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Transcript
AP World History
Japan Changes Direction During
the
Meiji Era: 1868 - 1912
Commodore Matthew Perry
1853 – Commodore Matthew
Perry
“Opens Up” Japan to Western
Trade!
What Did the U. S. Want??
 Coaling stations.

More trading
partners.

A haven for
ship-wrecked
sailors.
Perry’s “Black
Ships”
The Treaty of Kanagawa - 1854
Japan Learns a Lesson!
In 1862, just before the start of the
Meiji period, Tokugawa sent officials and
scholars to China to study the situation
there. A Japanese recorded in his diary
from Shanghai…
The Chinese have become servants to the
foreigners. Sovereignty may belong to
China but in fact it's no more than a
colony of Great Britain and France.
China’s “Unequal Treaties”

After the Opium War of 1839-1842,
Japan was convinced that it had to Open Up
to the West.
The Shi-shi (“Men of High
 Highly idealistic
samurai who felt that the
Purpose”)
arrival of Westerners was an attack on the
traditional values of Japan.
 They believed that:
 Japan was sacred ground.
 The emperor, now a figurehead in
Kyoto, was a God.
 Were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties
with the West without the Emperor’s consent.
 Their slogan  Revere the Emperor, Expel
the Barbarians!
The Meiji Revolt - 1868
 A powerful group
of samurai
overthrow the
Shogun.
 Sakamoto Ryoma,
the hero.
 He helped Japan
emerge from
feudalism into a
unified modern
state.
The Shogunate Is Overthrown!
 The last
Shogun.
 Tokugawa
Yoshinobu.
The Emperor Is “Restored” to
Power
MEIJI  “Enlightened Rule”
Modernization by
“Selective
Borrowing”
 Popular board game.
 Start by leaving
Japan & studying in
various Western
capitals.
 End by returning to
Japan and becoming a
prominent government
official.
European
Goods
 Europe began to
“loom large” in
the thinking of
many Japanese.
 New slogan:
Japanese Spirit;
Western
Technology!
The Japanese Became Obsessed
with Western Styles
Civilization and Enlightenment!
Everything Western Was
Fashionable!
Everything Western Was
Fashionable!
Japanese soldiers with their wives.
The Rulers Set the Tone
with Western Dress
Emperor Meiji
Empress Haruko
(1868- 1912)
Changing Women’s
Fashions
1900 Styles
The First
“Miss Japan”
(1908)
Abolition
of the
feudal system
Modern
Banking
System
Land
Redistribution
Meiji
Reforms
Written
Constitution
(Germans)
Westernize
the School
System
(Fr. & Ger.)
Modernize
the Army
(Prussian)
Build a
Modern Navy
(British)
Human Rights
& Religious
Freedom
Emperor
Worship
Intensified
A Constitutional Government
Copied from the Germans
Satsuma &
Choshu Families
The Emperor
of Japan
The Diet
(Legislative Body)
House of
Representatives
House
of Peers
1889 Constitution
of Japan
Expansionism
& the Rise of Military Power
New players on the block?
Sino-Japanese War: 1894-1895
The Meiji Emperor was in Hiroshima during the
Sino-Japanese War
Soldiers on the Battlefield
During the Sino-Japanese War
The Treaty of Shimonoseki ended the war.
Today—Tensions Between China &
Japan
 Offshore gas field in
the East China Sea
reveals recently
strained relations
between China & Japan.
 Tension over disputed
gas field on the rise,
exacerbating mutual
mistrust dating back to
the Sino-Japanese War.
EEZ-Exclusive Economic
Zone.
The Russo-Japanese War:
1904-1905
The Battle of Tsushima:
The results startled the world!
President Teddy Roosevelt
Mediates the Peace
The Treaty of Portsmouth, NH ended the
Russo-Japanese War.
Japan Annexes Korea
Japan Is a Player in China
Competition from Another “Pacific”
Power Is on the Horizon
The U. S. “Great White Fleet”
But, Japanese Power Would Grow . . .