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Transcript
Unity® 45 Sequenced
Grammar Book
Vantage Lite™
Verda McGraw, M.Ed.
Go Frog Publications
This book belongs to: ______________________________
2
Minspeak and Unity are registered trademarks of Semantic
Compaction Systems.
Vanguard and Vantage are registered trademarks for products made
by the Prentke Romich Company.
©2001 Go Frog Publications. All Rights Reserved.
A Minspeak® System derivative work, made under license of
Semantic Compaction Systems. All Rights Reserved.
Prentke Romich Company web site: www@prentrom.com
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
3
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book
Contents
Interjections ……………………………………………..
4
Nouns …………………………………………...……….
7
Plural nouns …………………………...…………. 13
Proper nouns ………………………...…………..
20
Possessive nouns ……………………………….. 21
Verbs ……………………………………………………… 42
Verb tenses ……………………………………….. 49
Linking verbs ……………………………………… 53
Pronoun + Verb phrases ………………………………. 57
Adjectives ………………………………………………… 62
Prepositions ……………………………………………… 78
Adverbs …………………………………………………… 81
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
4
Interjections
An Interjection is a little word that "pops up" in conversation just like
fireworks over a city. Many interjections are social words and phrases
that help you be polite. All interjections begin with the INTERJ icon.
Match the following interjections with the correct sequence.
please
thank you
sorry
awesome
congratulations
good morning
hi
good-bye
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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5
Teachers' Cheat Sheet
After you select the INTERJ icon
, your Vanguard /
Vantage screen looks like this:
Tool Tip
To correct for unwanted double hits, or "bouncing" impulsively on
the keys, go to the Selection Technique Menu in the toolbox.
Increase the Accept Time one increment at a time.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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6
Happy Holidays!
Select the INTERJ icon
and the GOD icon
Vantage screen looks like this:
. Your Vanguard/
Practice: Select Clear Display and Choose Activity to start over.
Then say:
1.
3.
5.
7.
9.
Happy Birthday
Happy Mothers' Day
Happy Halloween
Happy Fathers' Day
Happy Hanukkah
2. Merry Christmas
4. Happy Valentines Day
6. Happy New Year
8. Happy Holidays
10. Happy Thanksgiving
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
7
NOUNS are Names
A Noun is the name of a person, place, or thing. Many Nouns
appear in the activity row of your Vanguard/ Vantage. Some
nouns tell the name of a category. These nouns appear
highlighted in orange where the STOP icon is.
Nouns that name people -- Let's begin with some FAMILY
names. Select the FAMILY icon
Vantage screen looks like this:
. Your Vanguard/
Use the MORE key
at the end of the activity
row to see more family names.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
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NOUN Practice
Find these pictures in your FAMILY activity row. Say the noun.
Write the correct noun under each picture.
____________
____________
Tool Tip
Tool Tip
____________
_
____________
To change the pictures in your Family activity row, use the
Setup Key. Select the icon you want to change. Select
Change Icon. Follow the prompts on your screen.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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9
More People Nouns
Different kinds of people begin with the WANTED icon
Say these nouns. Write the nouns under the pictures.
____________
____________
_________
_________
_
_____________
_______________
________________
_______________
_____________
_____________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
10
Teachers' Cheat Sheet for PEOPLE nouns
After you select the WANTED icon, your Vanguard/ Vantage
looks like this:
Use the MORE key
at the end of the activity
row to see more people nouns.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
11
Nouns in Sentences
Fill in the blanks with the best noun. Say the nouns with your
Vanguard/ Vantage. Score 10 points for each correct answer.
1. Your ____________________ is a boy.
sister
aunt
brother
2. My sister is a ___________________.
brother girl grandpa
3. My grandmother was a ______________a long time ago.
girl boy sister
4. Your mother or your father is also called your ____________.
brother parent kid
5. If you are a girl, you are your grandmother's _____________.
aunt parent granddaughter
6. If you are a boy, you are your grandmother's ____________.
neighbor grandson father
7. Your parents are your mother and your ________________.
son daughter father
8. A mother and a father have some _____________________.
children wife boy
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9. When you are a _____________, you should obey your
parents.
grandparent neighbor child
10. Our dog is a part of our ___________________.
baby family sister
11.Grandparents like to give presents to their ___________.
mom grandchildren kid
12.Your mother's son is your ________________.
parent brother grandpa
13.You are your grandmother's _____________________.
grandson baby grandaughter
14.Your grandfather was a ________ when he was younger.
visitor boy sister
15.Your mother's mother is your____________________.
aunt neighbor grandmother
My Score:____________________Date_________________
Tool Tip
If your Vanguard/ Vantage is not saying a word correctly,
you can change the pronunciation in the Dictionary Menu.
