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Consulta: subject:"Social-ecological"
Registros recuperados: 221
Data/hora: 08/06/2017 19:48:26
Conclusions: Reframing the Possibilities for Natural and Social Science Dialogue on the Economic
History of Natural Resources
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Ommer, Rosemary E.; Departments of History and Geography, University of Victoria; ommer@uvic.ca; Paterson,
Barbara; Marine Research Institute (Ma-Re), Zoology Department, University of Cape Town; Community-University Research
for Recovery Alliance (CURRA), Department of Sociology, Memorial University of Newfoundland
; Barbara@paterson.alt.na.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Fisheries; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
Scale and Governance: Conceptual Considerations and Practical Implications
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Kok, Kasper; Land Dynamics Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands; Kasper.Kok@wur.nl;
Veldkamp, Tom (A.); Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente, Enschede, The
Netherlands;.
Policies have many unforeseen impacts on social-ecological systems at different levels of spatial and temporal scales. Partly
because of this, both scale and governance have been and continue to be hotly debated and studied topics within many scientific
disciplines. Although there are two distinct vocabularies, both communities seem to be struggling to come to terms with a shift
that has common elements. This special feature has two types of contributions, three scoping papers, providing a state-of-the-art
overview of the conceptual discussion, and six case study papers that set out to deal with the practicalities of combining scale and
governance. The scoping papers strongly indicate that using the notion of complex systems, specifically the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Governance; Scale; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2011
Social Capital and Social-Ecological Resilience in the Asteroussia Mountains, Southern Crete, Greece
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Kizos, Thanasis; Department of Geography, University of the Aegean; akizos@aegean.gr; Detsis, Vassilis; Department
of Home Economics & Ecology, Harokopio University;; Iosifides, Theodoros; Department of Geography, University of the
Aegean;; Metaxakis, Minas; Department of Geography, University of the Aegean;.
Social-ecological resilience (SER) expresses the capacity of a social-ecological system to adapt and transform. We investigated
the ways in which different types and transformations of social capital influence the SER of a region. The study area, the
Asteroussia Mountains in southern Crete, Greece, is a typical semiarid hilly/mountainous area of the eastern Mediterranean in
which land degradation is one of the most important issues in land management, mostly related to overgrazing because of the
growing size of the flocks of sheep and goats. The approach followed was qualitative, with in-depth interviews with a small
number of key stakeholders in the area. The findings indicate many important changes in the area in terms of its production,
economy, and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Crete; Greece; Land degradation and desertification; Social-ecological resilience; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2014
Application of the SES Framework for Model-based Analysis of the Dynamics of Social-Ecological
Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Hinkel, Jochen; Global Climate Forum (GCF), Berlin, Germany; hinkel@globalclimateforum.org; Bots, Pieter W. G. ;
Technical University Delft, The Netherlands; p.w.g.bots@tudelft.nl.
Social-ecological systems (SES) are dynamic systems that continuously change in response to internal or external pressures. A
better understanding of the interactions of the social and ecological systems that drive those dynamics is crucial for the
development of sustainable management strategies. Dynamic models can serve as tools to explore social-ecological interactions;
however, the complexity of the studied systems and the need to integrate knowledge, theories, and approaches from different
disciplines pose considerable challenges for their development. We assess the potential of Ostrom’s general SES
framework (SESF) to guide a systematic and transparent process of model development in light of these difficulties. We develop a
stepwise...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Dynamic modeling; Model development; SES framework; Social-ecological modeling; Social-ecological
processes.
Ano: 2014
Toward a Network Perspective of the Study of Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Janssen, Marco A; Arizona State University; Marco.Janssen@asu.edu; Anderies, John M; Arizona State University;
m.anderies@asu.edu; Elmqvist, Thomas; Stockholm University; thomase@ecology.su.se; Ernstson, Henrik; Stockholm
University; henrik@ecology.su.se; McAllister, Ryan R. J.; CSIRO; ryan.mcallister@csiro.au; Olsson, Per; Stockholm University;
per@ctm.su.se; Ryan, Paul; CSIRO; paul.ryan@csiro.au.
Formal models used to study the resilience of social-ecological systems have not explicitly included important structural
characteristics of this type of system. In this paper, we propose a network perspective for social-ecological systems that enables us
to better focus on the structure of interactions between identifiable components of the system. This network perspective might be
useful for developing formal models and comparing case studies of social-ecological systems. Based on an analysis of the case
studies in this special issue, we identify three types of social-ecological networks: (1) ecosystems that are connected by people
through flows of information or materials, (2) ecosystem networks that are disconnected and fragmented by the actions of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Network topology; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Social-ecological networks.
Ano: 2006
Theorizing benefits and constraints in collaborative environmental governance: a transdisciplinary
social-ecological network approach for empirical investigations
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Robins, Garry; Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne; garrylr@unimelb.edu.au;
McAllister, Ryan R. J.; CSIRO; ryan.mcallister@csiro.au; Guerrero, Angela M.; Australian Research Council Centre of
Excellence for Environmental Decisions, University of Queensland; School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland;
a.guerrero@uq.edu.au; Crona, Beatrice; Global Economic Dynamics and the Biosphere, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences;
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; beatrice.crona@su.se; Lubell, Mark; Department of Environmental Science
and Policy, University of California at Davis; mnlubell@ucdavis.edu.
When environmental processes cut across socioeconomic boundaries, traditional top-down government approaches struggle to
effectively manage and conserve ecosystems. In such cases, governance arrangements that foster multiactor collaboration are
needed. The effectiveness of such arrangements, however, depends on how well any ecological interdependencies across governed
ecosystems are aligned with patterns of collaboration. This inherent interdisciplinary and complex problem has impeded progress
in developing a better understanding of how to govern ecosystems for conservation in an increasingly interconnected world. We
argue for the development of empirically informed theories, which are not only able to transcend disciplinary boundaries, but are
also...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Collaborative governance; Connectivity; Exponential random graph models (ERGM); Interdisciplinary;
Networks; Social-ecological fit; Social-ecological networks; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2016
Resilience and development: mobilizing for transformation
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Bousquet, Francois; CIRAD, UPR GREEN, F-34398 Montpellier, France ; francois.bousquet@cirad.fr; Alinovi, Luca;
Global Resilience Partnership, Nairobi, Kenya; luca.alinovi@gmail.com; Barreteau, Olivier; IRSTEA, UMR G-EAU, France;
olivier.barreteau@irstea.fr; Bossio, Deborah; International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Nairobi, Kenya;
d.bossio@cgiar.org; Brown, Katrina; College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, UK;
katrina.brown@exeter.ac.uk; Caron, Patrick; CIRAD, DGDRS, F-34398 Montpellier, France; patrick.Caron@cirad.fr; d'Errico,
Marco; FAO, Rome, Italy; Marco.DErrico@fao.org; DeClerck, Fabrice; Bioversity International, Montpellier, France ;
f.declerck@cgiar.org; Enfors Kautsky, Elin; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden;
elin.enfors@su.se; Fabricius, Christo; Sustainability Research Unit, Nelson Mandela University, South Africa;
christo.fabricius@nmmu.ac.za; Folke, Carl; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Beijer
Institute, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; carl.folke@beijer.kva.se; Fortmann, Louise; UC Berkeley,
USA; louisef@berkeley.edu; Hubert, Bernard; INRA, France; bernard.hubert@avignon.inra.fr; Norgaard, Richard B.; University
of California at Berkeley, USA; norgaard@igc.org; Quinlan, Allyson; Resilience Alliance; aquinlan@resalliance.org; Staver,
Charles; Bioversity International, Montpellier, France; c.staver@cgiar.org.
In 2014, the Third International Conference on the resilience of social-ecological systems chose the theme “resilience
and development: mobilizing for transformation.” The conference aimed specifically at fostering an encounter
between the experiences and thinking focused on the issue of resilience through a social and ecological system perspective, and
the experiences focused on the issue of resilience through a development perspective. In this perspectives piece, we reflect on the
outcomes of the meeting and document the differences and similarities between the two perspectives as discussed during the
conference, and identify bridging questions designed to guide future interactions. After the conference, we read the documents...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Palavras-chave: Development; Perspective; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Transdisciplinarity.
Ano: 2016
Sustainability Learning in Natural Resource Use and Management
Provedor de dados: 7
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Modelling social-ecological systems; Social learning; Sustainability.
Ano: 2007
Revisiting the Resilience of Chestnut Forests in Corsica: from Social-Ecological Systems Theory to
Political Ecology
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Michon, Genevieve; IRD; genevieve.michon@ird.fr.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Chestnut; Corsica; Political ecology; Resilience; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2011
The research journey: travels across the idiomatic and axiomatic toward a better understanding of
complexity
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: McGowan, Katharine A.; University of Waterloo, Canada; k2mcgowa@uwaterloo.ca; Westley, Frances; University of
Waterloo, Canada; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca; Fraser, Evan D. G.; University of Guelph, Canada; frasere@uoguelph.ca; Loring,
Philip A.; University of Saskatchewan, Canada; ploring@alaska.edu; Weathers, Kathleen C.; Cary Institute of Ecosystems
Studies, United States; weathersk@ecostudies.org; Avelino, Flor; Dutch Research Institute for Transitions, Netherlands;
avelino@fsw.eur.nl; Sendzimir, Jan; International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis, Austria; sendzim@iiasa.ac.at; Roy
Chowdhury, Rinku; Indiana University (Bloomington), United States; rroychow@indiana.edu; Moore, Michele-Lee; University of
Victoria, Canada; mlmoore@uvic.ca.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Complexity; Interdisciplinarity; Social-ecological systems; Transdisciplinarity.
Ano: 2014
Can Law Foster Social-Ecological Resilience?
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Garmestani, Ahjond S.; Environmental Protection Agency, USA; garmestani.ahjond@epa.gov; Allen, Craig R.; U.S.
Geological Survey - Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit, School of Natural Resources, University of
Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA. ; allencr@unl.edu; Benson, Melinda H.; Department of Geography and Environmental Studies,
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.; mhbenson@unm.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive governance; Adaptive management; Law; Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2013
Sustainability transformations: a resilience perspective
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Olsson, Per; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Sweden; per.olsson@stockholmresilience.su.se; Galaz, Victor; Stockholm
Resilience Centre, Sweden; victor.galaz@stockholmresilience.su.se; Boonstra, Wiebren J; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Sweden;
wijnand.boonstra@stockholmresilience.su.se.
Scholars and policy makers are becoming increasingly interested in the processes that lead to transformations toward
sustainability. We explored how resilience thinking, and a stronger focus on social-ecological systems, can contribute to existing
studies of sustainability transformations. First, we responded to two major points of critique: the claim that resilience theory is not
useful for addressing sustainability transformations, and that the role of “power” in transformation
processes has been underplayed by resilience scholars. Second, we highlighted promising work that combines insights from
different theoretical strands, a strategy that strengthens our understanding of sustainability transformations. We elaborated three
research...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Palavras-chave: Agency; Innovation; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability transformation.
Ano: 2014
Disturbance, Response, and Persistence in Self-Organized Forested Communities:
Robustness and Resilience in Five Communities in Southern Indiana
Analysis of
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Fleischman, Forrest D.; Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, School of Public and Environmental Affairs,
Indiana University; fleischf@indiana.edu; Boenning, Kinga; Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe
(IAMO); k.boenning@googlemail.com; Garcia-Lopez, Gustavo A; Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, School of
Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University; ggarcial@indiana.edu; Mincey, Sarah; Center for the Study of Institutions,
Population, and Environmental Change, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University; skmincey@indiana.edu;
Schmitt-Harsh, Mikaela; Center for the Study of Institutions, Population, and Environmental Change, School of Public and
Environmental Affairs, Indiana University; Schmittm@indiana.edu; Lopez, Maria Claudia; Facultad de Estudios Ambientales y
Rurales, Universidad Javeriana; mclopezperez@gmail.com; Basurto, Xavier; Duke University Marine Laboratory, Nicholas
School of the Environment, Duke University; xavier.basurto@duke.edu; Fischer, Burney; Workshop in Political Theory and
Policy Analysis, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University; bufische@indiana.edu; Ostrom, Elinor;
Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University;
ostrom@indiana.edu.
We develop an analytic framework for the analysis of robustness in social-ecological systems (SESs) over time. We argue that
social robustness is affected by the disturbances that communities face and the way they respond to them. Using Ostrom's
ontological framework for SESs, we classify the major factors influencing the disturbances and responses faced by five Indiana
intentional communities over a 15-year time frame. Our empirical results indicate that operational and collective-choice rules,
leadership and entrepreneurship, monitoring and sanctioning, economic values, number of users, and norms/social capital are key
variables that need to be at the core of future theoretical work on robustness of self-organized systems.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Disturbance; Intentional communities; Response; Robustness; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2010
Social Thresholds and their Translation into Social-ecological Management Practices
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Christensen, Lisa; Yukon College; lc.yukon@gmail.com; Krogman, Naomi; University of Alberta;
naomi.krogman@ualberta.ca.
The objective of this paper is to provide a preliminary discussion of how to improve our conceptualization of social thresholds
using (1) a more sociological analysis of social resilience, and (2) results from research carried out in collaboration with the
Champagne and Aishihik First Nations of the Yukon Territory, Canada. Our sociological analysis of the concept of resilience
begins with a review of the literature followed by placement of the concept in the domain of sociological theory to gain insight
into its strengths and limitations. A new notion of social thresholds is proposed and case study research discussed to support the
proposition. Our findings suggest that rather than view social thresholds as breakpoints between two regimes, as thresholds...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Functionalism; Social-ecological resilience; Thresholds; Yukon Territory.
Ano: 2012
The action cycle/structural context framework: a fisheries application
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Webster, D.G.; Dartmouth College; D.G.Webster@Dartmouth.Edu.
There is a growing consensus that environmental governance is a wicked problem that requires understanding of the many
linkages and feedbacks between human and natural systems. Here, I propose an action cycle/structural context (AC/SC)
framework that is based on the concept of responsive governance, in which individuals and decision makers respond to problems
rather than working to prevent them. By linking agency and structure, the AC/SC framework points out two key problems in the
realm of environmental governance: the profit disconnect, whereby economic signals of environmental harm are dampened by
endogenous or exogenous forces, and the power disconnect, whereby those who feel the costs of harm are politically marginalized
and so have little influence...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Complexity; Environmental governance; Fisheries; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
The role of cooperation for improved stewardship of marine social-ecological systems in Latin
America
Provedor de dados: 7
Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries are among the worlds’ richest in marine biodiversity. Fish stocks in
these regions are important for fishing communities, and fishing activities engage several million people. These fisheries depend
on the natural services provided by a diverse range of marine social-ecological systems, but many LAC fisheries are in a degraded
state, and concerns about overexploitation are widespread. With most fishery resources fully exploited or overexploited,
opportunities for development lie primarily in restoring depleted stocks and using stocks more efficiently. The papers published in
the Special Feature “Cooperation, Local Communities, and Marine Social-Ecological Systems: New Findings from
Latin...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Cooperation; Latin America; Marine social-ecological systems; Stewardship.
Ano: 2015
The Next Generation of Scientists: Examining the Experiences of Graduate Students in
Network-Level Social-Ecological Science
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Romolini, Michele; Center for Urban Resilience, Loyola Marymount University; michele.romolini@lmu.edu; Record,
Sydne; Harvard Forest, Harvard University; srecord@fas.harvard.edu; Garvoille, Rebecca; Department of Conservation and
Forestry, University of Montana; rgarv001@fiu.edu; Marusenko, Yevgeniy; School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University;
yevgeniy.marusenko@asu.edu; Geiger, R. Stuart; School of Information, University of California Berkeley;
sgeiger@ischool.berkeley.edu.
By integrating the research and resources of hundreds of scientists from dozens of institutions, network-level science is fast
becoming one scientific model of choice to address complex problems. In the pursuit to confront pressing environmental issues
such as climate change, many scientists, practitioners, policy makers, and institutions are promoting network-level research that
integrates the social and ecological sciences. To understand how this scientific trend is unfolding among rising scientists, we
examined how graduate students experienced one such emergent social-ecological research initiative, Integrated Science for
Society and Environment, within the large-scale, geographically distributed Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network.
Through...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Graduate students; Interdisciplinary research; LTER Network; Social-ecological.
Ano: 2013
Adapting to Socioeconomic Developments by Changing Rules in the Governance of Common
Property Pastures in the Swiss Alps
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Baur, Ivo; Chair of Human-Environment Relations, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich ;
ivo.baur@geographie.uni-muenchen.de; Binder, Claudia R.; Chair of Human-Environment Relations, Ludwig-Maximilians
University, Munich; claudia.binder@geographie.uni-muenchen.de.
The common property meadows in the Swiss Alps have been managed by local self-organized governance systems since the
Middle Ages, thus preventing their overuse. During the past century, socioeconomic developments, such as industrialization and
rapid nonagricultural economic growth, have shifted employment opportunities from the agricultural sector towards the service
sector. In the agricultural sector, this has led to less intensive use and maintenance of the meadows in the Alps and consequently
to a reduction in biodiversity. We use the example of Grindelwald in the Swiss Alps to analyze how the governance system has
adapted to these socioeconomic developments. We based our analysis on the Program in Institutional Analysis of
Social-Ecological Systems...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Common property pastures; Rules; SES; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2013
Intelligent Tinkering: the Endangered Species Act and Resilience
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Benson, Melinda Harm; University of New Mexico; mhbenson@unm.edu.
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) is one of the most powerful and controversial environmental laws in the United States. As a
result of its uncompromising position against biodiversity loss, the ESA has become the primary driver of many ecological
restoration efforts in the United States. This article explains why the ESA has become the impetus for so many of these efforts and
assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the ESA as a primary driver from a resilience-based perspective. It argues that in order
to accommodate resilience theory, several changes to ESA implementation and enforcement should be made. First and foremost,
there is a need to shift management strategies from a species-centered to a systems-based approach. Chief among the shifts
required...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Palavras-chave: Endangered Species Act; Governance; Resilience; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2012
Social-ecological system framework: initial changes and continuing challenges
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: McGinnis, Michael D.; Indiana University; mcginnis@indiana.edu; Ostrom, Elinor; Indiana University;
workshop@indiana.edu.
The social-ecological system (SES) framework investigated in this special issue enables researchers from diverse disciplinary
backgrounds working on different resource sectors in disparate geographic areas, biophysical conditions, and temporal domains to
share a common vocabulary for the construction and testing of alternative theories and models that determine which influences on
processes and outcomes are especially critical in specific empirical settings. We summarize changes that have been made to this
framework and discuss a few remaining ambiguities in its formulation. Specifically, we offer a tentative rearrangement of the list
of relevant attributes of governance systems and discuss other ways to make this framework applicable to policy settings...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Frameworks; Governance; Institutional analysis; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
Linking Ecological and Perceptual Assessments for Environmental Management: a Coral Reef Case
Study
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Dinsdale, Elizabeth A; Biology Department, San Diego State University; elizabeth_dinsdale@hotmail.com.
Integrating information from a range of community members in environmental management provides a more complete assessment
of the problem and a diversification of management options, but is difficult to achieve. To investigate the relationship between
different environmental interpretations, I compared three distinct measures of anchor damage on coral reefs: ecological measures,
perceptual meanings, and subjective health judgments. The ecological measures identified an increase in the number of overturned
corals and a reduction in coral cover, the perceptual meanings identified a loss of visual quality, and the health judgments
identified a reduction in the health of the coral reef sites associated with high levels of anchoring. Combining the perceptual...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Coral reefs; Perceptual meanings; Social-ecological assessments.
Ano: 2009
The power problematic: exploring the uncertain terrains of political ecology and the resilience
framework
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Ingalls, Micah L; Poverty-Environment Initiative, United Nations Development Programme; Human Dimensions
Research Unit, Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University; mli6@cornell.edu; Stedman, Richard C; Human
Dimensions Research Unit, Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University; rcs6@cornell.edu.
Significant and growing concerns relating to global social and environmental conditions and processes have raised deep questions
relating to the ability of traditional governance regimes to manage for the complexities of social-ecological systems. The
resilience framework provides a more dynamic approach to system analysis and management, emphasizing nonlinearity,
feedbacks, and multiscalar engagement along the social-ecological nexus. In recent years, however, a number of scholars and
practitioners have noted various insufficiencies in the formulation of the resilience framework, including its lack of engagement
with the dimensions of power within social-ecological systems, which blunt the analytical potential of resilience and run the risk
of undermining...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Political ecology; Power; Resilience; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2016
Diagnosing Institutional Fit: a Formal Perspective
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Cox, Michael; Dartmouth College; michael.e.cox@dartmouth.edu.
I attempt to demonstrate that the concept of institutional fit and the closely related approach of institutional diagnosis can be
improved with the process of formalization. In this context, the concept of fit is interpreted as a way of expressing certain
theoretical propositions that relate a set of variables with each other and with an outcome. This perspective is demonstrated
through the use of the Web Ontology Language to express several "theories of fit." Using a formal language to describe types of
fit and their associated theories is argued to have much potential for advancing the scientific study of social-ecological systems.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Diagnostics; Formalization; Institutional fit; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2012
Resilience Thinking: Integrating Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Folke, Carl; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal
Swedish Academy of Sciences; carl.folke@beijer.kva.se; Carpenter, Stephen R; Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin;
srcarpen@wisc.edu; Walker, Brian; CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University;
Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Scheffer, Marten; Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Wageningen Agricultural
University; Marten.Scheffer@wur.nl; Chapin, Terry; Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks;
fschapiniii@alaska.edu.
Resilience thinking addresses the dynamics and development of complex social–ecological systems (SES). Three
aspects are central: resilience, adaptability and transformability. These aspects interrelate across multiple scales. Resilience in this
context is the capacity of a SES to continually change and adapt yet remain within critical thresholds. Adaptability is part of
resilience. It represents the capacity to adjust responses to changing external drivers and internal processes and thereby allow for
development along the current trajectory (stability domain). Transformability is the capacity to cross thresholds into new
development trajectories. Transformational change at smaller scales enables resilience at larger scales. The capacity to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Adaptability; Adaptation; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Transformability; Transformation.
Ano: 2010
Patrimony for Resilience: Evidence from the Forest Agdal in the Moroccan High Atlas Mountains
Provedor de dados: 7
Patrimony and resilience appear today as key concepts for understanding the dynamics of systems confronted with natural
hazards. Nevertheless, the theoretical comparison between these concepts drawn from different epistemic approaches is lacking.
Our aim is to interrelate resilience and patrimony concepts on the basis of a real example: the Agdal, a traditional forest
management system in the Moroccan High Atlas. The role played by the Agdal in safeguarding the patterns of forest resource use
by village communities from both external and internal conflicts, from natural hazards, and by securing a long-term supply of
resource diversity is highlighted. This role shows the patrimonial character of the forest Agdal for the village communities and
suggests an...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: High Atlas; Morocco; Patrimony; Resilience; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2011
Enhancing the Ostrom social-ecological system framework through formalization
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Hinkel, Jochen; Global Climate Forum; hinkel@globalclimateforum.org; Bots, Pieter W. G.; Delft University of
Technology; p.w.g.bots@tudelft.nl.
Frameworks play an important role in analyzing social-ecological systems (SESs) because they provide shared concepts and
variables that enable comparison between and accumulation of knowledge across multiple cases. One prominent SES framework
focusing on local resource use has been developed by Elinor Ostrom and her colleagues. This framework is an extensive multi-tier
collection of concepts and variables that have demonstrated relevance for explaining outcomes in a large number of case studies in
the context of fishery, water, and forestry common-pool resources. The further development of this framework has raised a
number of issues related to the formal relationships between the large number of concepts and variables involved. In particular,
issues...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Formalization; Framework; Ontology; SES; Social-ecological system; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2014
A Framework to Analyze the Robustness of Social-ecological Systems from an Institutional
Perspective
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Janssen, Marco A; Indiana University;
maajanss@indiana.edu; Ostrom, Elinor; Indiana University; ostrom@indiana.edu.
What makes social-ecological systems (SESs) robust? In this paper, we look at the institutional configurations that affect the
interactions among resources, resource users, public infrastructure providers, and public infrastructures. We propose a framework
that helps identify potential vulnerabilities of SESs to disturbances. All the links between components of this framework can fail
and thereby reduce the robustness of the system. We posit that the link between resource users and public infrastructure providers
is a key variable affecting the robustness of SESs that has frequently been ignored in the past. We illustrate the problems caused
by a disruption in this link. We then briefly describe the design principles originally developed for robust...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Institutions; Resilience; Robustness; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2004
Collapse and Recovery in Sahelian Agro-pastoral Systems: Rethinking Trajectories of Change
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Vang Rasmussen, Laura; Department of Geography & Geology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark;
lr@geo.ku.dk; Reenberg, Anette; Department of Geography & Geology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark;
ar@geo.ku.dk.
We discuss the adaptive cycle heuristic as a potential platform for describing the functioning and directions of change in Sahelian
land use systems. Specifically, the aim is to go beyond the simplified narrative of a vicious circle of land degradation and land
expansion prompted by population pressure and low rainfall and to develop conceptual means to account for system recovery and
adaptation to exposures. We use a village study from northern Burkina Faso as an empirical point of departure. On the basis of
information obtained from extensive interviews and surveys at the group and household level, the different phases of the adaptive
cycle—exploitation (r), conservation (K), release (Ω) and reorganization (α)— are...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive cycle; Connectedness; Potential; Sahel; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2012
What Is the Vulnerability of a Food System to Global Environmental Change?
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Ericksen, Polly J; ECI/GECAFS; polly.ericksen@eci.ox.ac.uk.
Assessing the vulnerability of broadly described food systems to global environmental change requires a new, synthetic approach.
Food systems can best be conceptualized as the integration of humans and the environment or coupled social-ecological systems.
However, much of the existing literature on vulnerability assessment focuses on either social or ecological systems, and
conceptual gaps limit the holistic evaluation of linked systems in which both social and ecosystem outcomes are important. I
suggest an approach with which to integrate factors across a food system to assess the system’s vulnerability to
environmental change by focusing on key processes and system characteristics. However, the multiple objectives of different
actors in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Food security; Social-ecological systems; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2008
What is Social Learning?
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Reed, Mark S; Aberdeen Centre for Environmental Sustainability, Centre for Sustainable International Development,
and Centre for Planning and Environmental Management, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen; m.reed@abdn.ac.uk;
Evely, Anna C; Aberdeen Centre for Environmental Sustainability, University of Aberdeen; School of Geography and
Geosciences, University of St. Andrews; anna_evely@abdn.ac.uk; Cundill, Georgina; Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas,
Aridas (CEAZA); georgina.cundill@gmail.com; Fazey, Ioan; School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St. Andrews;
ioan.fazey@st-andrews.ac.uk; Glass, Jayne; Centre for Mountain Studies, Perth College; UHI Millenium Institute;
jayne.glass@perth.uhi.ac.uk; Laing, Adele; Norah Fry Research Centre, University of Bristol; adelelaing@hotmail.com; Newig,
Jens; Institute for Environmental & Sustainability Communication, Leuphana University; newig@uni.leuphana.de; Parrish,
Brad; Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth & Environment, University of Leeds; b.parrish@see.leeds.ac.uk;
Prell, Christina; Department of Sociology, University of Sheffield; c.prell@sheffield.ac.uk; Raymond, Chris; Centre for Rural
Health and Community Development, University of South Australia; chris.raymond@enviroconnect.com.au; Stringer, Lindsay C;
Sustainability Research Institute, School of Earth & Environment, University of Leeds; l.stringer@leeds.ac.uk.
Social learning is increasingly becoming a normative goal in natural resource management and policy. However, there remains
little consensus over its meaning or theoretical basis. There are still considerable differences in understanding of the concept in the
literature, including a number of articles published in Ecology & Society. Social learning is often conflated with other
concepts such as participation and proenvironmental behavior, and there is often little distinction made between individual and
wider social learning. Many unsubstantiated claims for social learning exist, and there is frequently confusion between the concept
itself and its potential outcomes. This lack of conceptual clarity has limited our capacity to assess whether social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Response
Palavras-chave: Definition; Social-ecological systems; Social learning.
Ano: 2010
Fifteen Weddings and a Funeral: Case Studies and Resilience-based Management
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Walker, Brian H; CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems;
Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Kinzig, Ann P; Arizona State University; Ann.Kinzig@asu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Palavras-chave: Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Resource management.
Ano: 2006
The “social” aspect of social-ecological systems: a critique of analytical
frameworks and findings from a multisite study of coastal sustainability
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Stojanovic, Tim; University of St Andrews; tas21@st-andrews.ac.uk; McNae, Hilda M.; University of St Andrews;
hilda.mcnae@st-andrews.ac.uk; Tett, Paul; Scottish Association for Marine Science; paul.tett@sams.ac.uk; Potts, Tavis W.;
University of Aberdeen, School of Geosciences; Tavis.Potts@abdn.ac.uk; Reis, J; Cardiff University; reisj@cardiff.ac.uk; Smith,
Hance D.; Cardiff University; SmithHD@cardiff.ac.uk; Dillingham, Iain; University of St Andrews; iain@dillingham.me.uk.
We evaluate whether society can adequately be conceptualized as a component of social-ecological systems, given social theory
and the current outputs of systems-based research. A mounting critique from the social sciences posits that resilience theory has
undertheorized social entities with the concept of social-ecological systems. We trace the way that use of the term has evolved,
relating to social science theory. Scientometic and network analysis provide a wide range of empirical data about the origin,
growth, and use of this term in academic literature. A content analysis of papers in Ecology and Society demonstrates a marked
emphasis in research on institutions, economic incentives, land use, population, social networks, and social learning....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Coastal; Scientometric analysis; Social-ecological; Social-ecological systems; Social science; Socio-ecological.
Ano: 2016
Achieving social-ecological fit through bottom-up collaborative governance: an empirical
investigation
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Guerrero, Angela M; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, University of
Queensland; School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland; a.guerrero@uq.edu.au; McAllister, Ryan R. J.;
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation; ryan.mcallister@csiro.au; Wilson, Kerrie A; Australian Research
Council Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, University of Queensland; School of Biological Sciences, University
of Queensland; k.wilson2@uq.edu.au.
