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Hail Caesar!
The Romans: Case Study
Chapter 3
Source: ‘Giulio-cesare’ by Andreas Wahra, modifications by Wolpertinger und Phrood. Licensed
under public domain via Wikimedia Commons.
Denarius of Julius Caesar, 48-47 BC (RSC 18), from
Pergamon Museum, Berlin
OBV: Head of a goddess wearing an oak leaf wreath (Clementia?
Pietas?) Note ‘LII’, indicating Caesar’s age (52)
RV: Gallic military tropaion holding an oval shield and a Gallic
trumpet (carnyx); an axe topped with an animal head is on the right
Julius Caesar, February-March 44 BC. AR Denarius (3.95 gm). L.
Aemilius Buca, moneyer. CAESAR IM P (crescent moon) M,
laureate head right; crescent behind / L AEMILIVS BVCA, Venus
standing left, holding Victoria and sceptre. RSC 22.
Silver denarius, R/ DICT PERPETVO CAESAR, wreathed and
veiled head of Caesar right; V/ SEPVLLIVS MACER, Venus
standing left, Victory in right, long vertical sceptre in left,
shield at feet to right. Type: RSC 9
Lifetime portrait of Julius Caesar, c. 44 BC,
from Tusculum, now in Castello di Algiè , Turin
Note :
• Caesar’s thinning hair
• His sunken cheeks
• His lined neck
Sestertius with portraits of Octavian (OBV)
and Divus Julius (Caesar) (REV), c. 37 BC,
now at the British Museum
Seemingly overnight, Caesar
has lost his bald patch, his
wrinkles and his well-lined neck
Source: British Museum. Labels added by A. Graham.
Marble portrait of Julius Caesar c. 30-20 BC,
now at Museo dell ’Opera del Duomo, Pisa
•Caesar’s flowing locks
•His defined but not
overly sunken cheeks
•His muscled but not
lined neck
•His profile is maintained
•His brow is furrowed
with subtle lines
Source: Photo by Bernini Studiati.
Denarius, c. 43/42 BC
OBV: BRUT IMP (Brutus Imperator), minted by L. PLAET CEST (Lucius
Plaetorius Cestianus) (the moneyer)
REV: EID MAR (Ides of March), two daggers and a cap of liberty,
referring to the liberation of the Roman people by Caesar’s assassins
Source: ‘Brutus Eid Mar’ . Licensed under public domain via Wikimedia Commons.