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13
Making NOUNS Plural
Plural means there is more than one. Most nouns become plural
by adding an "s" to the end. To make a noun plural with your
Vanguard/ Vantage, first you say the word, then select the STOP
icon twice.
Make the following nouns plural. The first two are examples for
you. Score 10 points for each correct answer.
1. sister
sisters
2. brother
brothers
3. dad
8. parent
4. baby
9. mother
5. kid
10. visitor
6. friend
7. neighbor
My Score: ____________________Date: ______________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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14
Teachers' Cheat Sheet for Plural Nouns
After you select the STOP icon
, your screen looks like
this: Notice the other endings you can choose from the Activity
Row.
Just a
note --
The STOP icon also controls Adverbs that do not end in -ly. We'll
learn more about Adverbs later in the book (pages 80-81).
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15
Plural NOUNS in Sentences
Choose the best word to fill in the blanks. Say the word.
Score 10 points for each correct answer.
1. She has two ___________________.
brothers son parent
2. There are three _________________ crying in the nursery.
grandmothers babies visitor
3. How many _____________________ do you have?
sisters family baby
4. Where are the four ____________________?
neighbor kids mother
5. There were three ________________ waiting after school.
friend moms wife
6. The two ___________ went shopping for clothes.
son parent friends
7. All of my ___________________are coming for Christmas.
brother grandparents boy
8. She has two _______________________.
daughters girl parent
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9. We have a large ___________________.
people family kids
10. How many ___________________ are in your family?
boys parent granddaughter
My Score:____________________Date:________________
**************************************************************************
Review Questions
Circle the correct answer.
1. What do we call little words that "pop up" in conversation?
A. popcorn B. interjections C. prepositions
2. What are words that name people, places, or things?
A. nouns B. pointers C. adverbs
3. How do you make a noun plural?
(Show on your Vanguard/Vantage)
4. What does "plural" mean?
A. only one, B. more than one, C. two or more
5. What two icons start the Happy Holiday sayings?
(Show on your Vanguard/ Vantage.)
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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17
More Nouns
Community Workers -- Occupations
Occupations begin with the HAMMER icon
.
Write the noun name of each worker in the boxes below.
With your Vanguard or Vantage, tell the occupation you would
most like to be.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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18
Teachers' Cheat Sheet. After you select the HAMMER icon
, your Vanguard/ Vantage screen looks like this:
Use the more key
more occupations.
Just a note --
at the end of the row to select
In each category, look for corresponding pages linked to the first
key of the activity row. These pages are temporary, which means
they will automatically close after one selection. If you want the
page to stay open, choose the HOLD PAGE key.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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19
Sentence Practice with
Occupation NOUNS
Write the correct answer in the blank. Score 10 points for each
right answer.
1. A __________________fixes your teeth.
2. A__________________ preaches at church on Sunday.
3. You go to the _________________when you are feeling sick.
4. An _____________________goes to outer space.
5. A________________ rescues people from burning buildings.
6. A _______________helps you take care of your pets.
7. Your _____________may give you a homework assignment.
8. Emeril is a _______________.
9. Tim McGraw is a _________________.
10. A _______________is called "sister".
My Score______________________Date_______________
**************************************************************************
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
20
Proper NOUNS
Proper Nouns are the names of specific people, places, or
things. Your Vantage/ Vanguard has a name row and a name
page where you can put names of the people you know. Use
the Setup Key to change these names. Proper Nouns always
begin with a capital letter, so don't forget to use your shift key
when you are adding names.