Significant benefits can arise from collaborative forms of governance that foster self-organization and flexibility. Likewise,
governance systems that fit with the extent and complexity of the system under management are considered essential to our ability
to solve environmental problems. However, from an empirical perspective the fundamental question of whether self-organized
(bottom-up) collaborative forms of governance are able to accomplish adequate fit is unresolved. We used new theory and
methodological approaches underpinned by interdisciplinary network analysis to address this gap by investigating three
governance challenges that relate to the problem of fit: shared management of ecological resources, management of
interconnected ecological...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Collaborative governance; Exponential Random Graph Modeling; Networks; Problem of fit; Scales;
Social-ecological fit; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
Network approaches for understanding rainwater management from a social-ecological systems
perspective
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Prager, Steven D.; International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT); s.prager@cgiar.org; Pfeifer, Catherine;
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI); c.pfeifer@cgiar.org.
The premise of this research is to better understand how approaches to implementing rainwater management practices can be
informed by understanding how the people living and working in agroecosystems are connected to one another. Because these
connections are via both social interactions and functional characteristics of the landscape, a social-ecological network emerges.
Using social-ecological network theory, we ask how understanding the structure of interactions can lead to improved rainwater
management interventions. Using a case study situated within a small sub-basin in the Fogera area of the Blue Nile Basin of
Ethiopia, we build networks of smallholders based both on the biophysical and social-institutional landscapes present in the study
site, with...
Tipo: NON-REFEREED
Palavras-chave: Network theory; Social-ecological network; Social-ecological systems; Spatial data; Spatial resilience;
Watershed management.
Ano: 2015
Social roles and performance of social-ecological systems: evidence from behavioral lab experiments
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Perez, Irene; Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment, Arizona State University; iperezib@asu.edu; Yu,
David J; Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment, Arizona State University; Lyles School of Civil Engineering,
Purdue University; Department of Political Science, Purdue University; davidjae@asu.edu; Janssen, Marco A; Center for
Behavior, Institutions and the Environment, Arizona State University; School of Sustainability, Arizona State University;
Marco.Janssen@asu.edu; Anderies, John M; Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment, Arizona State University;
School of Sustainability, Arizona State University; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University;
m.anderies@asu.edu.
Social roles are thought to play an important role in determining the capacity for collective action in a community regarding the
use of shared resources. Here we report on the results of a study using a behavioral experimental approach regarding the
relationship between social roles and the performance of social-ecological systems. The computer-based irrigation experiment that
was the basis of this study mimics the decisions faced by farmers in small-scale irrigation systems. In each of 20 rounds, which
are analogous to growing seasons, participants face a two-stage commons dilemma. First they must decide how much to invest in
the public infrastructure, e.g., canals and water diversion structures. Second, they must decide how much to extract from the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Behavioral experiments; Communication; Irrigation systems; Lab experiments; Qualitative comparative
analysis; Social-ecological networks; Social-ecological systems; Social roles.
Ano: 2015
A diagnostic procedure for applying the social-ecological systems framework in diverse cases
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Hinkel, Jochen; Global Climate Forum (GCF), Berlin, Germany; hinkel@globalclimateforum.org; Cox, Michael E.;
Environmental Studies Program, Dartmouth College, New Hampshire; michael.e.cox@dartmouth.edu; Binder, Claudia R.;
University of Munich, Germany; claudia.binder@geographie.uni-muenchen.de; Falk, Thomas; University of Marburg, Germany;
falkt@staff.uni-marburg.de.
The framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems (SES) framework of Elinor Ostrom is a multitier
collection of concepts and variables that have proven to be relevant for understanding outcomes in diverse SES. The first tier of
this framework includes the concepts resource system (RS) and resource units (RU), which are then further characterized through
lower tier variables such as clarity of system boundaries and mobility. The long-term goal of framework development is to derive
conclusions about which combinations of variables explain outcomes across diverse types of SES. This will only be possible if the
concepts and variables of the framework can be made operational unambiguously for the different types of SES, which,
however,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Common-pool resource; Commons; Complex commons; Public good; Resource system; Resource unit; SES;
Social-ecological system; Social-ecological system framework; Sustainability.
Ano: 2015
Linking classroom learning and research to advance ideas about social-ecological resilience
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Ban, Natalie C.; School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria; nban@uvic.ca; Boyd, Emily; School of
Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Sciences, University of Reading; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm
University.; emily.boyd@reading.ac.uk; Cox, Michael; Environmental Studies Program, Dartmouth College;
michael.e.cox@dartmouth.edu; Meek, Chanda L.; Department of Political Science, University of Alaska Fairbanks;
clmeek@alaska.edu; Schoon, Michael; School of Sustainability, Arizona State University; michael.schoon@asu.edu;
Villamayor-Tomas, Sergio; Division of Resource Economics, Humboldt University; villamayortomas@gmail.com.
There is an increasing demand in higher education institutions for training in complex environmental problems. Such training
requires a careful mix of conventional methods and innovative solutions, a task not always easy to accomplish. In this paper we
review literature on this theme, highlight relevant advances in the pedagogical literature, and report on some examples resulting
from our recent efforts to teach complex environmental issues. The examples range from full credit courses in sustainable
development and research methods to project-based and in-class activity units. A consensus from the literature is that lectures are
not sufficient to fully engage students in these issues. A conclusion from the review of examples is that problem-based and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Complex systems; Interdisciplinarity; Pedagogy; Problem-based learning; Project-based learning;
Social-ecological resilience; Social-ecological systems; Teaching.
Ano: 2015
Social-ecological Resilience and Biodiversity Conservation in a 900-year-old Protected Area
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Newton, Adrian C; Bournemouth University; anewton@bournemouth.ac.uk.
Protected areas are increasingly being recognized as coupled social-ecological systems, whose effectiveness depends on their
resilience. Here I present a historical profile of an individual case study, the New Forest (England), which was first designated as a
protected area more than 900 years ago. Uniquely, a traditional pattern of land use has been maintained ever since, providing a
rare opportunity to examine the resilience of an integrated social-ecological system over nine centuries. The New Forest
demonstrates that over the long term, coupled social-ecological systems can be resilient to major internal and external shocks,
including climate change, mass human mortality and war. Changes in governance had the greatest impact on the reserve itself,
with...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Effectiveness; Protected area; Resilience; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2011
Periodic Closures as Adaptive Coral Reef Management in the Indo-Pacific
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Cinner, Josh; James Cook University; joshua.cinner@jcu.edu.au; Marnane, Michael J; Wildlife Conservation Society;;
McClanahan, Timothy R; Wildlife Conservation Society; tmcclanahan@wcs.org; Almany, Glenn R.; James Cook University;.
This study explores the social, economic, and ecological context within which communities in Papua New Guinea and Indonesia
use adaptive coral reef management. We tested whether periodic closures had positive effects on reef resources, and found that
both the biomass and the average size of fishes commonly caught in Indo-Pacific subsistence fisheries were greater inside areas
subject to periodic closures compared to sites with year-round open access. Surprisingly, both long-lived and short-lived species
benefited from periodic closures. Our study sites were remote communities that shared many socioeconomic characteristics; these
may be crucial to the effectiveness of adaptive management of reef resources through periodic closures. Some of these factors...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Coral reefs; Socioeconomic; Periodic closures; Traditional management;
Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2006
Adaptive wetland management in an uncertain and changing arid environment
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Downard, Rebekah; Utah State University; rdownard8@gmail.com; Endter-Wada, Joanna; Utah State University;
joanna.endter-wada@usu.edu; Kettenring, Karin M.; Utah State University; karin.kettenring@usu.edu.
Wetlands in the arid western United States provide rare and critical migratory bird habitat and constitute a critical nexus within
larger social-ecological systems (SES) where multiple changing land-use and water-use patterns meet. The Bear River Migratory
Bird Refuge in Utah, USA, presents a case study of the ways that wetland managers have created adaptive management strategies
that are responsive to the social and hydrological conditions of the agriculture-dominated SES within which they are located.
Managers have acquired water rights and constructed infrastructure while cultivating collaborative relationships with other water
users to increase the adaptive capacity of the region and decrease conflict. Historically, water management involved diversion...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Collaboration; Great Salt Lake Utah; Social-ecological systems; Water policy;
Wetlands.
Ano: 2014
A Theory of Transformative Agency in Linked Social-Ecological Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Westley, Frances R.; Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca; Tjornbo, Ola;
Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience; ola.tjornbo@gmail.com; Schultz, Lisen; Stockholm Resilience Centre;
lisen@ecology.su.se; Olsson, Per; Stockholm Resilience Centre; per.olsson@stockholmresilience.su.se; Folke, Carl; Stockholm
Resilience Centre; carl.folke@beijer.kva.se; Crona, Beatrice; Stockholm Resilience Centre;
beatrice.crona@stockholmresilience.su.se.
We reviewed the literature on leadership in linked social-ecological systems and combined it with the literature on institutional
entrepreneurship in complex adaptive systems to develop a new theory of transformative agency in linked social-ecological
systems. Although there is evidence of the importance of strategic agency in introducing innovation and transforming approaches
to management and governance of such systems, there is no coherent theory to explain the wide diversity of strategies identified.
Using Holling’s adaptive cycle as a model of phases present in innovation and transformation of resilient
social-ecological systems, overlaid by Dorado’s
model of opportunity context (opaque, hazy, transparent) in
complex adaptive...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Institutional entrepreneurship; Skills; Social innovation; Transformation of linked social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2013
A Typology of Benefit Sharing Arrangements for the Governance of Social-Ecological Systems in
Developing Countries
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Nkhata, Bimo Abraham; Water Research Node, Monash South Africa; bimo.nkhata@monash.edu; Mosimane, Alfons;
Centre for Environment, Agriculture and Development, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa;
alfons.mosimane@gmail.com; Downsborough, Linda; Water Research Node, Monash South Africa;
Linda.Downsborough@monash.edu; Breen, Charles; Centre for Environment, Agriculture and Development, University of
KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa; breenc@telkomsa.net; Roux, Dirk J; Water Research Node, Monash South Africa;
dirk.roux@monash.edu.
This study explores and interprets relevant literature to construct a typology of benefit sharing arrangements for the governance of
social-ecological systems in developing countries. The typology comprises three generic categories of benefit sharing
arrangements: collaborative, market-oriented, and egalitarian. We contend that the three categories provide a useful basis for
exploring and classifying the different societal arrangements required for governance of social-ecological systems. The typology
we present is founded on a related set of explicit assumptions that can be used to explore and better understand the linkages
among ecosystem services, benefit sharing, and governance. Issues that are strongly related to sustainability in developing
countries...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Benefit sharing; Developing countries; Ecosystem services; Governance; Social-ecological systems; Typology.
Ano: 2012
Ecological and Social Aspects of Ecological Restoration: New Challenges and Opportunities for
Northern Regions
Provedor de dados: 7
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Palavras-chave: Ecological restoration; Northern regions; Policies; Social-ecological systems; Techniques.
Ano: 2013
Managing hunting under uncertainty: from one-off ecological indicators to resilience approaches in
assessing the sustainability of bushmeat hunting
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: van Vliet, Nathalie; Center for International Forestry Research; vanvlietnathalie@yahoo.com; Fa, John; Center for
International Forestry Research; jfa949@gmail.com; Nasi, Robert; Center for International Forestry Research; r.nasi@cgiar.org.
Despite the fact that sustainability of bushmeat hunting in tropical areas is of major concern for conservation and development
practitioners, we still know very little about how to measure sustainability and how to put in place sustainable bushmeat hunting
systems. We review the current limits of traditional methods used to investigate sustainability of bushmeat hunting, discuss the
need to incorporate the characteristics of complex systems into sustainability assessments, and suggest how resilience theories
could assist in understanding bushmeat sustainability and more effective conservation of wildlife in tropical areas. Traditional
methods used to assess the sustainability of bushmeat hunting include demographic models of population growth, one-off...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Bushmeat; Hunting; Resilience analysis; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability; Tropical areas.
Ano: 2015
Social-Ecological Predictors of Global Invasions and Extinctions
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Lotz, Aaron; University of California, Davis; alotz@ucdavis.edu; Allen, Craig R.; Nebraska Cooperative Fish and
Wildlife Research Unit ; allencr@unl.edu.
Most assessments of resilience have been focused on local conditions. Studies focused on the relationship between humanity and
environmental degradation are rare, and are rarely comprehensive. We investigated multiple social-ecological factors for 100
countries around the globe in relation to the percentage of invasions and extinctions within each country. These 100 countries
contain approximately 87% of the world’s population, produce 43% of the world’s per capita gross
domestic product (GDP), and take up 74% of the earth’s total land area. We used an information theoretic approach
to determine which models were most supported by our data, utilizing an a priori set of plausible models that included a
combination of 15...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Endangered species conservation; Extinctions; Invasions; Invasive species management;
Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2013
Small islands, valuable insights: systems of customary resource use and resilience to climate change in
the Pacific
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: McMillen, Heather L; University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa; hmcmille@hawaii.edu; Ticktin, Tamara;
University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa; ticktin@hawaii.edu; Friedlander, Alan; National Geographic
Society-Pristine Seas Project; University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa; alan.Friedlander@hawaii.edu; Jupiter,
Stacy D; Wildlife Conservation Society Fiji Country Program; sjupiter@wcs.org; Thaman, Randolph; University of the South
Pacific; randolph.thaman@usp.ac.fj; Campbell, John; University of Waikato; j.campbell@waikato.ac.nz; Veitayaki, Joeli;
University of the South Pacific; joeli.veitayaki@usp.ac.fj; Giambelluca, Thomas; University of Hawaiʻi at
Mānoa; Nagoya University; thomas@hawaii.edu; Nihmei, Salesa; SPREP; salesan@sprep.org; Rupeni, Etika;
IUCN/Locally Managed Marine Network; etika.rupeni@iucn.org; Apis-Overhoff, Lucille; University of the South Pacific;
lu.overhoff@gmail.com; Aalbersberg, William; University of the South Pacific; william.aalbersberg@usp.ac.fj; Orcherton, Dan
F.; Centre for Sustainable Technology and Development, Fiji National University; dan.orcherton@fnu.ac.fj.
Understanding how social-ecological systems are and can be resilient to climate change is one of the world's most crucial
problems today. It requires knowledge at local and global scales, the integration of natural and social sciences, and a focus on
biocultural diversity. Small Pacific Islands and the knowledge-practice-belief systems of their peoples have a long history of
resilience to environmental variability and unpredictability, including in areas with marginal habitats and with periodic, severe
disturbance (e.g., drought, flood, storms, and tsunami). We review the state of research on these knowledge systems as it pertains
to resilience and adaptation, and we highlight critical research needs to address the interrelated areas of: (1) local-scale...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Biocultural diversity; Climate; Customary; Indigenous and local ecological knowledge; Pacific Islands;
Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2014
Perceived Benefits of Fisheries Management Restrictions in Madagascar
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: McClanahan, Tim R.; Wildlife Conservation Society; tmcclanahan@wcs.org; Cinner, Joshua E.; ARC Centre of
Excellence for Coral Reef Studies; joshua.cinner@jcu.edu.au; Abunge, Caroline; Wildlife Conservation Society;; Rabearisoa,
Ando; Conservation International;; Mahatante, Paubert; University of Toliara;; Ramahatratra, Frederick; University of Toliara;;
Andrianarivelo, Norbert; Wildlife Conservation Society;.
Perceptions of the benefits of fisheries management restrictions were evaluated in coastal Madagascar to identify restrictions that
are likely to be self- and community enforced. The survey focused on 24 Malagasy fishing villages adjacent to coral reefs.
Resource users' perceptions of the benefits of restrictions were generally high and widespread, but some less positive perceptions
were found in three villages located near marine protected areas. Perceptions of the benefits of gear restrictions had widespread
support; closed areas, seasons, and minimum sizes of fish were less common; and restrictions on species were supported
infrequently. We therefore advocate a management implementation approach that uses these scales of perceived benefits and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Fisheries management; Marine protected area planning; Poverty; Social-ecological.
Ano: 2014
The role of public education in governance for resilience in a rapidly changing Arctic
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Cost, Douglas S; University of Alaska Fairbanks; dscost@alaska.edu.
Education and learning possess powerful potential in affecting future resilience and sustainable states. Here, I focus on unpacking
and examining the connections and feedbacks between social-environmental systems (SESs), resilience, and compulsory
education. SESs have been problematized as frequently having a poor fit between environmental change and policy solutions. The
last few decades have witnessed global recognition of climate change in the Arctic. This has led to discussion and debate over the
role of schools in addressing local knowledge, environmental changes, and community priorities. In Alaska, USA, and other
Arctic regions, the role of public schools in improving this fit has been largely overlooked. I hypothesize that, as extensions of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Governance; Public education; Resilience; Rural schools; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
Ecosystem Services Linking Social and Ecological Systems: River Brownification and the Response of
Downstream Stakeholders
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Tuvendal, Magnus; Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre,
Stockholm University, Sweden; magnus.tuvendal@ecology.su.se; Elmqvist, Thomas; Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm
University, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; thomase@ecology.su.se.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Brownification; Coping; Ecosystem service; Governance; Resilience; Response strategies;
Social-ecological system; Transformation.
Ano: 2011
Perceptions of shellfish aquaculture in British Columbia and implications for well-being in marine
social-ecological systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: D'Anna, Linda M; Vancouver Island University, Institute for Coastal Research; lmdanna@gmail.com; Murray, Grant D;
Vancouver Island University, Institute for Coastal Research; grant.murray@viu.ca.
Shellfish aquaculture is often positioned as an adaptive alternative to traditional resource industries, but the social and cultural
effects of expanding production on coastal/marine social-ecological systems are unclear. Reporting on a multimethods study, we
present perceptions about shellfish aquaculture collected through interviews, participant-employed photography, and a household
survey in British Columbia, Canada. With an approach focused on local preferences for social-ecological conditions and the ways
in which those conditions may be enhanced or diminished, we indicate that perceptions of the effects of aquaculture on the
environment, economy, and lived experience are composed of both objective and subjective components. Interview responses
and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Coastal communities; Marine; Shellfish aquaculture; Social-ecological systems; Well-being.
Ano: 2015
Resilience of small-scale societies’ livelihoods: a framework for studying the transition
from food gathering to food production
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Lancelotti, Carla; CaSEs - Complexity and Socio-Ecological Dynamics Research Group; Department of Humanities,
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain; carla.lancelotti@upf.edu; Zurro, Debora; CaSEs - Complexity and Socio-Ecological
Dynamics Research Group; Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, IMF-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain; debora@imf.csic.es;
Whitehouse, Nicki J.; School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK;
nicola.whitehouse@plymouth.ac.uk; Kramer, Karen L.; Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah,
USA; karen.kramer@anthro.utah.edu; Madella, Marco; CaSEs - Complexity and Socio-Ecological Dynamics Research Group;
Department of Humanities, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Archaeology and Anthropology,
IMF-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain; ICREA, Barcelona, Spain; marco.madella@icrea.cat; Greaves, Russell D.; Department of
Anthropology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA; Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, Harvard
University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA; russell.greaves@anthro.utah.edu.
The origins of agriculture and the shift from hunting and gathering to committed agriculture is regarded as one of the major
transitions in human history. Archeologists and anthropologists have invested significant efforts in explaining the origins of
agriculture. A period of gathering intensification and experimentation and pursuing a mixed economic strategy seems the most
plausible explanation for the transition to agriculture and provides an approach to study a process in which several nonlinear
processes may have played a role. However, the mechanisms underlying the transition to full agriculture are not completely clear.
This is partly due to the nature of the archeological record, which registers a practice only once it has become clearly...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: ABM; Resources; Social-ecological dynamics; Subsistence strategies; Transition to agriculture.
Ano: 2016
Social-ecological memory as a source of general and specified resilience
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: von Heland, Jacob; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; jacobvonheland@gmail.com.
We explored why social-ecological memory (SEM) is a source of inertia and path dependence, as well as a source of renewal and
reorganization in social-ecological systems (SESs). We have presented two case studies: the historical case of the Norse
settlement on Greenland and an empirical case from contemporary southern Madagascar. The cases illustrate how SEM is linked
to specific pathways of development and a particular set of natural resource management practices. We have shown that in each
case, a broader diversity of SEM is present in the SESs, but not drawn upon. Instead, SEMs are part of what explains community
coherence and the barriers to adoption of more diverse practices. We have elaborated on how specific SEMs are linked to
specified resilience,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: General and specified resilience; Identity; Pathway dependency; Robustness; Social-ecological memory.
Ano: 2014
Synchronous failure: the emerging causal architecture of global crisis
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Homer-Dixon, Thomas; Balsillie School of International Affairs, University of Waterloo, Canada;
tfhomer@uwaterloo.ca; Walker, Brian; CSIRO Land and Water, Australia; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Biggs, Reinette; Stockholm
Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; Centre for Studies in Complexity, Stellenbosch University, South Africa;
oonsie.biggs@su.se; Folke, Carl; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; Beijer Institute of Ecological
Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden; carl.folke@beijer.kva.se; Lambin, Eric F.; Earth and Life Institute,
University of Louvain, Belgium; School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences and Woods Institute for the
Environment, Stanford University, United States; elambin@stanford.edu; Peterson, Garry D.; Stockholm Resilience Centre,
Stockholm University, Sweden; garry.peterson@su.se; Scheffer, Marten; Environmental Sciences, Aquatic Ecology and Water
Quality Management, Wageningen Agricultural University, Netherlands; Marten.Scheffer@wur.nl; Steffen, Will; Stockholm
Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University,
Australia; will.steffen@anu.edu.au; Troell, Max; Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences,
Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; max@beijer.kva.se.
Recent global crises reveal an emerging pattern of causation that could increasingly characterize the birth and progress of future
global crises. A conceptual framework identifies this pattern’s deep causes, intermediate processes, and ultimate
outcomes. The framework shows how multiple stresses can interact within a single social-ecological system to cause a shift in that
system’s behavior, how simultaneous shifts of this kind in several largely discrete social-ecological systems can
interact to cause a far larger intersystemic crisis, and how such a larger crisis can then rapidly propagate across multiple system
boundaries to the global scale. Case studies of the 2008-2009 financial-energy and food-energy crises illustrate the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Climate change; Conventional oil; Financial system; Global crisis; Grain supply; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2015
Double coupling: modeling subjectivity and asymmetric organization in social-ecological systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Manuel-Navarrete, David; School of Sustainability, Arizona State University; davidmn@asu.edu.
Social-ecological organization is a multidimensional phenomenon that combines material and symbolic processes. However, the
coupling between social and ecological subsystem is often conceptualized as purely material, thus reducing the symbolic
dimension to its behavioral and actionable expressions. In this paper I conceptualize social-ecological systems as doubly coupled.
On the one hand, material expressions of socio-cultural processes affect and are affected by ecological dynamics. On the other
hand, coupled social-ecological material dynamics are concurrently coupled with subjective dynamics via coding, decoding,
personal experience, and human agency. This second coupling operates across two organizationally heterogeneous dimensions:
material and...
Tipo: NON-REFEREED
Palavras-chave: Congruence; Conscious power; Coupled nature-human systems; Social-ecological organization; Subjectivity;
Sustainability.
Ano: 2015
Strategies for managing complex social-ecological systems in the face of uncertainty: examples from
South Africa and beyond
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Biggs, Reinette (Oonsie); Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; Stellenbosch Institute for
Advanced Study (STIAS), Wallenberg Research Centre at Stellenbosch University, South Africa; Centre for Studies in
Complexity, Stellenbosch University, South Africa; oonsie@sun.ac.za; Rhode, Clint; Department of Genetics, Stellenbosch
University, South Africa; clintr@sun.ac.za; Archibald, Sally; Natural Resources and the Environment, CSIR, South Africa; Centre
for African Ecology, Animal Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa ;
sarchibald@csir.co.za; Kunene, Lucky Makhosini; Department of Sociology, University of Fort Hare, East London, South Africa;
Africa Institute of South Africa, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa; lkunene@ufh.ac.za; Mutanga, Shingirirai S.;
Africa Institute of South Africa, Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa; Smutanga@ai.org.za; Nkuna, Nghamula;
Public Administration, University of Limpopo, South Africa; nghamula.nkuna@ul.ac.za; Ocholla, Peter Omondi; Department of
Earth Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa; Department of Hydrology, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South
Africa; peterocholla@gmail.com; Phadima, Lehlohonolo Joe; Scientific Services Division, Ezemvelo KwaZulu-Natal Wildlife,
South Africa ; phadimal@kznwildlife.com.
Improving our ability to manage complex, rapidly changing social-ecological systems is one of the defining challenges of the 21st
century. This is particularly crucial if large-scale poverty alleviation is to be secured without undermining the capacity of the
environment to support future generations. To address this challenge, strategies that enable judicious management of
social-ecological systems in the face of substantive uncertainty are needed. Several such strategies are emerging from the
developing body of work on complexity and resilience. We identify and discuss four strategies, providing practical examples of
how each strategy has been applied in innovative ways to manage turbulent social-ecological change in South Africa and the
broader region:...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Complexity; Resilience; Social-ecological systems southern Africa; Uncertainty.
Ano: 2015
The Oak Ridges Moraine as a Social Innovation: Strategic Vision as a Social-Ecological Interaction
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: McCarthy, Daniel D. P.; Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience and the Department of Environment
and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo; dmccarth@uwaterloo.ca; Whitelaw, Graham S.; School of Environmental Studies,
Queens University; graham.whitelaw@queensu.ca; Westley, Frances R.; JW McConnell Chair in Social Innovation, Waterloo
Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience; fwestley@uwaterloo.ca; Crandall, Debbe D.; Debbe Day Crandall Save the Oak
Ridges Moraine Coalition; debbeday@rogers.com; Burnett, David; Manager, Regional and Provincial Policy, Toronto and Region
Conservation; dburnett@trca.on.ca.
The Oak Ridges Moraine (ORM) case is unique in that it represents a social innovation in Canadian, if not North American,
ecosystem-based land-use planning. A social innovation is an initiative, product, process, or program that profoundly changes the
basic routines, resources, and authority flows or beliefs of any social system. Successful social innovations have durability and
broad impact. We interpret the narrative of the ORM conservation process to explore the utility of an emerging social innovation
conceptual model, the ‘vision as social interaction’ framework using resilience thinking and the role of
vision in social change within complex social-ecological systems. Qualitative data from two interrelated studies of the moraine...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Oak Ridges Moraine; Social-ecological systems; Social innovation; Strategic vision.
Ano: 2014
Seeing is questioning: prompting sustainability discourses through an evocative visual agenda
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Thomsen, Dana C; Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast; dthomsen@usc.edu.au.
I explore the potential utility of visual imagery to engage viewers in connecting ways with dynamic social-ecological contexts.
Constructing photographs in response to the mass stranding of birds (shearwaters) on the east coast of Australia in 2013, I
demonstrate the potential of wildlife and landscape photography to represent the impacts of environmental change at personal,
relational, spatial, and temporal scales simultaneously.
In so doing, I suggest that the production and interpretation of
photographs can lead to responses that: (1) foster attentive forms of vision in familiar contexts; (2) provoke reflexive
self-examination and critiques of broader, complex systems; (3) develop emotional connections with those impacted by
social-ecological change;...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Art; Australia; Autoethnography; Environmental change; Interdisciplinary; Learning for sustainability;
Photography; Social-ecological change; Visual communication.
Ano: 2015
Social-ecological resilience and biosphere-based sustainability science
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Folke, Carl; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Beijer Institute, Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; carl.folke@beijer.kva.se; Biggs, Reinette; Centre for Complex Systems in Transition,
University of Stellenbosch, South Africa; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden;
oonsie.biggs@su.se; Reyers, Belinda; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden;
belinda.reyers@su.se.
Humanity has emerged as a major force in the operation of the biosphere. The focus is shifting from the environment as
externality to the biosphere as precondition for social justice, economic development, and sustainability. In this article, we
exemplify the intertwined nature of social-ecological systems and emphasize that they operate within, and as embedded parts of
the biosphere and as such coevolve with and depend on it. We regard social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems and
use a social-ecological resilience approach as a lens to address and understand their dynamics. We raise the challenge of
stewardship of development in concert with the biosphere for people in diverse contexts and places as critical for long-term
sustainability and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Anthropocene; Biosphere stewardship; Natural capital; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability
science.
Ano: 2016
Resilience design: toward a synthesis of cognition, learning, and collaboration for adaptive problem
solving in conservation and natural resource stewardship
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Curtin, Charles G.; MIT-USGS Science Impact Collaborative, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Mora Watershed
Alliance; ccurtin@earthlink.net.
Through the resilience design approach, I propose to extend the resilience paradigm by re-examining the components of adaptive
decision-making and governance processes. The approach can be divided into three core components: (1) equity design, i.e., the
integration of collaborative approaches to conservation and adaptive governance that generates effective self-organization and
emergence in conservation and natural resource stewardship; (2) process design, i.e., the generation of more effective knowledge
through strategic development of information inputs; and (3) outcome design, i.e., the pragmatic synthesis of the previous two
approaches, generating a framework for developing durable and dynamic conservation and stewardship. The design of processes
that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Cognition; Collaborative adaptive management; Linked social-ecological systems; Resilience design; Wicked
systems.
Ano: 2014
Parks, people, and change: the importance of multistakeholder engagement in adaptation planning
for conserved areas
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Knapp, Corrine N.; Department of Environment and Sustainability, Western State Colorado University;
corrieknapp@yahoo.com; Chapin III, F. Stuart; Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA;
terry.chapin@alaska.edu; Kofinas, Gary P.; Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA;
gpkofinas@alaska.edu; Fresco, Nancy; Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA;
nlfresco@alaska.edu; Carothers, Courtney; School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA;
clcarothers@alaska.edu; Craver, Amy; Denali National Park and Preserve; amy_craver@nps.gov.
