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SPE SALVI – Benedict XVI Introduction Translate the Latin spe salvi facti sumus: ______________________________________ When was the encyclical published: ______________________________ To whom is it addressed? _______________________________________ What question is introduced? Sections 2-3 How are the virtues of faith and hope used interchangeably in the New Testament? How was the pagan religion different to the newly established Christian faith? The Gospel is only a communication of things that can be known. True/False What does St. Josephine Bakhita teach us about faith and redemption? Sections 4-5 In the early Church, Christianity appealed to this group of people: ___________________________. What did Jesus offer that differed from social activists of the early Church? How do Christians view present society and why? In the early Church, how had Roman society, particularly religious life, changed? What had Saint Gregory Nazianzen observed about the development of Christianity? We are not slaves of the universe and of its laws. True/False Sections 6-7 What visual reminders show Christian understanding of life and death? Describe the role of the two professions and show how they are like Christ. Role How like Christ Philosopher Shepherd Define hypostasis. How does St. Thomas Aquinas define faith (habitus)? Is what is hoped for already present? How does Luther define substance? Show how faith is possible here: Past Present Future Sections 8-9 How does the Letter to the Hebrews 10:34 help with our understanding of a faith-filled hope? ________________: the Greek word for patience. ________________: the Greek word for shrinking back in fear. Christ’s body is: _____________ It is perfected by: ___________________ Sections 10-11 Provide the dialogue given in the rite of Baptism. PRIEST: PARENTS: PRIEST PARENTS: What does this dialogue say about faith and hope? Why do many people reject faith? What did St. Ambrose explain about death? According to St. Augustine, what is the one thing we truly desire? Translate docta ignorantia. Sections 12-13 After reading section 12, read the following soliloquy from Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Act 3, scene 1, verses 55-87. Hamlet: To be, or not to be, that is the question: Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, Or to take arms against a sea of troubles And by opposing end them. To die—to sleep, No more; and by a sleep to say we end The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks That flesh is heir to: 'tis a consummation Devoutly to be wish'd. To die, to sleep; To sleep, perchance to dream—ay, there's the rub: For in that sleep of death what dreams may come, When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, Must give us pause—there's the respect That makes calamity of so long life. For who would bear the whips and scorns of time, Th'oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely, The pangs of dispriz'd love, the law's delay, The insolence of office, and the spurns That patient merit of th'unworthy takes, When he himself might his quietus make With a bare bodkin? Who would fardels bear, To grunt and sweat under a weary life, But that the dread of something after death, The undiscovere'd country, from whose bourn No traveller returns, puzzles the will, And makes us rather bear those ills we have Than fly to others that we know not of? Thus conscience does make cowards of us all, And thus the native hue of resolution Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought, And enterprises of great pitch and moment With this regard their currents turn awry And lose the name of action. Complete the following chart examining how Benedict XVI and Hamlet view eternity, action, death, conscience and reason. The first one is done for you. Benedict XVI Hamlet ETERNITY “…we do not know the thing towards “…the undiscovered country.” which we feel driven.” ACTION DEATH CONSCIENCE REASON Henri de Lubac describes “the isolation of joy.” What does this mean? Sections 14-15 What does the Tower of Babel represent? Why is a “community” of believers necessary for Christian faith? Benedict XVI describes a prison of “I”. Was Hamlet ever in this prison? What is the role of monasteries? From whom do Catholics inherit the idea of the nobility of work? Sections 16-17 Translate victoria cursus artis super naturam. Who developed this idea? Faith in hope has been replaced by faith in _______________. Sections 18-19 Describe the political nature of the new understanding of faith and reason. What major historical event distorted the true role of reason and freedom? How? Sections 20-1 With rapid progress and technology, the Industrial revolution created this new social class: _________________________________. Karl Marx’s Communist Manifesto outlined how to overthrow _____________________________. What was the fundamental flaw in his reasoning? Sections 22-3 Technical progress must be tempered with ___________________________. How should reason be directed? Man needs God, otherwise he remains without hope. True/False Reason and faith do not need one another in order to fulfill their true nature and their mission. True/False Sections 24-5 What two structures need to be in place in order for freedom to reach its true potential? 