After you select the SUIT icon
this:
, your screen will look like
Now you know four icons that begin people nouns. What are
they? Point to the icons on your Vanguard / Vantage.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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21
Possessive NOUNS
Possessive nouns show ownership. When we write a
possessive noun, we add an apostrophe and an s to the end.
With your Vanguard/ Vantage, start by selecting the STOP icon
twice
look like this:
, then look at the activity row. Your screen will
Now you can use the ‘s key to make any noun show possession.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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22
Possessive
NOUN Practice
Fill in the blanks. Score 10 points for each correct answer.
1. That piece of birthday cake is for mom. Don't eat
______________ cake.
baby
mom's
farmer
2. _________________ watch is a valuable antique.
policeman
kids
grandma's
3. The _______________ helmet is red.
fireman's
visitor
daughter
4. I'll have the _________ special rotisserie chicken with herbs.
astronaut's
chef's
dad
5. Come see my _________ new car.
dad's
teacher
neighbor
6. Please put some juice in the __________ bottle.
O.T.
baby's
friend's
7. We are going to ______________house this weekend.
mom
teacher
grandmother's
8. Will you tell me your ______________phone number?
sister's
baby-sitter
friends
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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9. My brother plays football with him. He is my ____________
friend.
dads
brother's
aide
10. I'm going to my ____________ house after school.
children
friend's
sister
My Score ______________________ Date ________________
**************************************************************************
REVIEW QUESTIONS
Circle the correct answer.
1. What kind of noun shows ownership?
A. Plural noun
B. Possessive noun
C. Proper noun
2. Which word is not a noun?
A. baby
B. come
C. fireman
3. What kind of noun should be capitalized?
A. Possessive noun
B. Proper noun
C. Occupations
4. Which word is a proper noun?
A. father
B. Betty
C. priest
5. What kind of noun means more that one?
A. Possessive noun
B. Friendly noun
C. Plural noun
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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24
Names of Places are NOUNS
Places in my house
To see names of rooms inside a house, choose the icon
.
There is a frog jumping in the yard, so it is called the FROG icon.
Your Vanguard/ Vantage screen looks like this:
Notice that the activity row has a key
that opens a page of
home parts Try this key. Use the MORE key at the end of the
row to see more nouns. Some of the rooms are in your school.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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25
Practice for places in my house
Answer the following questions with a place noun. Score 10
points for each correct answer.
1.
Where is the refrigerator? __________________________
2.
Where do people sleep (usually)? ____________________
3.
Where can you find a faucet? _______________________
4.
Where do people cook? ____________________________
5.
What part of the house is for a car? ___________________
6.
Where is the TV at your house? _____________________
7.
What room is for a baby? ___________________________
8.
Where is your bed? _______________________________
9.
Where is the toilet? _______________________________
10. Where is the washing machine at your house?
________________________________________________
My score ____________________Date ________________
To say the names of other buildings, select the FROG icon twice.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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Names of Buildings are NOUNS
Buildings outside my house
Place names -- nouns -- of buildings begin with two hits on the
Your screen will look like this:
Notice that there is a key for RESTAURANTS
. Try some of these.
Remember that you can put in your favorite places by using the Setup Key.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
icon.
27
Names of places are NOUNS
Places outside my house
To say names of places in nature, select the MOUNTAIN icon twice.
Your screen will look like this:
The keys that have a light blue outline are links to more places
and things in nature.
You can also use the MORE key to say more nature place
names.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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28
Practice Sentences for Places
Fill in the blanks with your own choices. Use names of places
from inside and outside your house.
1. I'm going to the _______________to make a sandwich.
2. When it's hot out, I like to go to the ________________.
3. We went to a _____________to see a football game.
4. He rode on a roller coaster at the __________________.
5. It's fun to go to the __________when you take lots of money.
6. The name of my state is _______________.
7. Mom said, "You can't play in the _______________ when it is
raining."
8. In the winter time, my family likes to go to the ____________.
9. My favorite place to go on vacation is __________________.
10.The pool table is in the _________________.
My Score _____________________Date _________________
**************************************************************************
REVIEW
Place names are NOUNS.
On your Vanguard/ Vantage, place names begin with
and
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
29
More Place Names Practice
Answer the following questions with a place name.
