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Chapter 15
The New Deal
Section 2
The Second New Deal Takes Hold
I. The Second Hundred
Furthering the New Deal
•By 1935, economic recovery not as great
as FDR had expected
•FDR launches second phase: more relief
for farmers, workers
Reelecting FDR
• 1936, Democrats win presidency, large majorities
in both houses
• First time most African Americans vote Democratic
and labor unions support presidential candidate
II. Helping Farmers
Focusing on Farms
•1936 Soil Conservation and Domestic
Allotment Act replaces AAA
— rewards farmers for practicing soil
• Resettlement Administration gives loans to
small farmers to buy land
• Farm Security Administration (FSA)—loans to
tenant farmers to buy land
III. Roosevelt
Extends Relief
Programs for Urban Workers
• Works Progress Administration (WPA)—
put people to work by creating new jobs
(solved problems with unemployment).
• WPA workers build airports, roads, public
• National Youth Administration (NYA)—
education, jobs, counseling
• Gives aid to students in exchange for
part-time work
IV. Improving
Labor and other
Improving Labor Conditions
•National Labor Relations Act, or Wagner
Act, replaces NIRA:
— protects right to join unions, collective
— prohibits unfair labor practices
• Fair Labor Standards Act - sets maximum
hours, minimum wage, and prohibited factory
labor for children under 16.
•1935, Social Security Act creates Social
Security system; provides:
— insurance for retirees 65 or older
— unemployment compensation
— aid to disabled, poor mothers with children
- pension plan fro retired workers
- biggest long-term impact on the American
Expanding and Regulating Utilities
• Rural Electrification Administration (REA)
brings electricity to farms
• Public Utility Holding Company Act aims to stop
financial corruption