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* What were the two races of the Cold War and who won them? * Born and raised in Missouri * Fought in WWI * Democrat * Died in 1972 at age 88 Tough decision to drop atomic bombs Led Berlin Airlift Sent troops to Korea Left office in 1952 with lowest approval rating ever, now ranks in top 10 best http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=va5Bt g4kkUE * Raised in Kansas * Nicknamed “Ike” * Republican * Great military commander: led invasion of North Africa and DDay * Died in 1969 Continued many of the New and Fair Deal programs Helped establish NASA, Interstate Highway Peaceful presidency * Raised in Massachusetts * Only Catholic president * In Navy in WWII * Youngest elected and youngest to die– curse of the Kennedy’s President Kennedy had a special style that made him seem different from other politicians. The new First Family charmed Americans with their youth and energy. Kennedy launched a new Cold War strategy. • He built up both conventional and special military forces. • He dealt with Bay of Pigs Invasion, Cuban Missile Crisis, and Berlin Crisis. • He developed the Alliance for Progress to improve relations with Latin American countries. • He created the Peace Corps. Joseph Stalin died in 1953. After a brief power struggle, he was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev. The Arms Race On September 2, 1949, the balance of power between the U.S. and the Soviet Union changed forever. In response, Truman ordered scientists to produce a hydrogen bomb—a bomb 1,000 times more powerful than the atomic bomb. In 1952, the U.S. tested the first H-bomb. The next year, the Soviets tested their own H-bomb. The arms race had begun. Both sides hoped that this program of mutually assured destruction would serve as a deterrent. For many, however, the existence of so many weapons was a further threat to peace. Nuclear Warhead Proliferation Year U.S. USSR Britain France China 1945 6 0 0 0 0 1950 369 5 0 0 0 1955 3,057 200 10 0 0 1960 20,434 1,605 30 0 0 1965 31,642 6,129 310 4 1 While the U.S. worked to contain communism on the ground, they suffered a serious setback in space. In 1957, the Soviets launched the Sputnik I satellite into orbit around the earth. Fearing Soviet dominance of space, Congress approved funding to create NASA. The arms race was now joined by a space race. Kennedy recognized the need for the United States to beat the Soviet Union in the space race. He made it a national goal to place a man on the moon before 1970. Congress gave generous funding to NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RMINS D7MmT4 In July, 1969 an American flag flew on the moon.