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Transcript
Managing Stress and
Anxiety Chapter 8
Chapter 8
Lesson 1
Effects of Stress
Vocabulary
Stress
Perception
Stressor
Psychosomatic Response
Chronic Stress
You’ll Learn To:
Examine causes and
effects of stress
Analyze how stress can
affect physical emotional
and social health
Discuss how substance
abuse harms
mental/emotional health
Effects of Stress
Stress- is the reaction of the body and mind to
everyday challenges and demands.
Stress effects your daily routines
No matter what the
source, stress can affect
your physical,
mental/emotional, and
social health.
Stress in Your Life
Perception- is the act of becoming aware
through the senses.
A way to manage stress is to change how
you perceive and
react to events
that cause it.
Perception continued
Reactions to stress can be good or bad.
What causes Stress?
Stressor- anything that causes stress.
1)People, objects, places, events, and
situations.
2)Example---------Sound of Siren
Reacting to Stress
Stress in not necessarily good or bad.
Positive or Negative
Motivation/Perform better
during competition.
Unhealthy-losing sleep,
worry, can cause you not
to perform well.
What causes Stress in School
Performance?
Five General Categories of
Stressors
Biological stressors- such as illness,
disabilities, or injuries.
Environment stressors- such as poverty,
pollution, crowding, noise, or natural
disasters.
Cognitive, of thinking, stressors- such
as the way you perceive a situation or how
it affects you and the world around you.
Categories Cont’
Personal behavior stressors- such as
the negative reactions in the body and
mind caused by using tobacco, alcohol, or
other drugs or by lack of physical activity.
Life situation stressors- such as the
death of a pet, the separation or divorce of
parents, or having trouble in relationships
with peers.
Perception of Stressors
Past experiences determine how well you
perceive and handle stressors.
The Body’s Response to Stress
When your brain perceives a situation or
event as threatening, it initiates the stress
response system (Load Noise).
Nervous and Endocrine System- Two
major body systems that act automatically
regardless of the type of situation.
Nervous and Endocrine Systems
The Stress Response System
Alarm- is the first stage of the stress response
system.
Body and mind go on high alert when comforted
with a stressful situation.
Alarm Response- pupil dilation, increase in
perspiration, faster heart rate and pulse, rise in
blood pressure, faster respiration, narrowing of
arteries, increased blood flow to muscles and
brain, increase in muscle tension, release of
blood sugar, fats, and cholesterol.
Fight of Flight Response
Inborn reaction that all living beings have in response to
danger.
Alarm begins when the
hypothalamus
releases a hormone that
acts on the pituitary gland.
The hormone activates
the adrenal gland that
releases Adrenaline the
emergency hormone.
Resistance
The second stage is the Resistance.
Resistance- During this stage the body
adapts to the rush created by the alarm
and reacts to the stressor.
Fight of flight begins.
1) Fight- ability to resist a physical
challenge and attack or
2) Flight- run faster and farther to escape
danger.
Fatigue
Fatigue- When exposure to stress is
prolonged, the body is affected and losses
its ability to adapt to the situation and
physical and mental fatigue will set in.
Physical fatigue- results when
muscles work vigorously
leading to soreness, pain,
and injury.
Fatigue
Psychological fatigue- can result from
constant worry, overwork, depression,
isolation, of feeling overwhelmed.
Pathological fatigue- is tiredness brought
on by overworking the body’s defenses in
fighting disease.
Continued Stress
Prolonged or repeated stress can lead to
stressful illnesses caused by the changes
that take place in your body during these
three stages.
1) Sleeplessness, upset stomach, high
blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.
Stress and Your Health
Physical Effects
Psychosomatic response- a physical
reaction that results from stress rather
than from an injury or illness.
1) Headache caused by tension
2) Asthma
3) High blood pressure
4) Weakened immune system
Mental/Emotional and Social
Effects
Difficult concentrating
Mood swings
Risk of substance abuse---primary drug
abuse
Taking Control of Chronic Stress
Chronic stress- stress associated with
long term problems, that are beyond a
person’s control.
1) Engage in physical activity
2) Look for support among friends and
family
3) Find a hobby or activity that relaxes
you
4) Avoid using tobacco, alcohol, and other
drugs.
Managing Stress
Identify personal causes of stress.
1) Life events
2) Physical stressors
3) Daily hassles
Practice refusal skills to avoid stressful
situations.
Chapter 8
Lesson 2
Managing
Stress
Vocabulary:
Stressmanagement
Skills
Relaxation
Response
You’ll Learn to:
• Identify personal causes
of stress
• Demonstrate refusal
strategies for avoiding
some stressful situations
• Develop strategies for
managing stress
• Examine how healthful
behaviors help reduce
stress.
Ways to Manage Stress
Plan Ahead
Get adequate sleep
Get regular Physical Activity
Eat Nutritious Food
1) Eat regular meals
2) Limit comfort foods
3) Limit caffeine
Avoid Tobacco, Alcohol, and other Drugs
Stress Management Techniques
Stress management Techniques- skills
that help an individual handle stress in a
healthful, effective way.
1) Redirect your energy
2) Relax and laugh
3) Keep a positive outlook
4) Seek out support
Relaxation Response
Is a state of calm that can be reached if
one or more relaxation techniques are
practice regularly (Opposite of Stress
Response).
Chapter 8
Lesson 3
Anxiety and
Teen
Depression
Vocabulary:
Anxiety
Depression
You’ll Learn To:
• Identify symptoms of
anxiety and depression
• Develop strategies for
coping with anxiety and
depression
• Identify warning signs of
major depression that
should prompt individuals
to seek professional
help.
Anxiety and Teen Depression
Anxiety- is the condition of feeling uneasy
or worried about what may happen.
Symptoms include: feelings or fear or
dread, trembling, restlessness, tension,
rapid heart rate, shortness of breath, and
sweating.
Practice stress management techniques.
What is Depression?
Depression- is a prolonged feeling or
helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness.
Reactive depression- is a stressful event
such as a death.
Major depression- is a medical condition
requiring treatment.
Symptoms of Teen Depression
Chapter 8
Lesson 4
You’ll Learn To:
Being a
Resilient Teen • Explain what it means to be
resilient
Vocabulary:
Resiliency
Protective
Factors
• Develop strategies to
promote resiliency
throughout the life span
• Explore methods for
developing protective factors
• Evaluate how having
protective factors helps
people avoid risk behaviors
Being a Resilient Teen
Resiliency- is the ability to adapt
effectively and recover from
disappointments, difficulty, or crisis.
Resilient people are able to handle
adversity in healthful ways and achieve
long-term success in spite of negative
circumstances.
Factors That Affect Resiliency
Developmental assets- are the building
blocks of development that help young
people grow up as healthy, caring, and
responsible individuals.
Based on external and internal factors.
1)commitment to learning
2)positive values
3)social competency
4)positive identity
Protective Factors
Protective Factors- Conditions that shield
individuals form the negative
consequences of exposure to risk.
Build resiliency by
1) Extra-curricular activities
2) Stand up for beliefs
3) Resist negative peer pressure
4) Develop a sense of purpose