Climate change challenges the traditional goals and conservation strategies of protected areas, necessitating adaptation to
changing conditions. Denali National Park and Preserve (Denali) in south central Alaska, USA, is a vast landscape that is
responding to climate change in ways that will impact both ecological resources and local communities. Local observations help
to inform understanding of climate change and adaptation planning, but whose knowledge is most important to consider? For this
project we interviewed long-term Denali staff, scientists, subsistence community members, bus drivers, and business owners to
assess what types of observations each can contribute, how climate change is impacting each, and what they think the National
Park Service...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Conservation; Climate change; Local knowledge; National Park; Resilience; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
The role of social learning for social-ecological systems in Korean village groves restoration
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Lee, Eunju; Civic Ecology Lab, Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University; el372@cornell.edu; Krasny,
Marianne E.; Civic Ecology Lab, Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University; mek2@cornell.edu.
Recently, social learning has been recognized as a means to foster adaptation to changing conditions, and more broadly,
social-ecological systems resilience. However, the discussion of social learning and social-ecological resilience in different
cultural contexts is limited. In this study we introduce the Korean Village Groves Restoration Project (VGRP) through the lens of
social learning, and discuss implications of the VGRP for resilience in villages impacted by industrialization and decline of
traditional forest resources. We conducted open-ended interviews with VGRP leaders, government and NGO officials, and
residents in four villages in South Korea, and found that villages responded to ecosystem change in ways that could be explained
by the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Korean village groves; Multiple loop learning; Natural resource management; Social-ecological resilience;
Social learning.
Ano: 2015
U.S. wildfire governance as social-ecological problem
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Steelman, Toddi; School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan; North Carolina State
University, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources; toddi.steelman@usask.ca.
There are fundamental spatial and temporal disconnects between the specific policies that have been crafted to address our
wildfire challenges. The biophysical changes in fuels, wildfire behavior, and climate have created a new set of conditions for
which our wildfire governance system is poorly suited to address. To address these challenges, a reorientation of goals is needed
to focus on creating an anticipatory wildfire governance system focused on social and ecological resilience. Key characteristics of
this system could include the following: (1) not taking historical patterns as givens; (2) identifying future social and ecological
thresholds of concern; (3) embracing diversity/heterogeneity as principles in ecological and social responses; and (4)...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Environmental governance; Institutions; Policy; Scale; Social-ecological system; United States; Wildfire.
Ano: 2016
Understanding the contribution of wild edible plants to rural social-ecological resilience in semi-arid
Kenya
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Shumsky, Stephanie A; Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University; Steph.shumsky@gmail.com;
Hickey, Gordon M.; Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University; gordon.hickey@mcgill.ca; Pelletier, Bernard;
Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University; bernard.pelletier@mcgill.ca.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: East Africa; Food policy; Food security; Social-ecological system; Subsistence agriculture; Sustainable
livelihoods; Tharaka.
Ano: 2014
History and Local Management of a Biodiversity-Rich, Urban Cultural Landscape
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Barthel, Stephan; Stockholm University; stephan@ecology.su.se; Colding, Johan; Beijer International Institute of
Ecological Economics; johanc@beijer.kva.se; Elmqvist, Thomas; Stockholm University; thomase@ecology.su.se; Folke, Carl;
Stockholm University; calle@system.ecology.su.se.
Urban green spaces provide socially valuable ecosystem services. Through an historical analysis of the development of the
National Urban Park (NUP) of Stockholm, we illustrate how the co-evolutionary process of humans and nature has resulted in the
high level of biological diversity and associated recreational services found in the park. The ecological values of the area are
generated in the cultural landscape. External pressures resulting in urban sprawl in the Stockholm metropolitan region
increasingly challenge the capacity of the NUP to continue to generate valuable ecosystem services. Setting aside protected areas,
without accounting for the role of human stewardship of the cultural landscape, will most likely fail. In a social inventory of the
area,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Local management; Nationalstadsparken; Resilience; Social-ecological system; Stockholm
Urban Park; Urban ecology.
Ano: 2005
The spread and maturation of strategic adaptive management within and beyond South African
national parks
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Freitag, Stefanie; Scientific Services, South African National Parks; stef.freitag@sanparks.org; Biggs, Harry;
Conservation Services, South African National Parks; biggs@sanparks.org; Breen, Charles; School of Agricultural, Earth and
Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal; breenc@telkomsa.net.
Natural resource management is embedded within social-ecological environments and requires decisions to be taken within this
broad context, including those that pertain to protected areas. This realization has led to South African National Parks adopting a
strategic adaptive management approach to decision making. Through narrative, we show why and how this practice has
progressively spread and evolved both within the organization and beyond, over the past two decades. A number of catalytic
events and synergies enabled a change from reactive tactical management approaches to more inclusive forward-looking
approaches able to embrace system complexity and associated uncertainty and change. We show how this long period of
innovation has lead to an increased...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Colearning; Kruger National Park; Protected area stewardship; Social-ecological
systems; Systems thinking.
Ano: 2014
Resilience and Regime Shifts: Assessing Cascading Effects
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Kinzig, Ann P; Arizona State University; Ann.Kinzig@asu.edu; Ryan, Paul; CSIRO; paul.ryan@csiro.au; Etienne,
Michel; INRA; etienne@avignon.inra.fr; Allison, Helen; Murdoch University; helenallison@ozemail.com.au; Elmqvist, Thomas;
University of Stockholm; thomase@ecology.su.se; Walker, Brian H.; CSIRO; Brian.Walker@csiro.au.
Most accounts of thresholds between alternate regimes involve a single, dominant shift defined by one, often slowly changing
variable in an ecosystem. This paper expands the focus to include similar dynamics in social and economic systems, in which
multiple variables may act together in ways that produce interacting regime shifts in social-ecological systems. We use four
different regions in the world, each of which contains multiple thresholds, to develop a proposed “general
model” of threshold interactions in social-ecological systems. The model identifies patch-scale ecological thresholds,
farm- or landscape-scale economic thresholds, and regional-scale sociocultural thresholds. “Cascading
thresholds,” i.e., the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Thresholds; Regime shifts; Social-ecological systems; System interactions; Cascading effects.
Ano: 2006
Shooting the Rapids: Navigating Transitions to Adaptive Governance of Social-Ecological Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Olsson, Per; Stockholm University; per@ctm.su.se; Gunderson, Lance H; Emory University; lgunder@emory.edu;
Carpenter, Steve R; University of Wisconsin-Madison; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Ryan, Paul; CSIRO; Paul.Ryan@csiro.au; Lebel,
Louis; Chiang Mai University; louis@sea-user.org; Folke, Carl; Center for Transdisciplinary Environmental Research;
calle@system.ecology.su.se; Holling, C. S.; University of Florida; holling@zoo.ufl.edu.
The case studies of Kristianstads Vattenrike, Sweden; the Northern Highlands Lake District and the Everglades in the USA; the
Mae Nam Ping Basin, Thailand; and the Goulburn-Broken Catchment, Australia, were compared to assess the outcome of
different actions for transforming social-ecological systems (SESs). The transformations consisted of two phases, a preparation
phase and a transition phase, linked by a window of opportunity. Key leaders and shadow networks can prepare a system for
change by exploring alternative system configurations and developing strategies for choosing from among possible futures. Key
leaders can recognize and use or create windows of opportunity and navigate transitions toward adaptive governance. Leadership
functions include the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Social-ecological systems; Adaptive governance; Transformability; Shadow networks; Leadership; Resilience.
Ano: 2006
Measuring the vulnerability of marine social-ecological systems: a prerequisite for the identification of
climate change adaptations
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Metcalf, Sarah J.; School of Management and Governance, Murdoch University; sjeyres8@gmail.com; van Putten,
Elizabeth I.; CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere,Hobart, Australia; Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania;
Ingrid.vanputten@csiro.au; Frusher, Stewart; Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania; Centre for
Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania; stewart.frusher@utas.edu.au; Marshall, Nadine A.; CSIRO Land and Water
Flagship; nadine.marshall@csiro.au; Tull, Malcolm; School of Management and Governance, Murdoch University;
M.Tull@Murdoch.edu.au; Caputi, Nick; Department of Fisheries, Western Australia; Nick.Caputi@fish.wa.gov.au; Haward,
Marcus; Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania; Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of
Tasmania; Marcus.Haward@utas.edu.au; Hobday, Alistair J.; CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere Flagship; Centre for Marine
Socioecology, University of Tasmania; alistair.hobday@csiro.au; Holbrook, Neil J.; Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies,
University of Tasmania; Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania; Neil.Holbrook@utas.edu.au; Jennings, Sarah
M.; Tasmanian School of Business and Economics, University of Tasmania; Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of
Tasmania; sarah.jennings@utas.edu.au; Pecl, Gretta T.; Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania; Centre
for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania; gretta.pecl@utas.edu.au; Shaw, Jenny; Curtin University Sustainability Policy
Institute; jenny.shaw@postgrad.curtin.edu.au.
Reducing the vulnerability of coastal communities to marine climate change requires that communities have some intrinsic
capacity to adapt. To assist adaptation planning and the implementation of adaptation strategies, identifying barriers and enablers
to adaptation is important. Adaptive capacity, resource dependence, local climate change exposure and biological sensitivity were
used to assess socioeconomic vulnerability to climate change in three Australian coastal communities: St Helens, Tasmania;
Bowen, Queensland; and Geraldton, Western Australia. Higher adaptive capacity was associated with larger population size (i.e.,
Geraldton) whereas greater resource dependence, and lower human and natural capital were associated with smaller populations
(St...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Coastal communities; Fisheries; Resource dependency; Social-ecological.
Ano: 2015
A Diagrammatic Approach to Understanding Complex Eco-Social Interactions in Kathmandu, Nepal
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Neudoerffer, R. Cynthia; University of Guelph; rneudoer@uoguelph.ca; Waltner-Toews, David; University of Guelph;
dwaltner@uoguelph.ca; Kay, James J.; Deceased 05/30/ 2004. Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo;; Joshi,
D. D.; NZFHRC;; Tamang, Mukta S.; SAGUN;.
As part of developing an international network of community-based ecosystem approaches to health, a project was undertaken in a
densely populated and socio-economically diverse area of Kathmandu, Nepal. Drawing on hundreds of pages of narrative reports
based on surveys, interviews, secondary data, and focus groups by trained Nepalese facilitators, the authors created systemic
depictions of relationships between multiple stakeholder groups, ecosystem health, and human health. These were then combined
to examine interactions among stakeholders, activities, concerns, perceived needs, and resource states (ecosystem health
indicators). These qualitative models have provided useful heuristics for both community members and research scholars to
understand the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Complex systems theory; Ecosystem approaches; Human health; Kathmandu; Nepal; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2005
Historical Regimes and Social Indicators of Resilience in an Urban System: the Case of Charleston,
South Carolina
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Bures, Regina; University of Florida; rbures@ufl.edu; Kanapaux, William; University of Florida; kanapaux@ufl.edu.
Employing the adaptive cycle and panarchy in perturbed urban systems can contribute to a better understanding of how these
systems respond to broad-scale changes such as war and sea level rise. In this paper we apply a resilience perspective to examine
regime shifts in Charleston, South Carolina from a historical perspective. We then look more closely at changes that occurred in
Charleston in recent decades, including Hurricane Hugo, and the potential effects of these changes on resilience of the
social-ecological system to future shocks. We close with a discussion combining social and ecological perspectives to examine
future regime-shift scenarios in the Charleston case and suggest ways to better understand resilience in other coastal urban
systems.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Charleston South Carolina; Regime shifts; Resilience; Sea-level rise; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2011
Adapting prospective structural analysis to strengthen sustainable management and capacity building
in community-based natural resource management contexts
Provedor de dados: 7
Local communities collectively managing common pool resources can play an important role in sustainable management, but they
often lack the skills and context-specific tools required for such management. The complex dynamics of social-ecological systems
(SES), the need for management capacities, and communities’ limited empowerment and participation skills present
challenges for community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) strategies. We analyzed the applicability of prospective
structural analysis (PSA), a strategic foresight tool, to support decision making and to foster sustainable management and capacity
building in CBNRM contexts and the modifications necessary to use the tool in such contexts. By testing PSA in three SES in
Colombia,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Argentina; Colombia; Latin America; Local knowledge; Mexico; Participatory techniques; Social-ecological
systems; Strategic foresight.
Ano: 2016
Climate-induced community relocations: using integrated social-ecological assessments to foster
adaptation and resilience
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Bronen, Robin; University of Alaska Fairbanks; Alaska Institute for Justice; robin.bronen@akijp.org.
Extreme weather events coupled with sea level rise and erosion will cause coastal and riverine areas where people live and
maintain livelihoods to disappear permanently. Adaptation to these environmental changes, including the permanent relocation
of millions of people, requires new governance tools. In the USA, local governments, often with state-level and national-level
support, will be primarily responsible for protecting residents from climate-change impacts and implementing policies needed to
protect their welfare. Government agencies have a variety of tools to facilitate protection in place and managed coastal retreat
but have very limited tools to facilitate community relocation. In addition, no institutional mechanism currently exists to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Climate change; Coastal retreat; Community relocation; Social-ecological monitoring and
assessment.
Ano: 2015
Women and Children First: the Gendered and Generational Social-ecology of Smaller-scale
Fisheries in Newfoundland and Labrador and Northern Norway
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Neis, Barbara; Memorial University of Newfoundland; bneis@mun.ca; Power, Nicole G.; Memorial University of
Newfoundland; npower@mun.ca.
The resilience of small-scale fisheries in developed and developing countries has been used to provide lessons to conventional
managers regarding ways to transition toward a social-ecological approach to understanding and managing fisheries. We
contribute to the understanding of the relationship between management and the resilience of small-scale fisheries in developed
countries by looking at these dynamics in the wake of the shock of stock collapse and fisheries closures in two contexts:
Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and northern Norway. We revisit and update previous research on the gendered effects of
the collapse and closure of the Newfoundland and Labrador northern cod fishery and the closure of the Norwegian cod fishery in
the early 1990s and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Gender; Resilience; Small-scale fisheries; Social-ecological approach; Youth.
Ano: 2013
Studying the complexity of change: toward an analytical framework for understanding deliberate
social-ecological transformations
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Moore, Michele-Lee; Department of Geography, University of Victoria; mlmoore@uvic.ca; Tjornbo, Ola; Waterloo
Institute of Social Innovation and Resilience, University of Waterloo; ola.tjornbo@gmail.com; Enfors, Elin; Stockholm Resilience
Centre, Stockholm University; elin.enfors@stockholmresilience.su.se; Knapp, Corrie; University of Alaska Fairbanks;
corrieknapp@yahoo.com; Hodbod, Jennifer; Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University;
jennifer.hodbod@asu.edu; Baggio, Jacopo A.; Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, Arizona State University;
jbaggio@asu.edu; Olsson, Per; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; per.olsson@stockholmresilience.su.se;
Biggs, Duan; The Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Science, University of Queensland; ancientantwren@gmail.com.
Faced with numerous seemingly intractable social and environmental challenges, many scholars and practitioners are increasingly
interested in understanding how to actively engage and transform the existing systems holding such problems in place. Although
a variety of analytical models have emerged in recent years, most emphasize either the social or ecological elements of such
transformations rather than their coupled nature. To address this, first we have presented a definition of the core elements of a
social-ecological system (SES) that could potentially be altered in a transformation. Second, we drew on insights about
transformation from three branches of literature focused on radical change, i.e., social movements, socio-technical transitions,
and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Social innovation; Social movements; Transformation; Transition
management.
Ano: 2014
Coupled human and natural system dynamics as key to the sustainability of Lake
Victoria’s ecosystem services
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Downing, Andrea S.; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality
Management group, Wageningen University, Netherlands; Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen,
Netherlands ; andrea.downing@su.se; van Nes, Egbert H.; Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management group, Wageningen
University, Netherlands ; Egbert.vannes@wur.nl; Balirwa, John S.; National Fisheries Resources Research Institute (NaFIRRI),
Jinja, Uganda; jbalirwa@yahoo.com; Beuving, Joost; Department of Cultural Anthropology and Development Studies, Faculty of
Social Sciences, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands ; joostbeuving@gmail.com; Bwathondi, P.O.J.; University of Dar es
Salaam, College of Natural and Applied Sciences,
Department of Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania ;
bwathondi@yahoo.co.uk; Chapman, Lauren J.; Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada;
lauren.chapman@mcgill.ca; Cornelissen, Ilse J. M.; Aquaculture & Fisheries Group, Wageningen University, Netherlands;
Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen, Netherlands; ilsecornelissen@hotmail.com; Cowx, Iain G.; Hull
International Fisheries Institute, University of Hull, United Kingdom; I.G.Cowx@hull.ac.uk; Goudswaard, Kees P. C.; Institute
for Marine Resource and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), Wageningen University, Yerseke, Netherlands;
kees.goudswaard@wur.nl; Hecky, Robert E.; Biology Department and Large Lakes Observatory, University of Minnesota-Duluth,
USA; rehecky@gmail.com; Janse, Jan H.; Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), Bilthoven, Netherlands;
Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen, Netherlands; JH.Janse@rivm.nl; Janssen, Annette B. G.; Aquatic
Ecology and Water Quality Management group, Wageningen University, Netherlands; Netherlands Institute of Ecology
(NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen, Netherlands; A.Janssen@nioo.knaw.nl; Kaufman, Les; Boston University Marine Program,
Biology Department, Boston University, USA ; lesk@bu.edu; Kishe-Machumu, Mary A.; Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute
(TAFIRI), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; mkishe@yahoo.com; Kolding, Jeppe; Department of Biology, University of Bergen,
Norway; jeppe.kolding@bio.uib.no; Ligtvoet, Willem; Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), The Hague,
Netherlands; Willem.Ligtvoet@pbl.nl; Mbabazi, Dismas; National Fisheries Resources Research Institute (NaFIRRI), Jinja,
Uganda; mbabazidismas@yahoo.com; Medard, Modesta; Department of Sociology of Development and Change. Social Science
Group, Wageningen University, Netherlands ; modesta.medard@wur.nl; Mkumbo, Oliva C.; Lake Victoria Fisheries
Organisation, Jinja, Uganda; ocmkumbo@lvfo.org; Mlaponi, Enock; Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute (TAFIRI), Mwanza,
Tanzania; emlaponi@yahoo.com; Munyaho, Antony T.; National Fisheries Resources Research Institute (NaFIRRI), Jinja,
Uganda; ataabum@yahoo.com; Nagelkerke, Leopold A. J.; Aquaculture & Fisheries Group, Wageningen University,
Netherlands; leo.nagelkerke@wur.nl; Ogutu-Ohwayo, Richard; National Fisheries Resources Research Institute (NaFIRRI), Jinja,
Uganda; ogutuohwayo@yahoo.com; Ojwang, William O.; Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI), Kisumu,
Kenya; w_ojwang@yahoo.com; Peter, Happy K.; Aquaculture & Fisheries Group, Wageningen University, Netherlands;
Happy.Peter@wur.nl; Schindler, Daniel E.; Aquatic & Fishery Sciences/Department of Biology, University of Washington,
USA; deschind@uw.edu; Seehausen, Ole; Eawag, Kastanienbaum, Switzerland; Ole.Seehausen@eawag.ch; Sharpe, Diana;
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama City, Panama; Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada;
diana.sharpe@gmail.com; Silsbe, Greg M.; Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Yerseke, Netherlands;
Greg.Silsbe@nioz.nl; Sitoki, Lewis; The Technical University of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; Sitoki@hotmail.com; Tumwebaze,
Rhoda; National Fisheries Resources Research Institute (NaFIRRI), Jinja, Uganda; t60rhoda@gmail.com; Tweddle, Denis; South
African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, Grahamstown, South Africa; D.Tweddle@saiab.ac.za; van de Wolfshaar, Karen E.;
Institute for Marine Resource and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), Wageningen University, Ijmuiden, Netherlands;
karen.vandewolfshaar@wur.nl; van Dijk, Han; Department of Sociology of Development and Change. Social Science Group,
Wageningen University, Netherlands ; han.vandijk@wur.nl; van Donk, Ellen; Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW),
Wageningen, Netherlands; E.vandonk@nioo.knaw.nl; van Rijssel, Jacco C.; Institute of Biology, University of Leiden,
Netherlands; Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands; Eawag, Kastanienbaum, Switzerland;
j.c.van.rijssel@biology.leidenuniv.nl; van Zwieten, Paul A. M.; Aquaculture & Fisheries Group, Wageningen University,
Netherlands; paul.vanzwieten@wur.nl; Wanink, Jan; Institute of Biology, University of Leiden, Netherlands; Koeman en Bijkerk
bv, Ecological Research and Consultancy, Haren, Netherlands; j.h.wanink@koemanenbijkerk.nl; Witte, F.; Institute of Biology,
University of Leiden, Netherlands; Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands;; Mooij, Wolf M.; Aquatic Ecology and
Water Quality Management group, Wageningen University, Netherlands; Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW),
Wageningen, Netherlands ; w.mooij@nioo.knaw.nl.
East Africa’s Lake Victoria provides resources and services to millions of people on the lake’s shores
and abroad. In particular, the lake’s fisheries are an important source of protein, employment, and international
economic connections for the whole region. Nonetheless, stock dynamics are poorly understood and currently unpredictable.
Furthermore, fishery dynamics are intricately connected to other supporting services of the lake as well as to lakeshore societies
and economies. Much research has been carried out piecemeal on different aspects of Lake Victoria’s system; e.g.,
societies, biodiversity, fisheries, and eutrophication. However, to disentangle drivers and dynamics of change in this complex
system, we need...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Eutrophication; Feedbacks; Fisheries; Lake Victoria; Model; Multidisciplinary social-ecological system;
Sustainability.
Ano: 2014
Resilience and Vulnerability: Complementary or Conflicting Concepts?
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Miller, Fiona; Department of Resource Management and Geography, University of Melbourne;
millerf@unimelb.edu.au; Osbahr, Henny; School of Agriculture, Policy and Development and the Walker Institute for Climate
Systems Research, University of Reading; h.osbahr@reading.ac.uk; Boyd, Emily; Sustainability Research Institute, University of
Leeds; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; e.boyd@leeds.ac.uk; Bharwani, Sukaina; Stockholm Environment
Institute (Oxford); sukaina.bharwani@sei.se; Ziervogel, Gina; Stockholm Environment Institute (Oxford); Climate Systems
Analysis Group (CSAG), University of Cape Town; gina@egs.uct.ac.za; Walker, Brian; CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems,
Australia; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; van der Leeuw, Sander; School of
Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; vanderle@asu.edu; Hinkel, Jochen ; Potsdam Institute for
Climate Impact Research; hinkel@pik-potsdam.de; Downing, Tom; Stockholm Environment Institute (Oxford);
tomdowning.sei@gmail.com; Folke, Carl; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; The Beijer Institute, Stockholm
University; carl.folke@beijer.kva.se; Nelson, Donald; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia;
Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia; dnelson@uga.edu.
Resilience and vulnerability represent two related yet different approaches to understanding the response of systems and actors to
change; to shocks and surprises, as well as slow creeping changes. Their respective origins in ecological and social theory largely
explain the continuing differences in approach to social-ecological dimensions of change. However, there are many areas of
strong convergence. This paper explores the emerging linkages and complementarities between the concepts of resilience and
vulnerability to identify areas of synergy. We do this with regard to theory, methodology, and application. The paper seeks to go
beyond just recognizing the complementarities between the two approaches to demonstrate how researchers are actively
engaging...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Climate change; Hazards; Interdisciplinarity; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2010
Resilient Social Relationships and Collaboration in the Management of Social–Ecological
Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Nkhata, Abraham B.; Centre for Environment, Agriculture and Development, University of KwaZulu-Natal;
bankhata@yahoo.com; Breen, Charles M.; Centre for Environment, Agriculture and Development, University of KwaZulu-Natal;
breen@mweb.co.za; Freimund, Wayne A.; Department of Society and Conservation, The University of Montana;
wayne.freimund@umontana.edu.
This paper proposes and articulates a social relationships perspective of collaboration in the management of
social–ecological systems (SESs). It provides a conceptual premise for understanding the dynamics of long-term
social relationships that underlie collaborative processes. We argue that a resilience approach offers a better perspective for the
study of change in long-term relationships. A conceptual framework based on the theories of resilience and social relationships is
developed for analyzing the evolution of collaborative schemes. The essence of the framework is to facilitate understanding and
building of resilient social relationships for effective collaboration through interpreting and managing relational change. We
suggest that an...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Collaboration; Relational capital; Relational change; Relational connectedness; Resilience; Social relationships;
Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2008
Conceptualizing power to study social-ecological interactions
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Boonstra, Wiebren J; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; wijnand.boonstra@su.se.
My aim is to conceptualize power using social science theory and to demonstrate why and how the concept of power can
complement resilience studies and other analyses of social-ecological interaction. Social power as a scientific concept refers to the
ability to influence both conduct and context. These two dimensions of power (conduct and context) can be observed by
differentiating between various sources of power, including, for example, technology or mental power. The relevance of the
conceptualization of power presented here is illustrated with the example of fire as a source of social-ecological power. I conclude
by discussing how attention to power can help to address issues of social justice and responsibility in social-ecological
interactions.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Fire domestication; Power; Resilience; Social responsibility; Social-ecological interactions; Sociology.
Ano: 2016
Emergence of human resilience in coastal ecosystems under environmental change
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Matin, Nilufar; Stockholm Environment Institute, University of York; neela.matin@york.ac.uk; Taylor, Richard;
Stockholm Environment Institute, Oxford Centre; richard.taylor@sei-international.org.
Resilience has been studied in a number of disciplines, predominantly in psychosocial and ecological sciences. Although there are
striking similarities in their approaches, the psychosocial tradition has centered on the family and its immediate surroundings,
whereas the social-ecological approach has focused on macrosystems that stop at the family level. Recently, the need for bridging
these gaps has been echoed by researchers from both these traditions, particularly for promoting resilience of individuals and their
wider environment in the context of natural disasters and climate change. However, a new synthesis of social-ecological and
behavioral theories integrating multiple dynamic systems that interact across levels is strikingly rare. We addressed...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Complexity; Human resilience; Narrative inquiry; Psychosocial; Sense of coherence; Social-ecological.
Ano: 2015
Participatory scenario planning in place-based social-ecological research: insights and experiences
from 23 case studies
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Daw, Tim M; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; tim.daw@stockholmresilience.su.se;
Bohensky, Erin L.; CSIRO Land and Water, Townsville, Australia; erin.bohensky@csiro.au; Butler, James R.A.; CSIRO Land
and Water, Brisbane, Australia; james.butler@csiro.au; Hill, Rosemary; CSIRO Land and Water, Cairns, Australia; James Cook
University, Division of Tropical Environments & Societies; ro.hill@csiro.au; Martin-Ortega, Julia; Sustainability Research
Institute, University of Leeds, UK; Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences Group, The James Hutton Institute, UK;
j.martinortega@leeds.ac.uk; Quinlan, Allyson; Resilience Alliance, Ottawa, Canada; aquinlan@resalliance.org; Thyresson,
Matilda; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; matilda.thyresson@su.se; Mistry, Jayalaxshmi;
Department of Geography, Royal Holloway University of London, UK; j.mistry@rhul.ac.uk; Peterson, Garry D.; Stockholm
Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; garry.peterson@stockholmresilience.su.se; Plieninger, Tobias; Department of
Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; tobias.plieninger@ign.ku.dk; Waylen,
Kerry A.; Social, Economic and Geographical Sciences Group, The James Hutton Institute, UK; kerry.waylen@hutton.ac.uk;
Beach, Dylan M.; School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan; dylanbeach@gmail.com; Bohnet, Iris
C.; James Cook University, Centre for Tropical and Sustainability Science, Cairns, Queensland, Australia;
iris.bohnet@jcu.edu.au; Hamann, Maike; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden;
maike.hamann@su.se; Hubacek, Klaus; Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, USA;
Hubacek@umd.edu; Vilardy, Sandra P.; Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Magdalena, Colombia;
svilardy@unimagdalena.edu.co.
Participatory scenario planning (PSP) is an increasingly popular tool in place-based environmental research for evaluating
alternative futures of social-ecological systems. Although a range of guidelines on PSP methods are available in the scientific and
grey literature, there is a need to reflect on existing practices and their appropriate application for different objectives and contexts
at the local scale, as well as on their potential perceived outcomes. We contribute to theoretical and empirical frameworks by
analyzing how and why researchers assess social-ecological systems using place-based PSP, hence facilitating the appropriate
uptake of such scenario tools in the future. We analyzed 23 PSP case studies conducted by the authors in a wide range of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Futures research; Methodological insights; Participation; Place-based research; Scenarios; Social-ecological
systems.
Ano: 2015
Social-ecological Functions and Vulnerability Framework to Analyze Forest Policy Reforms
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Rives, Fanny; CIRAD, UPR GREEN, F-34398 Montpellier, France; fanny_rives@yahoo.fr; Antona, Martine; CIRAD,
UPR GREEN, F-34398 Montpellier, France; martine.antona@cirad.fr; Aubert, Sigrid; CIRAD, UPR GREEN, 99 Antananarivo,
Madagascar CIRAD, UPR GREEN, F-34398 Montpellier, France; sigrid.aubert@cirad.fr.
We explore the impact of forest policy reforms implemented in the early 1990s in Niger in the wake of the severe droughts that
affected the Sahel in the 1970s and 1980s. We focus on Sahelian multiple-use forest ecosystems and set out to analyze
policy-induced changes in the patterns of interactions between various uses, users, and dry-forest ecosystems, interactions that
influence the effective management of rural forests. We put forward the hypothesis that the new forest policy reforms were
designed according to a vulnerability diagnosis, highlighting two stressors: droughts and increased demand for firewood. This led
to a single-issue policy focused on firewood provision and was implemented through the Household Energy Strategy (HES). The
HES...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Fuelwood; Rural forest; Sahel; Social-ecological changes; Socio-ecological changes.
Ano: 2012
Operationalizing the integrated landscape approach in practice
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Freeman, Olivia E; ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF);
o.freeman@cgiar.org; Duguma, Lalisa A; ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF);
L.A.Duguma@cgiar.org; Minang, Peter A; ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins, World Agroforestry Centre
(ICRAF); A.Minang@cgiar.org.
