Download TEST-Chapter 38 Arthropods

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Allometry wikipedia, lookup

Insects in culture wikipedia, lookup

Anatomy wikipedia, lookup

Earthworm wikipedia, lookup

Caridoid escape reaction wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
NAME ________________________________
TEST-Chapter 38 Arthropods
( 2 points each)
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
Circle the letter for the answer that BEST completes the statement or answers the question.
All arthropods have a(n)__________________________.
A. acoelom
B. pseudocoelom
C. eucoelom
D. none of these; they don’t need a coelom with an exoskeleton
Arthropods are __________________________________
A. invertebrate protostomes
B. invertebrate deuterostomes
C. vertebrate deuterostomes
D. vertebrate protostomes
All arthropods have a ___________________________
A. dorsal nerve cord/ventral heart
B. ventral nerve cord/dorsal heart
In a crayfish the respiratory organ that exchanges gases is the _________________.
A. skin gills
B. gills
C. lungs
D. book lungs
All of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
following are mouthparts in a crayfish EXCEPT_______________.
mandible
maxilla
maxilliped
chelicera
Malpighian
A.
B.
C.
D.
tubules, nephridia, and green glands are all ____________ organs.
digestive
circulatory
excretory
nervous
The periodic shedding of the exoskeleton as an organism grows is called _____________________
A. shedding
B. calcification
C. autotomy
D. molting
All arthropods have ______________________ circulation.
A. open
B. closed
Aquatic crustaceans have a __________________ larva.
A. trochophore
B. nauplius
C. bipinnaria
D. bivalvia
In a crayfish sexual development, molting, and metabolism are controlled by the
___________________ system.
A. excretory
B. endocrine
C. reproductive
D. circulatory
A tagma is _________________________________.
A. a kind of larva found in insects
B. a carbohydrate that makes exoskeletons flexible
C. the poisonous fangs in a spider
D. a larger body segment made by fusing smaller segments
Crayfish excrete their nitrogen waste in the form of _____________________.
A. urea
B. uric acid
C. ammonia
D. none of these; they don’t make nitrogen waste
Gills, book
A.
B.
C.
D.
lungs, trachea and spiracles are all ________________ organs.
respiratory
digestive
endocrine
excretory
Osmoregulation is __________________________________
A. the concentration of sensory and nervous tissue in the anterior end
B. the ability to self-amputate body parts
C. the presence of both male and female sex organs in one animal
D. maintaining the correct balance of water and ions in the body
Chitin is _________________________________.
A. a kind of larva found in insects
B. a larger body segment made by fusing smaller segments
C. the poisonous fangs in a spider
D. a polysaccharide used to make exoskeletons flexible
The substance in an exoskeleton that makes it HARD is ____________________________.
A. chitin
B. protein
C. calcium carbonate
D. Malpigiian
Arthropods have an ________ skeleton.
A. endo
B. exo
CRAYFISH have ____________ fertilization and _____________ development.
A. internal . . . indirect
B. external . . . direct
C. internal . . . direct
D. external . . . indirect
The body system in arthropods that deals with osmoregulation is the _______________ system.
A. digestive
B. reproductive
C. endocrine
D. excretory
In Latin, the word Arthropod means _____________________________.
A. hard shell
B. slow moving
C. jointed foot
D. ten legged
SHORT ANSWER:
Fill in the blank with the best answer.
Crayfish belong to the:
KINGDOM ________________________
PHYLUM _________________________
CLASS
___________________________
Describe how you can tell a male crayfish from a female crayfish by LOOKING AT THE OUTSIDE.
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
Name 3 characteristics ALL ARTHROPODS share.
(Remember: Don’t just list body parts; what makes arthropods DIFFERENT from other animals?)
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
MATCH THE ARTHROPOD WITH ITS GROUP:
Arachnids
Crustaceans
Insects
_______________
6 legged Arthropods with 3 body segments and biting mouthparts
including: beetles, butterflies, bees, ants and grasshoppers
_______________
Arthropods with 2 pairs of feelers and a cephalothorax and
abdomen including: crayfish, lobsters, shrimp, and crabs
_______________
8 LEGGED Arthropods with a cephalothorax and abdomen
including: spiders, ticks, scorpions, & mites
*
*
SHORT ANSWER:
Fill in the blank with the best answer.
