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Transcript
60s to 80s Study Guide
1. When he became attorney general, Robert Kennedy wanted to refocus the
attention of the FBI on
2.
When he took office in 1961, President Kennedy chose to try to stimulate
the sluggish economy through
3.
In the early 1960s, as leader of France, Charles de Gaulle
4.
The 1962 Trade Expansion Act
5.
John F. Kennedy's strategy of "flexible response"
6.
While it seemed sane enough, John F. Kennedy's doctrine of flexible
response contained some lethal logic that
7.
American military forces entered Vietnam in order to
8.
The Alliance for Progress was intended to improve the level of economic
well-being in
9.
Which one of the following is least related to the other three?
10. When the Soviet Union attempted to install nuclear weapons in Cuba,
President Kennedy ordered
11. The Cuban missile crisis resulted in all of the following except
12. In a speech at American University in 1963, President Kennedy
recommended the adoption of a policy toward the Soviet Union based on
13. At first, John F. Kennedy moved very slowly in the area of racial
justice because he
14. John Kennedy joined hands with the civil rights movement when he
15. President Kennedy ordered hundreds of federal marshals and thousands of
federal troops to force the racial integration of
16. By mid-1963, President John F. Kennedy's position on civil rights can
best be described as
17. At the time of his death, President John Kennedy's civil rights bill
18. The official government investigation of John F. Kennedy's assassination
was led by
19. President Kennedy's alleged assassin was
20. President Johnson proved to be much more successful than President
Kennedy at
21. President Johnson called his package of domestic reform proposals the
22. With the passage of the Tonkin Gulf Resolution,
23. Voters supported Lyndon Johnson in the 1964 presidential election
because of their
24. Lyndon Johnson channeled educational aid
25. All of the following programs were created by Lyndon Johnson's
administration except
26. In the final analysis, Lyndon Johnson's Great Society programs
27. The landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964 accomplished all of the following
except
28. As a result of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965,
29. The common use of poll taxes to inhibit black voters in the South was
outlawed by the
30. Beginning in 1964, the chief goal of the black civil rights movement in
the South was to
31. As a result of the Voting Rights Act of 1965,
32. The Watts riot in 1965 symbolized
33. Black leaders in the 1960s included __________, an advocate of peaceable
resistance; __________, who favored black separatism; and __________, an
advocate of "Black Power."