The terms “landscape” and “landscape approach” have been increasingly
applied within the international environmental realm, with many international organizations and nongovernmental organizations
using landscapes as an area of focus for addressing multiple objectives, usually related to both environmental and social goals.
However, despite a wealth of literature on landscapes and landscape approaches, ideas relating to landscape approaches are
diverse and often vague, resulting in ambiguous use of the terms. Our aim, therefore, was to examine some of the main
characteristics of different landscape approaches, focusing on how these might be applied in the process of taking a landscape
approach. Drawing on a review of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Complex social-ecological systems; Integrated landscape approach; Multifunctionality;
Participation; Sustainability; Transdisciplinarity.
Ano: 2015
Tweak, Adapt, or Transform: Policy Scenarios in Response to Emerging Bioenergy Markets in the
U.S. Corn Belt
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Atwell, Ryan C; Iowa State University, Department of Natural Resource Ecology and Management;
ryancardiffatwell@gmail.com; Schulte, Lisa A; Iowa State University, Department of Natural Resource Ecology and
Management; lschulte@iastate.edu; Westphal, Lynne M; U.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station; lwestphal@fs.fed.us.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Complexity; Ecosystem services; Iowa; Participatory; Perennials; Resilience; Scale;
Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2011
Human Dimensions of Coral Reef Social-Ecological Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Kittinger, John N; Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford University; Impact Assessment, Inc.; jkittinger@gmail.com;
Finkbeiner, Elena M; Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University; elenafinkbeiner@gmail.com; Glazier, Edward W.; Impact
Assessment, Inc.; edward.glazier@gmail.com; Crowder, Larry B.; Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford University; Hopkins
Marine Station, Stanford University; Larry.Crowder@Stanford.edu.
Coral reefs are among the most diverse ecosystems on the planet but are declining because of human activities. Despite general
recognition of the human role in the plight of coral reefs, the vast majority of research focuses on the ecological rather than the
human dimensions of reef ecosystems, limiting our understanding of social relationships with these environments as well as
potential solutions for reef recovery. General frameworks for social-ecological systems (SESs) have been advanced, but
system-specific approaches are needed to develop a more nuanced view of human-environmental interactions for specific contexts
and resource systems, and at specific scales. We synthesize existing concepts related to SESs and present a human dimensions
framework...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Coral reefs; Human dimensions; Reciprocity; Social science; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability science.
Ano: 2012
Interlinking ecosystem services and Ostrom’s framework through orientation in
sustainability research
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Partelow, Stefan; Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT), Bremen, Germany; Jacobs University, Bremen,
Germany; stefan.partelow@leibniz-zmt.de; Winkler, Klara J.; Carl-von-Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany;
klara.johanna.winkler@uni-oldenburg.de.
Structuring integrated social-ecological systems (SES) research remains a core challenge for achieving sustainability. Numerous
concepts and frameworks exist, but there is a lack of mutual learning and orientation of knowledge between them. We focus on
two approaches in particular: the ecosystem services concept and Elinor Ostrom’s diagnostic SES framework. We
analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each and discuss their potential for mutual learning. We use knowledge types in
sustainability research as a boundary object to compare the contributions of each approach. Sustainability research is
conceptualized as a multi-step knowledge generation process that includes system, target, and transformative knowledge. A case
study of the Southern...
Tipo: NON-REFEREED
Palavras-chave: Boundary object; Knowledge types; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability science.
Ano: 2016
Using Participatory Scenario Planning to Identify Ecosystem Services in Changing Landscapes
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Malinga, Rebecka; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; rebecka.malinga@stockholmresilience.su.se;
Gordon, Line J.; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; line.gordon@stockholmresilience.su.se; Lindborg, Regina;
Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University; regina.lindborg@natgeo.su.se; Jewitt,
Graham; Centre for Water Resources Research, Umgeni Water Chair of Water Resources Management, University of
KwaZulu-Natal ; jewittg@ukzn.ac.za.
There is a growing interest in assessing ecosystem services to improve ecosystem management in landscapes containing a mix of
different ecosystems. While methodologies for assessing ecosystem services are constantly improving, only little attention has
been given to the identification of which ecosystem services to assess. Service selection is mostly based on current state of the
landscape although many landscapes are both inherently complex and rapidly changing. In this study we examine whether
scenario development, a tool for dealing with uncertainties and complexities of the future, gives important insights into the
selection of ecosystem services in changing landscapes. Using an agricultural landscape in South Africa we compared different
sets of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Complexity; Ecosystem services; Future; Landscape; Scenarios; Social-ecological systems; South
Africa; Uncertainties.
Ano: 2013
A Handful of Heuristics and Some Propositions for Understanding Resilience in Social-Ecological
Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Walker, Brian; CSIRO; Brian.Walker@csiro.au; Gunderson, Lance; Emory Universitry; lgunder@emory.edu; Kinzig,
Ann; Arizona State University; Ann.Kinzig@asu.edu; Folke, Carl; Stockholm University; calle@system.ecology.su.se; Carpenter,
Steve; University of Wisconsin; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Schultz, Lisen; Stockholm University; lisen@ecology.su.se.
This paper is a work-in-progress account of ideas and propositions about resilience in social-ecological systems. It articulates our
understanding of how these complex systems change and what determines their ability to absorb disturbances in either their
ecological or their social domains. We call them “propositions” because, although they are useful in
helping us understand and compare different social-ecological systems, they are not sufficiently well defined to be considered
formal hypotheses. These propositions were developed in two workshops, in 2003 and 2004, in which participants compared the
dynamics of 15 case studies in a wide range of regions around the world. The propositions raise many questions, and we present a
list of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Palavras-chave: Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Change; Propositions; Synthesis; Theory; Adaptatability;
Transformability.
Ano: 2006
A sense of change: media designers and artists communicating about complexity in social-ecological
systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Vervoort, Joost M.; Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford; Soil Geography and Landscape group,
Wageningen University; Alterra; joost.vervoort@eci.ox.ac.uk; Keuskamp, Diederik H.; Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies,
University of Amsterdam; d.h.keuskamp@uva.nl; Kok, Kasper; Soil Geography and Landscape group, Wageningen University;
Kasper.Kok@wur.nl; van Lammeren, Ron; Laboratory for Geo-information Science and Remote Sensing, Wageningen
University; ron.vanlammeren@wur.nl; Stolk, Taconis; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Arts Academy; tawstolk@wlfr.nl;
Veldkamp, Tom (A.); Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente; veldkamp@itc.nl;
Rekveld, Joost; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Art; joost.rekveld@interfaculty.nl; Schelfhout, Ronald; ArtScience
Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; ronaldschelfhout@gmail.com; Teklenburg, Bart; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy
of Arts; bartje2012@hotmail.com; Cavalheiro Borges, Andre; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts;
cavalheiroacb@gmail.com; Wits, Willem; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; willem_wits@hotmail.com;
Assmann, Nicky; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; info@nickyassmann.net; Abdi Dezfouli, Erfan; ArtScience
Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; info@erfanabdi.com; Cunningham, Kate; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts;
kecunning@gmail.com; Nordeman, Berend; Media Technology, Leiden University; berend@nordeman.nl; Rowlands, Hannah;
Oxford Martin School Programme for the Future of Food, University of Oxford; hannah.rowlands@zoo.ox.ac.uk.
To take on the current and future challenges of global environmental change, fostering a widespread societal understanding of and
engagement with the complex dynamics that characterize interacting human and natural systems is essential. Current science
communication methods struggle with a number of specific challenges associated with communicating about complex systems. In
this study we report on two collaborative processes, a short workshop and longer course, that aimed to harness the insights of
interactive media designers and artists to overcome these challenges. The two processes resulted in 86 new interactive media
concepts which were selected by the participants and organizers using set criteria and then evaluated using the same criteria by a
panel...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Communication; Complexity; Participation; Scale; Serious gaming; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
Constructing stability landscapes to identify alternative states in coupled social-ecological agent-based
models
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Bitterman, Patrick; Department of Geographical and Sustainability Sciences, University of Iowa;
patrick-bitterman@uiowa.edu; Bennett, David A.; Department of Geographical and Sustainability Sciences, University of Iowa;
david-bennett@uiowa.edu.
The resilience of a social-ecological system is measured by its ability to retain core functionality when subjected to perturbation.
Resilience is contextually dependent on the state of system components, the complex interactions among these components, and
the timing, location, and magnitude of perturbations. The stability landscape concept provides a useful framework for considering
resilience within the specified context of a particular social-ecological system but has proven difficult to operationalize. This
difficulty stems largely from the complex, multidimensional nature of the systems of interest and uncertainty in system response.
Agent-based models are an effective methodology for understanding how cross-scale processes within and across social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Agent-based model; Resilience; Social-ecological system; Stability landscape.
Ano: 2016
Anticipating future risk in social-ecological systems using fuzzy cognitive mapping: the case of
wildfire in the Chiquitania, Bolivia
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Devisscher, Tahia; Environmental Change Institute‬, School of Geography and the Environment,
University of Oxford; Stockholm Environment Institute; tahia.devisscher@ouce.ox.ac.uk; Boyd, Emily; Department of
Geography and Environmental Sciences, University of Reading; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies;
emily.boyd@reading.ac.uk; Malhi, Yadvinder; Environmental Change Institute‬, School of Geography and the
Environment, University of Oxford; yadvinder.malhi@ouce.ox.ac.uk.
Understanding complex social-ecological systems, and anticipating how they may respond to rapid change, requires an approach
that incorporates environmental, social, economic, and policy factors, usually in a context of fragmented data availability. We
employed fuzzy cognitive mapping (FCM) to integrate these factors in the assessment of future wildfire risk in the Chiquitania
region, Bolivia. In this region, dealing with wildfires is becoming increasingly challenging because of reinforcing feedbacks
between multiple drivers. We conducted semistructured interviews and constructed different FCMs in focus groups to understand
the regional dynamics of wildfire from diverse perspectives. We used FCM modelling to evaluate possible adaptation scenarios in
the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Climate change; Complexity; Scenario; Social-ecological system; Uncertainty; Wildfire risk.
Ano: 2016
Developing Adaptive Capacity to Droughts: the Rationality of Locality
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Welsh, Lisa W.; Department of Environment and Society, Utah State University; lisa03@gmail.com; Endter-Wada,
Joanna; Department of Environment and Society, Utah State University; Ecology Center, Utah State University; Department of
Watershed Sciences, Utah State University; joanna.endter-wada@usu.edu; Downard, Rebekah; Ecology Center, Utah State
University; Department of Watershed Sciences, Utah State University; rdownard8@gmail.com; Kettenring, Karin M.; Ecology
Center, Utah State University; Department of Watershed Sciences, Utah State University; karin.kettenring@usu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Drought; Social-ecological systems (SES); Vulnerability; Water resources management;
Wetlands.
Ano: 2013
The Identification of Potential Resilient Estuary-based Enterprises to Encourage Economic
Empowerment in South Africa: a Toolkit Approach
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Bowd, Rebecca; School of Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal; rebecca@greendoorgroup.co.za;
Quinn, Nevil; Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of the West of England;
nevil.quinn@uwe.ac.uk; Kotze, Donovan C; School of Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal;
kotzed@ukzn.ac.za; Hay, Duncan G; Independent Consultant; hay@ukzn.ac.za; Mander, Myles; Eco-Futures;
myles@eco-futures.co.za.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Participatory tools; Risk assessment; Social-ecological systems; Stakeholder engagement.
Ano: 2012
Assessing the resilience of a real-world social-ecological system: lessons from a multidisciplinary
evaluation of a South African pastoral system
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Kuhn, Arnim; Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn; arnim.kuhn@ilr.uni-bonn.de; Naumann,
Christiane; Department of Cultural and Social Anthropology, University of Cologne; christiane.naumann@uni-koeln.de; Rasch,
Sebastian; Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn; sebastian.rasch@ilr.uni-bonn.de; Sandhage-Hofmann,
Alexandra; Soil Science and Soil Ecology Group, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, University of Bonn;
sandhage@uni-bonn.de; Amelung, Wulf; Soil Science and Soil Ecology Group, Institute of Crop Science and Resource
Conservation, University of Bonn; wulf.amelung@uni-bonn.de; Jordaan, Jorrie; Department of Plant Production, Soil Science and
Agricultural Engineering, University of Limpopo; jorrie.jj@gmail.com; Du Preez, Chris C.; Department of Soil, Crop and Climate
Sciences, University of the Free State; dpreezcc@ufs.ac.za; Bollig, Michael; Department of Cultural and Social Anthropology,
University of Cologne; M.Bollig@verw.uni-koeln.de.
In the past decades, social-ecological systems (SESs) worldwide have undergone dramatic transformations with often detrimental
consequences for livelihoods. Although resilience thinking offers promising conceptual frameworks to understand SES
transformations, empirical resilience assessments of real-world SESs are still rare because SES complexity requires integrating
knowledge, theories, and approaches from different disciplines. Taking up this challenge, we empirically assess the resilience of a
South African pastoral SES to drought using various methods from natural and social sciences. In the ecological subsystem, we
analyze rangelands’ ability to buffer drought effects on forage provision, using soil and vegetation indicators. In the
social...
Tipo: NON-REFEREED
Palavras-chave: Drought; Empirical resilience assessment; Globalization; Institutions; Monetary resources; Pastoralism;
Rangelands; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2016
Interacting effects of change in climate, human population, land use, and water use on biodiversity
and ecosystem services
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Elmhagen, Bodil; Stockholm University, Department of Zoology; bodil.elmhagen@zoologi.su.se; Destouni, Georgia;
Stockholm University, Department of Physical Geography; Stockholm University, Bert Bolin Centre for Climate Research;
georgia.destouni@natgeo.su.se; Boyd, Emily; Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre; University of Reading, School
of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Sciences; emily.boyd@reading.ac.uk; Cousins, Sara A. O.; Stockholm University,
Department of Physical Geography; sara.cousins@natgeo.su.se; Ermold, Matti; Stockholm University, Department of Physical
Geography; matti.ermold@natgeo.su.se; Hedlund, Johanna; Stockholm University, Department of Zoology;
johanna.hedlund@zoologi.su.se; Hylander, Kristoffer; Stockholm University, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant
Sciences; kristoffer.hylander@su.se; Jaramillo, Fernando; Stockholm University, Department of Physical Geography;
fernando.jaramillo@natgeo.su.se; Lagerholm, Vendela K; Stockholm University, Department of Zoology; Swedish Museum of
Natural History, Department of Bioinformatics and Genetics; vendela.kempe@nrm.se; Lyon, Steve W; Stockholm University,
Department of Physical Geography; Stockholm University, Bert Bolin Centre for Climate Research; steve.lyon@natgeo.su.se;
Moor, Helen; Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre; helen.moor@stockholmresilience.su.se; Pasanen-Mortensen,
Marianne; Stockholm University, Department of Zoology; marianne.mortensen@zoologi.su.se; Plue, Jan; Stockholm University,
Department of Physical Geography; jan.plue@natgeo.su.se; Prieto, Carmen; Stockholm University, Department of Physical
Geography; carmen.prieto@natgeo.su.se; van der Velde, Ype; Stockholm University, Department of Physical Geography;
Wageningen University, Department of Soil Geography and Landscape; ype.vandervelde@wur.nl; Lindborg, Regina; Stockholm
University, Department of Physical Geography; regina.lindborg@natgeo.su.se.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Governance; Historical ecology; Landscape management; Scale mismatch; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
Can Resilience be Reconciled with Globalization and the Increasingly Complex Conditions of
Resource Degradation in Asian Coastal Regions?
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Armitage, Derek; Wilfrid Laurier University; darmitag@wlu.ca; Johnson, Derek; Centre for Maritime Research;
dsjohnson@marecentre.nl.
This paper explores the relationship between resilience and globalization. We are concerned, most importantly, with whether
resilience is a suitable conceptual framework for natural resource management in the context of the rapid changes and disruptions
that globalization causes in social-ecological systems. Although theoretical in scope, we ground this analysis using our
experiences in two Asian coastal areas: Junagadh District in Gujarat State, India and Banawa Selatan, in Central Sulawesi,
Indonesia. We present the histories of resource exploitation in the two areas, and we attempt to combine a resilience perspective
with close attention to the impact of globalization. Our efforts serve as a basis from which to examine the conceptual and
practical...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Globalization; Resilience; Complexity; India; Indonesia; Resource management; Coastal management;
Social-ecological system; Sustainability.
Ano: 2006
Pathogens, disease, and the social-ecological resilience of protected areas
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: De Vos, Alta; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa;
Rhodes University, South Africa; a.devos@ru.ac.za; Cumming, Graeme S.; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, Department of Biological
Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa; ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies, Townsville, Queensland,
Australia; graeme.cumming@jcu.edu.au; Cumming, David H. M.; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, Department of Biological
Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa; Tropical Resource Ecology Programme, University of Zimbabwe, Harare,
Zimbabwe; cumming@icon.co.zw; Ament, Judith M.; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, Department of Biological Sciences, University
of Cape Town, South Africa; judith.ament@uct.ac.za; Baum, Julia; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, Department of Biological Sciences,
University of Cape Town, South Africa; jubaum5@gmail.com; Clements, Hayley S; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, Department of
Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa; clementshayley@gmail.com; Grewar, John D; Western Cape
Government, Department of Agriculture, Elsenburg, South Africa; JohnG@elsenburg.com; Maciejewski, Kristine; Percy
FitzPatrick Institute, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa; Krismacski@gmail.com;
Moore, Christine; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa; School
of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, UK; christine.moore@ouce.ox.ac.uk.
It is extremely important for biodiversity conservation that protected areas are resilient to a range of potential future perturbations.
One of the least studied influences on protected area resilience is that of disease. We argue that wildlife disease (1) is a
social-ecological problem that must be approached from an interdisciplinary perspective; (2) has the potential to lead to changes in
the identity of protected areas, possibly transforming them; and (3) interacts with conservation both directly (via impacts on wild
animals, livestock, and people) and indirectly (via the public, conservation management, and veterinary responses). We use
southern African protected areas as a case study to test a framework for exploring the connections between...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Disease; Identity; Pathogens; Protected areas; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Southern Africa.
Ano: 2016
An Indicator Framework for Assessing Agroecosystem Resilience
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Cabell, Joshua F; Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences;
josh.cabell@gmail.com; Oelofse, Myles; Department of Agriculture and Ecology, Copenhagen University; myles@life.ku.dk.
Taking departure in the theory of resilience in social-ecological systems, we present an analysis and discussion of how resilience
theory can be applied to agroecosystems. Building on the premise that agroecosystems are too complex for resilience to be
measured in any precise manner, we delineate behavior-based indicators of resilience within agroecosystems. Based on a review
of relevant literature, we present and discuss an index of 13 such indicators, which, when identified in an agroecosystem, suggest
that it is resilient and endowed with the capacity for adaptation and transformation. Absence of these indicators identifies points of
intervention for managers and stakeholders to build resilience where there is vulnerability. The indicators encompass...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Adaptive cycle; Agroecosystems; Behavior-based indicators; Resilience; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2012
Socioeconomic drivers of yard sustainable practices in a tropical city
Provedor de dados: 7
A growing body of work has emphasized the importance of residential areas to the overall green infrastructure of cities and
recognizes that outcomes related to these areas are best studied using a social-ecological approach. We conducted vegetation
surveys to evaluate yard practices that relate to the state of the yard vegetation, including species diversity and abundance,
vegetation structure, and the percent of green area of yards versus paved areas, at the Río Piedras watershed within the
San Juan metropolitan area. We used concomitant social household surveys to evaluate the association of social-economic and
demographic factors at the household scale with these vegetation characteristics, as well as with landscape-level characteristics...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Green infrastructure; Residential yards; Social-ecological systems; Socioeconomic; Sustainability;
Tropical; Urban.
Ano: 2014
The Patronage of Thirst: Exploring Institutional Fit on a Divided Cyprus
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Zikos, Dimitrios; Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics, Division of Resource Economics
; dimitrios.zikos@agrar.hu-berlin.de; Roggero, Matteo; Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics,
Division of Environmental Governance; matteo.roggero@staff.hu-berlin.de.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Cyprus; Fit; Islands; Social-ecological systems; Water institutions; Water scarcity.
Ano: 2013
Using Participatory Scenarios to Stimulate Social Learning for Collaborative Sustainable
Development
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Johnson, Kris A; Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota; krisj@umn.edu; Dana, Genya; Dana &
Sharpe Risk Associates; gvdana@gmail.com; Jordan, Nicholas R; Agronomy & Plant Genetics, University of Minnesota;
jorda020@umn.edu; Draeger, Kathy J; Regional Sustainable Development Partnerships, University of Minnesota;
draeg001@umn.edu; Kapuscinski, Anne; Environmental Studies, Dartmouth College; anne.kapuscinski@dartmouth.edu; Schmitt
Olabisi, Laura K; Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation, and Resource Studies, Michigan State University;
schmi420@anr.msu.edu; Reich, Peter B; Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota; preich@umn.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Collaborative action; Participatory scenarios; Social-ecological challenges; Social learning;
Sustainable development.
Ano: 2012
The Politics of Social-ecological Resilience and Sustainable Socio-technical Transitions
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Smith, Adrian; SPRU - Science & Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex; a.g.smith@sussex.ac.uk;
Stirling, Andy; SPRU - Science & Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex; a.c.stirling@sussex.ac.uk.
Technology-focused literature on socio-technical transitions shares some of the complex systems sensibilities of social-ecological
systems research. We contend that the sharing of lessons between these areas of study must attend particularly to the common
governance challenges that confront both approaches. Here, we focus on critical experience arising from reactions to a transition
management approach to governing sustainable socio-technical transformations. Questions over who governs, whose system
framings count, and whose sustainability gets prioritized are all pertinent to social-ecological systems research. We conclude that
future research in both areas should deal more centrally and explicitly with these inherently political dimensions of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Governance; Social-ecological resilience; Socio-technical transitions.
Ano: 2010
Meeting institutional criteria for social resilience: a nested risk system model
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Blair, Berill; University of Alaska Fairbanks; bsblair@alaska.edu; Lovecraft, Amy L.; University of Alaska Fairbanks;
allovecraft@alaska.edu; Kofinas, Gary P.; University of Alaska Fairbanks; gpkofinas@alaska.edu.
Communities of Alaska’s North Slope face increased stresses from cumulative effects of industrial development,
resource use, and changing cryospheric and socioeconomic conditions. Given these multiple pressures, what avenues exist for
citizens and decision makers to exchange knowledge about impacts of oil resource extraction in Alaska, and how do the successes
and failures of knowledge exchange affect the resilience of the local social ecological system? We focused our research on the risk
management process of Alaska North Slope oil resources, drawing on literature that has grown out of the risk society thesis and
concepts of resilience science. We surveyed state and federal initiatives designed to increase local and indigenous stakeholder...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Decision making; Inclusion; Indigenous knowledge; Resilience; Risk society;
Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
Stakeholder engagement and biodiversity conservation challenges in social-ecological systems: some
insights from biosphere reserves in western Africa and France
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Bouamrane, Meriem; UNESCO MAB; m.bouamrane@unesco.org; Spierenburg, Marja; Department of Anthropology
and Development Studies, Radboud University Nijmegen; M.Spierenburg@maw.ru.nl; Agrawal, Arun; University of Michigan;
arunagra@umich.edu; Etienne, Michel; INRA; jlmichel.etienne@laposte.net; Le Page, Christophe; CIRAD-UPR GREEN;
le_page@cirad.fr; Levrel, Harold; CIRED; AgroParisTech; harold.levrel@agroparistech.fr; Mathevet, Raphael; UMR 5175 CEFE
CNRS; raphael.mathevet@cefe.cnrs.fr.
Biosphere reserves are an example of social-ecological systems that combine biodiversity conservation and socioeconomic
development with knowledge generation and dissemination (both scientific and local). We review lessons learned from case
studies biosphere reserves in western African and France, highlighting the importance of early stakeholder engagement to build
knowledge for achieving sustainable development. We discuss the evolution of the concept of biosphere reserves and its
application over time in different socioeconomic and cultural settings. The diversity of stakeholders and their different needs and
perceptions about nature conservation complicate implementation processes, sometimes resulting in conflicts about the objectives
and zonation of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Biosphere reserves; Learning; Social-ecological systems; Solidarity; Sustainable development.
Ano: 2016
Advancing the understanding of behavior in social-ecological systems: results from lab and field
experiments
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Janssen, Marco A; Arizona State University; Marco.Janssen@asu.edu; Lindahl, Therese; Beijer Institute of Ecological
Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Science; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University;
therese.lindahl@beijer.kva.se; Murphy, James J; Nankai University; University of Alaska Anchorage; Chapman University;
murphy@uaa.alaska.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Behavioral economics; Common-pool resources; Experimental economics; Public goods; Social-ecological
systems.
Ano: 2015
Priming the Governance System for Climate Change Adaptation: The Application of a
Social-Ecological Inventory to Engage Actors in Niagara, Canada
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Baird, Julia; Environmental Sustainability Research Centre, Brock University; jbaird@brocku.ca; Plummer, Ryan;
Environmental Sustainability Research Centre, Brock University; Stockholm Resilience Centre; ryan.plummer@brocku.ca;
Pickering, Kerrie; Environmental Sustainability Research Centre, Brock University; kpickering@brocku.ca.
Climate change adaptation presents a challenge to current top-down governance structures, including the tension between
provision of public goods and actions required by diverse stakeholders, including private actors. Alternative governance
approaches that facilitate participation and learning across scales are gaining attention for their ability to bring together diverse
actors across sectors and to foster adaptive capacity and resilience. We have described the method and outcomes from the
application of a social-ecological inventory to “prime,” i.e., hasten the development of, a regional
climate change adaptation network. The social-ecological inventory tool draws on the social-ecological systems approach in
which social and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Palavras-chave: Adaptive comanagement; Climate change adaptation; Local knowledge; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2014
Assessing Resilience in Stressed Watersheds
Provedor de dados: 7
Although several frameworks for assessing the resilience of social-ecological systems (SESs) have been developed, some
practitioners may not have sufficient time and information to conduct extensive resilience assessments. We have presented a
simplified approach to resilience assessment that reviews the scientific, historical, and social literature to rate the resilience of an
SES with respect to nine resilience properties: ecological variability, diversity, modularity, acknowledgement of slow variables,
tight feedbacks, social capital, innovation, overlap in governance, and ecosystem services. We evaluated the effects of two
large-scale projects, the construction of a major dam and the implementation of an ecosystem recovery program, on the
resilience...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Ecological resilience; Platte River; Resilience assessment; Social-ecological system; Social resilience.
Ano: 2014
Exploring the implications of critical complexity for the study of social-ecological systems.
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Audouin, Michelle; Council for Scientific and Industrial Research ; maudouin@csir.co.za; Preiser, Rika; Centre for
Studies in Complexity, Stellenbosch University ; rika@sun.ac.za; Nienaber, Shanna; Council for Scientific and Industrial
Research; SNienaber@csir.co.za; Downsborough, Linda; Monash University ;; Lanz, Johann; ;; Mavengahama, Sydney;
Department of Agriculture, University of Zululand ;.
The complexity of social-ecological systems is well recognized (Berkes et al. 2003, Norberg and Cumming 2008). However, in
the study of such systems, it is often the uncertainty that results from nonlinear interactions that forms the focus of discussion.
Here, the normative implications of complexity for our knowledge of such systems are emphasised, by drawing largely on the
work of Cilliers (1998, 2005a), who introduced the term "critical complexity." This perspective on complexity is distinct in
bringing the value-based choices that frame our knowledge generation strategies to the fore. It is from this view that we
investigate the implications of complexity for social-ecological systems research. Based on these implications, we propose a set of
five key...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Critical complexity; Freshwater conservation; Knowledge types; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2013
Managing Rangeland as a Complex System: How Government Interventions Decouple Social Systems
from Ecological Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Li, Wenjun; Peking University; wjlee@pku.edu.cn; Li, Yanbo; Peking University; leeyu@pku.edu.cn.
The complexity of natural resource management is increasingly recognized and requires adaptive governance at multiple levels. It
is particularly significant to explore the impacts of government interventions on the management practices of local communities
and on target social-ecological systems. The Inner Mongolian rangeland was traditionally managed by indigenous people using
their own institutions that were adapted to the highly variable local climate and were able to maintain the resilience of the
social-ecological system for more than 1000 years. However, external interventions have significantly affected the rangeland
social-ecological system in recent decades. In this paper, using livestock breed improvement as an example, we track
government...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Inner Mongolia; Rangeland management; Resilience; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2012
Social-ecological systems, social diversity, and power: insights from anthropology and political
ecology
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Fabinyi, Michael; Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University;
michael.fabinyi@jcu.edu.au; Evans, Louisa; Geography, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter;
louisa.evans@exeter.ac.uk; Foale, Simon J; Department of Anthropology, Archaeology and Sociology, James Cook University;
simon.foale@jcu.edu.au.
A social-ecological system (SES) framework increasingly underpins the “resilience paradigm.” As with
all models, the SES comes with particular biases. We explore these key biases. We critically examine how the SES resilience
literature has attempted to define and analyze the social arena. We argue that much SES literature defines people’s
interests and livelihoods as concerned primarily with the environment, and thereby underplays the role of other motivations and
social institutions. We also highlight the SES resilience literature’s focus on institutions and organized social units,
which misses key aspects of social diversity and power. Our key premise is the importance of inter- and multi-disciplinary
perspectives....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Anthropology; Political ecology; Power; Social diversity; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2014
Science, society, and flagship species: social and political history as keys to conservation outcomes in
the Gulf of California
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Vincent, Amanda CJ; Project Seahorse, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia;
a.vincent@oceans.ubc.ca.