Crayfish belong to the:
KINGDOM ________________________
PHYLUM _________________________
CLASS
___________________________
Describe how you can tell a male crayfish from a female crayfish by LOOKING AT THE OUTSIDE.
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
Name 3 characteristics ALL ARTHROPODS share.
(Remember: Don’t just list body parts; what makes arthropods DIFFERENT from other animals?)
_______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
MATCH THE ARTHROPOD WITH ITS GROUP:
Arachnids
_______________
_______________
_______________
Crustaceans
Insects
Arthropods with 2 pairs of feelers and a cephalothorax and
abdomen including: crayfish, lobsters, shrimp, and crabs
8 LEGGED Arthropods with a cephalothorax and abdomen
including: spiders, ticks, scorpions, & mites
6 legged Arthropods with 3 body segments and biting mouthparts
including: beetles, butterflies, bees, ants and grasshoppers
*
*
Which of the following kinds of larvae is seen in crayfish?
*
A.
B.
1 Eye
3 pairs of
appendages
Winged
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
C.
Ciliated
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
TRUE or FALSE:
Circle T if the statement is TRUE. Circle F is the statement is FALSE.
T
F
Arthropods are hermaphrodites.
T
F
Crayfish have ARTERIES but NO VEINS in their circulatory system.
T
F
Spiders and insects have green glands to get rid nitrogen waste.
T
F
Spiders molt.
T
F
Crayfish have cephalization.
T
F
Humans have mouthparts called maxilla and mandibles, too.
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
BONUS QUESTION:
Someone who is “afraid of spiders” has _____________________________
(You don’t have to spell this one correctly)
What does it mean when a crayfish is “in berry”?
_________________________________________________________________________________
Use the charts below to compare and contrast CRAYFISH and the OTHER ORGANISMS YOU HAVE
DISSECTED. GIVE ME SOME SCIENCE VOCAB . . . NOT THEY DON”T PLAY BASKETBALL!
(You CAN’T use… live in water/land; shell/no shell; # legs/no legs. Answers CAN’T be used more than
once.)
CRAYFISH
EARTHWORMS
CRAYFISH
STARFISH
CRAYFISH
CLAMS
WAY THEY ARE DIFFERENT
WAY THEY ARE ALIKE
WAY THEY ARE DIFFERENT
WAY THEY ARE ALIKE
WAY THEY ARE DIFFERENT
WAY THEY ARE ALIKE
CRAYFISH APPENDAGES :
Match the body part with its location and/or function.
_______ Center section of a crayfish’s tail where
the anus is located
A. SWIMMERETS
B. ANTENNA
C. ANTENNULES
_______ Used for defense and capturing food
D. CHELIPED
________ appendages on abdomen that help in reproduction
by transferring sperm in males and
carrying eggs/embryos in females
E. WALKING LEGS
F. MAXILLA
________ Manipulate food and can sense touch & taste
G. MANDIBLE
________ Feelers that sense touch, taste, and equilibrium
H. MAXILLIPED
________ Used for locomotion
I. TELSON
________ Heart-shaped chewing mouthpart
J. UROPODS
________ Side tail sections that help to propel the crayfish backwards
________ Feelers that sense only touch and taste
_______ Mouth appendages that manipulate food;
2nd pairs are called bailers and keep water moving over the gills
________ Teeth found inside a crayfish’s stomach
CRAYFISH APPENDAGES :
Match the body part with its location and/or function.
