Download Age of Discovery Age of Reconnaissance Age of Expansion

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Nanban trade wikipedia, lookup

Portuguese discoveries wikipedia, lookup

Conquistador wikipedia, lookup

Treaty of Tordesillas wikipedia, lookup

Age of Discovery wikipedia, lookup

History of Portugal (1415–1578) wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
AGE OF DISCOVERY
Age of Discovery
Age of Reconnaissance
Age of Expansion
AGE OF DISCOVERY
New Threat
– Ottoman Turks
»Conquered Constantinople in 1453
• Eastern barrier between Europe and
Muslims now gone
- Expansion is one way to strengthen
Europe against Muslim threat
- Spanish reconquista has pushed
Muslims out of Spain
EUROPEANS
Three things that will contribute to Exploration
– Advances in Navigation techniques
– Advances in Shipbuilding
– Gunpowder
EUROPEANS
European Commerce in East and Exploration
– Maximize profits »Remove Muslim middle-men from trade
routes
»Reduce time to transport goods from Asia
EUROPEANS
Prince Henry “The Navigator” of Portugal
EUROPEANS
Prince Henry “The Navigator” of Portugal
– Dinis Dias - 1445
EUROPEANS
EUROPEANS
Prince Henry “The Navigator” of Portugal
– Dinis Dias - 1445
– Bartolomeu Dias - 1488
EUROPEANS
EUROPEANS
Prince Henry “The Navigator” of Portugal
– Dinis Dias - 1445
– Bartolomeu Dias - 1488
– Vasco da Gama - 1497
EUROPEANS
EUROPEANS
Prince Henry “The Navigator” of Portugal
– Dinis Dias - 1445
– Bartolomeu Dias - 1488
– Vasco da Gama – 1497
Portugal will control the sea routs around Africa
– Will dominate spice trade
– Success will launch era of exploration as
other nations attempt to compete
EUROPEANS
EUROPEANS
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
– Christopher Columbus - 1492
»Wanted to compete with Portuguese –
went west because Portuguese controlled
the African coast.
»Columbus believed he had reached the
East Indies
• Never realized that he had found
something new
EUROPEANS
EUROPEANS
Amerigo Vespucci
Other Spanish Explorers
– Vasco Nunez de Balboa – 1513
»Panama
– Ferdinand Magellan
»Circumnavigated the globe
• Sept. 8, 1519-Sept. 6, 1521
• Started with 270 men –> 18 returned
EUROPEANS
EUROPEANS
The Spanish Conquest
– Mexico & the Aztecs
»Hernando Cortez
EUROPEANS
The Spanish Conquest
– Mexico & the Aztecs
»Hernando Cortez
»Quetzalcoatl
»Tenochtitlan (Mexico City)
»Moctezuma II
EUROPEANS
The Spanish Conquest
– Peru & the Inca
»Francisco Pizarro
»Atahualpa
EUROPEANS
EUROPEANS
Treaty of Tordesillas - 1494
EUROPEANS
Spain’s Rivals
– John Cabot – English (Italian)
– Jacques Cartier – French (French)
– Henry Hudson – Dutch (English)
THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
Biological exchange between Old and New
Worlds
Diseases
– Measles, Tuberculosis, Cholera and
Smallpox
»Nearly 90 percent of Native Americans
died by 1592!
– Syphilis – America to Europe
»Thousands of Europeans died in Syphilis
epidemic
THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
Agriculture
– Sheep and cattle destroy native Agriculture
– European diet benefits
– Potatoes
– Tomatoes
– Corn
– Beans
– Fruits
»Causes population boom in Europe
Lecture 14