1. What state would you like to visit? _____________________
2. In what room of the school do people play basketball? _____
3. Where could you find paints and paint brushes? __________
4. Where does the band practice? _______________________
5. Where could you go to see lions, tigers, and bears? _______
6. Where could you go to see the tide come in? ____________
7. Where are the swings and slides? _____________________
8. Where do airplanes take off? _________________________
9. Where could you go to find apple trees growing? _________
10. What is London, England? ___________________________
My Score ____________________Date __________________
**************************************************************************
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
30
Sentence Builders
Follow the directions to make your own sentence.
1. Select Clear Display
4. Look at the activity row
2. Select
5. Choose your little words.
3. Select
6. Say a place name.
Teachers' Cheat Sheet for Sentence Builders
After selecting the icons for I am going…
screen looks like this:
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
the Vantage
31
Names of Things are NOUNS
Animal names are NOUNS
To say animal names with your Vanguard/ Vantage, select the IT
icon
like this:
. Then look at your activity row. Your screen looks
The first key in the animals row is linked to a page of animals. This page is a
temporary page that will stay open for one selection. if you want the page to stay
open, select the HOLD PAGE key.
Use your MORE key
Parts, and Animal Homes.
to say Woods Animals, Water Animals, Animal
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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32
Find the name for each animal. Say the name. Write it in the
box below.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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33
Sentence Practice with Animal Names
Fill in the blanks with your choice of animal names.
1. My favorite animal is a _______________________.
2. The kind of animal that I don't like is a ________________.
3. I have never seen a _____________________.
4. I hope I never see a ____________________.
5. I think _____________________ are funny.
(Hint: Put an s on the end to make this animal a plural noun.)
6. A _________________ would make a nice pet.
7. My mom would not like a _________________in the house.
8. I think the teacher would like _______________at school.
9. The animal that smells the worst is a __________________.
10.A _________________ is an animal with feathers.
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Sentence Builder
Follow the directions to make your own sentence about an
animal.
1. Select
3. Select
2. Select
4. Pick an animal from the
activity row.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
34
Teacher's Cheat Sheet for Sentence Builder
After you select the I + SUN sequence
your screen looks like this:
Now you can choose a little word from the sentence builder bar,
or you can just choose an animal name, beginning with the IT icon.
Remember how to make a noun plural?
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
35
Names of Things are NOUNS
Food names are NOUNS
All the food names in your Vanguard or Vantage begin with
the APPLE icon. Next look at your activity row to find the
sub-category you want, then choose your food noun.
Your screen will look like this:
Using predictive selection: In the Selection Technique Menu, turn
Predictive Selection to ON. Now cells that are white can not be
activated.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
36
Food Names are NOUNS
Find and say the following nouns. The first two are examples.
1. pizza
2. cheeseburger
3. banana
4. waffle
5. bacon
6. cheese
7. soup
8. sandwich
9. macaroni and cheese
10. hot dog
11. cupcake
12. ice cream
13. candy
14. pudding
Don't forget to use your MORE
more items.
key at the end of each row to see
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
37
Sentence Practice with Food NOUNS
Fill in the blanks with your choice of food nouns.
1. Let's order a pepperoni and mushroom _____________.
2. I would like a dish of chocolate __________________.
3. Her mom brought _______________to school for her party.
(Hint: Put an s on for a plural noun.)
4. Do you like ketchup on your __________________?
5. I like mustard on my ___________________.
6. Please get me a ______________with no salad dressing.
7. He had a bowl of ______________for breakfast.
8. She doesn't like to eat __________ on the cob.
9. My dog just loves it when I give him a ________________.
10. We had (a) __________________ for lunch today.
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
My Favorite Foods
Name three of your most favorite foods. Find and say them with
your Vanguard / Vantage.
1. ______________________ 2. ________________________
3. ______________________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
38
Appliances are Things
Names of Appliances are NOUNS
With your Vanguard / Vantage you can say names of small
appliances starting with the PHONE icon.
Then look at
your activity row. Your screen will look like this:
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
39
The name of the THING is a NOUN.
Appliances are THINGS.
Large appliances begin by selecting the KITCHEN icon
twice.