_______ Center section of a crayfish’s tail where
the anus is located
A. UROPODS
B. TELSON
C. MAXILLIPED
_______ Used for defense and capturing food
D. MANDIBLE
________ appendages on abdomen that help in reproduction
by transferring sperm in males and
carrying eggs/embryos in females
E. MAXILLA
F. CHELIPED
________ Manipulate food and can sense touch & taste
G. WALKING LEGS
________ Feelers that sense only touch and taste
H. ANTENNA
________ Used for locomotion
I. ANTENNULES
________ Heart-shaped chewing mouthpart
J. SWIMMERETS
________ Side tail sections that help to propel the crayfish backwards
K. WALKING LEGS
________ Feelers that sense touch, taste, and equilibrium
_______ Mouth appendages that manipulate food;
2nd pairs are called bailers and keep water moving over the gills
CRAYFISH BODY PARTS
Match the body part/organ with its function
________ Stores sperm
A. DIGESTIVE GLANDS
________ Part of the exoskeleton that covers the
cephalothorax in a crayfish
B. CARAPACE
C. GASTRIC MILL
________
Acts as the “brain”
D. ROSTRUM
________
Excrete nitrogen waste and maintain the balance
of water and ions in crayfish
E. SEMINAL RECEPTACLE
________ Makes bile, helps with digestion, and absorbs nutrients
F. CEREBRAL GANGLIA
_________ Finishes digestion, helps absorb nutrients &
collects and concentrates digestive waste
G. GREEN GLANDS
H. OSTIA
_________ Protects eyes
I. HEART
_________ Pumps hemolymph
J. INTESTINE
_________ Openings for blood to re-enter heart
________ Teeth found inside a crayfish’s stomach
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
MATCHING OTHER ARTHROPOD PARTS:
Match the body part with its location and/or function.
A. PEDIPALPS
________
Fangs in a spider used to inject venom into prey
B. CHELICERA
________
Appendage in a spider that releases silk
C. BOOK LUNGS
________
Spider appendage that aids in holding
food and chewing
D. SPINNERETS
*
E. MALPIGHIAN TUBULES
________
Main excretory organ of insects and arachnids
________
Respiratory organ in the abdomen of arachnids
with parallel folds for gas exchange that resembles
the pages of a book
CRAYFISH BODY PARTS
Match the body part/organ with its function
________ Stores sperm
A. CEREBRAL GANGLIA
________ Part of the exoskeleton that covers the
cephalothorax in a crayfish
B. OSTIA
C. INTESTINE
________
Acts as the “brain”
D. GREEN GLANDS
________
Excretes nitrogen waste and maintains the balance
of water and ions in crayfish
E. ROSTRUM
________ Makes bile, helps with digestion, and absorbs nutrients
F. HEART
_________ Finishes digestion, helps absorb nutrients &
collects and concentrates digestive waste
G. GREEN GLANDS
H. CARAPACE
_________ Protects eyes
I. GASTRIC MILL
_________ Pumps hemolymph
J. SEMINAL RECEPTACLE
_________ Openings for blood to re-enter heart
________ Teeth found inside a crayfish’s stomach
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
MATCHING OTHER ARTHROPOD PARTS:
Match the body part with its location and/or function.
A. SPINNERETS
________
Fangs in a spider used to inject venom into prey
B. MALPIGHIAN TUBULES
________
Appendage in a spider that releases silk
C. PEDIPALPS
________
Spider appendage that aids in holding
food and chewing
D. BOOK LUNG
E. CHELICERA
________
Main excretory organ of insects and arachnids
________
Respiratory organ in the abdomen of arachnids
with parallel folds for gas exchange that resembles
the pages of a book
NAME ________________________________
TEST-Chapter 38 Arthropods
( 2 points each)
MATCH words in the word bank to the Numbers in the diagram below:
_______ cheliped
________ walking legs
_______
________ cephalothorax
swimmerets
_______ antenna
BODY SECTION
________ rostrum
________antennules
________ abdomen
________ carapace
BODY SECTION
Piece of skeleton
________ maxillipeds
MATCH words in the word bank to the Numbers in the diagram below:
________ cephalothorax
_______
swimmerets
_______ maxillipeds
BODY SECTION
________ rostrum
_______ cheliped
________ walking legs
________antennules
________ antenna
BODY SECTION
Piece of skeleton
________ abdomen
________ carapace
MATCH THE BODY PART WITH THE DIAGRAM LETTER:
_______ ventral nerve cord
_______ gonads
_______ pyloric stomach
_______ heart
_______ cardiac stomach
_______ green glands
_______ cerebral ganglia
_______ gills
_______ digestive glands
_______ intestine
_______ adductor muscles
*
*
*
*
BONUS QUESTION:
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Someone who is “afraid of spiders” has _____________________________
(You don’t have to spell this one correctly)
What does it mean when a crayfish is “in berry”?