Socio-political issues are important in environmental policy outcomes but are often overlooked in conservation planning. We
analyze the effects of historical social, political, and ecological contexts on conservation policy outcomes as applied to the Upper
Gulf of California and Colorado River Delta Biosphere Reserve. A rushed implementation, perhaps necessary for the protection of
endangered totoaba (Totoaba macdonaldi) and vaquita (Phocoena sinus), occurred with little community consultation, resulting in
enduring disgruntlement among stakeholders that undermined its effectiveness. Overfishing and habitat degradation continue both
inside and outside the reserve, and totoaba and vaquita remain Critically Endangered, with the latter’s population...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Biosphere Reserve; Flagship species; Gulf of California; Social-ecological dynamics; Totoaba; Vaquita.
Ano: 2016
Social-Ecological Collapse: TURF Governance in the Context of Highly Variable Resources in Chile
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Cundill, Georgina; Department of Environmental Science, Rhodes University; georgina.cundill@gmail.com.
In Chile, a Territorial User Rights for Fisheries system was developed to manage benthic fisheries. This system is referred to as
Management Areas for the Exploitation of Benthic Resources. Management areas involved a shift from top-down control by
governments to comanagement. We have analyzed the effects of a highly variable fishery, characterized by boom-and-bust cycles,
on the governance of local institutions designed for resource management. We focused on a case study in north central Chile, in
which the surf clam fishery experienced high levels of variability when the fishery was in an open access system. The
management areas were established for the fishery in 1999. As a result, a set of rules for the fishery were created and enforced by
fishers and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Governance; Management area; Small-scale fishery; Social-ecological; TURF.
Ano: 2014
Changing Use Patterns, Changing Feedback Links: Implications for Reorganization of Coastal
Fisheries Management in the Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Hammer, Monica; ; monica.hammer@sh.se.
Property rights are important institutions for regulating the use of valuable natural resources from coastal ecosystems. In this case
study, we identify and analyze property rights and user patterns related to small-scale coastal fisheries in the Stockholm
Archipelago, Sweden. User patterns and user groups have changed significantly over the last century, as commercial fishing has
been increasingly replaced by recreational activities. Interviews with local resource users and owners of water properties in two
different areas, Möja and Ornö parishes within the Stockholm Archipelago, revealed a very diverse pattern
of property and user rights, with a large number of water and fishing rights owners. Recreational fisheries, including both...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Coastal fisheries; Management institutions; Property rights; Social-ecological systems; Stockholm archipelago.
Ano: 2006
Adapting the social-ecological system framework for urban stormwater management: the case of
green infrastructure adoption
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Flynn, Carli D.; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Syracuse University; cflynn@syr.edu; Davidson,
Cliff I.; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Syracuse University; Syracuse Center of Excellence in
Environmental and Energy Systems; davidson@syr.edu.
Stormwater management has long been a critical societal and environmental challenge for communities. An increasing number of
municipalities are turning to novel approaches such as green infrastructure to develop more sustainable stormwater management
systems. However, there is a need to better understand the technological decision-making processes that lead to specific outcomes
within urban stormwater governance systems. We used the social-ecological system (SES) framework to build a classification
system for identifying significant variables that influence urban stormwater governance decisions related to green infrastructure
adoption. To adapt the framework, we relied on findings from observations at national stormwater meetings in combination with
a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Green infrastructure; Social-ecological systems framework; Stormwater management; Technology adoption.
Ano: 2016
Robustness or resilience? Managing the intersection of ecology and engineering in an urban Alaskan
fishery
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Krupa, Meagan B.; Alaska Pacific University; mkrupa@alaskapacific.edu; Chapin, III, F. Stuart; University of Alaska
Fairbanks ; terry.chapin@alaska.edu; Lovecraft, Amy L.; University of Alaska Fairbanks; allovecraft@alaska.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Hatchery; Robustness theory; Salmon; Social-ecological systems; Stream management; Urban fishery.
Ano: 2014
Sustaining Europe’s seas as coupled social-ecological systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Mee, Laurence; ;; Cooper, Philip; University of Bath; p.cooper@bath.ac.uk; Kannen, Andreas; Helmholtz Zentrum
Geesthacht, Centre for Materials and Coastal Research, Department Human Dimensions in Coastal Areas;
Andreas.Kannen@hzg.de; Gilbert, Alison J; Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam; alison.gilbert@vu.nl.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Palavras-chave: Ecosystem approach; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Regional seas; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
Assessing the Sustainability of Small Farmer Natural Resource Management Systems. A Critical
Analysis of the MESMIS Program (1995-2010)
Provedor de dados: 7
Sustainability assessment oriented to improve current systems and practices is urgently needed, particularly in the context of small
farmer natural resource management systems (NRMS). Unfortunately, social-ecological systems (SES) theory, sustainability
evaluation frameworks, and assessment methods are still foreign not only to farmers but to many researchers, students, NGOs,
policy makers/operators, and other interested groups. In this paper we examine the main achievements and challenges of the
MESMIS Program (Spanish acronym for Indicator-based Sustainability Assessment Framework), a 15-year ongoing effort with
impact in 60 case studies and 20 undergraduate and graduate programs mainly in Ibero-America that is attempting to cope with
the stated...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Complex systems; Latin America; Natural resource management; Small farmers; Social-ecological systems;
Sustainability assessments.
Ano: 2012
Resilience of small-scale societies: a view from drylands
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Puy, Arnald; Institute of Geography, University of Cologne; Maritime Civilizations Department, Recanati Institute for
Maritime Studies, University of Haifa; arnald.puy@gmail.com; Biagetti, Stefano; Complexity and Socio-Ecological dynamics
(CaSEs), Spain; Departament d'Humanitats, Universitat Pompeu Fabra; School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental
Studies (GAES), University of the Witwatersrand; stefano.biagetti@upf.edu.
To gain insights on long-term social-ecological resilience, we examined adaptive responses of small-scale societies to
dryland-related hazards in different regions and chronological periods, spanning from the mid-Holocene to the present. Based on
evidence from Africa (Sahara and Sahel), Asia (south margin of the Thar desert), and Europe (South Spain), we discuss key traits
and coping practices of small-scale societies that are potentially relevant for building resilience. The selected case studies illustrate
four main coping mechanisms: mobility and migration, storage, commoning, and collective action driven by religious beliefs.
Ultimately, the study of resilience in the context of drylands emphasizes the importance of adaptive traits and practices that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Climate change; Coping mechanisms; Drylands; Resilience; Social-ecological systems;
Sustainability; Traditional ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2016
Three necessary conditions for establishing effective Sustainable Development Goals in the
Anthropocene
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Dannenberg, Astrid; The Earth Institute, Columbia University, USA; Dept. of Economics, University of Gothenburg,
Sweden; ad2901@columbia.edu; McCarney, Geoff; The Earth Institute, Columbia University, USA; School of International and
Public Affairs, Columbia University, USA; grm2119@columbia.edu; Milkoreit, Manjana; School of Sustainability, Arizona State
University, USA; manjana@mac.com; Diekert, Florian; Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo, Norway; NoRMER/CEES, Dept.
of Biology, University of Oslo, Norway; f.k.diekert@ibv.uio.no; Fishman, Ram; Dept. of Economics, George Washington
University, USA; Rfishman@gwu.edu; Gars, Johan; The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy
of Science, Sweden; johan.gars@beijer.kva.se; Kyriakopoolou, Efthymia; Dept. of Economics, University of Gothenburg,
Sweden; efi.kyriakopoulou@economics.gu.se; Manoussi, Vassiliki; Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece;
amanousi@aueb.gr; Meng, Kyle; School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, USA; kylemeng@gmail.com;
Metian, Marc; Radioecology Laboratory, IAEA Environment Laboratories, Monaco; m.metian@iaea.org; Sanctuary, Mark; The
Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Science, Sweden; mark.sanctuary@ivl.se; Schoon,
Michael; School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, USA; michael.schoon@asu.edu; Schultz, Lisen; Stockholm
Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden; lisen.schultz@stockholmresilience.su.se.
The purpose of the United Nations-guided process to establish Sustainable Development Goals is to galvanize governments and
civil society to rise to the interlinked environmental, societal, and economic challenges we face in the Anthropocene. We argue
that the process of setting Sustainable Development Goals should take three key aspects into consideration. First, it should
embrace an integrated social-ecological system perspective and acknowledge the key dynamics that such systems entail, including
the role of ecosystems in sustaining human wellbeing, multiple cross-scale interactions, and uncertain thresholds. Second, the
process needs to address trade-offs between the ambition of goals and the feasibility in reaching them, recognizing biophysical,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Social change; Social-ecological systems; Sustainable Development Goals; Transformations.
Ano: 2014
Using a view of livestock farms as social-ecological systems to study the local variety in their
trajectories of change
Provedor de dados: 189
Autores: rueff, C.; Gibon, A.
In the Pyrenees National Park (France), as in other European mountain areas, the decline of agriculture and the reforestation of
agricultural landscapes depress many assets of local importance for rural development. In comparison with other mountain areas,
the relatively high capacity of Pyrenean family farms to survive is being increasingly challenged by growing uncertainties in the
local and global social-economic environment. Rural development stakeholders thus place increasing value on the maintenance of
livestock farms and on their multifunctional role in landscape management. In this paper we present the results of a tentative
analysis to improve assessment of variety in the longterm patterns of change in individual family farms of the current farm...
Tipo: Conference Paper
Palavras-chave: LONG-TERM TRAJECTORIES; FAMILY-FARM SYSTEMS; SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS;
SUSTAINABILITY.
Ano: 2010
URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20101e6822f0&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/02/
Community-Based Conservation and Traditional Ecological Knowledge: Implications for
Social-Ecological Resilience
Provedor de dados: 7
Our review highlights how traditional ecological knowledge influences people's adaptive capacity to social-ecological change and
identifies a set of mechanisms that contribute to such capacity in the context of community-based biodiversity conservation
initiatives. Twenty-three publications, including twenty-nine case studies, were reviewed with the aim of investigating how local
knowledge, community-based conservation, and resilience interrelate in social-ecological systems. We highlight that such
relationships have not been systematically addressed in regions where a great number of community conservation initiatives are
found; and we identify a set of factors that foster people's adaptive capacity to social-ecological change and a number of social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Biodiversity conservation; Community-based conservation; Ecosystem services; Local
ecological knowledge; Natural resource management; Social-ecological change; Social-ecological resilience; Traditional
ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2013
Transformation of resource management institutions under globalization: the case of songgye
community forests in South Korea.
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Yu, David J.; School of Sustainability, Arizona State University; Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity,
Arizona State University; davidjae@asu.edu; Anderies, John M.; Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, Arizona State
University; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; School of Sustainability, Arizona State
University; m.anderies@asu.edu; Lee, Dowon; Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Seoul National University;
leedw@snu.ac.kr; Perez, Irene; Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, Arizona State University; iperezib@asu.edu.
The context in which many self-governed commons systems operate will likely be significantly altered as globalization processes
play out over the next few decades. Such dramatic changes will induce some systems to fail and subsequently to be transformed,
rather than merely adapt. Despite this possibility, research on globalization-induced transformations of social-ecological systems
(SESs) is still underdeveloped. We seek to help fill this gap by exploring some patterns of transformation in SESs and the question
of what factors help explain the persistence of cooperation in the use of common-pool resources through transformative change.
Through the analysis of 89 forest commons in South Korea that experienced such transformations, we found that there are...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Collective action; Community-based forest management; Forest commons; Multilevel governance; Nested
enterprise; Network diversity; Robustness; Robustness trade-offs; Social-ecological systems; Songgye; Transformative capacity of
social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
Probing the interfaces between the social sciences and social-ecological resilience: insights from
integrative and hybrid perspectives in the social sciences
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Stone-Jovicich, Samantha; CSIRO Land and Water Flagship, Adaptive Social and Economic Sciences Program;
samantha.stone-jovicich@csiro.au.
Social scientists, and scholars in related interdisciplinary fields, have critiqued resilience thinking’s
oversimplification of social dimensions of coupled social-ecological systems. Resilience scholars have countered with
“where is the ecology” in social analyses? My aim is to contribute to current efforts to strengthen interand transdisciplinary debate and inquiry between the social-ecological resilience community and the social sciences. I synthesize
three social science perspectives, which stress the complex, dynamic, and multiscalar interconnections between the biophysical
and social realms in explaining social-environmental change, and which place both the social and ecology centre stage in their
analyses:...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Actor-network theory; Agency; ANT; Human-environment relations; Hybrid perspectives; Interdisciplinary;
Normative issues; Political ecology; Power; Social-ecological resilience; Social-ecological systems; Social sciences; Social
systems; Transdisciplinary; World systems analysis.
Ano: 2015
An Ecological View of the History of the City of Cape Town
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Anderson, Pippin M. L.; Department of Environmental and Geographical Science and African Centre for Cities, UCT
; pippin.anderson@uct.ac.za.
Rapid global urbanization and the knowledge that ecological systems underpin the future sustainability and resilience of our cities,
make an understanding of urban ecology critical. The way humans engage with ecological processes within cities is highly
complex, and both from a social and ecological perspective these engagements cannot be interpreted meaningfully on the basis of
a single timeframe. Historical analyses offer useful insights into the nature of social-ecological interactions under diverse
conditions, enabling improved decision-making into the future. We present an historical review of the evolving relationship
between the urban settlement of Cape Town and the ecological processes inherent to its natural surroundings. Since its
establishment,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Ecological history; Ecosystem services; City of Cape Town; Social ecological systems.
Ano: 2012
Adapting to Climate Change: Social-Ecological Resilience in a Canadian Western Arctic Community
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Berkes, Fikret; University of Manitoba; berkes@cc.umanitoba.ca; Jolly, Dyanna; University of Manitoba;
dyjolly@ihug.co.nz.
Human adaptation remains an insufficiently studied part of the subject of climate change. This paper examines the questions of
adaptation and change in terms of social-ecological resilience using lessons from a place-specific case study. The Inuvialuit
people of the small community of Sachs Harbour in Canada's western Arctic have been tracking climate change throughout the
1990s. We analyze the adaptive capacity of this community to deal with climate change. Short-term responses to changes in
land-based activities, which are identified as coping mechanisms, are one component of this adaptive capacity. The second
component is related to cultural and ecological adaptations of the Inuvialuit for life in a highly variable and uncertain
environment; these...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Social-ecological systems; Sustainability science; Arctic; Canadian North; Inuit; Inuvialuit; Adaptive strategies;
Climate change; Community-based research; Coping mechanisms; Human ecology; Participatory research; Participatory research;
Resilience; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2001
The Chilika Lagoon Social-Ecological System: An Historical Analysis
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Nayak, Prateep K.; Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo ; pnayak@uwaterloo.ca.
Innovations in social-ecological research require novel approaches to conceive change in human-environment systems. The study
of history constitutes an important element of this process. First, using the Chilika Lagoon small-scale fisheries in India, as a case,
in this paper I reflect on the appropriateness of a social-ecological perspective for understanding economic history. Second, I
examine here how changes in various components of the lagoon’s social-ecological system influenced and shaped
economic history and the political processes surrounding it. I then discuss the two-way linkages between economic history and
social-ecological processes to highlight that the components of a social-ecological system, including the economic aspects,
follow...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Chilika Lagoon; Drivers; Economic history; Human-environment disconnection; India;
Livelihoods; Marginalization; Small-scale fisheries; Social-ecological change; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability.
Ano: 2014
Emerging synthesis themes from the study of social-ecological systems of a tropical city
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Lugo, Ariel E.; USDA Forest Service International Institute of Tropical Forestry, Puerto Rico; alugo@fs.fed.us;
Quintero, Braulio; State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry ; baquinte@syr.edu.
The synthesis of the contributions in this special issue about the tropical city of San Juan has resulted in five themes. First, the
city is subject to multiple vulnerabilities, but socioeconomic factors and education level affect the perception of citizens to those
vulnerabilities, even in the face of imminent threat. Second, in light of the social-ecological conditions of the city, how its
citizens and institutions deal with knowledge to respond to vulnerabilities becomes critical to the adaptive capacity of the city.
Third, the relationship between socioeconomic factors and green cover, which in 2002 covered 42% of the city, is not what has
been reported for other temperate zone cities. In San Juan, neighborhoods with households of high socioeconomic...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Green and blue infrastructure; Information flows; Novel ecosystems; Social-ecological
systems; Tropical cities; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2014
Source/Sink Patterns of Disturbance and Cross-Scale Mismatches in a Panarchy of Social-Ecological
Landscapes
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Zaccarelli, Nicola; Landscape Ecology Laboratory, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy; nicola.zaccarelli@unile.it;
Petrosillo, Irene; Landscape Ecology Laboratory, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy; irene.petrosillo@unile.it; Zurlini, Giovanni;
Landscape Ecology Laboratory, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy; giovanni.zurlini@unile.it; Riitters, Kurt Hans; U.S. Forest
Service; kriitters@fs.fed.us.
Land-use change is one of the major factors affecting global environmental change and represents a primary human effect on
natural systems. Taking into account the scales and patterns of human land uses as source/sink disturbance systems, we describe a
framework to characterize and interpret the spatial patterns of disturbances along a continuum of scales in a panarchy of nested
jurisdictional social-ecological landscapes (SELs) like region, provinces, and counties. We detect and quantify those scales
through the patterns of disturbance relative to land use/land cover exhibited on satellite imagery over a 4-yr period in the Apulia
region, South Italy. By using moving windows to measure composition (amount) and spatial configuration (contagion) of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Disturbance mismatches; Disturbance source/sink; Multiscale disturbance patterns; Panarchy; Social-ecological
landscapes.
Ano: 2008
Understanding social-ecological change and transformation through community perceptions of system
identity
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Andrachuk, Mark; University of Waterloo; Environmental Change and Governance Group; mandrach@uwaterloo.ca;
Armitage, Derek; University of Waterloo; Environmental Change and Governance Group; derek.armitage@uwaterloo.ca.
We developed an empirical approach to consider social-ecological system change and transformation by drawing on resource
users’ knowledge and perceptions. We applied this approach in the Cau Hai lagoon, a coastal area dominated by
small-scale fisheries in central Vietnam. Nine focus groups with more than 70 fishers were used to gather information about key
social-ecological system elements and interactions, historical social-ecological dynamics, and possible thresholds between distinct
social-ecological system identities. The patterns of change in livelihoods and resource exploitation in the Cau Hai lagoon are
similar to those seen in other coastal lagoon and small-scale fishery contexts. Our findings show some promise for the use of
local...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Environmental change; Governance; Local knowledge systems; Perceptions; Resilience; Small
scale fisheries; Social-ecological transformations.
Ano: 2015
Hydropower vs. fisheries conservation: a test of institutional design principles for common-pool
resource management in the lower Mekong basin social-ecological system
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Villamayor-Tomas, Sergio; Division of Resource Economics, Humboldt University; villamayortomas@gmail.com;
Avagyan, Mikayel; Division of Resource Economics, Humboldt University; avagyanm@student.hu-berlin.de; Firlus, Marit;
Division of Resource Economics, Humboldt University; marit.firlus@posteo.de; Helbing, Georg; Division of Resource
Economics, Humboldt University; georg.helbing@gmx.de; Kabakova, Margarita; Division of Resource Economics, Humboldt
University; margarita.cabakova@gmail.com.
New methods have emerged for testing common-pool resource theory in large-scale environmental governance contexts. We aim
to contribute to that scholarship by assessing the relevance of Elinor Ostrom’s design principles in the lower Mekong
basin (LMB). The recent dam-building trend in the LMB has revealed a trade-off between hydropower development and the
conservation of migratory fish species. The need to internalize or avoid the negative externalities of hydropower dam construction
poses a new challenge to the LMB governance system and its main management body, the Mekong River Commission. Our
objective was to explain the emergence of the trade-off and the capacity of the governance system to address it. Elinor
Ostrom’s design...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Common pool resource theory; Fisheries; Hydropower; Institutional design principles; Lower Mekong basin;
SESMAD; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2016
Enhancing Adaptive Capacity in Food Systems: Learning at Farmers' Markets in Sweden
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Milestad, Rebecka; Department of Urban and Rural Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; Division of
Environmental Strategies Research, Royal Institute of Technology; rebecka.milestad@sol.slu.se; Westberg, Lotten; Department of
Urban and Rural Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences;; Geber, Ulrika; County Administrative Board of
Stockholm;.
This article examines how local food systems in the form of farmers' markets can enhance adaptive capacity and build
social-ecological resilience. It does this by exploring the learning potential among farmers and customers. Learning can enable
actors to adapt successfully and thus build adaptive capacity. Three forms of learning are investigated: instrumental,
communicative, and emancipatory. These forms of learning constitute the foundation for lasting changes of behaviors. Local food
systems are characterized by close links and opportunities for face-to-face interactions between consumers and producers of food,
and are also institutions where farmers and customers can express and act upon their ethical values concerning food. However,
local food systems...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Learning; Local food systems; Farmers' markets; Short food chains; Social-ecological
resilience.
Ano: 2010
Toward an analytical framework for understanding complex social-ecological systems when
conducting environmental impact assessments in South Africa
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Bowd, Rebecca; School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal;
rebecca@greendoorgroup.co.za; Quinn, Nevil W.; Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of the
West of England ; nevil.quinn@uwe.ac.uk; Kotze, Donovan C.; School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences,
University of KwaZulu-Natal; kotzed@ukzn.ac.za.
Consideration of biophysical impacts has historically dominated environmental impact assessment (EIA) practice. Despite the
emergence of social impact assessment, the consideration of socioeconomic impacts in EIA is variable, as is the extent of their
integration in EIA findings. There is growing recognition for the need to move EIA practice toward sustainability assessment,
characterized by comprehensiveness, i.e., scope of impacts, integration, i.e., of biophysical and socioeconomic impacts, and a
greater strategic focus. This is particularly the case in developing regions and in countries like South Africa, which have statutory
requirements for the full consideration of socioeconomic impacts in EIA. We suggest that EIA practice could benefit from...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Environmental impact assessment (EIA); Framework; Participation; Social-ecological
system (SES); Sustainability assessment.
Ano: 2015
Putting the "E" in SES: unpacking the ecology in the Ostrom social-ecological system framework
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Vogt, Jessica M.; The Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University
Bloomington; Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Furman University; jessica.vogt@furman.edu; Epstein, Graham
B.; School of Public and Environmental Affairs (SPEA), Indiana University Bloomington; The Vincent and Elinor Ostrom
Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University Bloomington; gepstein@indiana.edu; Mincey, Sarah K.;
Integrated Program in the Environment, Indiana University Bloomington; Indiana University Research and Teaching Preserve;
Center for the Study of Institutions, Population and Environmental Change (CIPEC), Indiana University Bloomington; The
Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University Bloomington; School of Public
and Environmental Affairs (SPEA), Indiana University Bloomington; skmincey@indiana.edu; Fischer, Burnell C.; The Vincent
and Elinor Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University Bloomington; School of Public and
Environmental Affairs (SPEA), Indiana University Bloomington; Center for the Study of Institutions, Population and
Environmental Change (CIPEC), Indiana University Bloomington; bufische@indiana.edu; McCord, Paul; Center for the Study of
Institutions, Population and Environmental Change (CIPEC), Indiana University Bloomington; Department of Geography, Indiana
University Bloomington; The Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University
Bloomington; pamccord@indiana.edu.
The Ostrom social-ecological system (SES) framework offers an interdisciplinary tool for studies of linked human-natural
systems. However, its origin in the social sciences belies the effectiveness of its interdisciplinary ambitions and undermines its
ability to cope with ecological complexity. To narrow the gap between inherently dynamic ecological systems and the SES
framework, we need to explicitly recognize that SES outcomes are coproduced by social systems in which choices are made, as
well as an ecological system with a diverse assortment of dynamic natural processes that mediate the effect of those choices. We
illustrate the need for more explicit incorporation of ecological attributes into the SES framework by presenting a case study of a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Ecological theory; Forest ecology; Interdisciplinary science; Linked human-natural systems; Social-ecological
system framework.
Ano: 2015
Does Pastoralists' Participation in the Management of National Parks in Northern Norway Contribute
to Adaptive Governance?
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Risvoll, Camilla ; University of Nordland; camilla.risvoll.godo@uin.no; Fedreheim, Gunn Elin; Nordland Research
Institute; gef@nforsk.no; Sandberg , Audun ; University of Nordland; audun.sandberg@hibo.no; BurnSilver, Shauna; School of
Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; Shauna.Burnsilver@asu.edu.
Norwegian protected areas have historically been managed by central, expertise bureaucracy; however, a governance change in
2010 decentralized and delegated the right to manage protected areas to locally elected politicians and elected Sámi
representatives in newly established National Park Boards. We explore how this new governance change affects adaptive capacity
within the reindeer industry, as the reindeer herders are now participating with other users in decision-making processes related
to large tracts of protected areas in which they have pasture access. Aspects within adaptive capacity and resilience thinking are
useful as complementary dimensions to a social-ecological system framework (Ostrom 2007) in exploring the dynamics of
complex...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Decentralization; National park governance; Participation; Pastoralists; Protected areas;
Reindeer herding; SES framework; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
Understanding Human-Fire Interactions in Tropical Forest Regions: a Case for Interdisciplinary
Research across the Natural and Social Sciences.
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Carmenta, Rachel; Lancaster Environment Centre; Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR);
rcarmenta@hotmail.com; Parry, Luke; Lancaster Environment Centre; lukeparry1@gmail.com; Blackburn, Alan; Lancaster
Environment Centre; alan.blackburn@lancaster.ac.uk; Vermeylen, Saskia; Lancaster Environment Centre;
s.vermeylen@lancaster.ac.uk; Barlow, Jos; Lancaster Environment Centre; josbarlow@gmail.com.
Fire in the forested tropics has profound environmental, economic, and social impacts at multiple geographical scales. Causes of
tropical fires are widely documented, although research contributions are from many disciplines, and each tends to focus on
specific facets of a research problem, which might limit understanding of fire as a complex social-ecological system. We
conducted a systematic review to (1) examine geographic and methodological focus in tropical fire research; (2) identify which
types of landholders are the focus of the research effort; (3) test for a research method effect on the variables, e.g., socio-political,
economic, and climatic, identified as causes of and proposed management solutions to tropical fire; and (4) examine...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Fire management; Interdisciplinary research; Multiscale analysis; Scale-pattern-process; Social-ecological
systems; Tropical forests.
Ano: 2011
Adaptive Management and Social Learning in Collaborative and Community-Based Monitoring: a
Study of Five Community-Based Forestry Organizations in the western USA
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Fernandez-Gimenez, Maria E.; Colorado State University; gimenez@warnercnr.colostate.edu; Ballard, Heidi L.;
University of California - Davis; hballard@ucdavis.edu; Sturtevant, Victoria E.; Southern Oregon University;
sturtevant@sou.edu.
Collaborative and community-based monitoring are becoming more frequent, yet few studies have examined the process and
outcomes of these monitoring approaches. We studied 18 collaborative or community-based ecological assessment or monitoring
projects undertaken by five community-based forestry organizations (CBFs), to investigate the objectives, process, and outcomes
of collaborative ecological monitoring by CBF organizations. We found that collaborative monitoring can lead to shared
ecological understanding among diverse participants, build trust internally and credibility externally, foster social learning and
community-building, and advance adaptive management. The CBFs experienced challenges in recruiting and sustaining
community participation in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Collaborative monitoring; Multiparty monitoring; Community-based monitoring;
Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Social learning.
Ano: 2008
Educating for resilience in the North: building a toolbox for teachers
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Spellman, Katie V.; Resilience and Adaptation Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks; katie.spellman@alaska.edu.
Communities at far northern latitudes must respond rapidly to the many complex problems that are arising from changing climate.
An emerging body of theoretical and empirical work has explored the role that education plays in enhancing the resilience and
adaptability of social-ecological systems. To foster effective, local, and timely responses of high-latitude communities to
climate-driven social-ecological change, educators need access to successful and efficient teaching tools to foster
resilience-promoting feedbacks. The potential for existing teaching practices to address this need, however, must be investigated
and communicated to teachers. Here, I review the education and sustainability science literature for attributes of resilience to
which formal...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Alaska; Citizen science; Human capital; Metacognition; Pedagogy; Scenarios thinking; Sense of place; Social
capital; Social-ecological resilience; Systems thinking.
Ano: 2015
Change and Identity in Complex Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Cumming, Graeme S; University of Florida; cummingg@wec.ufl.edu; Collier, John; University of KwaZulu-Natal;
collierj@ukzn.ac.za.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Complexity; Resilience; Identity; Adaptive cycle; Limitation; Replacement; Random walk; Evolution;
Ecosystem; Economy; Society; Social-ecological system; Metamodels.
Ano: 2005
Agency and Resilience: Teachings of Pikangikum First Nation Elders, Northwestern Ontario
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Miller, Andrew M.; First Nations University of Canada; amiller@fnuniv.ca; Davidson-Hunt, Iain; Natural Resources
Institute; University of Manitoba; davidso4@cc.umanitoba.ca.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Agency; Anishinaabe; Other-than-human persons; Pikangikum First Nation; Resilience; Social-ecological
system.
Ano: 2013
Ecosystem Services, Governance, and Stakeholder Participation: an Introduction
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Paavola, Jouni ; University of Leeds; j.paavola@leeds.ac.uk; Hubacek, Klaus; Department of Geographical Sciences,
University of Maryland; hubacek@umd.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive; Ecosystem services; Governance; Participation; Payment for ecosystem services; Protected areas;
Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Stakeholders.
Ano: 2013
Collective action and the risk of ecosystem regime shifts: insights from a laboratory experiment
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Schill, Caroline; The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; Stockholm
Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; caroline.schill@beijer.kva.se; Lindahl, Therese; The Beijer Institute of Ecological
Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University;
therese.lindahl@beijer.kva.se.
Ecosystems can undergo regime shifts that potentially lead to a substantial decrease in the availability of provisioning ecosystem
services. Recent research suggests that the frequency and intensity of regime shifts increase with growing anthropogenic pressure,
so understanding the underlying social-ecological dynamics is crucial, particularly in contexts where livelihoods depend heavily
on local ecosystem services. In such settings, ecosystem services are often derived from common-pool resources. The limited
capacity to predict regime shifts is a major challenge for common-pool resource management, as well as for systematic empirical
analysis of individual and group behavior, because of the need for extensive preshift and postshift data. Unsurprisingly,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Cooperation; Ecological dynamics; Laboratory experiments; Regime shifts; Risk;
Social-ecological systems; Thresholds; Uncertainty.
