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Transcript
What is Otolaryngology





A medical and surgical subspecialty
Expert care of disorders of the Ear, Nose, Throat,
Head and Neck
Attention to form and function
Treatment of a range of patient problems and
demographics
A truly enjoyable and satisfying specialty!
Characteristics of Otolaryngology

Wide Patient Variety
The “E”

Disorders related to the Ear
 Hearing
loss
 Ear infections
 Balance disorders
 Tinnitus
 Nerve pain, facial and cranial nerve disorders
 Congenital disorders
Anatomy of the Ear
Fungal Otitis Externa
Serous Otitis Media
Suppurative Otitis Media
Cholesteatoma
Cholesteatoma
Mastoiditis
The “N”

Disorders of and related to the Nose
 Sinusitis
 Allergies
 Breathing
and airway management
Anatomy of Nose and Paranasal Sinuses
Diseases affecting Nose and Sinuses
1. Inflammation –
Rhinitis/Polyps/Allergies
 2. Infection – Sinusitis
 3.Neoplasm–Benign /Malignant Tumor
 4. Epistaxis
 5. Foreign Body - Nose

FESS – Functional Endoscopic Sinus
Surgery
Ethmoidectomy
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KzQHiRaU6XU

Nasal Polyp Removal
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mirPp3x3Q44

The “T”

Disorders of and related to the Throat
 Communication
and Speech
 Larynx
 Upper
aerodigestive tract
 Swallowing disorders
GENERAL ANATOMY OF THE ORAL
CAVITY/OROPHARYNX/LARYNX
COMMON DISEASES
INFECTIONS:
a. Tonsillitis
b. Thrush
c. Laryngitis
NEOPLASMS:
a. Cancer
b. Polyps
Head and Neck Surgery

Disorders of the Head and Neck
 Infectious
diseases
 Benign and malignant tumors
 Facial trauma
 Congenital deformities
 Cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery
GENERAL ANATOMY OF THE NECK
Anatomy of the Salivary Glands
DISEASES AFFECTING THE SALIVARY GLANDS
A. Infection – Bacterial vs. Viral
 B. Neoplasm – Benign vs. Malignant
 C. Obstructive
 D. Inflammation

ANATOMY OF THYROID/PARATHYROID GLANDS
GENERAL CONCEPTS OF MAXILLOFACIAL TRAUMA