Your screen will look like this:
Remember to use your MORE
key to say more appliances.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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40
Names of Appliances are NOUNS.
Sentence Practice with Appliances
Fill in the blanks with names of appliances. Score 10 points for
each great answer.
1. "Turn down your ___________," said dad. "That music is
too loud."
2. Mom said that there was ice cream in the _______________.
3. She plugged in the ________________ and cleaned the
carpet.
4. You could use a _________________ if your hair is wet.
5. I like to play games on the _____________________.
6. He put the dirty clothes in the ___________________.
7. I'm sorry my __________________ deleted your phone
message.
8. We made a smoothie in the __________________ for lunch.
9. The cookies in the ____________ are almost done.
10. Their dad likes to cook hamburgers on the ____________.
My Score ____________________Date ______________
**************************************************************************
REVIEW -- FINDING NOUNS
Show on your Vanguard / Vantage the icon that begins 1. all
food words….2. all animal words…3. state names…4. rooms in
a house…5. places in nature…6. small appliances…
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41
VERBS are Action Words
VERBS tell what a person or thing does.
You can find many verbs by choosing any icon first, then
looking for green highlighting.
Example: Choose the JUICE icon
. Now look for
words with green highlighting. Your Vanguard / Vantage
screen looks like this:
Drink, drinks, drinking, drank, to drink and watch, watches,
watching, watched, to watch are VERBS
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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42
Other verbs begin with MR. ACTION MAN
After you select him, your Vanguard / Vantage screen will
look like this: MORE about VERBS
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43
Find and Say these VERBS
VERB
Starts with
sleep
read
walk
write
drink
swim
drive
cook
play
eat
ride
go
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
44
Saying VERBS that end with -ing
"-ing" VERBS = action that is continuing now.
With your Vanguard / Vantage say the VERB coming.
Select the FAMILY icon, and your screen looks like this:
Find the key for the word “coming”. The dog is coming because
you called him.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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45
Find and Say some more -ing VERBS
VERB
Starts with
coloring
taking
helping
stopping
hearing
singing
baking
printing
wearing
making
giving
asking
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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46
VERBS show Action
Practicing VERBS in Sentences
Look at the chart of -ing verbs on page 46. Use these -ing
verbs to fill in the blanks. Score 10 points for each best answer.
1. They are _________________ turns.
2. The bus is __________________at the Dairy Queen.
3. We are _________________a birthday cake for the party.
4. I am _________________my homework on the computer.
5. What are you ___________________ tomorrow?
6. The teacher is __________________treats for everyone.
7. The choir is _________________ my favorite song.
8. The boy is _________________his mom clean house.
9. We are ___________________what you are saying.
10. He is ______________ a picture for her.
My Score _____________________Date ________________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
47
VERBS in Silly Sentences.
Find the silly verb in each silly sentence. Choose a better verb.
Say the new verb with your Vanguard / Vantage. Score 10
points for each better answer.
1. Hear to my house for supper.
bake write
come
2. We like to fly horses.
sit ride write
3. I am swimming a red shirt today.
wearing doing taking
4. I like to eat chocolate milk.
fall cook drink
5. Let's play to McDonalds.
go wear help
6. They are sleeping a pretty song.
drawing singing dressing
7. Dad said, "Start all that noise."
swim stop wait
8. I want to walk a game on my computer.
sing play hear
9. Let's cook some cookies.
walk help bake
10. "Yuk, don't write that dirty shirt again today," said Mom.
go wear swim
My Score _____________________Date____________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
48
VERB TENSE tells TIME
Verbs can tell Time or when something happens. A Present
Tense verb tells us that the action happens now. A Past Tense
verb tells us that the action happened before now, in the past.
Many Past Tense verbs end in -ed. That's why you see a picture
of a bucket with an -ed on it in the row of verbs. The bucket is
tipped over to show that the action happened in the past. Select
the KITCHEN icon
. Your screen looks like this:
The present tense verbs are turn, turns, cook, and cooks.
What are the past tense verbs?
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49
Find and Say these Past Tense Verbs
VERB
Icons
slept
read
walked
wrote
swam
drank
drove
cooked
played
ate
rode
went
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50
VERBS show Action
Practice Past Tense Verbs in Sentences.