34. By the late 1960s, Black Power advocates in the North focused their
attention primarily on
35. Some advocates of Black Power insisted that their slogan stood for all
of the following except
36. By 1972, integrated classrooms were most common in the
37. Aerial bombardment in Vietnam
38. "Operation Rolling Thunder" was the code name for
39. The most serious blow to Lyndon Johnson's Vietnam policy
40. During the Vietnam War, President Lyndon Johnson ordered the CIA, in
clear violation of its charter, to
41. The 1968 Democratic party convention witnessed
42. The third-party candidate for president in 1968 was
43. Both major-party presidential candidates in 1968 agreed that the United
States should
44. The skepticism about authority that emerged in the United States during
the 1960s
45. The "three P's" that largely explain the cultural upheavals of the 1960s
are
46. The site of the first major militant protest on behalf of gay liberation
in 1969 was
47. President Kennedy's new military policy of "flexible response" called
for a major buildup of
48. The consequences of the Cuban missile crisis included
49. Barry Goldwater, the Republican party's 1964 presidential candidate,
opposed
50. President Johnson's legislative program after his election in 1964
included
51. Substantial opposition to America's commitment to Vietnam between 1965
and 1968 came from
52. The 1968 Tet offensive resulted in
53. One reason for the decline of American workers' productivity during the
1970s was
54. By the early 1970s, the post-World War II economic boom had crested as a
result of all of the following except
55. The high inflation rate of the 1970s stemmed primarily from
56. The Nixon Doctrine proclaimed that the United States would
57. Perhaps Richard Nixon's most valuable asset as he began his presidency
in 1969 was his
58. President Nixon's policy of "Vietnamization" of the war in Vietnam
called for
59. Richard Nixon's Vietnam policy included all of the following except
60. The American armed forces in Vietnam were composed largely of
61. The __________ Amendment __________ the voting age to __________.
62. The Pentagon Papers, published in 1971,
63. President Nixon's chief foreign-policy adviser was
64. Richard Nixon's policy of dìtente
65. The decisions of the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren
reflected its
66. In Griswold v. Connecticut, the Supreme Court upheld a married couple's
right to use contraceptives based on
67. Critics of the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren complained
that the Court
68. When it came to welfare programs, Richard Nixon
69. Richard Nixon's Philadelphia Plan
70. The difference between Lyndon Johnson's affirmative action programs and
those of Richard Nixon was
71. All of the following are legacies of Richard Nixon's presidency except
72. To control creeping inflation in the early 1970s, President Richard
Nixon
73. As president, Richard Nixon succeeded in
74. George McGovern, the Democratic nominee for the presidency in 1972,
alienated the traditional working-class backbone of the Democratic party
75. George McGovern, the Democratic party's presidential candidate in 1972,
appealed most strongly to the
76. The Watergate scandals caused by the actions of Richard Nixon's staff in
the 1972 presidential campaign involved all of the following except
77. As part of the cease-fire agreement in Vietnam in 1973,
78. Vice President Spiro Agnew was forced to resign in 1973 after being
accused of
79. During the Senate Watergate hearings, one of the most damaging
revelations for Richard Nixon was that
80. The 1973 War Powers Act
81. As a result of Richard Nixon's aerial bombing of neutral Cambodia in
1973,
82. As a result of U.S. support for Israel in 1973 when it was attacked by
Egypt and Syria,
83. In an effort to counter OPEC, the United States took the lead in forming
84. Richard Nixon tried to resist giving his taped conversations to the
special prosecutor and the Congress by claiming that
85. The most controversial action of Gerald Ford's presidency was
86. The Helsinki accords, signed by Gerald Ford and leaders of thirty-four
other nations,
87. The people of the United States had provided just about everything for
South Vietnam except
88. In the Vietnam conflict, the United States lost
89. The one major social movement born in the 1960s that retained and
gathered momentum in the 1970s and after was
90. Title IX was passed by Congress in 1972 to
91. The proposed Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), passed by Congress in 1972
and eventually ratified by 35 states, stated the following:
92. The Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade declared state laws prohibiting
abortion were unconstitutional because they
93. The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) failed to be ratified by the needed 38
states largely because
94. The most explosive racial controversy of the 1970s was over
95. The effect of the Supreme Court ruling in Milliken v. Bradley that
integration did not have to take place across school district lines was
to
96. The Supreme Court in the Bakke case held that
97. American Indian activists brought attention to their cause in the 1970s
by seizing
98. The major goal successfully pursued by Indian civil rights activists in
the 1970s was
99. The first wave of Vietnamese refugees who came to the United States in
the immediate aftermath of the Vietnam War
100. A primary goal of both the first and second wave of Vietnamese refugees
was
101. James Earl (Jimmy) Carter enjoyed considerable popularity when he won
the presidency because
102. The guiding principle of President Carter's foreign policy was
103. President Jimmy Carter's most spectacular foreign-policy achievement was
the
104. President Carter believed that the fundamental problem of the American
economy in the late 1970s was
105. The term "second wave feminism" refers to
106. Moderate and radical feminists differed over all the following issues
except
107. The SALT II Treaty between the Soviet Union and the United States died
in the Senate when the Soviets
108. Boycotting the 1980 Olympic Games was one measure taken by President
Carter in response to
109. Arrange the following events in chronological order:
110. Results of the Cambodian incursion ordered by President Nixon in 1970
included
111. Signs that the Cold War was thawing a bit in the early 1970s included
112. Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court handed down rulings
to
113. In response to the energy crisis in 1973Ä1974,
114. During hearings in 1974, the House Judiciary Committee adopted
impeachment articles charging President Nixon with
115. In his brief presidency, Gerald Ford agreed
116. While president, Jimmy Carter
117. In the 1980 national elections,
118. Liberal Democrats complained that Jimmy Carter
119. Edward Kennedy's campaign to take the presidential nomination away from
Jimmy Carter in 1980 was handicapped by
120. The "new right" movement that helped to elect Ronald Reagan was
spearheaded by
121. Many "new right" activists were most concerned about
122. Which of the these social issues was not a primary concern for the new
right?
