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Transcript
World War 2
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1935-1945
FDR-President
Global Conflict
Military Forces fought all over the world
Holocaust (millions of men, women, and children were executed/killed)
By the time the war ended, cities across Europe and Asia lay in ruins
Section 1
 Soviet Union, Germany, Italy, and Japan established dictatorships and threatened world peace
Section 2
 Began Neutral but United States helped Allies
 After the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. entered the war
Section 3
 Prejudice and segregation affected many Americans
Section 4
 Allies won key victories
 After D-Day invasion, Allied troops advanced into Germany and forced its surrender
Section 5
 U.S. used atomic bombs to defeat Japan
 WW2 was the deadliest war in history
 Million of Jews died in the Holocaust
Important Vocabulary/Concepts
dictator
totalitarian state
collective farm
nationalism
aggression
concentration camp
Final Solution
Neutrality Acts
Good Neighbor Policy
appeasement
Axis Powers
Allies
Pearl Harbor
rationed
victory gardens
segregation
prejudice
Battle of Midway
Operation Overload
ruler who has complete power over a country
a single party controls the government and every aspect of
people’s lives
farms run by the government
feeling of patriotic pride and devotion to one’s own
country
any warlike act by one country against another without
just cause
prison camp for civilians who are considered enemies of
the state; Hitler planned to kill all the Jews in Europe-sent
them to the camps to die
Hitler’s plan to kill all the Jews in Europe
banned arms sales or loans to countries at war
establishing friendlier relations with Latin countries
practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
Germany, Italy, Japan, and six other nations
Britain, France, Soviet Union, United States, China and 45
other countries; General Eisenhower-commander
December 7, 1941-Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbor,
Hawaii (fleet); killed 2,400 people
limited the amount of certain goods that Americans could
buy (government issued ration coupons-coffee, sugar,
meat, shoes, gasoline, and tires)
produced 40% of all vegetables grown in the country
during WW 2
separation (of the races in the military)
the process of "pre-judging" a particular person, place or
thing for the way it acts, looks, or even who or what it is
involved with
American planes sank four Japanese aircraft carriers; hurt
Japan and kept them from attacking Hawaii
code name for the invasion of Europe
Important Vocabulary/Concepts (continued)
D-Day
On June 6, 1944, a date known ever since as DDay, a mighty armada crossed a narrow strip of sea
from England to Normandy, France, and cracked
the Nazi grip on western Europe
Battle of the Bulge
The Battle of the Bulge, fought over the winter
months of 1944 – 1945, was the last major Nazi
offensive against the Allies in World War Two
pilots carried out suicide missions (planes with
bombs and crashed them into Allied ships)
new weapon-could destroy an entire city-very
dangerous
slaughter of Europe’s Jews by the Nazis
12 Nazi leaders were sentenced to death for their
war crimes, others were imprisoned; tried and
executed Japanese leaders accused of war crimes
kamikaze
atomic bomb
Holocaust
Nuremberg Trials
Important People
Franklin D Roosevelt
Douglas MacArthur
Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Adolf Hitler
Nazis
Joseph Stalin
Benito Mussolini
Winston Churchill
32nd United States President during WW2; died
April 1945
American general, commander of Allied forces in
the Southwest Pacific during World War II
Vice President; 33rd President when FDR died
American general and 34th president of the United
States. He was the principal architect of the
successful Allied invasion of Europe during World
War II and of the subsequent defeat of Nazi
Germany
1933-Dictator of Germany
members of the National Socialist German
Workers' party of Germany, which in 1933, under
Adolf Hitler, seized political control of the country;
the party was officially abolished in 1945 at the
conclusion of World War II
1924-Soviet Union Dictator
1922-Italian Fascist leader
1940-Britain’s Prime Minister