Use the chart of verbs on page 50. Fill in the blanks with the
best past tense verb.
1. He ________________to school every day last week.
2. I _______________the note.
3. Her cat ______________with her all night last night.
4. We ________________in the pool until 4:30.
5. My dad _______________ us home in our van.
6. They _______________ pizza for lunch.
7. She ______________all the chocolate milk.
8. We _______________that book last year.
9. He ________________supper for us.
10. We ________________computer games at her house.
My Score ________________________Date______________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
51
NOUN and VERB REVIEW
In the chart below you will see nouns and verbs. Find and say
the nouns with your Vanguard/Vantage. Remember a noun is
the name of a person, place, or thing. A verb shows action.
Word
Starts with
grandmother
telephone
talk
swim
cheeseburger
book
play
think
friend
sing
Now Find and Say the VERBS in this chart.
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52
Linking VERBS
Some verbs do not show action. They link words together.
IS, ARE, WERE, and WAS are linking verbs.
To find linking verbs on your Vanguard/ Vantage, begin with the
VERB icon, MR. ACTION MAN. Your screen looks like this:
In the activity row, you see verbs that show action. In the other four
rows, you see some linking verbs and some helping verbs.
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53
Using IS and ARE
We use IS with one person, place, or thing. We use ARE with
more than one. IS and ARE tell about now. They are present
tense verbs.
Fill in the blanks with is
or are
Score 10 points for each right answer.
1. My sister ______________happy now.
2. Her clothes ________________pretty.
3. The kids ________________at school.
4. My friends ________________ at home.
5. The grass _______________green.
6. The birds _____________singing
7. The weather _____________ sunny.
8. My room _____________clean.
9. The cake ________________delicious.
10. My mom _______________ going with me
My Score ___________________Date _________________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
54
Using WAS and WERE
We use WAS with one person, place or thing. We use WERE
with more than one. WAS and WERE are past tense verbs.
They tell about the past.
Use was
sentences.
or were
in these
Score 10 points for each correct answer.
1. The baby _______________ sleeping.
2. The clothes _________________ dirty.
3. The kids __________________playing
4. The TV show ____________ boring.
5. His sister _______________ coming to see him.
6. My mom ________________ late.
7. Our dog _____________ eating pizza.
8. The animals ________________ friendly.
9. Dad _______________ really happy about that.
10. The pudding _______________ cooked.
My Score ______________________Date _______________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
55
REVIEW of PRESENT and PAST TENSE
VERBS
Verb Tense tells time. Present Tense means what happens
now, in the present. Past Tense means what has already
happened in the past.
Look at the verbs in the chart. Find and Say the Present Tense
Verbs.
VERB
It starts with
walk
is
go
was
drink
feed
washed
help
were
Now Find and Say the Past Tense Verbs.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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56
Pronoun + Verb Phrases
A Pronoun is a little word that can take the
place of a Noun. A Pronoun stands for the
name of a person, place, or thing.
All of the Pronoun icons on your Vanguard / Vantage are on
the left side and are highlighted in yellow.
Here is what your screen looks like after you select the
pronoun I
one time.
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Practice -- Find and Say these Phrases
Write the pronoun + verb phrase in the box beside the icons.
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58
Sentence Practice with Pronoun + Verb
Phrases
Fill in the blank with a pronoun + verb phrase. Score 10 points
for each complete sentence.
1. ____________________ to the store.
2. ____________________on vacation.
3. ____________________ sleepy.
4. ____________________happy.
5. ____________________ to the beach.
6. __________________ you can do it.
7. __________________ working on my homework.
8. _________________ like to watch TV.
9. __________________ a hug.
10. __________________ my back pack.
My Score ____________________________Date___________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
59
Teachers' Cheat Sheet for
Sentence Builder
"I want"
This is what the screen looks like after selecting the
icons for I would
Coach your student to look up to the activity row for the next word.
Practice putting sentences together beginning with "I like.. Continue
building the sentence with a sentence builder word and then locate the
next word.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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60
Practice Sentences
Fill in the blanks with a food you would like. Say the whole
sentence with your Vanguard / Vantage. Score 5 points for
completing the sentence. Score 5 more points for saying the
complete sentence.