123. The neoconservatives of the 1980s believed in all of the following
except
124. Ronald Reagan was similar to Franklin D. Roosevelt in that both men
125. Ronald Reagan differed from Franklin D. Roosevelt in that Roosevelt
126. Ronald Reagan began to abandon his liberal New Deal political philosophy
and to espouse a conservative, antigovernment line
127. The "Sagebrush Rebellion" was a fiercely anti-Washington movement that
had sprung up to protest
128. Perhaps Jimmy Carter's greatest weakness as president was his
129. Ronald Reagan planned to reduce the size of government by
130. Conservative Democrats who helped Ronald Reagan to pass his budget and
tax-cutting legislation were called
131. Ronald Reagan's major goal as president was to
132. Ronald Reagan's "supply side" economic advisers assured him that the
combination of budgetary discipline and tax reduction would do all of
the following except
133. True to his campaign promises, as president Ronald Reagan
134. The immediate consequence of President Reagan's new economic policies
was
135. In the 1980s, for the first time in the twentieth century,
136. Some economists believe that the economic upturn in the 1980s was the
result of
137. To President Reagan, "the focus of evil in the modern world" was
138. The first woman to receive the vice-presidential nomination of a major
political party was
139. For the Soviet Union's new policies of glasnost (openness) and
perestroika (restructuring) to work, it was essential that the
140. The Iran-contra investigations revealed Ronald Reagan as a president who
141. The greatest increase in the national debt occurred
142. In 1986 Congress passed legislation mandating
143. Ronald Reagan's highest political objective as president was
144. The first woman appointed to the United States Supreme Court was
145. In response to China's crushing of its prodemocracy movement, the United
States under George Bush
146. The Democrats' hopes for the 1988 election rose sharply because of major
scandals in the Reagan administration involving
147. "Solidarity" was
148. Israel badly strained its bonds of friendship with the United States by
149. In 1983 President Reagan sent United States marines to __________ as
part of an international peacekeeping force; many of them died in a
terrorist attack.
150. President Reagan came to be labeled the "Teflon president" because
151. During Ronald Reagan's presidency, United States troops invaded
152. The issue that dominated Ronald Reagan's second term as president was
153. As one consequence of the demise of the Soviet Union,
154. All of the following issues or developments in the 1992 political
campaign revealed popular disgust with incumbents except
155. Modern conservatism springs from
156. Which of the following was not among the ways that the "New Right" of
the 1980s imitated the tactics and approaches of the "New Left" of the
1960s?
157. The Supreme Court cases of Webster v. Reproductive Health Services and
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
158. Among the Democrats whom Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis defeated
for the party's nomination to run against George Bush in 1988 were
159. In response to the collapse of the Soviet Union, President George Bush
called for a "new world order" where
160. The United States joined its allies in the Persian Gulf War in order to
161. The result of the Persian Gulf War was that
162. The explosive Senate hearings that nearly prevented Supreme Court
Justice Clarence Thomas from being confirmed involved charges that
Thomas was guilty of
163. The primary issue that enabled Bill Clinton to defeat President Bush and
Ross Perot in the 1992 election was Bush's
164. One of Bill Clinton's few early successes in advancing his reform agenda
during his first term was
165. The leader of the right-wing movement that won a sweeping victory for
Republicans in the 1994 Congressional elections was
166. Facing a Republican Congress during his second term, Bill Clinton
embraced more cautious and conservative policies, including notably his
support for
167. The Clinton foreign policy in Africa, the Balkans, and China was marked
by
168. The two charges on which President Clinton was impeached and then
acquitted after a Senate trial in January and February 1999 were
169. As President, Bill Clinton's legacy would likely include
170. The razor-thin election of 2000 between George W. Bush and Al Gore was
finally resolved when