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TO BE OR NOT TO BE?
21st International Summer
University in Kőszeg
How to produce and sell clean water?
Water research at the SoósWRC
Ildikó Galambos, PhD
research manager
Soós Ernő Water Technology Research and Development Center
Overview
1. University of Pannonia, Faculty of Engineering
and Nagykanizsa Campus
2. Soós Ernő Water Technology Research and
Development Center
2.1. Establishment
2.2. Structure of the research center
2.3. Activities, goals
2.4. Project activities
2.5 Publication activities and networking
2.6 Operational and analytical laboratories
2.7 Opportunities for students
2.8 Soós Ernő Young Researchers Award
3. Membrane based water treatment technologies
4. Removal of pharmaceutical residues from water
2
1. University of Pannonia,
Faculty of Engineering and Nagykanizsa Campus
5 Faculties
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Faculty of Business and Economics
Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Information Technology
Faculty of Modern Philology and Social Sciences
Georgikon Faculty
6 Doctoral schools
5 Campus and training places
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Veszprém
Nagykanizsa Campus
Kőszeg Campus
Pápa Campus
Zalaegerszeg Campus
Centre for Agricultural Sciences
Appr. 9.000 students
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1. University of Pannonia
Faculty of Engineering and Nagykanizsa Campus
• Formed in 2000
• In 2015 about 400 students
• Wide educational spectrum
► Bachelor programs:
► Master programs:
→ Tourism and Catering (BA)
→ Trade and Marketing (BA)
→ Engineering Information Technologists
(BSc)
→ Mechanical Engineering (BSc)
→ Business Information Technologists (BSc)
→ Master of Business Administration
(MBA)
► Higher level vocational
trainings:
→ Logistics Engineering
► Postgraduate programs:
→ Project management in Hungarian
→ Tourism Management assistant
→ Project management in English
→ Financial and Accounting assistant
→ Water and Wastewater Treatment
→ Engineering Information Technology assistant
(BSc)
System Operator Specialist
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2. Soós Ernő Water Technology
Research and Development Center
2.1. Establishment
Establishers:
• University of Pannonia Faculty of Engineering
• Hidrofilt Water Treatment Ltd.
• Nagykanizsa Municipality of County Rank
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2.2. Structure of the research center
Zoltán Birkner, PhD
manager
Ildikó Galambos, PhD
research manager
József
Lakner,
PhD
Ildikó
Bíró,
PhD
Renáta
Gerencsér-Berta,
PhD
Gábor
Rácz,
PhD
László
Szekeres,
MSc
Csaba
Takács,
MSc
Nikoletta
Kaszás,
PhD
Nóra BerkesRodek,
PhD candidate,
research
fellow
researcher
biologist
researcher
chemist
researcher
food engineer
mechanical
engineer
civil
engineer
project
coordinator
secretary
Theoretical
Research
Team
Technological
Research Team
Analytical
Laboratory
Development Team
Project and Organization
Developement Team
Enikő Barabás, MSc
hydrogeological engineer
Developement Assistants
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Research Assistant
2.3. Activities, goals
• Exploration, summary and detailed study of new procedures
based on the current literature
• Experimental work: laboratory, PILOT and industrial scale
• Cooperation, research and development activities
• Out-of-Campus projects
2.4. Project activities
Hungarian and international
GINOP (2.1.1, 2.2.1, 2.3.2, 2.3.3)
TÁMOP
Horizon 2020
Interreg Central Europe
Interreg Danube Programme
Interreg Bilateral Programme
(Slo-Hu, , Hu-Hr, etc.)
7
3. Research areas
• Study on pharmaceutical residues in surfaceand well-water
• tipical pollutants (original chemicals, reagents and
metabolits)?
• tipical concentration?
• removal methods?