_________________________________________________________________________________
MATCH THE BODY PART WITH THE DIAGRAM LETTER:
_______ gonads
_______ ventral nerve cord
_______ green glands
_______ cardiac stomach
_______ heart
_______ pyloric stomach
_______ gills
_______ cerebral ganglia
_______ intestine
_______ adductor muscles
_______ digestive glands
MULTIPLE CHOICE:
Circle the letter for the answer that BEST completes the statement or answers the question.
All arthropods have a(n)__________________________.
A. acoelom
B. pseudocoelom
C. eucoelom
D. none of these; they don’t need a coelom with an exoskeleton
Arthropods are __________________________________
A. invertebrate protostomes
B. invertebrate deuterostomes
C. vertebrate deuterostomes
D. vertebrate protostomes
All arthropods have a ___________________________
A. dorsal nerve cord/ventral heart
B. ventral nerve cord/dorsal heart
In a crayfish the respiratory organ that exchanges gases is the _________________.
A. skin gills
B. gills
C. lungs
D. book lungs
All of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
Malpighian
A.
B.
C.
D.
following are mouthparts in a crayfish EXCEPT_______________.
mandible
maxilla
maxilliped
chelicera
tubules, nephridia, and green glands are all ____________ organs.
digestive
circulatory
excretory
nervous
The periodic shedding of the exoskeleton as an organism grows is called _____________________
A. shedding
B. calcification
C. autotomy
D. molting
All arthropods have ______________________ circulation.
C. open
D. closed
Arthropods have an ________ skeleton.
A. endo
B. exo
Aquatic crustaceans have a __________________ larva.
A. trochophore
B. nauplius
C. bipinnaria
D. bivalvia
In a crayfish sexual development, molting, and metabolism are controlled by the
___________________ system.
A. excretory
B. endocrine
C. reproductive
D. circulatory
A tagma is _________________________________.
A. a kind of larva found in insects
B. a carbohydrate that makes exoskeletons flexible
C. the poisonous fangs in a spider
D. a larger body segment made by fusing smaller segments
Crayfish excrete their nitrogen waste in the form of _____________________.
A. urea
B. uric acid
C. ammonia
D. none of these; they don’t make nitrogen waste
Gills, book
A.
B.
C.
D.
lungs, trachea and spiracles are all ________________ organs.
respiratory
digestive
endocrine
excretory
Osmoregulation is __________________________________
A. the concentration of sensory and nervous tissue in the anterior end
B. the ability to self-amputate body parts
C. the presence of both male and female sex organs in one animal
D. maintaining the correct balance of water and ions in the body
Chitin is _________________________________.
A. a kind of larva found in insects
B. a larger body segment made by fusing smaller segments
C. the poisonous fangs in a spider
D. a polysaccharide used to make exoskeletons flexible
The substance in an exoskeleton that makes it HARD is ____________________________.
A. chitin
B. protein
C. calcium carbonate
D. Malpigiian
CRAYFISH have ____________ fertilization and _____________ development.
E. internal . . . indirect
F. external . . . direct
G. internal . . . direct
H. external . . . indirect
The body system in arthropods that deals with osmoregulation is the _______________ system.
E. digestive
F. reproductive
G. endocrine
H. excretory
In Latin, the word Arthropod means _____________________________.
A. hard shell
B. slow moving
C. jointed foot
D. ten legged
Which of the following kinds of larvae is seen in crayfish?
A.
1 Eye
3 pairs of
appendages
B.
Winged
C.
Ciliated