clearly cuts the older folded surfaces. There is no sedimentary cover on this surface, but it is well documented in cooling ages. Thermochronological data from rocks below older, presently uncovered paleosurfaces indicate that they were once deeply buried, and that thick sedimentary deposits extended far beyond their current limits. Carboniferous–Permian evolution of the northern North Atlantic and analogies between East Greenland and Norwegian basins Lars Stemmerik, GEUS The southern Norwegian Barents Sea – Svalbard –North Greenland area forms the central portion of the east–west oriented northern Pangaean shelf during Carboniferous–Permian time. Integration of onshore geological data and offshore mainly geophysical data has greatly improved our understanding of the evolution of this part of the shelf during Late Palaeozoic time. The depositional evolution of the entire province to a large extent reflects shifts in climate due to the shelf’s northwards drift from approximately 20 N to approximately 45 N palaeolatitude during the Carboniferous and Permian. As a consequence, the region moved from the humid tropical zone in the early Carboniferous through the northern arid zone in the mid-Carboniferous to early Permian, before entering more temperate conditions in the midPermian. This long-term latitudinal shift in position and climate clearly affected depositional conditions and resulted in division of the Carboniferous–Permian succession into four clear second order depositional sequences. These sequences reflect long, 15–30 Myr periods of relatively stable depositional conditions separated, at the sequence boundaries by abrupt changes, which can be linked to ongoing rifting of the area, changing oceanographic conditions and the northward drift of the region. Outcrops in eastern North Greenland form well-exposed analogies to the Barents Sea succession, and the well-exposed Carboniferous–Permian succession in East Greenland provides important information about Upper Palaeozoic facies development offshore midNorway. A review of the Post-Valanginian basin evolution of East Greenland Whitham, A.G., Kelly S.R.A. and Strogen D.P. East Greenland north of 70°N preserves a record of Cretaceous sedimentation from the Valanginian to the Campanian. Subsequent to a major reorganisation of fault blocks during rifting in the Volgian-Valanginian a sea floor topography dominated by fault blocks was created and was maintained by faulting until the Mid-Albian. This topography was in filled after the Mid-Albian and a shelf break margin was created and maintained until at least the Campanian. It is possible that there were periods of extension in the Late Cretaceous, but the timing of these movements is poorly constrained. However, it is notable that there was no eastwards progradation of facies belts from the Cenomanian-Campanian. Post-Valanginian sedimentation was dominated by the accumulation of fine sediments. However, significant thicknesses of coarse clastics are recorded at several stratigraphic levels. Sandstone deposition is recoded in fluvio-deltaic, tidally influenced shallow marine and deep marine depositional environments. Coarse material was transferred to basinal settings during periods of lowstand, which occurred during the Barremian, Late Aptian, Coniacian, Turonian and Campanian. The primary control on the input of coarse sediment are steps in the basin-bounding fault. This control was maintained after the change in basin floor topography in the Mid-Albian. The cross-rift transfer of sediment is most likely to have occurred after the establishment of a shelf break margin from the Cenomanian onwards. Petroleum Source Rocks in East Greenland – a Review Jørgen A. Bojesen-Koefoed, Lars Stemmerik and Flemming G. Christiansen Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) Øster Voldgade 10 DK-1350K Copenhagen The Upper Palaeozoic – Mesozoic succession in central East Greenland is the most important outcrop analog to understand the stratigraphy and hydrocarbon potential of the offshore basins on the North-East Greenland shelf and other areas in the North Atlantic, including the Norwegian and Barents shelves, and areas near the Faroe Islands. Onshore East and Northeast Greenland, organic-rich sediments with petroleum source potential have been identified in several stratigraphic levels ranging in age from the Middle Devonian to the Jurassic (Cretaceous). In East and Northeast Greenland, post-Caledonian sediments are exposed from Jameson Land to the south to Store Koldewey to the north. The exposed Devonian–Cretaceous sedimentary succession has a composite thickness of more than 10 kilometres, and seismic data indicate thicknesses in excess of 15 kilometres in the Jameson Land basin. The thermal maturity of the sediments is highly variable, both due to different burial history but also because of regional variations in Tertiary volcanic activity This presentation summarises the present knowledge on stratigraphy, distribution, quality and geochemical characteristics of eight stratigraphic intervals having petroleum source potential in East and Northeast Greenland. Basin development of the Danmarkshavn Basin and analogy to the onshore East Greenland basins Niels. E. Hamann & Lars Stemmerik DONG, Copenhagen and GEUS, Copenhagen The East Greenland shelf can be