• Investigation of thermal water effluent (Recycle
possibilities of thermal water and medical thermal water
effluent)
• Production of purified water by combination
reversed osmosis and electrodeionization
technique
• Preparing of drinking water from various
surface and underground water
• Comparison of forward and reverse osmosis
and their applicability for raw materials in food
industry
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3.1. Research areas
Renáta Gerencsér-Berta, PhD
- Exploration of the removal possibility of the pharmaceutical in waste water
and drinking water, process of the cost effective method
- Preparation of highly purified water by the combination of reversed osmosis
and electrodeionisation techniques
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3.2. Research areas
Gábor Rácz, PhD
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Performance evaluation of water treatment systems in drinking water and
industrial water treatment
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Ultrafiltraion applications and industrial waste water purification technologies
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State-of-the-art fruit juice concentration processes by using coupled
membrane techniques
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3.3. Research areas
József Lakner, PhD
− Mathematical modelling for membrane technology and water treatment
Ildikó Bíró, PhD
‒ Water microbiology and bacteriology
‒ Searching new solution in drinking water disinfection techniques
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3.4. Research areas
Enikő Barabás
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Improvement of thermal water treatment and degassing
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Development of recycling technologies regarding the waste thermal
water
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Investigation and condition survey of thermal-water wells
László Szekeres
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Design of PILOT and industrial water treatment systems
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Development of water treatment equipment engineering aspects
Csaba Takács
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Design of PILOT and industrial water treatment systems
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Monitoring of water treatment system
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2.5. Publication activities and networking
• Conference
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TAMOP conferences
Balaton Symposium
MASZESZ Junior Symposium
MAVIZ – Membrane
Professional Day
MAVIZ – The Main Engineering
Conference
Innovation Conference
„Zalavize” Forum
Sewage Plant Professional
Forum
Roundtable Discussion
Geothermal Conference
Water Utility Conference
Industrial Water Release
PEN 15 Year Anniversary
Pannonian Science Day
• Self-organised conference
• Water and Wastewater Treatment in the Industry
2014,2015
• Regional Development and Competitivness Conference
• Soós Ernő Water Technology Research and
Development Center Founding Ceremony and 25 Year
Anniversary of Hidrofilt Ltd.
• Road show, Workshop, Fairs
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Channel Partner Training Roadshow in Poland
Channel Partner Training Roadshow in Greece
Hach Lange
IFAT
Achema
Filtech
• Journals
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Hungarian Journal of Industry and Chemistry
Magyar Épületgépészet
TOP-Építőipari Szakkatalógus
Magyar Kémikusok Lapja
Membrántechnika és Ipari Biotechnológia13
2.7. Operational laboratory
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2.7. Analytical laboratory
Bel PHOTONICS- BEL
Micro Image AnalyzerVideomicroscope
GC and GC/MS system:
• HP 5980 GC
• Agilent 5973N GC/MS
JENWAY UV/VIS
spectrophotometer
TOC analyser:
Sievers9000 , ICR
AAS7000 (Simadzu)
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2.8. Opportunities for students
• Students in BSc, MSc, PhD
• Obligatory summer internship
• Prepare degree theses or diploma
• Erasmus, Fulbright scholarship
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2.9. Soós Ernő Young Researchers Award
Diploma or PhD dissertation in water or wastewater treatment
The tender will be launched in two category:
• Master’s degree or 5-year long cycle training
• PhD degree
The winner candidates will recieve diploma and cash prize :
• in MSc category net 300 EUR
• in PhD category net 600 EUR
• option of keeping a plenary lecture in Soós Ernő
International Conference
• publication possibility in peer-reviewed journal
(Hungarian Journal of Industry and Chemistry,
Membrántechnika és ipari biotechnológia)
• Other information: www.sooswrc.hu/en
17
3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies
•
General about membrane water treatment
•
Ultrafiltration (UF)
•
Reverse osmosis (RO)
What is a membrane?
„A membrane is a selective barrier; it allows some things to pass
through but stops others. Such things may be molecules, ions, or
other small particles.”
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Membrane
Separation
Selectivity
Porous or non porous
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies
Polimer
Ceramic
Source: http://shoshohz.en.ec21.com/Forever_Hydrophilic_PTFE_Microfiltration_Membrane-20
7447611_7474884.html
3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies
Membrane technologies
Membrane filtration:
Mass transfer process:
• Microfiltration (MF)
• Membrane distillation (MD)
• Ultrafiltration (UF)
• Osmotic distillation(OD)
• Nanofiltration (NF)
• Forward osmosis (FO)
• Reverse osmosis (RO)
• Pervaporation (PV)
• Elektrodialysis (ED/EDR)
Driving force: Δphidr
• Elektrodeionization (EDI)
Driving force: ΔΠ, Δc,
ΔT, Δpvapour, Δφ
21
3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – Membrane filtration
Membrane filtration
Source: University of Nottingham
22
http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/etc/sol_m_membranefiltration.php
3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – Membrane filtration
Source: University of Nottingham
http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/etc/sol_m_membranefiltration.php
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – Ultrafiltration – I.
• Material:
• Usually ceramic
• Polimer (polysulfone (PS), polysulfone/poly(ether
sulfone)/polysulfone sulfonate(PES), etc.)
• Process:
• Cross – flow
• Dead–end
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – Ultrafiltration II.