1) 2) What must every generation ensure? Science can redeem man. True/False Sections 26-7 Man is redeemed by _________________ love that is only bestowed by _________________. In order to truly live (understand what it means to live) what must we do? Sections 28-9 Ultimately, the Christian concept of salvation is individualistic. True/False We can truly commit to others if we _________________________________________________. What does St. Augustine’s life teach us about the true meaning of living for Christ? What does a “healthy fear” encourage us to do? Sections 30-1 List three (3) common delusions of hope in our society. How must we hope for a better future in a way according to God’s plan? Sections 32-4: Prayer as a School of Hope What does the life of Cardinal Nguyen Van Thuan teach us about the power of prayer? How does St. Augustine define prayer? To pray is to step outside history and withdraw to our own private corner of happiness. True/False In what sense is hope active? Sections 35-40: Action and suffering as settings for learning hope How can we be God’s co-workers? How does sin come to be? Benedict XVI explains how many physical sufferings have been eliminated but there still exists great mental suffering. Provide three (3) examples of this. 1)_____________________ 2)_____________________ 3)________________________ Can suffering be eliminated? Yes/No How does Christ’s presence in human history and suffering inspire hope? What does the Vietnamese martyr Paul Le-Bao-Tinh teach us about the true nature of suffering and hope? Explore the meaning of the Latin word “con-solatio.” What does love always require? Translate St. Bernard of Clairvaux’s expression: Impassibilis est Deus, sed non incompassibilis. Who do we need in order to be certain in the hope of the resurrection? What devotion can assist us in our suffering and hope? Sections 41-8: Judgment as a setting for learning and practising hope Describe the depiction of Christ in churches. West End East End A world which has to create its own justice is a world without hope. True/False The Fourth Lateran Council made this statement regarding images of God: What is the relationship between responsibility and justice? How does responsibility inspire hope? What does the philosopher Plato offer regarding judgment? Describe the Jewish idea of an intermediate state for souls. What is the “fire” that St. Paul describes in his first letter to the Corinthians? The English poet Gerard Manley Hopkins wrote a poem contrasting the ancient Greek notion of eternity with the Christian notion of eternity. Read the poem and answer the questions that follow. 48. That Nature Is a Heraclitean Fire and of the comfort of the Resurrection Cloud-puffball, torn tufts, tossed pillows | flaunt forth, then chevy on an air- built thoroughfare: heaven-roysterers, in gay-gangs | they throng; they glitter in marches. Down roughcast, down dazzling whitewash, | wherever an elm arches, Shivelights and shadowtackle in long | lashes lace, lance, and pair. Delightfully the bright wind boisterous | ropes, wrestles, beats earth bare Of yestertempest's creases; in pool and rutpeel parches Squandering ooze to squeezed | dough, crust, dust; stanches, starches Squadroned masks and manmarks | treadmire toil there Footfretted in it. Million-fueled, | nature's bonfire burns on. But quench her bonniest, dearest | to her, her clearest-selved spark Man, how fast his firedint, | his mark on mind, is gone! Both are in an unfathomable, all is in an enormous dark Drowned. O pity and indig | nation! Manshape, that shone Sheer off, disseveral, a star, | death blots black out; nor mark Is any of him at all so stark But vastness blurs and time | beats level Enough! the Resurrection, A heart's-clarion! Away grief's gasping, | joyless days, dejection. Across my foundering deck shone A beacon, an eternal beam. | Flesh fade, and mortal trash Fall to the residuary worm; | world's wildfire, leave but ash: In a flash, at a trumpet crash, I am all at once what Christ is |, since he was what I am, and This Jack, joke, poor potsherd, | patch, matchwood, immortal diamond, Is immortal diamond. Words that convey permanence Words that convey hope The line “Man, how fast his firedint, | his mark on mind, is gone!” refers to human productivity. What comment does Hopkins make about it? What does the beacon represent? How is it an effective image? Examine the image of a diamond? How is it made and how does it represent humanity and Christ? When our pain and impurity becomes evident to us, ____________________ is there. Can we calculate the duration of our encounter with Christ? Yes/No Translate the Greek word parakletos. List three (3) ways in which we can assist the holy souls in Purgatory. 1)____________________ 2)____________________ 3)_______________________ Sections 49 – end: Mary What responsibility did Jesus on the Cross give to Mary? How does Mary inspire hope and guide us to Christ?