subdivided into a series of tectonic elements, several of which can be linked to plate tectonics features along the North Atlantic margin, thus confirming the pattern known from the Norwegian shelf. Tectonic activity became concentrated towards the centre of the North Atlantic rift system in successive phases, and basin subsidence began to take a NE orientation along the developing continental margin. A major Upper Palaeozoic salt basin, the Danmarkshavn Basin, located in the northeastern part of the shelf, was initially controlled by a pre-existing tectonic framework following a N–S trend in East Greenland and along a WNW alignment in North Greenland. Mesozoic rifting reached maximum intensity in the latest Jurassic and continued into the Cretaceous. Following the opening of the Atlantic Ocean in the Early Eocene deposition took place on a subsiding continental margin in a period of post-rift thermal subsidence. Passive margin subsidence was interrupted by at several distinct phases of regional basin margin uplift and inversion, resulting from several different controlling mechanisms. No wells have yet been drilled on the East Greenland shelf, so no direct stratigraphic correlation of the seismic has been possible; therefore the well-exposed and well-known succession onshore East and eastern North Greenland has been used to calibrate the seismic units. Evolution of the Late Palaeozoic–Mesozoic rift basin of East Greenland with special emphasis on the Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous syn-rift deposits and their relevance as petroleum system analogues Finn Surlyk Geological Institute, Geocenter Copenhagen University of Copenhagen Øster Voldgade 10 DK-1350 Copenhagen K Denmark East Greenland offers one of the World’s finest field laboratories for the study of siliciclastic rift and thermal contraction basins, their stratigraphy, development, sequence stratigraphy, facies and reservoir properties. The rift basin was initiated in the Late Palaeozoic and the main Mesozoic rift events took place in Early Triassic, Mid Jurassic – earliest Cretaceous ( with a Late Jurassic climax) and in Mid Cretaceous times. During Late Triassic – Early Jurassic times a thermal contraction basin was formed following earlier phases of rifting. The main reservoir analogues in this basin are: The Rhaetian–Sinemurian Kap Stewart Group; lacustrine and fluvial – correlative to the Åre and Statfjord. The Pliensbachian–Lower Bajocian Neill Klinter Group; shallow marine tidally and storm influence – correlative to the Tilje etc., excellent analogue for Heidrunn In the Mid – Late Jurassic rift basin the main reservoir analogues are: The Upper Bajocian – Callovian Pelion Formation; shallow sandy backstepping shelf – correlative to Garn, Brent etc. The Lower – Middle Oxfordian Olympen Formation; the first Jurassic deep-water depositional system with coarse-grained density flow deposits; shelf-slope-basin. The Upper Oxfordian – Volgian Hareelv Formation; probably the World’s finest example of a sedimentary injectite complex – excellent for injectite-dominated fields in the Paleogene of the North Sea and for injectites in general. The Volgian Raukelv Formation; shows similarities to Troll –coarse-grained shelf margin wedges, extensive high-angle clinoform bedded sheets. The Volgian–Valanginian Wollaston Forland Group; excellent analogue for the Brae province – proximal marine syn-rift halfgraben fill deposited in the halfgraben. A range of coarse clastic deep-water sediments were deposited during a succession of MidCretaceous faulting and rifting events: The Mid Albian Rold Bjerge Formation; a chaotic breccia – base of slope and basin The Upper Turonian – Lower Coniacian Månedal Formation; resedimented conglomerates and sandstones – base of slope and basin The Lower–Middle Coniacian (?)Vega Sund Formation; sand-rich turbidite basin floor fan. The three units together serve as excellent analogues for deep-water depositional systems and stratigraphic evolution of the outer Vøring Basin. The East Greenland rift basin offers the possibility for a wide range of activities of relevance to the oil industry, including: Study of sand body geometries and dimensions, lateral lithological changes in grain size, sand-shale ratios, connectivity in heteroliths and injectites, sequence stratigraphy and predictability, source rock quality, thickness, lateral extent and stratigraphic occurrence. The region has a great potential for general field courses and excursion, focused field trips and field studies, training in facies analysis and sequence stratigraphy, comparison of core workshop and log measurements in the field Geological Setting – East Greenland and Norway. Perspective- Greenland in the context of exploration and production in Norway. Harald Brekke, Christian Magnus, Tore Høy, Robert W. Williams Norwegian Petroleum Directorate Exploration in the deep water areas in the Norwegian Sea offshore Norway has, since its beginning in 1995, been focussed on the Cretaceous and Palaeocene sequences of the Vøring and Møre basins. Information from the recent years of deep-water exploration drilling and seismic campaigns in the Norwegian Sea continental margin is used to update models for the geological development and the prospectivity of the Norwegian deep-water areas. This includes a better