• Porous membranes
• ΔpTM: 3-8 bar
• Concentration of milk for cheese production,
• fractionation of whey,
• production of milk powder,
• filtration of fruit juices,
• separation of oil content wastewater
• Tipical water treatment tasks:
• Producing drinking water
• Boiler water or technolgy water pretreatment from surface water
for power plants
25
3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – Ultrafiltration III.
• Pressed mode, inside-out UF
• Drinking water applications,
process water pretreament
(low suspended solids load)
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – UF IV.
• Pressed mode, inside-out UF
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – Complex system
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies
• Submerged, outside-in
• High suspended
solids load
• For wastewater
treatment
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – Ultrafiltration VI.
• Surface water treatment
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – Reverse osmosis I. (RO)
• Transition
membranes
membranes
between
porous
and
non-porous
• Only the solvent molecules are
getting through the membrane
(RNaCl: 99-99,9 %)
• ΔpTM: 10-80 bar
Source: International Forward Osmosis Association
http://forwardosmosis.biz/education/osmotic-process-introduction/
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies - Reverse osmosis II. (RO)
•
The most common modules: spiral wound
Source: International Forward Osmosis Association
http://forwardosmosis.biz/education/osmotic-process-introduction/
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies - Reverse osmosis III. (RO)
• The most common modules: spiral wound
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – RO IV.
Fields of application
The permeate is the product:
 Solvent cleaning
 Seawater or brackish water desalination
 Semiconductor industry: ultra pure water
production, pretreatment
 Boiler feedwater treatment
The retentate is the product:
 Milk, Coffee, Juice concentration
 Non-alcoholic wine, beer production
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies – Complex system
• Boiler feedwater treatment: UF – RO - MX
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3. Membrane based water treatment
technologies
36
4. Pharmaceutical residues in water
I. Research and production of medicines
U
Source: Presentation of Dr. Arányi Péter, Eredeti gyógyszerkutatás
37
4. Pharmaceutical residues in water
II. Research and production of medicines
Source: Presentation of Dr. Arányi Péter, Eredeti gyógyszerkutatás
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4. Pharmaceutical residues in water
III. Origin of medicines
• Vegetable
• Animal
• Minerals
• Synthetic
IV. Drug pathway in the body
1. Delivery of a drug into the body
2. Pathway of the drug to the target molecules
- release
- absorption, distribution
3. Binding to the target molecules
4. Elimination from the body
(metabilism, excretion)
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4. Pharmaceutical residues in water
V. Metabolism and excretion of drug
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•
•
•
Through the kidneys as urine
Glands products perspiration, through saliva
Through pulmonary by exhaled air
Through the skin by evaporation
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Source: World Health Organization, Pharmaceuticals in Drinking-water
4. Pharmaceutical residues in water
VI. Analytical
Problem:
low concentration
complex matrix
reliable sample preparation
Used methods:
GC-MS, GC-MS/MS
HPLC-MS
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4. Pharmaceutical residues in water
Sample
component
Surface water
(Spain)
diclofenac
ibuprofen
ketoprofen
Measured values
ng / L
2 - 60
8 - 150
< 30
naproxen
7 - 50
diclofenac
ibuprofen
ketoprofen
naproxen
diclofenac
ibuprofen
ketoprofen
naproxen
diclofenac
ibuprofen
ketoprofen
naproxen
10 - 390
12 - 390
130 - 260
9 - 160
< 20 ng/g
< 20 ng/g
< 50 ng/g
< 20 ng/g
-
Sewage plant effluent
(Croatia)
Activated sludge
Soil sapmle
Source
M. Gros, M.
Petrovic, D.
Barceló,
Talanta 70
(2006)
678–690
M. Gros, M.
Petrovic, D.
Barceló,
Talanta 70
(2006)
678–690
T.A. Ternes,
et. al
J. Chrom. A
1067 (2005)
213–223.
P. VazquezRoig et al.
J. Chrom. A,
1217 (2010)
2471–2483.
42
4. Pharmaceutical residues in water
VII. Removal possibilities
I. Conventional wastewater treatment
• Biological filtration (6 – 71%)
• Sedimantation (3 – 45%)
• Sand filtration (0 – 99%)
II. Biodegradation
III. Advanced wastewater treatment
• Sorption
• Membrane techniques
• High performance oxidation process
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Pharmaceutical residues in water
Complex technologies
Receiving
Mechanical purification
Biological purification
Filtration
Source: http://www.arabachwis.ch/bilder/PDF/Prospekt%20ARA_Bachwis.pdf (2015.10.01.)
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Thank you for your attention!
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