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Transcript
• Ilium.
• Pubis.
• Ischium.
Ilium
• Iliac crest.
• Anterior superior iliac spine.
• Posterior superior iliac spine.
• Tuberculum of iliac crest.
• Ilippubic eminence.
• Gluteal lines:
• Inferior gluteal line.
• Anterior gluteal line.
• Posterior gluteal line.
Ischial tuberosity
• Upper area is subdivided into 2 parts.
• Lower area is subdivided into 2 parts.
Ischial tuberosity
Ischiopubic ramus and pubic bone
Acetabulum
• Acetabular notch.
• Acetabular fossa.
• Lunate surface.
• Two parts:
• Articular, nonarticular.
Proximal femur
• Head.
• Fovea.
• Neck.
• Shaft.
Greater and lesser trochanters
• Trochanteric fossa.
Intertrochanteric line
• Pectineal line.
• Linea aspera.
Intertrochanteric crest
• Quadrate tubercle.
Shaft of the femur
•
Pecineal line.
Gluteal tuberosity.
Hip joint
• Articular surfaces:
• Spherical head of femur.
• Lunate surface of acetabulum.
• Transverse acetabular ligament.
• Ligament of head of femur.
Ligaments
• Iliofemoral ligament.
• Pubofemoral ligament.
• Ischiofemoral ligament.
Gateways to the lower limb
Obturator canal
• Borders:
• Above: obturator groove.
• Below: obturator membrane, obturator
internus and externus.
Greater sciatic foramen
• Margins:
• Greater sciatic notch.
• Sacrospinous and sacrotuberous
ligaments.
• Lateral border of sacrum.
• Above piriformis:
• Superior gluteal nerve and vessels.
• Below piriformis:
• Sciatic nerve.
•
inferior gluteal nerve and vessels.
•
pudendal nerve and internal pudendal vessels.
•
posterior cutaneous nerve of thigh.
•
nerve to obturator internus and gemellus superior.
•
nerve to quadratus femoris and gemellus inferior.
Lesser sciatic foramen
• Tendon of obturator internus:
• from lateral pelvic wall into gluteal region.
• Pudendal nerve and internal pudendal
vessels:
• from pelvis into perineum.
Gap between the inguinal ligament
and pelvic bone