resolution of the tectonic history of the Cretaceous and Tertiary periods, a better understanding of the Early Cretaceous configuration of the Vøring and Møre Basins, and seismic evidence of a Neogene tectonic phase also affecting the early oceanic crust.Towards the end of the Cretaceous the tectonic activity increased and culminated in Mid-Palaeocene accompanied by basin uplift and widespread erosion of basin highs. The Vøring- and Møre Basins were established by the main rifting episode in the Late Jurassic to earliest Cretaceous and the subsequent Early Cretaceous thermal subsidence. Starting in latest Turonian to earliest Coniacian times, the Vøring Basin was subject to Late Cretaceous block faulting, flank uplift and increased subsidence.The Møre Basin, situated to the south of the Jan Mayen Lineament, show little evidence of this tectonic activity. Minor discoveries were made in reservoir sands of the Lower and Upper Cretaceous in the eastern flanks of the basins before the deep-water drilling campaign started. In the basins themselves, no well have so far penetrated rocks below the Turonian. However, sandy intervals have been confirmed in the Conaician, Santonian, Campanian and Maastrichtian, as well as in the Lower Palaeocene. A remarkable turbidite fan system, the Modgunn Fan, is mapped on a 3D survey along the southwestern flank of the Modgunn Arch. The fan is interpreted as belonging to the Tang Formation in Middle Palaeocene. Seismic amplitude interpretation of the Modgunn Fan shows a system with two main feeder channels. Smaller channels are visible inside the main channels. Excellent examples of smaller splays and overbank sediments expelled from the main system can be demonstrated. The thickness of the central part of the channel system is in the range of 120 m. Seismic mapping indicates that two separate channels are amalgamated vertically in the main course of the channel system. The fan pinches out to the east originally as downlap, but is today uplifted on the Modgunn Arch. The sediment transport of the fan system is from South West to North East. Interpretation of a few 2D lines westwards from the Modgunn Fan shows that the turbidite fan and channels are fed from a delta on the Møre Marginal High only 15 km from the main submarine fan. The delta is developed with nice clinoforms and topsets and shows the delta front and the pinching out of the delta into the marin basin. There is also indication of erosion and sliding at the uppermost and youngest part of the delta front. The Clinoforms indicate a transport direction from West / Southwest Provenance studies show that a major part of the Cretaceous western and central basin fill is derived from East Greenland, whereas minor contributions from the Norwegian mainland are seen in deposits along the eastern basin flanks. The distribution in time and space of these sand deposits is complex and further exploration calls for improved sedimentological models. Biostratigraphic studies of the late Cretaceous and lower palaeocene re-sedimentation history of the Vøring and Møre Basins reveals a period of un-roofing of the Cretaceous to Permian sequences in the hinterland. The conspicuous absence of any Jurassic spores in the re-sedimentation record and the enormous volumes of Cretaceous sediments present put clear constraints on models for the hinterland palaeography and the Cretaceous plate tectonically related uplift history of the surrounding areas, including Greenland, the Barents Sea Shelf and Fennoscandia, and hence the distribution of possible reservoir sands. To date several gas discoveries and one oil discovery are made within the deep basin areas. The hydrocarbons are probably generated from both Jurassic (gas) and Cretaceous (oil) source rocks. Well data indicate possible source rock intervals in the both Lower and Upper Cretaceous of the basins and their eastern flanks but a good quality source rock of Cretaceous age is still to be confirmed. In-house analyses of the state of oxidation of Cretaceous shales indicate local favourable environment for the development of Cretaceous source rock within the basin setting. The NPD play models of the Cretaceous and Lower Palaeocene of the Vøring and Møre Basins are updated according to the latest well information of the area. Geological evolution of the sub-volcanic Cretaceous-Paleocene Nuussuaq Basin, West Greenland - An analogue to other sub-volcanic North Atlantic Basins Dam, Gregers1, Pedersen, Gunver K.2, Sønderholm, Martin 3 1 DONG E & P, Agern Alle 24–26, DK-2970 Hørsholm, Denmark 2 Geological Institute, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark 3 Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Øster Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark Abstract The Cretaceous–Paleocene Nuussuaq Basin is the only one of the Late Mesozoic Palaeogene rift basins along the margins of West Greenland that extends into the onshore areas in West Greenland. It represents a unique outcrop analogue to the offshore basins, not only in West Greenland, but also to other North Atlantic subvolcanic basins. Two major tectonic episodes have been recognised in the Early Cretaceous (Albian) and Late Cretacecous-Paleocene, respectively. The succession records syn-rift deposition in Albian times, deposition during a period of Cenomanian – Early