Ano: 2015
Key insights for the future of urban ecosystem services research
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Kremer, Peleg; Department of Geography and the Environment, Villanova University; Tishman Environment and
Design Center, The New School; peleg.kremer@villanova.edu; McPhearson, Timon; Urban Ecology Lab, Environmental Studies
Program, The New School; timon.mcphearson@newschool.edu; Frantzeskaki, Niki; DRIFT, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus
University Rotterdam; n.frantzeskaki@drift.eur.nl; Andersson, Erik; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University;
erik.andersson@su.se; Rall, Emily L; Technical University of Munich, Chair for Strategic Landscape Planning and Management;
e.rall@tum.de; Bertram, Christine; Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Research Area The Environment and Natural
Resources; christine.bertram@ifw-kiel.de; Hansen, Rieke; Technical University of Munich, Chair for Strategic Landscape
Planning and Management; hansen@tum.de; Kaczorowska, Anna; Department of Architecture, Chalmers University of
Technology; anna.kaczorowska@chalmers.se; Kain, Jaan-Henrik; Department of Architecture, Chalmers University of
Technology; kain@chalmers.se; Kronenberg, Jakub; Department of International Economics, University of Lodz;
kronenbe@uni.lodz.pl; Pauleit, Stephan; Technical University of Munich, Chair for Strategic Landscape Planning and
Management; pauleit@wzw.tum.de; Rehdanz, Katrin; University of Kiel, Department of Economics; Kiel Institute for the World
Economy, Research Area The Environment and Natural Resources; katrin.rehdanz@ifw-kiel.de; Schewenius, Maria; Stockholm
Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; maria.schewenius@su.se; van Ham, Chantal; IUCN - International Union for
Conservation of Nature; chantal.vanham@iucn.org; Wurster, Daniel; ; daniel.wurster@gmx.at; Elmqvist, Thomas; Stockholm
Resilience Center, Stockholm University; thomas.elmqvist@su.se.
Understanding the dynamics of urban ecosystem services is a necessary requirement for adequate planning, management, and
governance of urban green infrastructure. Through the three-year Urban Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (URBES) research
project, we conducted case study and comparative research on urban biodiversity and ecosystem services across seven cities in
Europe and the United States. Reviewing > 50 peer-reviewed publications from the project, we present and discuss
seven key insights that reflect cumulative findings from the project as well as the state-of-the-art knowledge in urban ecosystem
services research. The insights from our review indicate that cross-sectoral, multiscale, interdisciplinary research is beginning to
provide a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Social-ecological systems; Urban ecology; Urban ecosystem services; Urban green infrastructure;
Urban liveability; Urban planning.
Ano: 2016
Total Environment of Change: Impacts of Climate Change and Social Transitions on Subsistence
Fisheries in Northwest Alaska
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Moerlein, Katie J; School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences University of Alaska Fairbanks; kmoerle1@alaska.edu;
Carothers, Courtney; School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences University of Alaska Fairbanks; clcarothers@alaska.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Arctic; Climate change; Environmental anthropology; Fisheries; Human dimensions; Local knowledge;
Social-ecological systems; Subsistence; Traditional ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2012
Food Sources and Accessibility and Waste Disposal Patterns across an Urban Tropical Watershed:
Implications for the Flow of Materials and Energy
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Garcia-Montiel, Diana C.; Institute For Tropical Ecosystem Studies; dgarcia@ites.upr.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Household; Nutrient cycling; San Juan ULTRA; Social-ecological systems; Urban biogeochemistry; Urban
ecology; Urban metabolism; Watershed.
Ano: 2014
Cross-Scale Value Trade-Offs in Managing Social-Ecological Systems: The Politics of Scale in Ruaha
National Park, Tanzania
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Zia, Asim; Department of Community Development and Applied Economics, University of Vermont;
Asim.Zia@uvm.edu; Hirsch, Paul; Department of Environmental Studies SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry,
Syracuse NY ; pahirsch@maxwell.syr.edu; Songorwa, Alexander; Department of Wildlife Management, Sokoine University of
Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania ; bhugoji@yahoo.com; Mutekanga, David R.; Wildlife Conservation Society, Ruaha National
Park, Tanzania; DMutekanga@wcs.org; O'Connor, Sheila; Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe AZ
; soconnor@wwf.org.uk; McShane, Thomas; Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe AZ ;
mcshane@bluewin.ch; Brosius, Peter; Center for Integrative Conservation Research, University of Georgia, Athens GA ;
pbrosius@uga.edu; Norton, Bryan; School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA;
bryan.norton@pubpolicy.gatech.edu.
Management of social-ecological systems takes place amidst complex governance processes and cross-scale institutional
arrangements that are mediated through politics of scale. Each management scenario generates distinct cross-scale trade-offs in
the distribution of pluralistic values. This study explores the hypothesis that conservation-oriented management scenarios generate
higher value for international and national scale social organizations, whereas mixed or more balanced management scenarios
generate higher value for local scale social organizations. This hypothesis is explored in the management context of Ruaha
National Park (RNP), Tanzania, especially the 2006 expansion of RNP that led to the eviction of many pastoralists and farmers.
Five...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Complexity; Ecological valuation; Economic development; Politics of scale;
Social-ecological systems; Trade-off analysis.
Ano: 2011
Exploring ecosystem-change and society through a landscape lens: recent progress in European
landscape research
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Plieninger, Tobias; University of Copenhagen; tobias.plieninger@ign.ku.dk; Kizos, Thanasis; University of the Aegean;
akizos@aegean.gr; Bieling, Claudia; University of Hohenheim; claudia.bieling@uni-hohenheim.de; Budniok, Marie-Alice;
European Landowners' Organization; legal@elo.org; Crumley, Carole L.; Uppsala University; crumley@live.unc.edu; Howard,
Pip; Forest Communication Network Ltd.; pipahoward@gmail.com; Kolen, Jan; Leiden University;
j.c.a.kolen@arch.leidenuniv.nl; Milcinski, Grega; SINERGISE; grega.milcinski@sinergise.com; Palang, Hannes; Tallinn
University; palang@tlu.ee; Verburg, Peter H.; VU University Amsterdam; Peter.Verburg@ivm.vu.nl.
Landscapes are closely linked to human well-being, but they are undergoing rapid and fundamental change. Understanding the
societal transformation underlying these landscape changes, as well as the ecological and societal outcomes of landscape
transformations across scales are prime areas for landscape research. We review and synthesize findings from six important areas
of landscape research in Europe and discuss how these findings may advance the study of ecosystem change and society and its
thematic key priorities. These six areas are: (1) linkages between people and the environment in landscapes, (2) landscape
structure and land-use intensity, (3) long-term landscape history, (4) driving forces, processes, and actors of landscape change, (5)
landscape...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; European Landscape Convention; Landscape governance; Landscape stewardship;
Landscape values; Multiscale landscape modeling; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
Does Adaptive Management of Natural Resources Enhance Resilience to Climate Change?
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Tompkins, Emma L; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia; e.tompkins@uea.ac.uk;
Adger, W. Neil; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia; n.adger@uea.ac.uk.
Emerging insights from adaptive and community-based resource management suggest that building resilience into both human
and ecological systems is an effective way to cope with environmental change characterized by future surprises or unknowable
risks. We argue that these emerging insights have implications for policies and strategies for responding to climate change. We
review perspectives on collective action for natural resource management to inform understanding of climate response capacity.
We demonstrate the importance of social learning, specifically in relation to the acceptance of strategies that build social and
ecological resilience. Societies and communities dependent on natural resources need to enhance their capacity to adapt to the
impacts...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Caribbean; Trinidad and Tobago; Adaptive capacity; Climate change; Community-based management; Natural
resource management; Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2004
Integrating local knowledge and science: economic consequences of driftwood harvest in a changing
climate
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Jones, Chas E; International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks; chas@chasjones.com; Kielland,
Knut; Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks; kkielland@alaska.edu; Hinzman, Larry D; International Arctic
Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks; ldhinzman@alaska.edu; Schneider, William S; Oral History Department,
University of Alaska Fairbanks; wsschneider@alaska.edu.
The integration of local knowledge and science represents an opportunity to enhance the understanding of interrelations among
climate, hydrology, and socioeconomic systems while providing mutual benefits to scientists and rural communities. Insight from
rural Alaskans helped to identify a social-ecological threshold used to model potential driftwood harvest from the Yukon River.
Information from residents of Tanana, Alaska, was combined with scientific data to model driftwood harvest rates. Modeling
results estimated that between 1980 and 2010, hydrologic factors alone were responsible for a 29% decrease in the annual wood
harvest, which approximately balanced a 23% reduction in wood demand because of a decline in number of households. The...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Biomass; Climate; Driftwood; Economics; Flood; Hydrology; Large woody debris; Local knowledge;
Participatory research; Social-ecological model; Threshold.
Ano: 2015
Characteristics, emerging needs, and challenges of transdisciplinary sustainability science:
experiences from the German Social-Ecological Research Program
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Ruppert-Winkel, Chantal; University of Freiburg; chantal.ruppert@zee.uni-freiburg.de; Deppisch, Sonja; HafenCity
University Hamburg; sonja.deppisch@hcu-hamburg.de; Eisenack, Klaus; Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg;
klaus.eisenack@uni-oldenburg.de; Matzdorf, Bettina; Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF);
matzdorf@zalf.de; Padmanabhan, Martina; University of Passau; Martina.padmanabhan@uni-passau.de; Selbmann, Kirsten;
Bochum University of Applied Science; Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research;
kirsten.selbmann-lobbedey@hs-bochum.de; Ziegler, Rafael; University of Greifswald; rziegler@uni-greifswald.de; Plieninger,
Tobias; University of Copenhagen; tobias.plieninger@ign.ku.dk.
Transdisciplinary sustainability science (TSS) is a prominent way of scientifically contributing to the solution of sustainability
problems. Little is known, however, about the practice of scientists in TSS, especially those early in their career. Our objectives
were to identify these practices and to outline the needs and challenges for early career scientists in TSS. To that end, we compiled
10 key characteristics of TSS based on a literature survey. We then analyzed research groups with 81 early career scientists
against these characteristics. All of these research groups are funded by an ongoing federally funded German program for
social-ecological research whose main feature is to promote sustainability-oriented inter- and transdisciplinary research....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Early career scientists; Interdisciplinarity; Research practice; Self-evaluation; Social-ecological research;
Sustainability science; Trandisciplinarity.
Ano: 2015
Achieving Success under Pressure in the Conservation of Intensely Used Coastal Areas
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Micheli, Fiorenza; Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, California, USA; micheli@stanford.edu; Niccolini,
Federico; Department of Economics, University of Macerata, Macerata, Italy; fniccolini@unimc.it.
Understanding how biological conservation and socioeconomic development can be harmonized in social-ecological systems is at
the core of sustainability science. We present the case of a Mediterranean marine protected area (MPA), the Tavolara-Punta Coda
Cavallo MPA, that exhibits high ecological performance under intense pressure from fishing, tourism, and coastal development.
This case study illustrates how socioeconomic development and significant conservation benefits can coexist, even in a
challenging context. Based on this case study, we present a framework for what elements and interactions have determined the
high ecological performance of this MPA, and highlight the key leverages that have enabled ecosystem recovery. In particular, the
most critical...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Conservation performance; Marine protected areas; Mediterranean; Social-ecological systems; Tavolara-Punta
Coda Cavallo MPA; Visionary Organization.
Ano: 2013
Conservation and Development in Latin America and Southern Africa: Setting the Stage
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Romero, Claudia; Tropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of
Florida.; romero@ufl.edu; Athayde, Simone; Tropical Conservation and Development Program and Amazon Conservation
Leadership Initiative, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida.; simonea@ufl.edu; Collomb, Jean-Gael E.;
Wildlife Conservation Network; jgcollomb@gmail.com; DiGiano, Maria; Tropical Conservation and Development Program,
Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida; marimardig@mac.com; Schmink, Marianne; Tropical Conservation and
Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida.; schmink@LATAM.UFL.EDU; Schramski,
Sam; Tropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida;
schramski@ufl.edu; Seales, Lisa; Tropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies,
University of Florida; lisaseal@ufl.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Africa; Complex social-ecological systems; Conservation; Development; Knowledge networks; Local
institutions; Economic incentives; Latin America.
Ano: 2012
Social-Ecological Guilds: Putting People into Marine Historical Ecology
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Shackeroff, Janna M; International Coordinator NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program ; janna.shackeroff@noaa.gov;
Campbell, Lisa M; Duke University; lcampbe@duke.edu; Crowder, Larry B; Duke University Marine Laboratory;
lcrowder@duke.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Conservation; Coral reefs; Local ecological knowledge; Marine historical ecology; Social-ecological systems;
Traditional ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2011
Not All Roads Lead to Resilience: a Complex Systems Approach to the Comparative Analysis of
Tortoises in Arid Ecosystems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Leuteritz, Thomas E. J.; Redlands Institute; thomas_leuteritz@redlands.edu; Ekbia, Hamid R.; Redlands Institute;.
The concept of resilience has been widely used in the study of social-ecological systems, with its key components identified as
resistance, latitude, and precariousness. We use this concept to examine the differences among three semi-arid regions in terms of
these three components. We do this by examining the status of tortoises that occur in the dry spiny forest Madagascar, the Karoo
of South Africa, and the Mojave Desert of the United States as an indicator of the health and resilience of their respective
ecosystems. Our findings demonstrate the tight coupling between societal development and ecosystem dynamics, the role of
diversity in enhancing resilience, and the significance of local communal knowledge in sustaining it. Our findings also suggest
that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Collective variable; Control parameter; Latitude; Madagascar; Panarchy; Precariousness; Resistance;
Social-ecological systems; South Africa; United States.
Ano: 2008
Toward increased engagement between academic and indigenous community partners in ecological
research
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Adams, Megan S.; Department of Geography, University of Victoria; Raincoast Conservation Foundation; Hakai Beach
Institute; megan.s.adams@gmail.com; Carpenter, Jennifer; Heiltsuk Integrated Resource Management Department;
jcarpenter2@heiltsuknation.ca; Housty, Jess A.; Qqs Projects Society;; Neasloss, Douglass; Kitasoo/Xai-Xais Integrated Resource
Authority; Spirit Bear Research Foundation;; Paquet, Paul C.; Department of Geography, University of Victoria; Raincoast
Conservation Foundation; ppaquet@baudoux.ca; Service, Christina; Department of Geography, University of Victoria; Spirit Bear
Research Foundation; Hakai Beach Institute; christina.service@gmail.com; Walkus, Jennifer; Wuikinuxv Nation Fisheries;;
Darimont, Chris T.; Department of Geography, University of Victoria; Raincoast Conservation Foundation; Hakai Beach Institute;
darimont@uvic.ca.
Ecological research, especially work related to conservation and resource management, increasingly involves social dimensions.
Concurrently, social systems, composed of human communities that have direct cultural connections to local ecology and place,
may draw upon environmental research as a component of knowledge. Such research can corroborate local and traditional
ecological knowledge and empower its application. Indigenous communities and their interactions with and management of
resources in their traditional territories can provide a model of such social-ecological systems. As decision-making agency is
shifted increasingly to indigenous governments in Canada, abundant opportunities exist for applied ecological research at the
community level....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Aboriginal; Collaborative research; Community engagement; Ecology; First Nations; Indigenous communities;
Natural science; Resource management; Social-ecological systems; Trust.
Ano: 2014
A social-ecological impact assessment for public lands management: application of a conceptual and
methodological framework
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Bentley Brymer, Amanda L; Environmental Science Program, University of Idaho; abentley.brymer@gmail.com;
Holbrook, Joseph D.; Department of Fish and Wildlife Sciences, University of Idaho; jholbrook03@gmail.com; Niemeyer, Ryan
J.; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington; rniemeyr@uw.edu; Suazo, Alexis A.;
Department of Forest, Rangeland, and Fire Sciences, University of Idaho; suaz0059@vandals.uidaho.edu; Wulfhorst, J. D.;
Environmental Science Program, University of Idaho; Water Resources Program, University of Idaho; Department of Agricultural
Economics & Rural Sociology, University of Idaho; jd@uidaho.edu; Vierling, Kerri T.; Department of Fish and Wildlife
Sciences, University of Idaho; kerriv@uidaho.edu; Newingham, Beth A.; Great Basin Rangelands Research Unit,
USDA-Agricultural Research Service; beth.newingham@ars.usda.gov; Link, Timothy E.; Department of Forest, Rangeland, and
Fire Sciences, University of Idaho; Water Resources Program, University of Idaho; tlink@uidaho.edu; Rachlow, Janet L.;
Department of Fish and Wildlife Sciences, University of Idaho; jrachlow@uidaho.edu.
According to the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), federal action to manipulate habitat for species
conservation requires an environmental impact statement, which should integrate natural, physical, economic, and social sciences
in planning and decision making. Nonetheless, most impact assessments focus disproportionately on physical or ecological
impacts rather than integrating ecological and socioeconomic components. We developed a participatory social-ecological impact
assessment (SEIA) that addresses the requirements of NEPA and integrates social and ecological concepts for impact assessments.
We cooperated with the Bureau of Land Management in Idaho, USA on a project designed to restore habitat for the Greater
Sage-Grouse...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Deliberative workshops; Impact assessment; National Environmental Policy Act; NEPA; PPGIS; Public lands;
Public participatory GIS; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2016
Growth, Collapse, and Reorganization of the Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal: an Analysis of
Institutional Resilience
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Baral, Nabin; Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech; nbaral@vt.edu; Stern,
Marc J; Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech; mjstern@vt.edu; Heinen, Joel T;
Department of Earth and Environment, Florida International University ; heinenj@fiu.edu.
Community-based conservation institutions can be conceptualized as complex adaptive systems that pass through a cycle of
growth, maturation, collapse, and reorganization. We test the applicability of this four-phase adaptive cycle in the institutional
context of the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA), Nepal. We use the adaptive cycle to assess changes in structures and
processes and to explore the past, present, and possible future trends in ACA. We focus on the crisis brought about by the Maoist
insurgency and changes that took place in ACA during and after this period. Our analysis suggests that the conservation institution
has passed through one and a half forms of the adaptive cycle in five major historical periods in the Annapurna region since 1960.
It...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Annapurna; Adaptive cycle; Community-based conservation; Protected areas management; Resilience;
Social-ecological system; Sustainability science.
Ano: 2010
Interplay of multiple goods, ecosystem services, and property rights in large social-ecological marine
protected areas
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Ban, Natalie C; School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria; Australian Research Council Centre of
Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University; nban@uvic.ca; Evans, Louisa S; Geography, University of Exeter;
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University; louisa.evans@exeter.ac.uk;
Nenadovic, Mateja; Duke University Marine Laboratory, Duke University; mateja.nenadovic@duke.edu; Schoon, Michael;
Center for Behavior, Institutions, and the Environment, Arizona State University; michael.schoon@asu.edu.
Protected areas are a cornerstone of biodiversity conservation, and increasingly, conservation science is integrating ecological and
social considerations in park management. Indeed, both social and ecological factors need to be considered to understand
processes that lead to changes in environmental conditions. Here, we use a social-ecological systems lens to examine changes in
governance through time in an extensive regional protected area network, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. We studied the
peer-reviewed and nonpeer-reviewed literature to develop an understanding of governance of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
and its management changes through time. In particular, we examined how interacting and changing property rights, as designated
by the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Great Barrier Reef; Marine conservation; Marine protected area; Property rights;
Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
Social and Ecological Factors Influencing Attitudes Toward the Application of High-Intensity
Prescribed Burns to Restore Fire Adapted Grassland Ecosystems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Toledo, David; Texas A&M University; david_toledo@tamu.edu; Sorice, Michael G.; Virginia Tech;
msorice@vt.edu; Kreuter, Urs P.; Texas A&M University; urs@tamu.edu.
Fire suppression in grassland systems that are adapted to episodic fire has contributed to the recruitment of woody species in
grasslands worldwide. Even though the ecology of restoring these fire prone systems back to grassland states is becoming clearer,
a major hurdle to the reintroduction of historic fires at a landscape scale is its social acceptability. Despite the growing body of
literature on the social aspects of fire, an understanding of the human dimensions of applying high-intensity prescribed burns in
grassland and savanna systems is lacking. We used structural equation modeling to examine how landowners’
attitudes toward high-intensity prescribed burns are affected by previous experience with burning, perceptions of brush...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: High-intensity prescribed burn; Prescribed fire; Social-ecological systems; Structural model; Subjective norms.
Ano: 2013
Ways of farming and ways of thinking: do farmers’ mental models of the landscape
relate to their land management practices?
Provedor de dados: 7
The efficiency of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy in mitigating the negative effects of
agricultural intensification on the landscape and biodiversity is increasingly being questioned. Enhancing a reciprocal
understanding of various stakeholders’ mental models of agro-social-ecosystems has been proposed to trigger
changes in both policy design and farmers’ behaviors. However, the relationship between farmers’
mental models and practices is rarely considered. Here, we explore the relationship between farmers’ individual
mental models (IMMs) of the agricultural landscape and their land management practices. To do so, we developed a theoretical
and methodological framework grounded in cognitive...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Agricultural public policies; Common Agricultural Policy; Farming systems; Landscape management; Social
representations; Social-ecological interdependencies.
Ano: 2016
A systemic framework for context-based decision making in natural resource management:
reflections on an integrative assessment of water and livelihood security outcomes following policy
reform in South Africa
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Pollard, Sharon; The Association for Water and Rural Development; sharon@award.org.za; Biggs, Harry; SANParks;
Harry.Biggs@sanparks.org; Du Toit, Derick R; The Association for Water and Rural Development; derick@award.org.za.
We aimed to contribute to the field of natural resource management (NRM) by introducing an alternative systemic context-based
framework for planning, research, and decision making, which we expressed practically in the development of a decision-making
“tool” or method. This holistic framework was developed in the process of studying a specific catchment
area, i.e., the Sand River Catchment, but we have proposed that it can be generalized to studying the complexities of other
catchment areas. Using the lens of systemic resilience to think about dynamic and complex environments differently, we have
reflected on the development of a systemic framework for understanding water and livelihood security under transformation in
postapartheid...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Complexity; Decision making; Dynamic; Governance; IWRM; Livelihood security; Resilience; SES;
Social-ecological systems; Transdisciplinarity; Transformation.
Ano: 2014
Threatened common property resource system and factors for resilience: lessons drawn from
serege-commons in Muhur, Ethiopia
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Dessalegn, Mengistu; International Water Management Institute (IWMI); mengistudsquare@gmail.com.
This ethnographic case study of serege-commons, communal pasture and forest in Muhur, Ethiopia, demonstrates the socially
complex nature of the common property resource (CPR) system, including the factors behind its resilience and sustained
operation. It reveals the multifaceted and interacting local processes that maintain the commons in the face of political economic
processes that challenge common property management. The study shows how CPR use, crop cultivation, alternative livelihood
strategies, out-migration, collective herding practices, management practices, and alternative sources of compliance interact, and
these interacting processes reinforce each other and maintain a resilient CPR system. This study argues that there is not one single
cause...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Common property resource (CPR); Complex social-ecological systems; Muhur; Resilience; Serege-commons.
Ano: 2016
A mixed-methods analysis of social-ecological feedbacks between urbanization and forest persistence
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: BenDor, Todd; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; bendor@unc.edu; Shoemaker, Douglas A.; North Carolina
State University; douglas.shoemaker@gmail.com; Thill, Jean-Claude; University of North Carolina at Charlotte;
Jean-Claude.Thill@uncc.edu; Dorning, Monica A.; North Carolina State University; madorning@gmail.com; Meentemeyer, Ross
K.; North Carolina State University; ross_meentemeyer@ncsu.edu.
We examined how social-ecological factors in the land-change decision-making process influenced neighboring decisions and
trajectories of alternative landscape ecologies. We decomposed individual landowner decisions to conserve or develop forests in
the rapidly growing Charlotte, North Carolina, U.S. region, exposing and quantifying the effects of forest quality, and social and
cultural dynamics. We tested the hypothesis that the intrinsic value of forest resources, e.g., cultural attachment to land, influence
woodland owners’ propensity to sell. Data were collected from a sample of urban, nonindustrial private forest
(U-NIPF) owners using an individualized survey design that spatially matched land-owner responses to the ecological and
timber...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Forest persistence; Land-use change; Social-ecological feedbacks; Tax policy; Urban forests; Urbanization.
Ano: 2014
River basins as social-ecological systems: linking levels of societal and ecosystem water metabolism in
a semiarid watershed
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Cabello, Violeta; Department of Human Geography, University of Seville; vcabellov@gmail.com; Willaarts, Barbara
A.; Research Centre for the Management of Agricultural and Environmental Risks - CEIGRAM, Technical University of Madrid.;
barbara.willaarts@upm.es; Aguilar, Monica; Department of Physical Geography, University of Seville; malba@us.es; del Moral
Ituarte, Leandro; Department of Human Geography, University of Seville; lmoral@us.es.
River basin modeling under complexity requires analytical frameworks capable of dealing with the multiple scales and dimensions
of environmental problems as well as uncertainty in the evolution of social systems. Conceptual and methodological
developments can now be framed using the wide socio-eco-hydrological approach. We add hierarchy theory into the mix to
discuss the conceptualization of river basins as complex, holarchic social-ecological systems. We operationalize the
social-ecological systems water metabolism framework in a semiarid watershed in Spain, and add the governance dimension that
shapes human-environment reciprocity. To this purpose, we integrate an eco-hydrological model with the societal metabolism
accounting scheme for land use, human...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Holarchy; River basin; Socio-eco-hydrology; Social-ecological systems; Water availability; Water metabolism.
Ano: 2015
Rethinking the Galapagos Islands as a Complex Social-Ecological System: Implications for
Conservation and Management
Provedor de dados: 7
The Galapagos Islands are among the most renowned natural sites in the world. Unlike other oceanic archipelagos, the ecological
and evolutionary processes characteristic of Galapagos have been minimally affected by human activities, and the archipelago still
retains most of its original, unique biodiversity. However, several recent reports suggest that the development model has turned
unsustainable and that the unique values of the archipelago might be seriously at risk. In response to international concern,
UNESCO added Galapagos to the list of World Heritage in Danger in 2007. Our goal was to provide new insights into the origins
of the present-day crisis and suggest possible management alternatives. To this end, we re-examined the Galapagos situation...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Adaptive cycle; Biodiversity conservation; Galapagos Islands; Resilience;
Social-ecological systems; Sustainability science.
Ano: 2008
Establishing the Resilience of a Coastal-marine Social-ecological System to the Installation of Offshore
Wind Farms
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Burkhard, Benjamin; Ecology Centre Kiel; bburkhard@ecology.uni-kiel.de; Gee, Kira; Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht;
k.gee@gmx.de.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Cultural ecosystem services; German North Sea; Offshore wind farming; Regime shifts; Social-ecological
system dynamics.
Ano: 2012
Using Artificial Neural Networks for the Analysis of Social-Ecological Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Frey, Ulrich J.; Center for Philosophy and the Foundations of Science, Justus Liebig University; ulifrey@yahoo.com;
Rusch, Hannes; Center for Philosophy and the Foundations of Science, Justus Liebig University ; hannes.rusch@tum.de.
The literature on common pool resource (CPR) governance lists numerous factors that influence whether a given CPR system
achieves ecological long-term sustainability. Up to now there is no comprehensive model to integrate these factors or to explain
success within or across cases and sectors. Difficulties include the absence of large-N studies, the incomparability of single case
studies, and the interdependence of factors. We propose (1) a synthesis of 24 success factors based on the current social-ecological
systems (SES) framework and a literature review and (2) the application of neural networks on a database of CPR management
case studies in an attempt to test the viability of this synthesis.
This method allows us to obtain an implicit quantitative...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Common pool resource; Design principles; Natural resource management; Neural networks; Social-ecological
systems framework; Success factors.
Ano: 2013
The Political Economy of Cross-Scale Networks in Resource Co-Management
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Adger, W. Neil; Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research; n.adger@uea.ac.uk; Brown, Katrina; University of East
Anglia; k.brown@uea.ac.uk; Tompkins, Emma L.; University of East Anglia; e.tompkins@uea.ac.uk.
We investigate linkages between stakeholders in resource management that occur at different spatial and institutional levels and
identify the winners and losers in such interactions. So-called cross-scale interactions emerge because of the benefits to individual
stakeholder groups in undertaking them or the high costs of not undertaking them. Hence there are uneven gains from cross-scale
interactions that are themselves an integral part of social-ecological system governance. The political economy framework
outlined here suggests that the determinants of the emergence of cross-scale interactions are the exercise of relative power
between stakeholders and their costs of accessing and creating linkages. Cross-scale interactions by powerful stakeholders have...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Caribbean; Institutions; Marine protected areas; Natural resource management; Power; Social-ecological
resilience; Transaction costs.
Ano: 2005
Art and artistic processes bridge knowledge systems about social-ecological change: An empirical
examination with Inuit artists from Nunavut, Canada
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Rathwell, Kaitlyn J; Environmental Change and Governance Group, University of Waterloo; Waterloo Institute for
Social Innovation and Resilience, University of Waterloo; kaitlyn.rathwell@gmail.com; Armitage, Derek; Environmental Change
and Governance Group, University of Waterloo; derek.armitage@uwaterloo.ca.
The role of art and artistic processes is one fruitful yet underexplored area of social-ecological resilience. Art and art making can
nurture Indigenous knowledge and at the same time bridge knowledge across generations and cultures (e.g., Inuit and scientific).
