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Irony
3 Kinds of Irony
What is Irony?
Irony is about expectations.
Irony: the opposite of what is expected.
3 kinds of irony
• Verbal
• Dramatic
• Situational
Verbal Irony
A character says one thing but means
the opposite
Also called sarcasm or being sarcastic.
Examples
The locker room smells really good.
Awesome! Another homework packet!
Dramatic Irony
When the reader understands more about
the events of a story than a character.
You know something that a character
doesn’t.
Example
Tim’s parents are proud of the “A” he got on
the test, but we know he cheated.
Alex writes a love poem to Judy but we know
that Judy loves Devin.
Situational Irony
When what actually happens is the
opposite of what is expected.
Something about the situation is completely
unexpected.
Example
• Example: A person who claims to be a vegan
and avoids meat but will eat a slice of
pepperoni pizza because they are hungry. ...
• Example: A man who is a traffic cop gets his
license suspended for unpaid parking tickets
Situational Irony
ONLY IN AMERICA…
• …do banks leave vault doors open and then
chain the pens to the counters.
• …do we leave cars worth thousands of
dollars in the driveway and put our useless
junk in the garage.
• …do drugstores make the sick walk all the
way to the back of the store to get their
prescriptions while healthy people can buy
cigarettes at the front counter.
10
Roadside Ironies
11
Examples of Irony
12
More Examples of Irony
13
MORE SITUATIONAL IRONIES
DO YOU EVER WONDER...
• WHY the time of day with the slowest traffic
is called “rush hour”?
• WHY they sterilize the needle for lethal
injections?
• WHY if flying is so safe, airports are called
terminals?
• WHY sheep don’t shrink when it rains?
14
Review
Something that is ironic is unexpected.
If unexpected by a character, it’s dramatic.
If unexpected by everyone, it’s situational.
If it’s sarcasm, it’s verbal.