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Transcript
Unit 1: Economics Homework Assignments
SSEF1: The student will explain why limited productive resources and unlimited wants result in scarcity, opportunity
costs, and tradeoffs for individuals, businesses, and governments.
Notecards Terms:
Scarcity, Opportunity Cost, Tradeoffs, 4 Factors of Production, Land, Labor, Physical Capital, Human Capital,
Entrepreneurship, Rational Decision Making, Marginal benefit, Marginal Cost, Microeconomics, Macroeconomics, public
goods & services, command economy, free/market economy, mixed economy, specialization, voluntary exchange, 3
basic economic questions, market failures, input, output, allocation of scarce resources, productivity, free-rider problem
Concept
Scarcity
Task
Why does scarcity always
exist?
Response
p. 3
Factors of production
Give examples of productive
resources (factors of
production) (e.g., land
(natural), labor (human),
capital (capital goods),
entrepreneurship).
p. 4-5
Land
Labor
Capital
Entrepreneurship
Scarce Resources
Explain how individuals,
businesses and society face
tradeoffs.
p. 8
Opportunity Cost
If you decide to buy spend $3
dollars in the vending
machine instead of $3 to
purchase a school lunch, what
is your opportunity cost of
your vending machine
purchase?
p. 9
SSEF4 The student will compare and contrast different economic systems and explain how they answer the three basic
economic questions of what to produce, how to produce, and for whom to produce.
Concepts
Task
Response
Economic Systems
p. 23-27, 32, 52-55
Market:
1. How does each economic
system answer the 3 basic
economic questions?
Command:
Mixed:
p. 23-27
1. List each system and
explain how well each type
of system answers the
above goals.
Goals: Economic freedom, security, equity, growth, efficiency,
and stability
Market
Command
Mixed
SSEF5 The student will describe the roles of government in a market economy.
Concept
Task
Response
Government in a Market
p. 62,68-70, 52, 64
Economy
1. Describe why
government provides
public goods and
services.
2. Explain why government
redistributes income.
3. Explain the importance of
government’s protection
of private property.
4. Explain how government
can resolve market
failures.
Government Regulation
and Deregulation
1. Give examples of
government regulation
and deregulation and
their effects on
consumers and
producers.
p. 54-55, 175
Regulation
Deregulation
SSEF2 The student will give examples of how rational decision making entails comparing the marginal benefits and the
marginal costs of an action.
Concept
Task
Response
Production Possibilities
1. Draw a Production
p. 13-18
Frontier (PPF)
Possibilities model with
Guns on one axis and
Butter on the other
2. Draw a point on the line,
inside the line and
outside the line and
explain each
3. What would cause the
curve to shift to the left?
4. What would cause the
curve to shift to the right?
Marginal Benefits and
1. Define thinking at the
p. 9-11
Costs
margin
2. Explain what Karen has to
give up for each hour of
sleep.
SSEF3 The student will explain how specialization and voluntary exchange between buyers and sellers increase the
satisfaction of both parties.
Concept
Task
Response
Specialization
p. 28-29
1. Give an example of how
specialization is seen at
Ex @ Kell High:
Kell High
2. Give an example of how
specialization is seen in
the business world
Ex in the business world:
Voluntary Exchange
p. 52-53
1. Explain how both parties
(buyers and sellers)
benefit from voluntary
exchange
SSEF6 The student will explain how productivity, economic growth, and future standards of living are influenced by
investment in factories, machinery, new technology, and the health, education, and training of people.
Concept
Productivity
Task
Response
p. 108
1. Give an example of how
productivity can be
increased by using fewer
inputs to produce more
outputs.
Example:
Capital Investments
p. 4-5
1. Give illustrations of
investment in equipment
and technology and
explain their relationship
to economic growth and
productivity.
Investments in Human
Capital
p. 214
1. Give examples of how
investment in
education can lead to
a higher standard of
living.