Experiences in two Inuit communities in northern Canada (Cape Dorset and Pangnirtung, Nunavut) provide the context in which
we empirically examine the mechanisms through which art and art making may bridge knowledge systems about social-ecological
change. Art making and artworks create continuity between generations via symbols and skill development (e.g., seal skin
stretching for a modern artistic mural) and by creating mobile and adaptive boundary objects that function as a shared reference
point...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Arctic; Art; Bridging knowledge systems; Knowledge integration; Knowledge systems; Resilience;
Social-ecological change; Traditional ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2016
Migrant farmers as information brokers: agroecosystem management in the transition zone of Ghana
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Isaac, Marney E.; Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences and Center for Critical Development Studies,
University of Toronto Scarborough; Department of Geography, University of Toronto; marney.isaac@utoronto.ca; Anglaaere,
Luke C. N.; Forestry Research Institute of Ghana;; Akoto, Daniel S.; Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, Kwame Nkrumah
University of Science and Technology;; Dawoe, Evans; Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, Kwame Nkrumah University of
Science and Technology;.
Environmentally induced farmer migration is an important livelihood strategy, yet little is known of the effects on the destination
region agroecosystem information networks and management practices. In the forest-savanna transition zone (Brong Ahafo
Region) of Ghana, where migration from northern regions (migrant) and from neighboring regions (settler) is active, we chart the
role of migrant famers and the type of agroecosystem management practices embedded in information networks using a social
networks approach. Based on empirical network data from 44 respondents across three communities, we illustrate a diffuse
information network, with variable tie frequency between settlement categories (local, settler, or migrant) of farmers. The
cohesion of this...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Agricultural innovation; Agroecology; Agroforestry; Environmental change; Ghana; Natural resource
management; Social network analysis; Social-ecological memory; Theobroma cacao.
Ano: 2014
Future changes in the supply of goods and services from natural ecosystems: prospects for the
European north
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Vlasova, Tatiana; Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences; tatiana.vlsv@gmail.com; Sutinen, Marja-Liisa;
Finnish Forest Research Institute, Rovaniemi Research Unit; marja-liisa.sutinen@metla.fi; Chapin III, F. Stuart; Institute of Arctic
Biology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks; terry.chapin@alaska.edu; Cabeza, Mar; Department of Biosciences, University of
Helsinki; cabeza@cc.helsinki.fi; Callaghan, Terry V.; Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of
Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK; Department of Botany, Tomsk State University, Russia;
terry_callaghan@btinternet.com; van Oort, Bob; CICERO - Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo;
oort@cicero.oslo.no; Dannevig, Halvor; Western Norway Research Institute; halvor.dannevig@vestforsk.no; Bay-larsen, Ingrid
A.; Nordland Research Institute; ingrid.bay-larsen@nforsk.no; Ims, Rolf A.; Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, UiT- The
Arctic University of Norway; rolf.ims@uit.no; Aspholm, Paul Eric; Bioforsk, Svanhovd; paul.eric.aspholm@bioforsk.no.
Humans depend on services provided by ecosystems, and how services are affected by climate change is increasingly studied. Few
studies, however, address changes likely to affect services from seminatural ecosystems. We analyzed ecosystem goods and
services in natural and seminatural systems, specifically how they are expected to change as a result of projected climate change
during the 21st century. We selected terrestrial and freshwater systems in northernmost Europe, where climate is anticipated to
change more than the global average, and identified likely changes in ecosystem services and their societal consequences. We did
this by assembling experts from ecology, social science, and cultural geography in workshops, and we also performed a
literature...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Barents Region; Biodiversity; Climate change; Ecosystem services; Forestry; Game species; Outdoor recreation;
Reindeer husbandry; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2015
RESILIENCE OF SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS IN EUROPEAN RURAL AREAS:
THEORY AND PROSPECTS
Provedor de dados: 31
Autores: Schouten,
Marleen A.H.; van der Heide,
Martijn M.; Heijman,
Wim J.M.
In today’s world, rural areas are confronted with a spectrum of changes. These changes have multiple characters, varying from
changes in ecosystem conditions to socioeconomic impacts, such as food- and financial crises. They present serious problems to
rural management and largely affect future perspectives of rural areas. Rural resilience refers to the capacity of a rural region to
adapt to changing external circumstances in such a way that a satisfactory standard of living is maintained, while coping with its
inherent ecological, economic and social vulnerability. Rural resilience describes how rural areas are affected by external shocks
and how it influences system dynamics. This paper further eradicates on this concept, by exploring in detail what the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation
Palavras-chave: Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Rural development; Complex adaptive systems; System dynamics;
Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009
URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57343
Collapse and Reorganization in Social-Ecological Systems: Questions, Some Ideas, and Policy
Implications
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Abel, Nick; CSIRO; nick.abel@csiro.au; Cumming, David H. M.; University of Zimbabwe;
dcumming@science.uz.ac.zw; Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Key words: resilience collapse; Recovery; Social-ecological systems; Adaptive cycle; Natural capital; Social
capital; Human capital; Zimbabwe; Australia.
Ano: 2006
Governance of Aquatic Agricultural Systems: Analyzing Representation, Power, and Accountability
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Ratner, Blake D.; WorldFish; b.ratner@cgiar.org; Cohen, Philippa; ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies,
James Cook University; WorldFish; p.cohen@cgiar.org; Barman, Benoy; WorldFish; b.barman@cgiar.org; Mam, Kosal;
WorldFish; k.mam@cgiar.org; Nagoli, Joseph; WorldFish; j.nagoli@cgiar.org; Allison, Edward H.; School of International
Development, University of East Anglia; WorldFish; e.allison@cgiar.org.
Aquatic agricultural systems in developing countries face increasing competition from multiple stakeholders over rights to access
and use natural resources, land, water, wetlands, and fisheries, essential to rural livelihoods. A key implication is the need to
strengthen governance to enable equitable decision making amidst competition that spans sectors and scales, building capacities
for resilience, and for transformations in institutions that perpetuate poverty. In this paper we provide a simple framework to
analyze the governance context for aquatic agricultural system development focused on three dimensions: stakeholder
representation, distribution of power, and mechanisms of accountability.
Case studies from Cambodia, Bangladesh,
Malawi/Mozambique,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Accountability; Bangladesh; Cambodia; Civil society; Coastal zone management; Environmental governance;
Livelihoods; Malawi; Mozambique; Power; Social-ecological resilience; Solomon Islands; Stakeholder representation; Wetlands.
Ano: 2013
Policy Research Using Agent-Based Modeling to Assess Future Impacts of Urban Expansion into
Farmlands and Forests
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Guzy, Michael R; Oregon State University, Department of Biological and Ecological Engineering;
michael.guzy@oregonstate.edu; Smith, Courtland L; Oregon State University, Department of Anthropology;
csmith@oregonstate.edu; Bolte, John P; Oregon State University, Department of Biological and Ecological Engineering;
boltej@engr.orst.edu; Hulse, David W; University of Oregon, Department of Landscape Architecture; dhulse@uoregon.edu;
Gregory, Stanley V; Oregon State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife; stanley.gregory@oregonstate.edu.
The expansion of urban land uses into farmlands and forests requires an assessment of future ecological impacts. Spatially explicit
agent-based models can represent the changes in resilience and ecological services that result from different land-use policies.
When modeling complex adaptive systems, both the methods used to interpret results and the standards of rigor used to judge
adequacy are complicated and require additional research. Recent studies suggest that it would be appropriate to use these models
as an extension of exploratory analysis. This type of analysis generates ensembles of alternate plausible representations of future
system conditions. User expertise steers interactive, stepwise system exploration toward inductive reasoning about...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Social-ecological systems; Agricultural-urban interface; Fish habitat; Ecosystem health; Urban containment
policies; Agent-based models.
Ano: 2008
Scale and ecosystem services: how do observation, management, and analysis shift with
scale—lessons from Québec
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Raudsepp-Hearne, Ciara; McGill University; ciara.rh@gmail.com; Peterson, Garry D; Stockholm Resilience Centre,
Stockholm University; garry.peterson@su.se.
Ecosystem service assessment and management are shaped by the scale at which they are conducted; however, there has been
little systematic investigation of the scales associated with ecosystem service processes, such as production, benefit distribution,
and management. We examined how social-ecological spatial scale impacts ecosystem service assessment by comparing how
ecosystem service distribution, trade-offs, and bundles shift across spatial scales. We used a case study in Québec,
Canada, to analyze the scales of production, consumption, and management of 12 ecosystem services and to analyze how
interactions among 7 of these ecosystem services change across 3 scales of observation (1, 9, and 75 km²). We found
that ecosystem service...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Covariance; Ecosystem service bundles; Mont Saint-Hilaire; Problem of fit; Scaling; Social-ecological; Spatial;
Trade-offs.
Ano: 2016
Hydraulic engineering in the social-ecological delta: understanding the interplay between social,
ecological, and technological systems in the Dutch delta by means of “delta
trajectories.”
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: van Staveren, Martijn F.; Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University; martijn.vanstaveren@wur.nl; van
Tatenhove, Jan P. M.; Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University; jan.vantatenhove@wur.nl.
Several of the world's largest deltas have recently been conceptualized as social-ecological delta systems. Although such
conceptualizations are valuable in emphasizing complex interaction between social actors and ecological processes in deltas, they
do not go into specific dynamics that surround technological developments in the hydraulic domain. By drawing from concepts
originating in socio-technical systems research, we stress the importance of technology, particularly the domain of hydraulic
engineering, in shaping a delta’s future. Based on two geographically distinct cases of flood management
infrastructure in the Dutch delta, we demonstrate the influence of existing hydraulic works, in mutual interaction with social
responses and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight
Palavras-chave: Adaptive delta management; Delta trajectory; Flood management; Hydraulic engineering; Path dependency;
Social-ecological systems; Technological lock-in.
Ano: 2016
Linking Resilience Theory and Diffusion of Innovations Theory to Understand the Potential for
Perennials in the U.S. Corn Belt
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Atwell, Ryan C; Iowa State University; ryancardiffatwell@gmail.com; Schulte, Lisa A; Iowa State University;
lschulte@iastate.edu; Westphal, Lynne M; U.S. Forest Service Northern Research Station; lwestphal@fs.fed.us.
In the last 200 yr, more than 80% of the land in the U.S. Corn Belt agro-ecosystem has been converted from natural perennial
vegetation to intensive agricultural production of row crops.
Despite research showing how re-integration of perennial
vegetation, e.g., cover crops, pasture, riparian buffers, and restored wetlands, at strategic landscape positions can bolster declining
regional ecosystem functions, the amount of land area devoted to row crop production in the Corn Belt continues to increase. As
this region enters a time of fast-paced and uncertain reorganization driven by the emerging bioeconomy, changes in land use will
continue to take place that will impact the resilience of the Corn Belt’s linked social and ecological systems for...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Agriculture; Iowa; Learning; Nonpoint source pollution; Restoration; Scale;
Social-ecological systems; Row crops; Corn Belt.
Ano: 2009
Mechanisms of Resilience in Common-pool Resource Management Systems: an Agent-based Model of
Water Use in a River Basin
Provedor de dados: 7
The concept of resilience is widely promoted as a promising notion to guide new approaches to ecosystem and resource
management that try to enhance a system's capacity to cope with change. A variety of mechanisms of resilience specific for
different systems have been proposed. In the context of resource management those include but are not limited to the diversity of
response options and flexibility of the social system to adaptively respond to changes on an adequate scale. However,
implementation of resilience-based management in specific real-world systems has often proven difficult because of a limited
understanding of suitable interventions and their impact on the resilience of the coupled social-ecological system. We propose an
agent-based modeling...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Agent-based model; Amudarya; Diversification; Fisheries; Irrigation; Mechanism;
Resilience; River basin; Social-ecological system; Water use.
Ano: 2007
Respect for Grizzly Bears: an Aboriginal Approach for Co-existence and Resilience
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Clark, Douglas A; Wilfrid Laurier University; University of Alberta; Yukon College; Yale School of Forestry and
Environmental Studies; dclark@yukoncollege.yk.ca; Slocombe, D. Scott; Wilfrid Laurier University; sslocomb@wlu.ca.
Aboriginal peoples’ respect for grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) is widely acknowledged, but rarely explored, in wildlife
management discourse in northern Canada. Practices of respect expressed toward bears were observed and grouped into four
categories: terminology, stories, reciprocity, and ritual. In the southwest Yukon, practices in all four categories form a coherent
qualitative resource management system that may enhance the resilience of the bear-human system as a whole. This system also
demonstrates the possibility of a previously unrecognized human role in maintaining productive riparian ecosystems and salmon
runs, potentially providing a range of valued social-ecological outcomes. Practices of respect hold promise for new strategies to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Bear ceremonialism; Champagne and Aishihik First Nations; Inuit; Inuvialuit; Northwest Territories; Nunavut;
Resilience; Salmon; Social-ecological system; Southern Tutchone; Traditional ecological knowledge; Ursus arctos; Yukon.
Ano: 2009
Economic Governance to Expand Commercial Wetlands: Within- and Cross-Scale Challenges
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: de Blaeij, Arianne T.; LEI Wageningen UR; Arianne.deblaeij@wur.nl; Polman, Nico; LEI Wageningen UR;
Nico.Polman@wur.nl; Reinhard, Stijn; LEI Wageningen UR; Stijn.Reinhard@wur.nl.
Commercial wetlands are defined as wetlands directed by an entrepreneur with the intention of making a profit. The combination
of ecosystem services that commercial wetlands can provide seems to be an attractive societal perspective. Nevertheless, these
wetlands are not developed on a large scale in the Netherlands. This paper discusses different types of economic governance that
could facilitate the development of new commercial wetlands and addresses challenges that have to be overcome. We conclude
that developing governance solutions that address ecosystem services with different scales is crucial for the introduction of
commercial wetlands. Also, distinct and autonomous property rights of entrepreneurs need to be addressed.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Commercial ecosystem; Economic governance; Economic value; Ecosystem management; Ecosystem services;
Multifunctional land use; PES systems; Scaling; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2011
Small Sawmills Persevere While the Majors Close: Evaluating Resilience and Desirable Timber
Allocation in British Columbia, Canada
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Pinkerton, Evelyn W; School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University; epinkert@sfu.ca;
Benner, Jordan; School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University; jpb7@sfu.ca.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: British Columbia Canada; Commodity sawmills; Resilience of social-ecological systems; Specialty sawmills;
Timber supply; Value-added wood products.
Ano: 2013
Diversity, flexibility, and the resilience effect: lessons from a social-ecological case study of diversified
farming in the northern Great Plains, USA
Provedor de dados: 7
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Diversified farming system; Diversity; Drought; Resilience; Northern Great Plains USA; Scale; Slow
variables; Social-ecological systems; Sustainable agriculture; Values-based supply chain.
Ano: 2014
Scenarios for Resilient Shrimp Aquaculture in Tropical Coastal Areas
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Bush, Simon R.; Wageningen University; simon.bush@wur.nl; van Zwieten, Paul A.M.; Wageningen University;
paul.vanzwieten@wur.nl; Visser, Leontine; Wageningen University; leontine.visser@wur.nl; van Dijk, Han; Wageningen
University; han.vandijk@wur.nl; Bosma, Roel; Wageningen University; roel.bosma@wur.nl; de Boer, Willem F.; Wageningen
University; Fred.deBoer@wur.nl; Verdegem, Marc; Wageningen University; marc.verdegem@wur.nl.
We contend there are currently two competing scenarios for the sustainable development of shrimp aquaculture in coastal areas of
Southeast Asia. First, a landscape approach, where farming techniques for small-scale producers are integrated into intertidal areas
in a way that the ecological functions of mangroves are maintained and shrimp farming diseases are controlled. Second, a closed
system approach, where problems of disease and effluent are eliminated in closed recirculation ponds behind the intertidal zone
controlled by industrial-scale producers. We use these scenarios as two ends of a spectrum of possible interactions at a range of
scales between the ecological, social, and political dynamics that underlie the threat to the resilience of mangrove...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Coastal fisheries; Governance; Livelihood decision making; Mangrove; Shrimp-aquaculture; Social-ecological
systems; South-East Asia; Trans-disciplinary research; WSSV disease.
Ano: 2010
Is Validation of Indigenous Ecological Knowledge a Disrespectful Process? A Case Study of
Traditional Fishing Poisons and Invasive Fish Management from the Wet Tropics, Australia
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Gratani, Monica; School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University; monica.gratani@jcu.edu.au;
Butler, James R. A. ; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, EcoSciences Precinct ; james.butler@csiro.au; Royee, Frank; Malanbarra
Yidinji Elder;; Valentine, Peter; School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University;; Burrows, Damien;
Australian Centre for Tropical Freshwater Research, James Cook University;; Canendo, Warren I.; CSIRO Sustainable
Ecosystems and Sustainable Agriculture Flagship, ATFI;; Anderson, Alex S; Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate
Change, School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University; alexander.anderson@my.jcu.edu.au.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Comanagement; Fishing poisons; Indigenous ecological knowledge; Invasive fish; Knowledge socialization;
Livelihoods; Poisonous plants; Social-ecological systems: tilapia; Traditional ecological knowledge; Validation.
Ano: 2011
Biophysical and sociocultural factors underlying spatial trade-offs of ecosystem services in semiarid
watersheds
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Harrison, Paula A; Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford; Paula.Harrison@ouce.ox.ac.uk; Berry, Pam;
Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford; pam.berry@eci.ox.ac.uk.
Biophysical and social systems are linked to form social-ecological systems whose sustainability depends on their capacity to
absorb uncertainty and cope with disturbances. In this study, we explored the key biophysical and socio-cultural factors
underlying ecosystem service supply in two semiarid watersheds of southern Spain. These included variables associated with the
role that freshwater flows and biodiversity play in securing the system’s capacity to sustain essential ecosystem
services and their relationship with social demand for services, local water governance, and land-use intensification. Our results
reveal the importance of considering the invisible dimensions of water and biodiversity, i.e. green freshwater flows and
trait-based...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Demand; Freshwater flow; Interaction; Irrigation community; Land-use intensification; Social-ecological
system; Social preference; Spatial pattern; Trait-based indicator.
Ano: 2015
Ecologically sustainable but unjust? Negotiating equity and authority in common-pool marine
resource management
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Klain, Sarah C; University of British Columbia; s.klain.ubc@gmail.com; Beveridge, Rachelle; University of Victoria;
rachelle.beveridge@gmail.com; Bennett, Nathan J; Univeristy of British Columbia; Visiting Research Fellow at University of
Victoria; nathan.bennett@ubc.ca.
Under appropriate conditions, community-based fisheries management can support sound resource stewardship, with positive
social and environmental outcomes. Evaluating indigenous peoples’ involvement in commercial sea cucumber and
geoduck fisheries on the central coast of British Columbia, Canada, we found that the current social-ecological system
configuration is relatively ecologically sustainable according to stock assessments. However, the current system also results in
perceived inequities in decision-making processes, harvesting allocations, and socioeconomic benefits. As a result, local coastal
resource managers envision a transformation of sea cucumber and geoduck fisheries governance and management institutions. We
assessed the potential...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Benthic fisheries; Common-pool resources; CPR design principles; Environmental governance; Indigenous or
aboriginal peoples; Resource management; Small-scale fisheries; Social-ecological system framework.
Ano: 2014
Law for Country: the Structure of Warlpiri Ecological Knowledge and Its Application to Natural
Resource Management and Ecosystem Stewardship
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Holmes, Miles C. C.; Principal Consultant Beit Holmes and Associates; University of Queensland;
Milesholmes@internode.on.net; Jampijinpa, Wanta (Stephen Patrick); Australian National University;
wanta.jampijinpa@anu.edu.au.
Indigenous Ecological Knowledge (IEK) is deeply encoded in social processes. Our research shows that from an Indigenous
perspective, IEK is a way of living whose core aim is to sustain the healthy functioning of people and country through
relationships of reciprocity. However, IEK is often portrayed more prosaically as a body of knowledge about the environment. We
introduce a framework, called ngurra-kurlu, that enables appreciation of indigenous perspectives on IEK. The framework was
identified from the collaborative work of the authors with Warlpiri aboriginal elders in the Tanami Desert region of central
Australia. Ngurra-kurlu facilitates cross-cultural understanding by distilling, from a complex cultural system, the five distinct
conceptual categories...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Aboriginal Australians; Anthropology; Central Australia; Cultural natural resource management; Ecosystem
stewardship; Indigenous ecological knowledge; Indigenous knowledge; Indigenous land management; Northern Territory
Australia; Social-ecological systems; Warlpiri.
Ano: 2013
Agents, Individuals, and Networks: Modeling Methods to Inform Natural Resource Management in
Regional Landscapes
Provedor de dados: 7
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Agent-based modeling; Complex systems; Individual-based modeling; Integrated natural resource management;
Landscape modeling; Regional landscapes; Social-ecological networks.
Ano: 2012
Resource degradation, marginalization, and poverty in small-scale fisheries: threats to
social-ecological resilience in India and Brazil
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Nayak, Prateep K.; Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo; pnayak@uwaterloo.ca; Oliveira, Luiz E.; Natural
Resources Institute, University of Manitoba; oliveira_lec@yahoo.com.br; Berkes, Fikret; Natural Resources Institute, University
of Manitoba; Fikret.Berkes@ad.umanitoba.ca.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Brazil; Degradation; Disempowerment; Exclusion; Exploitation; Fisheries; Human-environment disconnect;
Identity; Impoverishment; India; Marginalization; Poverty; Resilience; Small-scale fishery; Social-ecological system.
Ano: 2014
Learning as You Journey: Anishinaabe Perception of Social-ecological Environments and Adaptive
Learning
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Davidson-Hunt, Iain; University of Manitoba; Iain_Davidson-Hunt@umanitoba.ca; Berkes, Fikret; University of
Manitoba; berkes@cc.umanitoba.ca.
This paper explores the linkages between social-ecological resilience and adaptive learning. We refer to adaptive learning as a
method to capture the two-way relationship between people and their social-ecological environment. In this paper, we focus on
traditional ecological knowledge. Research was undertaken with the Anishinaabe people of Iskatewizaagegan No. 39 Independent
First Nation, in northwestern Ontario, Canada. The research was carried out over two field seasons, with verification workshops
following each field season. The methodology was based on site visits and transects determined by the elders as appropriate to
answer a specific question, find specific plants, or locate plant communities. During site visits and transect walks, research...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Anishinaabe; Canadian North; Adaptive learning; Boreal; Ecological perception; Ethnoecology; Resilience;
Social learning; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability science; Traditional ecological knowledge.
Ano: 2003
Predators on private land: broad-scale socioeconomic interactions influence large predator
management
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Clements, Hayley S; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape Town, South
Africa; clementshayley@gmail.com; Cumming, Graeme S; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, DST/NRF Centre of Excellence,
University of Cape Town, South Africa; ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Australia;
gscumming@gmail.com; Kerley, Graham I. H.; Centre for African Conservation Ecology, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan
University, South Africa; graham.kerley@nmmu.ac.za.
The proliferation of private land conservation areas (PLCAs) is placing increasing pressure on conservation authorities to
effectively regulate their ecological management. Many PLCAs depend on tourism for income, and charismatic large mammal
species are considered important for attracting international visitors. Broad-scale socioeconomic factors therefore have the
potential to drive fine-scale ecological management, creating a systemic scale mismatch that can reduce long-term sustainability
in cases where economic and conservation objectives are not perfectly aligned. We assessed the socioeconomic drivers and
outcomes of large predator management on 71 PLCAs in South Africa. Owners of PLCAs that are stocking free-roaming large
predators identified revenue...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus; Cross-scale interaction; Ecotourism; Financial objectives; Lion Panthera leo;
Minimum area requirements; Predator management; Social-ecological.
Ano: 2016
Comparison of Frameworks for Analyzing Social-ecological Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Binder, Claudia R.; University of Munich; claudia.binder@lmu.de; Hinkel, Jochen; Global Climate Forum e.V. (GCF)
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research; hinkel@globalclimateforum.org; Bots, Pieter W. G.; Delft University of
Technology; P.W.G.Bots@tudelft.nl.
In this paper we compare 10 established frameworks for analyzing social-ecological systems. We limited ourselves to frameworks
that were explicitly designed to be used by a wider community of researchers and practitioners. Although all these frameworks
seem to have emerged from the need for concepts that permit structured, interdisciplinary reasoning about complex problems in
social-ecological systems, they differ significantly with respect to contextual and structural criteria, such as conceptualization of
the ecological and social systems and their interrelation. It appears that three main criteria suffice to produce a classification of
frameworks that may be used as a decision tree when choosing a framework for analysis. These criteria are (i) whether a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Anthropocentric; Conceptualization; Decision tree; Dynamics; Ecocentric; Ecological system; Framework;
Human-environment systems; Social-ecological systems; Social system.
Ano: 2013
Sharing as risk pooling in a social dilemma experiment
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Cherry, Todd L.; Appalachian State University; Center for International Climate and Environmental Research
(CICERO); cherrytl@appstate.edu; Howe, E. Lance; University of Alaska Anchorage; elhowe@uaa.alaska.edu; Murphy, James
J.; University of Alaska Anchorage; Nankai University; Chapman University; murphy@uaa.alaska.edu.
In rural economies with missing or incomplete markets, idiosyncratic risk is frequently pooled through informal networks.
Idiosyncratic shocks, however, are not limited to private goods but can also restrict an individual from partaking in or benefiting
from a collective activity. In these situations, a group must decide whether to provide insurance to the affected member. We
describe results of a laboratory experiment designed to test whether a simple sharing institution can sustain risk pooling in a social
dilemma with idiosyncratic risk. We tested whether risk could be pooled without a commitment device and, separately, whether
effective risk pooling induced greater cooperation in the social dilemma. We found that even in the absence of a commitment...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article
Palavras-chave: Collective action; Experimental economics; Idiosyncratic risk; Income smoothing; Insurance; Lab experiment;
Public goods; Resource sharing; Risk pooling; Social dilemma; Social-ecological systems; Team production.
Ano: 2015
A Bayesian belief network model for community-based coastal resource management in the Kei
Islands, Indonesia
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Hoshino, Eriko; CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, TAS, Australia; Tasmanian School of Business and
Economics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia; eriko.hoshino@csiro.au; van Putten, Ingrid; CSIRO Oceans and
Atmosphere, Hobart, TAS, Australia; Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia;
Ingrid.vanputten@csiro.au; Girsang, Wardis; Faculty of Agriculture, University of Pattimura, Ambon, Indonesia;
girsang_2010@yahoo.com; Resosudarmo, Budy P; Indonesia Project, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics, Crawford School
of Public Policy, Australian National University, ACT, Australia; budy.resosudarmo@anu.edu.au; Yamazaki, Satoshi; Tasmanian
School of Business and Economics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia; Centre for Marine Socioecology, University
of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia; satoshi.yamazaki@utas.edu.au.
Understanding the specific relationships between ecological and socioeconomic conditions and marine tenure is likely to
contribute to successful functioning of self-governance institutions for common-pool resources. Complex interrelationships of
factors influencing fishing activities of coastal communities and implementation of customary marine tenure over their waters can
be represented in a Bayesian belief network model. We developed a Bayesian belief network model that includes the links
between factors for fishing communities in the Kei Islands in Indonesia, based on indepth local surveys. Our results showed that
the cumulative impacts of multiple factors on key social, economic, and environmental outcomes can be much larger than the
impact from a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Bayesian belief network; Community-based management; Customary marine tenure; Indonesia; Small-scale
fisheries; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2016
Culturally significant fisheries: keystones for management of freshwater social-ecological systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Noble, Mae; Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University; mae.noble@anu.edu.au;
Duncan, Phil; Gamilaroi Traditional Owner, NSW Aboriginal Land Council; phil.duncan@alc.org.au; Perry, Darren; Murray
Lower Darling Rivers Indigenous Nations; ngintait@gmail.com; Prosper, Kerry; Paq'tnekek Mi'kmaq First Nations;
kerryp@paqtnkek.ca; Rose, Denis; Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation; Denis@gunditjmirring.com;
Schnierer, Stephan; School of Environment, Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University; stephan.schnierer@scu.edu.au;
Tipa, Gail; Tipa and Associates Ltd.; gttipa@vodafone.co.nz; Williams, Erica; National Institute of Water and Atmospheric
Research; Erica.Williams@niwa.co.nz; Woods, Rene; National Cultural Flows Program; Murray Lower Darling River Indigenous
Nations; woodsre83@gmail.com; Pittock, Jamie; Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University;
jamie.pittock@anu.edu.au.
Indigenous peoples of North America, Australia, and New Zealand have a long tradition of harvesting freshwater animals. Over
generations of reliance and subsistence harvesting, Indigenous peoples have acquired a profound understanding of these
freshwater animals and ecosystems that have become embedded within their cultural identity. We have identified trans-Pacific
parallels in the cultural significance of several freshwater animal groups, such as eels, other finfish, bivalves, and crayfish, to
Indigenous peoples and their understanding and respect for the freshwater ecosystems on which their community survival
depends. In recognizing such cultural connections, we found that non-Indigenous peoples can appreciate the deep significance of
freshwater animals...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Adaptive freshwater management; Aquatic resources; Bivalve; Comanagement; Crayfish; Cultural keystone
species; Eel; Indigenous ecological knowledge; Indigenous water rights; Lamprey; Salmon; Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2016
Nudging Evolution?
Provedor de dados: 7
This Special Feature, “Nudging Evolution? Critical Exploration of the Potential and Limitations of the Concept of
Institutional Fit for the Study and Adaptive Management of Social-Ecological Systems,” aims to contribute toward
the development of social theory and social research methods for the study of social-ecological system dynamics. Our objective
is to help strengthen the academic discourse concerning if, and if so, how, to what extent, and in what concrete ways the concept
of institutional “fit” might play a role in helping to develop better understanding of the social
components of interlinkages between the socioeconomic-cultural and ecological dynamics of social-ecological systems. Two
clearly discernible...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Environmental governance; Institutional change; Institutional fit; Meaning; Oran Young;
Protected areas; Social-ecological systems; Social norms; Water governance; Wildlife management.
