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SW Asia Review Sheet Know all of the vocabulary terms! Know all of the vocabulary terms! Know all of the vocabulary terms! Know all of the vocabulary terms! Know all of the vocabulary terms! Know all of the vocabulary terms! Know all of the vocabulary terms! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. What connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea? To get from the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman, you have to pass through the . What countries rely on the Persian Gulf as their only source of shipping? Name some major “choke points” in the region (for exporting): Strait of Hormuz, Suez Canal, Dardanelles Strait Burning of the oil fields in Kuwait was considered the worst environmental terrorist act in history . What is the major difference between Christianity and Judaism? The Messiah has come – Jesus is the Son of God How are North Africa and SW Asia connected? Culturally through Islam Name the only landlocked country in this region. What two rivers begin in Turkey and flow into the Persian Gulf? Tigris and Euphrates What piece of land is located between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba? Sinai Peninsula The Jordan river flows into the Dead Sea . What have been some of the negative impacts of oil in this region? Pollution, Why do ancient civilizations settle where they do? What are the 2 most valuable resources in this region and why are they valuable? Oil and water Name 3 holy cities in Islam. a. Mecca b. Medina c. Jerusalem Who is the prophet of Islam? Muhammad What is the Holy book of Islam, Christianity, Judaism? a. b. c. What are the 5 pillars of Islam? PG 504 a. b. c. d. e. What are the 10 commandments for Judaism and Christianity? a. f. b. g. c. h. d. i. e. j. What is a theocratic state? Chapter 22: Section 1 What is the Western Wall? 22:2 What is the purpose of OPEC and when was it formed? Controls oil prices by setting production quotas. Explain the “law of supply and demand” in regards to the gas prices here in U.S. Oil exports down = high prices here 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. What religion(s) is Jerusalem Holy to? All 3 rligions Explain the role of Zionism. Movement for a homeland for the Jews. Explain the role of the PLO. The Palestine Liberation Organization is a group that works for a Palestinian homeland What early civilizations started in Mesopotamia? Sumer, Assyria, Babylonia What is the difference between Sunni and Shii’ Muslims? a. Shi’ites believe that only descendants of Muhammad may lead the Muslim world b. Sunnis believe that the leader should be elected Iran is the only country with a majority of Shi’ite Muslims. Who/what is the Taliban? The oppressive government in Afghanistan who supported terrorist organizations, such as Al Quida. Who was Osama Bin Laden? Leader of the Al Quida. Saddam Hussein was the controversial leader of what country? Iraq What was considered the biggest acts of environmental terrorism in history? Saddam Hussein’s army burning the oil fields in Kuwait. What started the Persian Gulf War? Saddam Hussein’s (Iraq) attacking Kuwait. What country did the US attack in order to rid them of weapons of mass destruction? Iraq Who are the Kurds? cc A stateless nation of nomadic people. They want their own lands, many are refugees and they are involved in conflicts with the Turks and the Iraqis. a. Where do they live? Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria Who are the Palestinians? Arab group native to Israel who are a stateless nation and want their own lands (Israel) a. Where do they live? Israel – many are refugees and they are involved in conflicts with the Israelis. After World War I, the land controlled by Britain was called: After WWI, the British allowed Jews to move into Palestine . Name some ways Human Environment Interaction is seen in the SW Asia region. Chapter 21:3 What is the Dome of the Rock? Chap 22:2 At the end of WWII, The UN created the country of Israel . How did the Arab nations respond to the creation of Israel? The Arab Nations invaded Israel. In 1947 the United Nations decided to partition Jerusalem between the Jews and the Arabs. After World War I the Ottoman Empire lost its lands. 45. Understand the basic philosophies with the 3 major religions. All are monotheistic Judaism (Oldest religion Christianity Islam (5 Pillars of Faith is the foundation of the of the three) religion) Holy Book Torah (Old Testament) Bible (Old and New Koran Testament) Person Abraham offer son to Jesus tried and crucified Mohammad prophet God as a sacrifice by the Romans who trough the Angel Gabriel brought Islam to the people Holy day Saturday Sunday Friday Holy city Jerusalem (Western Jerusalem (Church of Mecca, Medina Wall) the Holy Seplucher) Jerusalem – Dome of the Rock Thoughts on Jesus 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. Prophet Messiah (Son of God) Prophet How are they similar? On what day do each of the 3 religions worship? What are some of the problems associated with using “guest workers”? What is the ongoing issue in the Arab-Israeli conflicts? Who is the Ayatolla Khomeini and how did he govern? A fundamentalist Shi’ite Muslim who led protests against the Shah of Iran and was exiled; he eventually over through the shah and Iran became Theocratic.