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CDM implementation in Korea
Gyungae Ha
Center for Climate Change Mitigation Projects
Korea Energy Management Corporation
October 19-21 2005, AIT, Thailand
Contents
 Current
status
 DNA in Korea
 Approval Criteria
 Approved projects
 Lessons learned
Current status
Republic of Korea signed the convention in
December 1993 and the Kyoto protocol in
November 2002
 The government approves two CDM
projects by October 2005


HFC decomposition project in Ulsan (MOCIE,
MOE) & N2O emission reduction in Onsan
(MOCIE, MOE)
Currently, the government is reviewing a
wind power project
 Another two projects(wind power & tidal
power) are in the validation stage

Structure of DNA
Inter-Ministerial Committee on UNFCCC
Chair: Prime Minister
Member: related Ministry and government agency
Vice-ministerial Committee on UNFCCC
Chair: Deputy minister of government policy coordination
Member: related Ministry and government agency
Working group of director-generals on
UNFCCC
CDM Review
Committee
Chair: economic policy coordinator of the
office for government policy coordination
Member: office of government policy
coordination, MOFAT, MOST, MAF, MOCIE,
MOE, MOMAF and other related ministries and
offices
Working group of CDM Review Committee
Member: related Ministry and government
agency
MOFAT: Ministry of Foreign affair and Trade
MOST: Ministry of Science and Technology
MAF: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
MOCIE: Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy
MOE: Ministry of Environment
MOMAF: Ministry of Maritime Affair and Fisheries
Required Documents for the approval

To apply for the approval of a CDM Project, a
project developer shall submit the following
documents to the Industrial Policy Coordination and
Energy Division in the Office of Government Policy
Coordination






Application form
CDM PDD
Approval letter from Annex I or Validation report
Document which certifies Annex I investment(if applicable)
Approval letter from the Executive Board on baseline and
monitoring methodologies (if applicable)
Environmental Impact Assessment report (if applicable)
Procedure for CDM approval in Korea
Project
participants
Submit application documents for
approval letter
CDM Review
Committee
Issues an approval letter based on the
result of the final meeting of the
committee
Responsible ministry or
ministries submit(s) the
review document to the
committee and ask(s) the
office of government policy
coordination to held a
meeting of the committee
for final decision
Circulate the application
documents within the co
mmittee and appoint a
ministry or ministries for
reviewing q proposed
CDM project through the
consultation of related
ministries
Responsible Ministry
or Ministries
Approval criteria
A CDM project shall contribute to national
sustainable development;
 Emission reductions attributable to a CDM
project shall be additional to any that
would occur in the absence of the
proposed project;
 A CDM project shall assess its impact on
environment, transportation and disasters
if applicable;
 Environmentally sound technologies and
know-how shall be transferred;
 A CDM project shall comply with relevant
policies and regulatory regimes.

Priority areas
in a revised procedures
Energy Efficiency improvement
 Renewable energy


Renewable energy potential in Korea
Source
Potential
PV
38 TWh
-including 10% of available installation
area
Wind
93 TWh
- 20% of technical potential
Small Hydro
3.9 TWh
-
Geothermal
n.a.
-
Biomass
2.3 mil.TOE/year

Remarks
- mainly for thermal usage
Methane recovery and utilization in landfills
Approved projects
HFC decomposition project in Ulsan

The project is in the Ulsan plant which
produces HCFC 22 and HFC 23 as an
inevitable by-product of the HCFC 22. This
project installs HFC 23 collection and
decomposition process equipment. The
project will reduce 1.4million CO2 ton per
year



Main ministries : MOCIE & MOE
Supporting bodies: KEMCO for MOCIE & EMC
for MOE
The project has been approved by the
committee as the first CDM project in
Korea.
N2O emission reduction in Onsan

The project is in Rhodia plant at Onsan
which produce adipic acid(C6H10O4),
main constituent of nylon. The project will
install a facility to convert the nitrous oxide
from adipic acid unit into nitrogen based
on the process of thermal decomposition.
The project will reduce 9.15million CO2 ton
per year


Main ministries : MOCIE & MOE
Supporting bodies: KEMCO for MOCIE & EMC
for MOE

KEMCO held a expert meeting for reviewing the
project.
Lessons learned

Difficulties in applying the concept of its
contribution to the SD into the reviewing
process


Different perspective of the concept of SD
according to a ministry
Problems with monitoring to ensure that
approved CDM projects continue to meet
established sustainable development
criteria and technology transfer issues
Lessons learned

Need for measures to promote energy efficiency
improvement projects and new & renewable
energy projects
Waste heat recovery
Energy efficiency improvement
Fuel switching
PFC reduction
LFG recovery
CO2 reductions
(CO2 ton)
128,305
851,893
77,660
5,785,225
754,190
Reduction costs
(won/CO2ton)
22,623
109,520
5,241
331
62,865
New & renewable energy
198,380
1,034,157
TOTAL
7,820,353
178,415
Note) 1000won = 1US$

Building a network of CDM DNAs for sharing their
experience, criteria and procedure (ex. in
UNFCCC website)
Thank you
Any comments and questions are welcomed to:
[email protected]