1. I like to
__________________________.
2. I like the
__________________________.
3. I have to
_________________________.
4. I have the
_________________________.
5. I have a
__________________________.
Fill in the blank with something you like to do. Use an action
verb. Say the whole sentence with your Vanguard / Vantage.
Score 5 points for completing the sentence. Score 5 points for
saying the whole sentence.
1. I like to ________________________.
2. I like to ________________________.
3. I like to _______________________.
4. I don’t like to _______________________.
5. I don’t like to _______________________.
My Score ________________________ Date _____________
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61
ADJECTIVES
Adjectives are words that describe a person, place, or thing.
Adjectives tell something about a noun.
Many adjectives are in your Vanguard / Vantage. To see some
of them, select the MASKS key
like this:
. Now your screen looks
Now select the key that says DESCRIBER
.
You see Adjectives on the page.
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Find and Say
1. old
5. smooth
2. rich
6. rough
3. fat
7. new
4. short
8. true
Many other Adjectives appear in the bottom four rows. These
are highlighted in blue. To see some of these, begin by
selecting the JUICE
icon. Your screen looks like this:
See the word "thirsty" highlighted in blue. Thirsty describes how
somebody or something feels. Thirsty is an adjective. Do you
see any other adjectives on your Vanguard / Vantage now?
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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63
Find and Say these Adjectives
Adjective
Starts with
hungry
nice
mean
pretty
ugly
delicious
awful
hot
warm
cold
big
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64
Sentence Practice with Adjectives
Fill in the blanks with adjectives. Score 10 points for each great
choice.
1. I need a drink. I am ___________________.
2. I am _________________ for ice cream.
3. The mother has a ______________ baby.
4. Father Time is an ______________man.
5. You painted a __________________ picture.
6. Her friend is ___________________ . (Be nice.)
7. My brother is ___________________.
8. This pudding tastes ________________.
9. In the summer the sun feels _____________.
10.Snow feels _________________.
My Score _______________________ Date ______________
**************************************************************************
Using Yes/No
In the activity row, there is a Word key
Use this key for quick punctuation marks, yes and no, and
spelling. If you don't see the key, use your Choose Activity key
to find it.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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65
Find and Say More Adjectives
Adjective
Starts with
little
good
bad
more
favorite
tired
fast
slow
loud
quiet
short
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66
Sentence Practice with Adjectives.
Fill in the blanks with adjectives.
1. The dice are __________________.
2. The mountains are _____________.
3. I like to read my __________________book over and over.
4. That is a _____________ frog. Look at him jump!
5. She went to take a nap because she was ____________.
6. We heard a ____________noise.
7. My dog was a __________dog. He tore up the garbage bag.
8. "Please be __________ while I am gone," said mom.
9. That is a ____________ turtle.
10. I want to hear ______________music.
My Score _______________________ Date _______________
**************************************************************************
Sentence Building -- Finding Articles
Little words like a, an, and the all begin with Mr. Determiner,
the Wizard
The first place to look is in the activity row. If you don't see the
little word you want there, then go to Mr. Determiner.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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67
Feeling Words are Adjectives
When you describe how you feel, you are using an adjective.
To see these adjectives, select the masks.
Your screen looks like this:
Use the MORE key at the end of the row to see more
feeling adjectives.
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Find and Say these Adjectives
Write the correct adjective in the box beside the icons.
Remember to use your MORE key.
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69
Numbers are Adjectives
To find numbers, select the CONJ icon, the train cars.
Your screen will look like this:
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70
Practice with Numbers
Say the following phrases. Score 10 points for each correct
answer.
1.
two dogs
2.
thirteen kids
3.
five friends
4.
one son
5.
one grandmother
6.
two babies
7.
three cats
8.
four houses
9.
one horse
10. one turkey
My Score_________________________Date ____________
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Review of Plural Nouns
Say the noun, then select STOP + NOUN PL (Mother
Hubbard).
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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71
Colors are Adjectives
Colors begin with the MORNING/ RAINBOW icon.
Colors describe nouns.
What do you see in the second row of colors?
What is your favorite color?
