Download 1.07 Evaluate the extent to which the Bill of Rights extended

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1.07 Evaluate the extent to
which the Bill of Rights
extended the Constitution
Bill of Rights
guarantees personal liberties
protects the people from the power of the
central (federal) government, guarantees
powers of the people
the 14th Amendment applies these liberties
to the citizens of the states, the Bill of
Rights originally did not limit the power of
the states
Bill of Rights
1st Amendment, RAPPS
– Freedoms of Religion, Assembly, Petition,
Press, and Speech (expression)
– Religion = free exercise clause and
establishment clause
Free Exercise Clause – persons may participate in
their own religions
Establishment Clause – government may not
organize a state religion or make a law that
establishes a religion
Bill of Rights
2nd Amendment
– Right to bear arms
3rd Amendment
– No government ordered quartering of soldiers except in time of
4th Amendment
– No search and seizure without probable cause or a warrant.
5th Amendment
Guarantees due process (fair trial)
Eminent Domain (private property can be taken for public use)
Forbids double jeopardy (being tried for the same crime twice)
Forbids self incrimination (being forced to testify against
Bill of Rights
6th Amendment
– Right to a speedy trial with an attorney and
7th Amendment
– Civil trial with a jury is guaranteed
8th Amendment
– No cruel or unusual punishment
– No excessive bail or fines
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
– Explains the powers reserved to the people
10th Amendment
– Powers reserved to the states
– Powers not delegated to the US by the
Constitution of 1787 are reserved to the