Campanian thermal subsidence, onset of rifting in Early Campanian and its growth in Maastrichtian – Early Paleocene. Tectonic activity culminated in the Early Paleocene with regional uplift, igneous activity and rapid subsidence. The early (Albian) rift episode was characterised by deposition of fluvial, deltaic and shallow marine deposits, with few evidences of proximity to large-scale normal faults, whereas sedimentation during the later (Campanian – Paleocene) episode reflects active faulting, associated with continued extension, regional uplift and igneous activity. More than 2 km of basaltic lavas erupted within one million years or less. The exposed part of the succession comprises discrete basin-fill phases, which are mainly related to tectonic events and can be divided into eight tectonostratigraphic sequences (TSS); the early rift episode includes two TSS’s and the late episode six TSS’s. The oldest sediments of TSS 1 represent a syn-rift phase of Late Albian age. It is dominated by fan-delta, wave- and fluvial dominated, shallow marine and Gilberttype delta deposits of the Kome and Slibestensfjeldet and possibly the lower part of the Atane Formation. Locally discrete angular unconformities are present. TSS 2 represents a long period of thermal subsidence that spans the Cenomanian/Turonian –earliest Campanian. It is initated by a major flooding surface succeeded by fluvio-deltaic deposits (Atane Formation). The fluvio-deltaic deposits pass into fault-controlled slope deposits (Itilli Formation) west of the the N–S trending Qunnilik–Kuugannguaq Fault and on Svartenhuk Halvø. In earliest Campanian time a new tectonic episode was intiated and deltaic deposition gave way to catastrophic deposition in a footwall fan setting along N–S trending normal faults. This syn-rift succession corresponds to TSS 3 (Aaffarsuaq Member). In Late Maastrichtian-Early Paleocene time the stress system in the region changed and extension took place along NW–SE trending faults. This change in stress system may be related to the opening of Baffin Bay. Later the arrival of the North Atlantic Mantle Plume initiated large-scale igneous activity and subsequent magmatic underplating, which resulted in regional uplift and erosion in the Paleocene. In the latest Maastrichtian –earliest Paleocene three major tectonic phases have been recognised (corresponding to TSS 4-6), each associated with incision of valley systems and submarine canyons. The latest Maastrichtian phase gave rise to incision and filling of two major NW–SE trending submarine canyons (TSS 4; Kangilia Formation). The TSS 5 (Quikavsak Formation, Tupaasat and Nuuk Qiterleq Members) is of earliest Paleocene age and was associated with major uplift of the basin and valley incision into early Paleocene fault scars. This phase was characterised by catastrophic deposition. The TSS 6 (Quikavsak Formation; Paatuutkløften Member) was associated with renewed uplift, and valleys were incised into the old valley system. Crossing the Kuugannguaq–Qunnilik Fault the valleys pass into a major submarine canyon system. The sandy fill of this canyon system is referred to as the Agatdalen Formation. This phase was followed by very rapid subsidence and deposition of transgressive estuarine and shoreface sandstones and culminated with the extrusion of picritic hyaloclastite breccias. This sequence of events (TSS 4–6) has been related to the arrival of the North Atlantic mantle plume. Extrusion of the volcanic succession constitute TSS 7-8 and is related to continental break-up. TSS 7 is dominated by extrusion of olivine-rich basalts and picrites (Vaigat Formation) and later by more evolved, plagioclase-phyric basalts (Maligât Formation). As the volcanic front moved towards east, large lakes were formed between the volcanic front in the west, and the cratonic crystalline basement in east, giving rise to syn-volcanic lacustrine deposits (Atanikerluk Formation). Magmatic activity in the Nuussuaq Basin resumed with an Early Eocene episode of intrusion of dyke swarms and extrusion of basalts and sparse comendite tuffs (TSS 8). Stratigraphy and depositional evolution of the subvolcanic, Cretaceous–Paleogene Kangerlussuaq Basin, southern East Greenland Michael Larsen et al. Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) Øster Voldgade 10, 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark Present address DONG E&P Agern Allé 24-26, 2970 Hørsholm, Denmark E-mail: [email protected] In order to minimise risk in frontier areas like the Faroe-Shetland, Møre and Vøring Basins field analogues may be crucial. The deep offshore area thus provides new opportunities, but it is also a high-risk area with poorly known plays and sedimentary successions in part covered by basalts. The Kangerlussuaq Basin in southern East Greenland exposes an approximately 1 km thick sedimentary succession below the Paleogene flood basalts. The sediments are of Late Barremian to Early Eocene age and were deposited at the western margin of the seaway between Greenland and the UK. The succession records a long history of basin evolution starting with marine transgression in the latest Barremian, shallow marine deposition during the Cretaceous, rifting and deep marine deposition in the latest Cretaceous to early Paleocene, rapid uplift and fluvial erosion in the Late