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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72
Sentence Practice with Colors
Fill in the blanks with awesome color adjectives.
Score 10 points for each sentence completed.
1. Tigers are ______________ and ___________.
2. In the spring the grass is _______________.
3. My dad's hair is ______________________.
4. My mom's hair is ____________________.
5. My hair is __________________________.
6. Candy apples are ____________________.
7. Broccoli is __________________________.
8. Elephants are _______________________.
9. I would like a _______________________horse.
10. The sky is ______________________ today.
Bonus points: Score 5 bonus points for each complete
sentence of these 10 that you can say with your Vanguard /
Vantage (no spelling!).
My Score _____________________Date________________
Quick Hit tip
If you use the punctuation keys in the Word (Yes/No) row,
your Vanguard/ Vantage puts in the punctuation, plus two
spaces, then shifts so the next sentence you start begins with
a capital letter.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
73
Adjective Review
An Adjective is a word that describes someone or something.
Adjectives describe nouns.
Finding Adjectives in your Vanguard / Vantage
+
(describing words)
MASKS (feelings)
RAINBOW (colors)
TRAIN CARS (numbers)
Plus words highlighted in blue.
(Some opposite words are adjectives and are not
highlighted in blue.)
Tell your teacher that you need a great big
for doing all this good work.
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
74
Comparing with Adjectives
You can use -er and -est endings with adjectives to compare
nouns. Let's look at the word thirsty again. Select the JUICE
icon.
Your screen looks like this:
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
75
Comparing with Adjectives
Some Adjectives change their form when you add the ending.
Try these out
good
better
best
bad
worse
worst
Find and Say
1. hungry, hungrier, hungriest
2. clean, cleaner, cleanest
3. sick,
sicker, sickest
4. long,
longer, longest
5. pretty, prettier, prettiest
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
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76
Prepositions
A Preposition is a word that shows position, or how two
other words are related.
Fill in the blanks with a preposition. Score 10 points for each
correct answer. Teachers, look at the cheat sheet on the next
page if you need to.
1. Weebles wobble but they don't fall ____________________.
2. Somewhere, ________________the rainbow, bluebirds fly.
3. I go to school __________________ London Middle School.
4. Sunday comes ___________________ Monday.
5. The baby blob is ___________________ its mother.
6. I'm reading a book ___________________ horses.
7. Please get me a glass ________________ juice.
8. Don't go to school ____________ your lunch money.
9. Tuesday comes _________________ Monday.
10.Please put my books ________________ the desk.
3 Bonus points:
"_______ _______ _______ Old Smokey"
My Score_________________ Date_________________
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Prepositions all begin with the PREP icon, the bridge key.
After you select the PREP icon, your Vanguard /Vantage
screen will look like this:
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
78
More Preposition Practice
Look at this picture of the bridge
Answer each question with a preposition. Score 10 points for
each correct answer.
1. Is a bridge inside or outside your classroom?
2. Does water go over or under a bridge?
3. Do cars and trucks go on a bridge or for a bridge?
4. Is the cloud on the bridge or over the bridge?
5. Do boats go on a bridge or under a bridge?
6. Does a bridge go between river banks or around river banks?
7. Do fish swim under a bridge or inside a bridge?
8. Is the cloud at the top of or at the bottom of the bridge?
9. Do people go fishing from a bridge or down a bridge?
10.Do trucks cross a river on a bridge or beside a bridge?
My Score: __________________
Date:______________
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008
79
Adverbs describe Verbs.
Adverbs tell something about the action. Adverbs can answer
the questions How? When? Where?
Many adverbs end in -ly. You can turn an adjective into an
adverb by adding the -ly ending.
Adverbs that do not end in -ly begin with the STOP icon.
After you select the STOP icon, your screen looks like
this:
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80
Practice with Adverbs
Find and Say these Adverbs. Fill in the blanks in the chart.
Score 10 Points for each one done correctly.
Adverb
Icon sequence
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
_________________________
My Score: __________________
Date:______________
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81
Congratulations!
You have finished your Unity Grammar Work Book
Unity 45 Sequenced Grammar Book - Vanguard / Vantage Plus/Vantage Lite
Prentke Romich © 2008