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Poetry Terms!!! Alliteration The repetition of constant sounds at the beginning of words. Angus Always ate Apples. Go Give Glen Good Grapes. Figurative Language Language enriched by word images and figures of speech. Ben was as big as a beach ball. “Great Odens’ Raven” said Ron Burgendy Hyperbole A figure of speech which uses a deliberate exaggeration. Ben was so hungry, he could eat a horse. It was so loud at the concert that I Couldn’t hear myself think. Rhyme Correspondence of terminal sounds of words or of lines of verse. Sam I am ate Green Eggs and Ham. Symbol A concrete thing used to suggest something larger and more abstract. Sensory Details Details perceived by sight, hearing, smell, or any mode by which one perceives stimuli outside or within the body. Onomatopoeia Words whose sound imitates their suggested meaning. BAM!! Todd hit a homerun. Assonance The close repetition of middle vowel sounds. Fleeting Feet Sweep by Sleeping Geese. Personification A figure of speech in which human qualities are attributed to animals, inanimate objects, or ideas. The arms of the tree swayed in the wind. Simile A figure of speech in which a comparison is made between two unlike things using the word “like” or “as”. I feel like I could die. Internal Rhyme A rhyme between words in the same line. Larry was very hairy. Tone The reflection of an author’s attitude toward his or her subject. Imagery Words and phrases that create vivid sensory experiences for a reader. Metaphor A figure of speech in which an implied comparison is made between two unlike things. Mood The feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for a reader; reflection of an author’s attitude toward a subject or theme. Stanza One of the divisions of a poem, composed of two or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme, and number of lines. Couplet Two lines of verse with similar end-rhymed. Free Verse Verse composed of variable, usually unrhymed lines having no fixed metrical pattern. Sonnet A lyric poem of fourteen lines, following one or another of several set rhyme-schemes.