Paleocene and onset of volcanism in the latest Paleocene to Early Eocene. Plate reconstructions of the North Atlantic region indicate the former proximity of Greenland to the Faroe Islands region and the Kangerlussuaq Basin probably constitutes the most important field analogue with regards to stratigraphy, major unconformities and basin evolution. Major unconformities in the Santonian–Early Campanian, Late Maastrichtian–Early Paleocene and midPaleocene may thus indicate periods of possible sediment input from the west to the Faroe-Shetland region. Studies of potential source rock units, sediment provenance and basin uplift may further improve the understanding of volcanic basin of the North Atlantic and may eventually lower the risk on existing plays or lead to development of new play types. The Greenland analogues were studied as part of SINDRI: “Future Exploration Issues Programme of the Faroese Continental Shelf” established by the Faroese Ministry of Petroleum and financed by the partners of the Sindri Group. Provenance and diagenesis in the Jurassic of the Norway-Greenland rift D.P. Strogen1, A.C. Morton1 and A.G. Whitham1, 1 CASP, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, West Building, 181a Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DH, UK. This talk will discuss the results and methodology of a major provenance study carried out in the Norway-Greenland Rift. Over 900 Jurassic-Recent sandstone samples were analysed by conventional heavy mineral analysis, with geochemical analysis of garnets and tourmalines being undertaken on a subset of the samples. SHRIMP U-Pb dating of detrital zircon grains was undertaken on a few selected samples, to help further constrain the different populations identified on the basis of the conventional analytical work. A number of sand source areas can be distinguished on both the Norwegian and Greenlandic sides of the rift and the varying influence of each of these sand types has been investigated across the rift through time. This talk will focus on the results of the Jurassic part of this study. Diagenesis and thermal maturity are also major concerns in the Norway-Greenland rift due to the presence of extensive Paleogene flood basalts and related intrusions. The diagenesis and thermal maturity of a number of Jurassic sections from East Greenland will be discussed, with emphasis on the effects of volcanism. The Early-Mid Jurassic of Mid Norway and East Greenland. A comparison. Torben Olsen, Allard W. Martinius, Jan Einar Ringås, Alf Ryseth, Bjørn Terje Oftedal, Ingine K. Strømsøyen (Statoil), Juha Ahokas (UiO) Starting 2002 Statoil geologists have each summer carried out fieldwork in East Greenland and in particular, on Jameson land. Aim has been to collect data from excellent outcrop analogues to the Haltenbanken oil and gas/condensate fields. Value is created through improved quality of reservoir management, particularly stratigraphic correlation, seismic interpretation, heterogeneity characterization and reservoir model building. Another important aspect is staff training. The spectacular East Greenland outcrops are real eye-openers. In the Lower Jurassic there is a striking similarity in geological development between the Jamenson Land and Haltenbanken basins. For the Åre, Tilje, Tofte and Ile reservoirs age- and facies equivalent sections have been studied in the Kap Stewart and Niell Klinter Groups. Just as regional and intrafield variations can be seen on Haltenbanken so are regional variations present on Jameson land. The Middle Jurassic Garn Formation formed as a result of significant shoreline progradation mostly during Bajocian times and consists of a sand-dominated, coarse-grained sheet with excellent reservoir properties. Strong wave activity on the prograding shorefaces can be inferred from sedimentary facies. However, the Garn shoreline may also have been affected by strong tidal currents. The overall regression was locally punctuated by transgressions leading to vertical stacking of successive prograding units. In Jameson land the Pelion Formation also represents a mostly wavedominated, strongly progradational unit of mid Jurassic age. However, the timing of the Garn and Pelion was seemingly slightly out of phase with most of the Garn Formation deposited before Pelion deposition started. After the initial progradation Pelion deposition continued as back-stepping and aggradational units until the end of the Middle Jurassic. This pattern of deposition is more similar to the depositional pattern seen in the Middle Jurassic of the Viking Graben. Analogy studies in Greenland require strong commitment, careful preparation and significant funding. As for the latter, several sources have been “tapped”. Research funds for building a geosimulator (“Greensim”), partly in cooperation with GEUS, for various exploration studies and for supporting CASP. Licence funds for extensive fieldwork in cooperation with the University of Oslo. Staff training funds for developing and running internal field courses with support from GEUS. The insight from Greenland may well create immense value for the oil industry but only when applied in the producing assets. That implies both bringing field and exploration geologist to Greenland as well as “bringing” Greenland to Norway, i.e. using the geosimulator technology.