Ano: 2013
Green area loss in San Juan’s inner-ring suburban neighborhoods: a multidisciplinary
approach to analyzing green/gray area dynamics
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Ramos-Santiago, Luis E.; The Florida State University, Department of Urban & Regional Planning;
ler12@my.fsu.edu; Villanueva-Cubero, Luis; University of Puerto Rico, Department of Natural Sciences;
luis.villanuevacubero@upr.edu; Santiago-Acevedo, Luis E.; University of Puerto Rico, Graduate School of Planning;
santiago.luis47@gmail.com; Rodriguez-Melendez, Yasha N.; Centro de Estudios Avanzados y del Caribe;
yasha.rodriguez@yahoo.com.
The loss of green areas and vegetation in suburban neighborhoods poses short- and long-term consequences associated with
environmental changes and socioeconomic decline that can propel such developments to an unsustainable state. We summarize an
interdisciplinary investigation aimed at identifying the drivers of green area loss, green cover loss, and quantifying the impact on
three inner-ring suburban neighborhoods located along the Rio Piedras watershed in San Juan, Puerto Rico. An inductive
approach to social-ecological research was undertaken because it provides a flexible platform for interdisciplinary collaboration
on this complex and dynamic subject. The three developments selected for the study were constructed in the mid-20th century
under...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Green area loss; Inner-ring suburbs; Land-use science; Neighborhood decline; Puerto Rico; Social-ecological;
Sustainability; Urban dynamics; Urban planning.
Ano: 2014
Robustness, vulnerability, and adaptive capacity in small-scale social-ecological systems: The Pumpa
Irrigation System in Nepal
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Cifdaloz, Oguzhan; ASU School of Human Evolution and Social Change; Ogu@asu.edu; Regmi, Ashok; ASU School
of Human Evolution and Social Change; Ashok.Regmi@gmail.com; Anderies, John M; ASU School of Human Evolution and
Social Change; School of Sustainability; m.anderies@asu.edu; Rodriguez, Armando A; Intelligent Embedded Systems Laboratory
(IeSL), ASU Fulton School of Engineering; aar@asu.edu.
Change in freshwater availability is arguably one of the most pressing issues associated with global change. Agriculture, which
uses roughly 70% of the total global freshwater supply, figures prominently among sectors that may be adversely affected by
global change. Of specific concern are small-scale agricultural systems that make up nearly 90% of all farming systems and
generate 40% of agricultural output worldwide. These systems are experiencing a range of novel shocks, including increased
variability in precipitation and competing demands for water and labor that challenge their capacity to maintain agricultural
output. This paper employs a robustness-vulnerability trade-off framework to explore the capacity of these small-scale systems
to cope...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Agriculture; Dynamic systems; Food security; Freshwater availability; Global change;
Small-scale irrigation systems; Mathematical model; Nepal; Robustness; Social-ecological systems; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2010
Dietary Changes over Time in a Caiçara Community from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: MacCord, Priscila L.; Universidade Estadual de Campinas; pmaccord@gmail.com; Begossi, Alpina; Universidade
Estadual de Campinas; alpinab@uol.com.br.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Atlantic Forest; Brazil; Caiç Ara; Social-ecological resilience; Dietary change; Fish consumption;
Animal protein; Food delocalization; Niche breadth.
Ano: 2006
When death approaches: reverting or exploiting emergent inequity in a complex land-use table-board
game
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Smith, James A.; El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Mexico ; nitac14b@yahoo.com.
The lives of poor landowners in tropical mountains depend upon their collective capacity to create and coordinate social
preferences derived from their interacting communalistic, hierarchical, and reciprocal exchanges. External actors currently
contend for these territories under market rules that are modifying such preferences. We present the design, experimental
implementation, and analysis of results of a four-player, land-use board game with stark resource and livelihood limits and
coordination/cooperation challenges, as played (separately) by 116 farmers and 108 academics, mainly in the tropical mountains
of Chiapas, Mexico. In game session one, we trained and framed players in moral economy, a human core feeling and
communalistic norm of solidarity...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Inequity; Mexico; Payments for ecosystem services; Role-playing games; Rural land use social-ecological
experiments; Social preferences; Tropical mountains.
Ano: 2015
Social-Ecological Transformation for Ecosystem Management: the Development of Adaptive
Co-management of a Wetland Landscape in Southern Sweden
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Olsson, Per; Center for Transdisciplinary Environmental Research; potto@system.ecology.su.se; Folke, Carl; ;; Hahn,
Thomas; ;.
We analyze the emergence of an adaptive co-management system for wetland landscape governance in southern Sweden, a
process where unconnected management by several actors in the landscape was mobilized, renewed, and reconfigured into
ecosystem management within about a decade. Our analysis highlights the social mechanisms behind the transformation toward
ecosystem management. The self-organizing process was triggered by perceived threats among members of various local
stewardship associations and local government to the area’s cultural and ecological values. These threats challenged
the development of ecosystem services in the area. We show how one individual, a key leader, played an instrumental role in
directing change and transforming...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptability; Adaptive co-management; Ecosystem management; Key individuals; Leaders of change;
Organizational change; Resilience; Self-organization; Social memory; Social-ecological systems; Transformability.
Ano: 2004
Multiple pathways to sustainability in the city: the case of San Juan, Puerto Rico
Provedor de dados: 7
I examined the multiple visions of the future of the city that can emerge when city actors and organizations reconfigure
themselves to address sustainability. In various cities worldwide, novel ideas, initiatives, and networks are emerging in
governance to address social and ecological conditions in urban areas. However, cities can be contested spaces, bringing a
plurality of actors, network configurations, preferences, and knowledge that shape the politics over desirable pathways for future
development. I used the knowledge-action systems analysis (KASA) approach to examine the frames and knowledge systems
influencing how different actors involved in the land governance network of the city of San Juan constructed visions for the future
of the city....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive capacity; Adaptive governance; Frames; Knowledge-action systems; Networks; San Juan; Sustainable
pathways; Transformation; Urban social-ecological systems; Visions.
Ano: 2014
Fit in the Body: Matching Embodied Cognition with Social-Ecological Systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Hukkinen, Janne I; University of Helsinki; janne.i.hukkinen@helsinki.fi.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Adaptive cycle; Adaptive management; Blending; Cognitive anthropology; Cognitive linguistics; Conceptual
integration; Embodied cognition; Environmental policy; Neoclassical economics; Panarchy; Social-ecological systems;
Socio-ecological systems.
Ano: 2012
Scenario planning during rapid ecological change: lessons and perspectives from workshops with
southwest Yukon wildlife managers
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Beach, Dylan M.; School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan; dylanbeach@gmail.com;
Clark, Douglas A.; School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan; d.clark@usask.ca.
Scenario planning has been increasingly advocated as a strategic planning tool for enabling natural resource managers to make
decisions in the face of uncertainty and rapid change. However, few examples exist that discuss the technique’s
application in that field. We used a scenario planning approach to develop wildlife management goals and evaluated
participants’ perceptions of scenario planning as a goal development tool. Study participants emphasized the
context-specificity of management goals, and that “no-regrets” management strategies might not be
constructive. We found that scenario planning can help resource managers identify needs that have been overlooked but may
become important in the future. Scenarios...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Champagne & Aishihik First Nations; Change; Participatory; Qualitative; Scenario planning;
Social-ecological system (SES); Wildlife management; Yukon Territory.
Ano: 2015
Long-term, Ecosystem-Scale Changes in the Southern Benguela Marine Pelagic Social-Ecological
System: Interaction of Natural and Human Drivers
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Jarre, Astrid; Marine Research Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa; ajarre@gmail.com; Ragaller, Sven M.;
Marine Research Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa; sven.ragaller@gmail.com; Hutchings, Laurence; Marine
Research Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa; larry.hutchings@gmail.com.
South Africa's small pelagics fishery is currently the largest in volume and second largest in value in the southern Benguela. It
exploits short-lived, small pelagic fishes such as anchovy (for reduction into fish meal and oil) and sardine (for reduction as well
as human consumption through canned products), and to a lesser extent redeye round herring and mesopelagics, largely for
reduction. We explore the recent history (1940s to present) of the social-ecological system around this fishery. The natural
subsystem, at the scales of the ocean environment and the ecosystem, is characterized by high interannual and documented
decadal-scale variability. We characterize the human social subsystem at the scales of the fishing industry, legislation, and west...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Anchovy; Coastal communities; Inshore fishery; Marine social-ecological systems; Purse seining; Rock lobster;
Small pelagic fishery; South Africa; Southern Benguela; Sardine.
Ano: 2013
Local perceptions on social-ecological dynamics in Latin America in three community-based natural
resource management systems
Provedor de dados: 7
Several examples of community-based natural resource management in Latin American social-ecological systems exist in which
communities control the management of common-pool resources. Understanding community perceptions of the performance of
these systems is essential to involve communities in sustainable management strategies. In this analysis of three areas in
Colombia, Mexico, and Argentina, we analyzed the local perceptions of the social and environmental challenges faced by these
social-ecological systems and how these challenges and drivers affect their resilience. To do this, we combined prospective
structural analysis to unravel stakeholders’ perceptions of each system’s functioning along with network
analysis to assess...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Argentina; Colombia; Common-pool resources; Environmental challenges; Governance; Mexico; Network
analysis; Ostrom; Prospective structural analysis; Social-ecological resilience.
Ano: 2015
Conceptual Models as Tools for Communication Across Disciplines
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Heemskerk, Marieke; University of Wisconsin-Madison; mheemskerk@wisc.edu; Wilson, Karen; Carleton University;
kwilson@carleton.edu; Pavao-Zuckerman, Mitchell; Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia;
mzucker@sparc.ecology.uga.edu.
To better understand and manage complex social-ecological systems, social scientists and ecologists must collaborate. However,
issues related to language and research approaches can make it hard for researchers in different fields to work together. This paper
suggests that researchers can improve interdisciplinary science through the use of conceptual models as a communication tool.
The authors share lessons from a workshop in which interdisciplinary teams of young scientists developed conceptual models of
social-ecological systems using data sets and metadata from Long-Term Ecological Research sites across the United States. Both
the process of model building and the models that were created are discussed. The exercise revealed that the presence of social...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Integrative Graduate Education Research and Training; Long-Term Ecological Research; Conceptual model;
Interdisciplinary research; Modeling; Social-ecological systems; Workshop.
Ano: 2003
Resilience, Social-Ecological Rules, and Environmental Variability in a Two-Species Artisanal Fishery
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Duer-Balkind, Marshall; Department of the Environment, Washington, DC; School of Forestry and Environmental
Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA; marshall@aya.yale.edu; Jacobs, Kasey R.; NOAA Coastal Management Fellow
at the Puerto Rico Coastal Zone Management Program, San Juan, PR; School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale
University, New Haven, CT, USA; kasey.jacobs@aya.yale.edu; Basurto, Xavier; Duke Marine Lab, Nicholas School of the
Environment, Duke University, Beaufort, NC, USA; xavier.basurto@duke.edu.
Social-ecological resilience is an increasingly central paradigm for understanding sustainable resource management. In this study,
we aimed to better understand the effect of environmental variability on the resilience of fishery systems, and the important role
that social institutions and biophysical constraints play. To explore these issues, we built a dynamic model of the pen shell fishery
of the indigenous Seri people in the Gulf of California, Mexico. This model included the dynamics of the two dominant species in
the fishery (Atrina tuberculosa and Pinna rugosa), several institutional rules that the Seri use, and a number of ecological
constraints, including key stochastic variables derived from empirical data. We found that modeling with multiple...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Artisanal fisheries; Common-pool resources; Environmental variability; Gulf of California Mexico;
Multi-species; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Stochasticity; System dynamics.
Ano: 2013
An ecosystem-based approach and management framework for the integrated evaluation of bivalve
aquaculture impacts
Provedor de dados: 5
Autores: Cranford, Peter J.; Kamermans, Pauline; Krause, Gesche; Mazurie, Joseph; Buck, Bela H.; Dolmer, Per; Fraser, David;
Van Nieuwenhove, Kris; O'Beirn, Francis X.; Sanchez-mata, Adoracion; Thorarinsdottir, Gudrun G.; Strand, Oivind.
An ecosystem-based approach to bivalve aquaculture management is a strategy for the integration of aquaculture within the wider
ecosystem, including human aspects, in such a way that it promotes sustainable development, equity, and resilience of ecosystems.
Given the linkage between social and ecological systems, marine regulators require an ecosystem-based decision framework that
structures and integrates the relationships between these systems and facilitates communication of aquaculture-environment
interactions and policy-related developments and decisions. The Drivers-Pressures-State Change-Impact-Response (DPSIR)
management framework incorporates the connectivity between human and ecological issues and would permit available
performance indicators to...
Tipo: Text
Palavras-chave: Bivalve aquaculture management; Ecosystem-based approach; DPSIR framework; Indicators; Thresholds;
Benthic effects; Pelagic effects; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2012
URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00099/20997/18624.pdf
An appraisal of adaptive management planning and implementation in ecological restoration: case
studies from the San Francisco Bay Delta, USA
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Nagarkar, Mita; University of Copenhagen; mita.nagarkar@gmail.com; Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten; University of
Copenhagen; krr@ign.ku.dk.
Adaptive management has been defined and redefined in the context of natural resource management, yet there are few examples
of its successful application in ecological restoration. Although the 2009 Delta Reform Act now legally requires adaptive
management for all restoration efforts in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, in California, USA, projects in this region still
encounter problems with implementation. We used a comparative case study analysis to examine adaptive management planning
and implementation both in and around the Delta, assessing not only why adaptive management is not yet well implemented, but
also what changes can be made to facilitate the adaptive management approach without sacrificing scientific rigor. Adaptive
management seems to be...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Ecological restoration; Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta; Social ecological systems; Tidal
marsh.
Ano: 2016
Connecting Social Networks with Ecosystem Services for Watershed Governance: a Social-Ecological
Network Perspective Highlights the Critical Role of Bridging Organizations
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Rathwell, Kaitlyn J; University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University,
Sweden; kaitlyn.rathwell@uwaterloo.ca; Peterson, Garry D; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden;
garry.peterson@stockholmresilience.su.se.
In many densely settled agricultural watersheds, water quality is a point of conflict between amenity and agricultural activities
because of the varied demands and impacts on shared water resources. Successful governance of these watersheds requires
coordination among different activities. Recent research has highlighted the role that social networks between management
entities can play to facilitate cross-scale interaction in watershed governance. For example, bridging organizations can be
positioned in social networks to bridge local initiatives done by single municipalities across whole watersheds. To better
understand the role of social networks in social-ecological system dynamics, we combine a social network analysis of the water
quality management...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Agricultural watershed agriculture bridging organization ecosystem services Monté
Ré Gie Richelieu River Qué Bec social-ecological feedback social-ecological system social network
analysis social networks tourism two-mode network water quality watershed watershed management Yamaska River
Qué Bec.
Ano: 2012
Biological and Ecological Mechanisms Supporting Marine Self-Governance: the Seri Callo de Hacha
Fishery in Mexico
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Basurto, Xavier; Indiana University; Duke University; Comunidad y Biodiversidad AC; xbasurto@indiana.edu.
My goal was to describe how biological and ecological factors give shape to fishing practices that can contribute to the successful
self-governance of a small-scale fishing system in the Gulf of California, Mexico. The analysis was based on a comparison of the
main ecological and biological indicators that fishers claim to use to govern their day-to-day decision making about fishing and
data collected in situ. I found that certain indicators allow fishers to learn about differences and characteristics of the resource
system and its units. Fishers use such information to guide their day-to-day fishing decisions. More importantly, these decisions
appear unable to shape the reproductive viability of the fishery because no indicators were correlated to the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Atrina tuberculosa; Callo de hacha; Common-pool resources; Diving fisheries; Gulf of California; Mexico; Pen
shells; Pinna rugosa; Resilience; Scallop; Seri; Small-scale fisheries; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2008
Introduction to the Special Feature on rebuilding fisheries and threatened communities
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Ommer, Rosemary E; University of Victoria; ommer@uvic.ca; Neis, Barbara; Memorial University of Newfoundland;
bneis@mun.ca.
In this introductory essay to the Special Feature on rebuilding fisheries and threatened communities, we review the contributions
of the researchers whose work is contained in this Special Feature. The essays are reviewed using the lens of the three questions
that were posed by the Special Feature editors: Why is rebuilding so challenging? What is the relationship between fishery
collapse/degradation and short- and long-term issues for food security, livelihoods, employment, and industrial and community
resilience? How can we avoid situations in which the communities and people who may have contributed least to
collapses/degradation end up paying the most for rebuilding and, indeed, may no longer be in a position where they can benefit
from the results of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Changing industrial structures and organizational and industrial strategies from ocean to plate; Geographic locus
of key decision-making about fisheries management; Higher-level governance actions; Marine social-ecological interactions in the
form of shifting ecologies.
Ano: 2014
Łeghágots'enetę (learning together): the importance of
indigenous perspectives in the identification of biological variation
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Polfus, Jean L.; Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada;
jeanpolfus@gmail.com; Manseau, Micheline; Office of the Chief Ecosystem Scientist, Parks Canada, Gatineau,
Québec, Canada; Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada;
Micheline.Manseau@pc.gc.ca; Bayha, Walter; Délı̨nę Land Corporation,
Délı̨nę, Northwest Territories, Canada; nihtla321@gmail.com; Rice, Keren;
Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; rice@chass.utoronto.ca; Wilson, Paul; Biology
Department, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada; pawilson@trentu.ca.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Aboriginal; Biocultural diversity; Biodiversity; Caribou; Collaborative research; Ecology; First Nation; Genetic
variation; Indigenous communities; Population genetics; Population structure; Rangifer tarandus; Resource management;
Social-ecological systems; Traditional knowledge.
Ano: 2016
Generalizable principles for ecosystem stewardship-based management of social-ecological systems:
lessons learned from Alaska
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Hansen, Winslow D.; Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin-Madison; whansen3@wisc.edu.
Human pressure could compromise the provision of ecosystem services if we do not implement strategies such as ecosystem
stewardship to foster sustainable trajectories. Barriers to managing systems based on ecosystem stewardship principles are
pervasive, including institutional constraints and uncertain system dynamics. However, solutions to help managers overcome
these barriers are less common. How can we better integrate ecosystem stewardship into natural resource management practices? I
draw on examples from the literature and two broadly applicable case studies from Alaska to suggest some generalizable
principles that can help managers redirect how people use and view ecosystems. These include (1) accounting for both people and
ecosystems in management...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Alaska; Bark beetle outbreak; Ecosystem disservices; Ecosystem services; Ecosystem stewardship based
management strategies; Kenai Peninsula; King salmon; Regime shift; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Transformation;
Wildfire; Yukon River drainage.
Ano: 2014
Genesis of an indigenous social-ecological landscape in eastern Panama
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Sharma, Divya; Department of Biology, McGill University; divya.sharma2@mail.mcgill.ca; Vergara-Asenjo, Gerardo;
Department of Biology, McGill University; Instituto Forestal de Chile; gevergara@gmail.com; Potvin, Catherine; Department of
Biology, McGill University; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute; catherine.potvin@mcgill.ca.
Knowledge of the interplay between ecological and social influences in the context of land-use decision-making is sparse. To help
fill this gap, we conducted participatory land-cover mapping in an indigenous territory of eastern Panama to identify factors that
influenced household land-use decisions. The map illustrated a mosaic of land cover dominated by pasture. Primary discourse on
influences from 35 semistructured interviews with landowners, women, and youth emphasized economic concerns, such as
subsistence, and social-cultural factors, such as reticence to abandon traditional agriculture. Multivariate analysis showed that
timing of family settlement helped determine proportion of forest cover, and place of origin helped determine proportion of
short...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Eastern Panama; Deforestation; Forest cover; Indigenous migration; Land-cover mapping; Land-use change;
Land-use decisions; Livelihood strategies; Local knowledge; Reforestation; Social-ecological landscape.
Ano: 2015
Spatial Complexity, Resilience, and Policy Diversity: Fishing on Lake-rich Landscapes
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Carpenter, Stephen R; University of Wisconsin-Madison; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Brock, William A; University of
Wisconsin-Madison; wbrock@ssc.wisc.edu.
The dynamics of and policies governing spatially coupled social-ecological mosaics are considered for the case of fisheries in a
lake district. A microeconomic model of households addresses agent decisions at three hierarchic levels: (1) selection of the lake
district from among a larger set of alternative places to live or visit, (2) selection of a base location within the lake district, and (3)
selection of a portfolio of ecosystem services to use. Ecosystem services are represented by dynamics of fish production subject to
multiple stable domains and trophic cascades. Policy calculations show that optimal policies will be highly heterogeneous in space
and fluid in time. The diversity of possible outcomes is illustrated by simulations for a hypothetical...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Angler dynamics; Fish habitat; Inclusive value; Lake; Lake management; Landscape ecology; Multiple
attractors; Natural resource policy; Resilience; Social-ecological system; Spatial dynamics; Sport fishery; Sport fishery; Sport
fishery management.
Ano: 2004
Toward an Integrated History to Guide the Future
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: van der Leeuw, Sander; Arizona State University; vanderle@asu.edu; Costanza, Robert; Institute for Sustainable
Solutions, Portland State University; robert.costanza@pdx.edu; Aulenbach, Steve; NEON, Inc.; saulenbach@neoninc.org;
Brewer, Simon; University of Utah; simon.brewer@geog.utah.edu; Burek, Michael; National Center for Atmospheric Research;
mburek@ucar.edu; Cornell, Sarah; University of Bristol; sarah.cornell@bristol.ac.uk; Crumley, Carole; University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill; Stockholm Resilience Centre; crumley@unc.edu; Dearing, John A; University of Southampton;
j.dearing@soton.ac.uk; Downy, Catherine; University of Bristol; cat.downy@bristol.ac.uk; Graumlich, Lisa J.; University of
Washington; envdean@uw.edu; Heckbert, Scott; Institute for Sustainable Solutions, Portland State University;
scott.heckbert@gmail.com; Hegmon, Michelle; Arizona State University; Michelle.Hegmon@asu.edu; Hibbard, Kathy; Pacific
Northwest National Laboratory; kathy.hibbard@pnl.gov; Jackson, Stephen T.; University of Wyoming; jackson@uwyo.edu;
Kubiszewski, Ida; Institute for Sustainable Solutions, Portland State University; ida.kub@gmail.com; Sinclair, Paul; Uppsala
University; Paul.Sinclair@arkeologi.uu.se; Steffen, Will; Australian National University; will.steffen@anu.edu.au.
Many contemporary societal challenges manifest themselves in the domain of human–environment interactions.
There is a growing recognition that responses to these challenges formulated within current disciplinary boundaries, in isolation
from their wider contexts, cannot adequately address them. Here, we outline the need for an integrated, transdisciplinary synthesis
that allows for a holistic approach, and, above all, a much longer time perspective. We outline both the need for and the
fundamental characteristics of what we call “integrated history.” This approach promises to yield new
understandings
of
the
relationship
between
human–environment system. We...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
the
past,
present,
and
possible
futures
of
our
integrated
Palavras-chave: Agency; Anthropocene; Backcasting; Causality; Contingency; Holistic approach; Integrated history; Long-term
perspective; Resilience; Social and ecological systems.
Ano: 2011
Resilience and regime shifts : assessing cascading effects
Provedor de dados: 189
Autores: Kinzig, A. P.; Ryan, P.; Etienne, M.; Allison, H.; Elmqvist, T.; Walker, B. H.
Most accounts of thresholds between alternate regimes involve a single, dominant shift defined by one, often slowly changing
variable in an ecosystem. This paper expands the focus to include similar dynamics in social and economic systems, in which
multiple variables may act together in ways that produce interacting regime shifts in social-ecological systems. We use four
different regions in the world, each of which contains multiple thresholds, to develop a proposed “general model” of threshold
interactions in social-ecological systems. The model identifies patch-scale ecological thresholds, farm- or landscape-scale
economic thresholds, and regional-scale sociocultural thresholds. “Cascading thresholds,” i.e., the tendency of the crossing of one
threshold...
Tipo: Journal Article
Palavras-chave: AIDE A LA DECISION; AGROECOLOGIE; ECOSYSTEME; SYSTEME SOCIOECONOMIQUE
THRESHOLDS; REGIME SHIFTS; SOCIAL ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS; SYSTEM INTERACTIONS; CASCADING
EFFECTS.
Ano: 2006
URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD200855d0885&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/06/
Grizzly bear monitoring by the Heiltsuk people as a crucible for First Nation conservation practice
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Housty, William G.; Coastwatch Director, QQS Projects Society; william.housty@gmail.com; Noson, Anna; Division
of Biological Sciences, University of Montana;; Scoville, Gerald W.; Department of Biological Sciences, Central Washington
University;; Boulanger, John; Integrated Ecological Research;; Jeo, Richard M.; The Nature Conservancy; rjeo@tnc.org;
Darimont, Chris T.; Department of Geography, University of Victoria; Raincoast Conservation Foundation;; Filardi, Christopher
E.; Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History ; filardi@amnh.org.
Guided by deeply held cultural values, First Nations in Canada are rapidly regaining legal authority to manage natural resources.
We present a research collaboration among academics, tribal government, provincial and federal government, resource managers,
conservation practitioners, and community leaders supporting First Nation resource authority and stewardship. First, we present
results from a molecular genetics study of grizzly bears inhabiting an important conservation area within the territory of the
Heiltsuk First Nation in coastal British Columbia. Noninvasive hair sampling occurred between 2006 and 2009 in the Koeye
watershed, a stronghold for grizzly bears, salmon, and Heiltsuk people. Molecular demographic analyses revealed a regionally...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports
Palavras-chave: Bear population monitoring; British Columbia; Conservation; First Nations science; Grizzly bear; Noninvasive
mark-recapture; Salmon; Social and ecological resilience; Traditional stewardship; Values.
Ano: 2014
Strengthening the role of universities in addressing sustainability challenges: the Mitchell Center for
Sustainability Solutions as an institutional experiment
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Hart, David D.; Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions, and School of Biology and Ecology, University of Maine;
david.hart@umit.maine.edu; Bell, Kathleen P.; School of Economics, University of Maine; kathleen.p.bell@umit.maine.edu;
Lindenfeld, Laura A.; Department of Communication and Journalism, and Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center, University of
Maine; Laura_Lindenfeld@umit.maine.edu; Jain, Shaleen; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and Climate
Change Institute, University of Maine; Shaleen.Jain@maine.edu; Johnson, Teresa R.; School of Marine Sciences, University of
Maine; teresa.johnson@maine.edu; Ranco, Darren; Native American Programs, and Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions,
University of Maine; darren.ranco@maine.edu; McGill, Brian; School of Biology and Ecology, and Mitchell Center for
Sustainability Solutions, University of Maine; mail@brianmcgill.org.
As the magnitude, complexity, and urgency of many sustainability problems increase, there is a growing need for universities to
contribute more effectively to problem solving. Drawing upon prior research on social-ecological systems, knowledge-action
connections, and organizational innovation, we developed an integrated conceptual framework for strengthening the capacity of
universities to help society understand and respond to a wide range of sustainability challenges. Based on experiences gained in
creating the Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions (Mitchell Center), we tested this framework by
evaluating the experiences of interdisciplinary research teams involved in place-based, solutions-oriented research projects at the
scale...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis); Interdisciplinary research; Knowledge-action connections:
organizational innovation; Place-based solutions; Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions; Social-ecological
systems; Solutions-oriented research; Stormwater infrastructure; Sustainability science; Sustainability solutions; Tidal energy
development; Universities.
Ano: 2015
Framing Sustainability in a Telecoupled World
Provedor de dados: 7
Autores: Liu, Jianguo; Michigan State University, USA; liuji@msu.edu; Hull, Vanessa; Michigan State University, USA;
hullvane@csis.msu.edu; Batistella, Mateus; EMBRAPA Satellite Monitoring, Campinas, SP, Brazil; mb@cnpm.embrapa.br;
DeFries, Ruth; Columbia University, USA; rd2402@columbia.edu; Dietz, Thomas; Michigan State University, USA;
tdietz@msu.edu; Fu, Feng; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; fufengenergy@gmail.com; Hertel, Thomas W.; Purdue
University, USA; hertel@purdue.edu; Izaurralde, R. Cesar; University of Maryland, USA; cesar.izaurralde@pnnl.gov; Lambin,
Eric F.; Stanford University, USA; elambin@stanford.edu; Li, Shuxin; Michigan State University, USA; lishu@msu.edu;
McConnell, William J.; Michigan State University, USA; mcconn64@msu.edu; Moran, Emilio F.; Michigan State University,
USA; moranef@msu.edu; Naylor, Rosamond; Stanford University, USA; Roz@stanford.edu; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Chinese Academy
of Sciences, Beijing, China; zyouyang@rcees.ac.cn; Polenske, Karen R.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA;
krp@mit.edu; Reenberg, Anette; University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Ar@geogr.ku.dk; Simmons, Cynthia S.;
Michigan State University, USA; simmo108@msu.edu; Verburg, Peter H.; Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University
Amsterdam, Netherlands; Peter.Verburg@ivm.vu.nl; Vitousek, Peter M.; Stanford University, USA;
vitousek@leland.stanford.edu; Zhang, Fusuo; China Agricultural University, Beijing, China; zhangfs@cau.edu.cn; Zhu,
Chunquan; International Union for Conservation of Nature, China; caomu1963@126.com.
Interactions between distant places are increasingly widespread and influential, often leading to unexpected outcomes with
profound implications for sustainability. Numerous sustainability studies have been conducted within a particular place with little
attention to the impacts of distant interactions on sustainability in multiple places. Although distant forces have been studied, they
are usually treated as exogenous variables and feedbacks have rarely been considered. To understand and integrate various distant
interactions better, we propose an integrated framework based on telecoupling, an umbrella concept that refers to socioeconomic
and environmental interactions over distances. The concept of telecoupling is a logical extension of research on...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis
Palavras-chave: Agents; Causes; Coupled human-environment systems; Coupled human and natural systems; Coupled
social-ecological systems; Dispersal; Distant interactions; Effects; Feedbacks; Flows; Globalization; Investment; Knowledge
transfer; Migration; Socioeconomic and environmental interactions; Species invasion; Sustainability; Technology transfer;
Teleconnection; Telecoupling; Trade; Transnational land deals; Water transfer.
Ano: 2013