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Section 3: European Explorers Come and Go ESSENTIAL QUESTION • Who were the first explorers of North Carolina and how did they interact with the Native Americans? Giovanni da Verrazano • Can you guess what country sponsored his expedition? Giovanni da Verrazano and the French (1524) • The king of France ordered Verrazano to find a shorter water route to China. • Areas Explored: Coast of NC, modern day New York and Rhode Island • Discoveries/Results: He had contact with Native Americans; did not find route to China (NW Passage) Hernando de Soto • Can you guess what country sponsored his expedition? Hernando de Soto (Spain, 1539 – 1540) • In 1540, de Soto and his 600 soldiers entered the Carolinas, looking for gold. • Areas Explored: Southeastern US and NC mountains • De Soto encountered various groups along the Catawba River and in the mountains. De Soto died and was buried along the Mississippi River. • Discoveries/Results: Poor relations with Natives, did not find gold Juan Pardo and the Spanish (1569) • Pardo’s expedition included Catholic priests who tried to convert the Native Americans. Small groups of soldiers were left to begin camps in various areas. Pardo planned to return to the camps once he located gold. • Areas Explored: NC mountains • One hundred soldiers may have been in the foothills by the time the quest for gold was dropped. • Discoveries/Results: Did not find gold Walter Raleigh and Humphrey Gilbert • Can you guess what country these two half-brothers were from? Walter Raleigh and the English (1584-1590) • Half-brothers, Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh, studied Verrazano’s work and thought they could find the route to China. The first expedition, in 1578, was turned back because of weather conditions and attacks by Spaniards. Gilbert went on a second expedition and was lost at sea in 1583. The queen did not let Raleigh go because she dreamt he would die. • Areas Explored: East Coast, and areas around VA, NC, and SC. • Discoveries/Results: Had contact with Native Americans; grew crops; did not create a permanent settlement.