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The Rise of Dictators Unit 4- Hot and Cold War Lesson 1 (Section 24.1) Objectives Explain why WW2 is an extension of WW1. Trace the rise of dictators and their actions that put the world on the path to war. Locate key areas and alliances of WW2 in a map activity. Warm Up How did the Treaty of Versailles set up Euro for WW2? Humiliated GRM New borders Marginalized smaller allies Europe Post WW1 Conditions? Economic Depression Social and Political Unrest Opportunist #1- Joseph Stalin 1924 Soviet Union Communism Reform Agriculture & Industry “Great Leap Forward” Collective Farms Industrialization Reign of Terror Purges – govt of all enemies Opportunist #2- Benito Mussolini 1922 Italy Fascism Importance of nation & leader over individ. Nationalism & Empire-Building Ethiopia (35-36) Opportunist #3- Hideki Tojo •1930’s Japan •Military regime wants imperial and industrial power •Maintain Emperor Hirohito as puppet figurehead Opportunist #4- Adolf Hitler 1933 Germany Nazism German Empire Racial Purification Mein Kampf GRM’s problems Plans for nation Remilitarize , Expand, & Align Draft & rearm Rhineland, Austria, Czechoslovakia Rome-Berlin Axis (later Tokyo) Opportunist #5- Francisco Franco Spanish Civil War 1936 Franco’s Nationalists • Supported by GRM & ITL Republicans • USSR Military Dictatorship 1939-1975 The Crisis Deepens • Road to War http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=AB45D42B-8A7E-44F4-B4DC7755F3FF247A&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Prevention? APPEASEMENT – pacify, satisfy to avoid war Munich Conference NEUTRALITY Nye Committee Comparing Causes of War World War I? World War II? •Nationalism •Nationalism •Imperialism •Imperialism •Militarism •Militarism •Alliances •Alliances •International Anarchy •International Anarchy •Assassination F2 •Polish Blitzkrieg Activity Closure In what ways did WWI “lead into” WWII?