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History of the Modern World Dawn of the Industrial Revolution Mrs. McArthur Walsingham Academy Room 111 The Crystal Palace of the Great Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations, 1851 in Hyde Park (London) Orientation to Chapter 19: The Industrial Revolution Begins Section 1: Dawn of the Industrial Age, pp. 608-611 Section 2: Britain Leads the Way, pp. 612-615 Section 3: Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution, pp. 616-621 Objectives for this week: You can… 1. Analyze why life changed as industry spread. 2. Summarize how an agricultural revolution led to the growth of industry. 3. Outline the new technologies that helped trigger the Industrial Revolution. 4. Understand why Britain was the starting point. 5. Describe the changes that transformed the textile industry. 6. Explain the significance of the transportation revolution. 7. Explain what life was like in the new industrial cities. 8. Compare and Contrast the industrial working class and the new middle class. 9. Understand how the factory system and mines changed the way people worked. 10. Analyze the benefits and challenges of industrialization. Ready for an essay question? Can you answer the above? Chapter 19: The Industrial Revolution Begins Section 1: Dawn of the Industrial Age, pp. 608-611 Witness History Audio: A Different Kind of Revolution Life Changes as Industry Spreads In the mid-1700s, the production of food and goods began to be made easier by complex machines. This process of industrialization was slow at first, but eventually led to the growth of cities and the end of a rural way of life. Agriculture Spurs Industry The Industrial Revolution began with improvements in farming. Rich landowners began to enclose large farms, and farm laborers were pushed out of work. Populations in Europe soared because of the food surplus and improved sanitation and medical care. Note Taking Transparency 127 1 of 5 Section 1: Dawn of the Industrial Age Witness History Audio: From Hand Power to Steam Power New Technology Becomes Key In the 1700s, new sources of energy were developed. Coal powered the steam engine, which, in turn, powered everything from trains to ships. The intense heat of coal also allowed for improved iron production, which further benefited the new railroad industry. Color Transparency 116: Steam-Powered Inventions QuickTake Section Quiz Progress Monitoring Transparency 2 of 5 Note Taking Transparency 127 3 of 5 Color Transparency 116: Steam-Powered Inventions 4 of 5 Progress Monitoring Transparency 5 of 5 • portrait of Mr. And Mrs. Robert Andrews •Thomas Gainsborough (1746) A Visit to the Nursery (Jean-Honoré Fragonard) The Industrial Revolution Begins Section 2: Britain Leads the Way, pp 612-615 Why Britain? Britain was able to quickly industrialize because of several factors: coal and river transportation routes were plentiful; there was a large pool of skilled mechanics; there were enough people who had grown rich from trade to finance new industries; there was a stable government that supported economic growth. Geography Interactive: Resources and Industries in England, 1750 Note Taking Transparency 128 1 of 8 Section 2: Britain Leads the Way The Textile Industry Advances The Industrial Revolution made its first big impact on the textile industry. Machines were invented that cleaned cotton, spun thread, and wove cloth. Home-based workers were quickly replaced by fewer factory workers. Color Transparency 115: British Cotton Imports and Exports About 1840 How did the growth of the textile industry affect slavery in the United States? Color Transparency 113: Canals in Britain 1800 Color Transparency 114: The Growth of Railways in Great Britain, 1840 and 1850 2 of 8 Section 2: Britain Leads the Way The Transportation Revolution With increased production came the demand for better transportation. Turnpikes were built and canals were dug. Railroad tracks crisscrossed Europe and North America. Witness History Audio: Sounds of the Rails Witness History Audio: Riding the Railway QuickTake Section Quiz Progress Monitoring Transparency LS Lowry’s painting, The Canal 3 of 8 Note Taking Transparency 128 4 of 8 Color Transparency 115: British Cotton Imports and Exports About 1840 5 of 8 Color Transparency 113: Canals in Britain 1800 6 of 8 Color Transparency 114: The Growth of Railways in Great Britain, 1840 and 1850 7 of 8 Progress Monitoring Transparency 8 of 8 The Industrial Revolution Begins Section 3: Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution, pp.616-621 Witness History Audio: Stench and Sickness People Move to New Industrial Cities The Industrial Revolution caused rapid urbanization in Europe and North America. In the cities people coped with noise and air pollution and nasty smells. Color Transparency 118: In the Black Country, by Constantin Meunier Note Taking Transparency 129 1 of 8 Section 3: Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution New Social Classes Emerge The Industrial Revolution created two new classes of people: a middle class of entrepreneurs whose lifestyles were fairly comfortable and an industrial working class, who packed into tenements without running water or sanitation systems. Some British workers staged riots in the early 1800s in protest of poor pay or working conditions. Methodism became a solace to many of the workers. Color Transparency 117: Tremendous Sacrifice Life in the Factories and Mines Days were long in the factories and mines and days off were few. Accidents maimed people; dust in the mines made people sick. Women workers had no rest between factory and home work. Children also worked to keep food on the table. 2 of 8 The Industrial Revolution Begins Section 3: Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution The Results of Industrialization In time, the Industrial Revolution also benefited many working-class people. When wages rose, many could afford entertainment and travel in addition to food and shelter. Witness History Video: In Old New York QuickTake Section Quiz Progress Monitoring Transparency 3 of 8 Color Transparency 118: In the Black Country, by Constantin Meunier 4 of 8 Note Taking Transparency 129 5 of 8 Color Transparency 117: Tremendous Sacrifice 6 of 8 Progress Monitoring Transparency 7 of 7 Punch Magazine: 1843 Assignment 4 (due. 10/18) 1. 2. 3. 4. Read pp. 608-611 Identify 4 bold-blue terms In a two column chart, summarize life in 1750 and in 1850 Complete reading and study of material in Class notes. Assignment 5 (due Mon., 10/21) • • • • Read pp. 612-615 Identify 8 bold-blue terms Answer 3 Checkpoint questions Student Choice Activity, Horseman on the Roof: Read Film Review if planning to attend Assignment 1 (due Tues., 10/22) • Read pp. 612-615 • Answer questions: caption, pp. 614 and Map Skills, pp 613. • Complete reading and study of material on appropriate slides. Assignment 2 (due Wed., 10/24) • Read pp. 616-620 • Identify 3 bold-blue terms • Answer 4 Checkpoint questions Chapter 19 Test: Friday, 11/1 Assignment 3 (due Mon. 10/22) • Read pp. 621 and answer Thinking Critically questions. • Answer 2 caption questions, pp. 617,619 • Complete reading and study of material on appropriate slides. Chapter 19 Test: Friday, 11/1 End of Term 1 Reminders: • Make up for Romanticism, Nationalism, and Revolution Quiz: Friday, 10/18 • Last Day for SCA Podcast Essay: Napoleon & Wellington: Monday, 10/21 • Last Day for Participation Grade Make ups: Tuesday, 10/22 Get a Head Start on Term 2 SCA: 1. Understanding History Through Film: Romanticism and Nationalism. View French film, Horseman on the Roof, 3-5 showing, Thurs. 10/24. 2. Understanding History Through Literature: Romanticism, Industrialization and social class changes. Wordsworth or Austen – Poetry Analysis (essay) or in-class Performance: Monday, 10/28.